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JONS

OF THE

SUBCOMMITTEE ON FISHERIES WND WILDLIFE
CONSERVATION AND THE ENVIRONMENT

LUTARY OF GOVT DUUUit
COMMITTEE ON
MERCHANT MARINE AND FISHERIES

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

ONE HUNDRED FIRST CONGRESS

FIRST SESSION

ON

DISCUSSION OF STEPS THAT OUR NATION SHOULD
TAKE TO HALT THE CONTINUING LOSS OF WETLANDS

MAY 17, 1989

Serial No. 101-16

Printed for the use of the Committee on Merchant Marine and Fisheries

U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE

19-950 $

WASHINGTON : 1989

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, Congressional Sales Office

U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC 20402

COMMITTEE ON MERCHANT MARINE AND FISHERIES

WALTER B. JONES, North Carolina, Chairman GERRY E. STUDDS, Massachusetts

ROBERT W. DAVIS, Michigan CARROLL HUBBARD, JR., Kentucky

DON YOUNG, Alaska WILLIAM J. HUGHES, New Jersey

NORMAN F. LENT, New York EARL HUTTO, Florida

NORMAN D. SHUMWAY, California
BILLY TAUZIN, Louisiana

JACK FIELDS, Texas
THOMAS M. FOGLIETTA, Pennsylvania CLAUDINE SCHNEIDER, Rhode Island
DENNIS M. HERTEL, Michigan

HERBERT H. BATEMAN, Virginia
ROY DYSON, Maryland

JIM SAXTON, New Jersey WILLIAM O. LIPINSKI, Illinois

JOHN R. MILLER, Washington ROBERT A. BORSKI, Pennsylvania

HELEN DELICH BENTLEY, Maryland THOMAS R. CARPER, Delaware

HOWARD COBLE, North Carolina DOUGLAS H. BOSCO, California

CURT WELDON, Pennsylvania ROBIN TALLON, South Carolina

PATRICIA SAIKI, Hawaii SOLOMON P. ORTIZ, Texas

WALLY HERGER, California CHARLES E. BENNETT, Florida

JIM BUNNING, Kentucky THOMAS J. MANTON, New York

JAMES M. INHOFE, Oklahoma
OWEN B. PICKETT, Virginia

PORTER J. GOSS, Florida
JOSEPH E. BRENNAN, Maine
GEORGE J. HOCHBRUECKNER, New York
BOB CLEMENT, Tennessee
STEPHEN J. SOLARZ, New York
FRANK PALLONE, JR., New Jersey
GREG LAUGHLIN, Texas
NITA M. LOWEY, New York
JOLENE UNSOELD, Washington

EDMUND B. WELCH, Chief Counsel

BARBARA L. CAVAs, Chief Clerk
GEORGE D. PENCE, Minority Staff Director
DUNCAN C. SMITH III, Minority Chief Counsel

SUBCOMMITTEE ON FISHERIES AND WILDLIFE CONSERVATION AND THE

ENVIRONMENT

GERRY E. STUDDS, Massachusetts, Chairman WILLIAM J. HUGHES, New Jersey

DON YOUNG, Alaska THOMAS R. CARPER, Delaware

CLAUDINE SCHNEIDER, Rhode Island DOUGLAS H. BOSCO, California

HERBERT H. BATEMAN, Virginia SOLOMON P. ORTIZ, Texas

JIM SAXTON, New Jersey THOMAS J. MANTON, New York

JOHN R. MILLER, Washington ROBIN TALLON, South Carolina

HOWARD COBLE, North Carolina GEORGE J. HOCHBRUECKNER, New York CURT WELDON, Pennsylvania STEPHEN J. SOLARZ, New York

PATRICIA SAIKI, Hawaii
FRANK PALLONE, JR., New Jersey

WALLY HERGER, California
JOLENE UNSOELD, Washington
EARL HUTTO, Florida
BILLY TAUZIN, Louisiana
ROY DYSON, Maryland

BILL WOODWARD, Staff Director
JEFF PIKE, Senior Professional Staff

WILL STELLE, Counsel
Rod MOORE, Minority Professional Staff

(11)

CONTENTS

Page

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217

Hearing held May, 17 1989

Statement of:

Campbell, John, Deputy Under Secretary for International Affairs and
Commodity Programs, Department of Agriculture

Prepared statement..
Davis, David G., director, Office of Wetlands Protection, EPA,

Prepared statement...

Davis, Hon. Robert W., a U.S. Representative from Michigan

Doyle, John S., Jr., Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary of the Army

(Civil Works), Department of the Army.

Prepared statement....
Goldman-Carter, Janice, counsel, Fisheries and Wildlife Division, Nation-

al Wildlife Federation...

Prepared statement.
Heimlich, Ralph E., agricultural economist, Economic Research Service,

Department of Agriculture...

Prepared statement..

Hooke, Dr. William H., executive director, Office of the Chief Scientist,

NOAA, Department of Commerce..

Prepared statement...

Maslyn, Mark, assistant director, National Affairs Division, American

Farm Bureau Federation .....

Prepared statement...

Morgenweck, Dr. Ralph, Assistant Director for Fish and Wildlife Manage-
ment, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior

Prepared statement...

National Association of Conservation Districts (prepared statement).

National Wetlands Policy Forum of The Conservation Foundation (pre-

pared statement).

Pallone, Hon. Frank, Jr., a U.S. Representative from New Jersey

Peterson, Max, executive vice president, International Association of Fish

and Wildlife Agencies .....

Prepared statement..

Studds, Hon. Gerry E., a U.S. Representative from Massachusetts, and

Chairman, Subcommittee on Fisheries and Wildlife Conservation and

the Environment ....

Tauzin, Hon. Billy, a U.S. Representative from Louisiana..
Unsoeld, Hon. Jolene, a U.S. Representative from Washington....
Williamson, Lonnie L., vice president, Wildlife Management Institute.

Prepared statement..

Additional material supplied:

Davis, David G.: Response to additional questions submitted by Hon.

Gerry E. Studds

Davis, David G.: Response to additional questions submitted by Hon.

Jolene Unsoeld.

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