The Emerging Physics of Consciousness

Front Cover
Jack A. Tuszynski
Springer Science & Business Media, Sep 5, 2006 - Science - 487 pages

Consciousness is one of the major unsolved problems in science. How do the feelings and sensations making up conscious experience arise from the concerted actions of nerve cells and their associated synaptic and molecular processes? Can such feelings be explained by modern science, or is there an entirely different kind of explanation needed? And how can this seemingly intractable problem be approached experimentally? How do the operations of the conscious mind emerge out of the specific interactions involving billions of neurons? This multi-authored book seeks answers to these questions within a range of physically based frameworks, i.e, the underlying assumption is that consciousness can be understood using the intellectual potential of modern physics and other sciences. There are a number of theories of consciousness in existence, some of which are based on classical physics while some others require the use of quantum concepts. The latter ones have drawn a lot of criticism from the present-day scientific establishment while simultaneously claiming that classical approaches are doomed to failure. This book presents the reader with a spectrum of opinions from both sides of this on-going scientific debate, letting him/her decide which of these approaches are most likely to succeed.

 

What people are saying - Write a review

LibraryThing Review

User Review  - fpagan - LibraryThing

Some of the contributions here got me lost in the numbing technicalities of neuroscience. But I found the book well worth looking at because of the chapters by Alwyn Scott and Johnjoe McFadden ... Read full review

Selected pages

Contents

686 Consciousness and Evolution
240
69 Conclusion
241
References
243
Life Catalysis and Excitable Media A Dynamic Systems Approach to Metabolism and Cognition
253
72 Life and Catalysis
259
73 Catalysis Traveling Waves and Excitable Media
270
74 The Brain as an Excitable Medium
273
75 Conclusion
287

References
23
Consciousness and Quantum Physics Empirical Research on the Subjective Reduction of the Statevector
26
212 Objective Reduction and Consciousness
28
213 Previous Empirical Work on Subjective Reduction
29
214 Current Investigation
32
23 Experimental Procedure
35
24 Data Analysis
36
25 Results
37
26 Conclusions
39
27 Further Research
44
Appendix
46
Microtubules in the Cerebral Cortex Role in Memory and Consciousness
48
Patterns of Connection
50
313 Neurons Synapses and Neurotransmitter Molecules
51
32 Functions of Microtubules and MAPs
55
321 Transport along Microtubules
56
Neuroplasticity vs Stability
64
Hebbs Rule Revisited
65
332 Microtubules and MAPs in Dendrites Play a Critical Role in Memory
69
333 Microtubules Influence Synaptic Efficacy
76
The Spotlight of Consciousness
77
Different Levels of Consciousness
79
343 Mental Force to Think and Act
80
344 Consciousness Memory and Microtubules
82
A Possible Basis for Memory and Consciousness
84
36 Conclusion
88
References
89
Towards Experimental Tests of Quantum Effects in Cytoskeletal Proteins
94
41 Introduction
95
412 Tubulin and Microtubules
96
413 Motivation
100
42 QED Model of Tubulin and its Implications
101
422 Quantum Coherence in Biological Matter?
104
423 Implications for Cell Function
114
424 Conclusions
119
432 Drosophila
120
433 Genetic Engineering
122
434 Conditioning
125
435 Controls
127
436 Results
131
437 Conclusions
133
44 Refractometry Surface Plasmon Resonance and Dielectric Spectroscopy of Tubulin and Microtubules
135
442 Optics
140
443 Surface Plasmon Resonance SPR SPR basics
144
444 Dielectric Spectroscopy
152
45 Emerging Directions of Experimental Tests of the Quantum Consciousness Idea
158
452 Molecular Electronics
159
46 Unification of Concepts and Conclusions
162
462 Conclusions
163
References
164
Physicalism Chaos and Reductionism
170
52 Quantum and Classical Dynamics
171
53 What Are Classical Nonlinear Phenomena?
172
54 The Biological and Cognitive Hierarchies
173
55 Reductionism
176
56 Objections to Reductionism
178
562 Immense Numbers of Possibilities
179
563 Sensitive Dependence on Initial Conditions
180
565 Nonlinear Causality
182
566 The Nature of Time
183
568 Open Systems
184
569 Closed Causal Loops
185
57 Concluding Comments
187
References
189
The Case for a Connection
191
62 Time and Consciousness
196
622 The Timing of Conscious Experience
197
623 Taking Backward Time Referral Seriously
201
63 The Neural Correlate of Consciousness
205
632 Cerebral Cortex and Neuronal Assemblies
207
634 Neural Synchrony
211
635 GapJunction Assemblies Hyperneurons
214
636 The Next NCC Frontier Neuronal Interiors and the Cytoskeleton
215
64 The Neuronal Cytoskeleton
216
642 Microtubule Automata
219
643 Protein Conformational Dynamics Natures Bits and Qubits
223
644 Anesthesia
224
65 Quantum Information Processing
225
652 Quantum Computation
227
653 Quantum Computing with Penrose OR
228
66 The Quantum Unconscious
229
67 Quantum Computation in Microtubules The Orch OR Model
231
672 Decoherence
234
673 Testability and Falsifiability
235
682 Volition and FreeWill
237
683 Quantum Associative Memory
238
685 What is Consciousness?
239
References
288
The Dendritic Cytoskeleton as a Computational Device An Hypothesis
292
812 Neuro computational Introduction
296
813 Dendritic Channel Function
298
82 CTermini in Microtubules
300
821 Potential Configurations of Microtubular CTermini
302
822 Dynamic Model of the CTermini
304
823 Ionic Wave Propagation along MAP2
305
83 Ion Waves along Actin Filaments
307
832 Electrical Modeling of Actin
308
833 Implications of Actin Filaments Electrical Activity
311
84 Dendritic Cytoskeleton Computation Vision of Integration
312
841 MTN Control of Synaptic Plasticity Modulation and Integration
317
85 Final Statement
319
Recurrent Quantum Neural Network and its Applications
325
92 Intelligent Filtering Denoising of Complex Signals
326
921 RQNN Architecture used for StochasticFiltering
328
922 Integration of the Schrodinger Wave Equation
330
923 Simulation Results I
332
93 A Comprehensive Quantum Model of Intelligent Behavior
336
94 RQNNbased EyeTracking Model
337
942 An EyeTracking Model using RQNN with Nonlinear Modulation of Potential Field
338
943 Simulation Results II
341
95 Concluding Remarks
346
References
347
10 Microtubules as a Quantum Hopfield Network
350
102 Microtubulin Model
351
103 Hopfield Model
353
104 Quantum Model
354
105 Quantum Hopfield Network
357
106 QHN as an Information Propagator for a Microtubules Architecture
359
107 Conclusions and Future Work
366
References
368
11 Consciousness and Quantum Brain Dynamics
370
112 Quantum Brain Dynamics
372
113 Hermitean DualMode Quantum Brain Dynamics
374
114 NonHermitean DualMode Quantum Brain Dynamics
375
The Riemann Hypothesis
376
116 Monadological Implications of NonHermitean DualMode QBD
380
117 Comment
382
References
383
The CEMI Field Theory Seven Clues to the Nature of Consciousness
385
122 Field Theories of Consciousness
392
123 The Brains Electromagnetic Field
393
124 The Influence of the Brains Electromagnetic Field on Neural Firing
394
125 The CEMI Field Theory
395
126 Why dont External Fields Influence our Minds?
396
for the Seven Clues to the Nature of Consciousness?
397
128 A Last Word Concerning Quantum Theories of Consciousness
400
129 Conclusions and the Way Forward
403
13 Quantum Cosmology and the Hard Problem of the Conscious Brain
406
132 WaveParticle Complementarity Uncertainty and Quantum Prediction
409
133 The TwoTiming Nature of Special Relativity
414
Quantum Fields and Seething Uncertainty
415
135 The Spooky Nature of Quantum Entanglement
416
Transactional Supercausality and Reality
419
137 Exploring the Three Pound Universe
422
138 Chaos and Fractal Dynamics as a Source of Sensitivity Unpredictability and Uncertainty
427
139 Classical and Quantum Computation Anticipation and Survival
429
1310 The Cosmic Primality of Membrane Excitation
432
1311 Chaotic Excitability and Quantum Sensitivity as a Founding Eucaryote Characteristic
436
1312 Models of the GlobalMolecularQuantum Interface
439
1313 Quantum Mind and Transactional Supercausality
441
1314 Complementarity and the Sexuality of Quantum Entanglement
447
Subjective Experience Intentional Will and Quantum Mind Theories
448
1316 Consciousness and Neurocosmology
450
References
453
in a QuantumComputing Universe Paola Zizzi
456
141 Introduction
457
142 The Big Wow
458
143 How the Big Wow Drove Human Minds
460
1431 Entanglement with the Environment
462
144 Consciousness and TubulinsQubits
463
145 Consciousness Arises in the Bits Era
464
1452 The Analogy
465
146 The Double Logic of the Observer Inside a Quantum Universe
466
The Whole Universe as a Quantum Computer
467
148 Quantum Minds and Black Hole Quantum Computers in a Quantum Game
468
149 Qualia and Quantum SpaceTime
469
1410 Mathematical Intuition and the Logic of the Internal Observer
472
1411 The Self
474
14112 Nonself
475
The Mathematical Truth
476
References
478
Index
481
Copyright

Other editions - View all

Common terms and phrases

About the author (2006)

Professor Jack Tuszynski received his M.Sc. with distinction in Physics from the University of Poznan (Poland) in 1980. He received his Ph.D. in Condensed Matter Physics from the University of Calgary in 1983. He held a Post-Doctoral Fellowship at the University of Calgary Chemistry Department in 1983. He was an Assistant Professor at the Department of Physics of the Memorial University of Newfoundland from 1983 to 1988, and at the University of Alberta Physics Department from 1988 to 1990. He joined the University of Alberta Physics Department in 1993. He is on the editorial board of the Journal of Biological Physics.

Bibliographic information