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TOTAL NUMBER OF CAMERAS Mr. BENJAMIN. Would you provide for the record the number of cameras you have presently in your inventory, those that are in place, those that are kept for spare part purposes, and the dates of acquisition of those. Finally, indicate where the other 8 in addition to the 2 that you have just recently described will be placed.

I think you had better enumerate at this point the number of cameras you do have.

[The information follows:]

There are 109 cameras presently installed with five temporarily out of service due to construction activities at the Hart Senate Office Building. One camera is yet to be installed in the Senate Disbursing area in the Capitol Building. There are eleven spare cameras in various stages of assembly and repair. These cameras were acquired during 1975.

This request can be reduced to $120,000 based upon ten (10) cameras instead of fourteen.

SECURITY CAMERA LOCATIONS

Mr. WHITE. The locations of the 10 cameras are indicated as an attachment to the letter which I submitted for the record. They were not included because in the beginning there was an effort made to minimize the number of cameras, in order to see how the system would operate, and even at the present time we are not adding more cameras to look at areas that we cannot detect with existing cameras.

For example, at the present time there may be a camera located in a corridor, and a camera located in an adjoining corridor, but not one in the cross corridor because anyone being seen in the one cannot get out without coming past the other camera, so there is no need to have a third one. Judgments of that kind were made in the initial installation, and there are several areas that it turns out are just not covered well enough.

SPARE CAMERAS USED FOR CCTV Mr. BENJAMIN. What about the cameras that are taken out of the House that were employed for the closed circuit TV?

Mr. WHITE. Those were spare cameras. We had 3, or I believe 4 spare cameras.

Mr. J. RAYMOND CARROLL. We only used 3.

Mr. WHITE. We will supply for the record the precise number we have. These cameras are in continuous process of replacement as the video tube within the camera wears out, since it is on 24 hours a day.

Mr. BENJAMIN. We will note your modification and anticipate that you will provide a new figure for the reduction from 14 to 10 cameras.

Mr. White. We shall.

Mr. BENJAMIN. Would you proceed with the rest of the security system?

INTRUSION ALARM SYSTEM Mr. WHITE. The intrusion alarm system is to be augmented in the Rayburn Office Building and in the underground garages. There are a number of places where there is present capacity to enter the building, at which doors are presently locked that ought not to be locked from the fire safety standpoint, and this intrusion alarm system will enable a contact to be placed within that door so that if someone opens it an alarm sounds back at the monitoring point, in the same way that it does for any intrusion into the tunnel system where this system is primarily located.

Mr. BENJAMIN. How many doors are we talking about? Mr. WHITE. It is partly for that, and partly, as you will note here, for the acquisition and installation of some closed circuit TV cameras in the underground tunnels. Are there one or two?

Mr. Raymond Carroll. We will have two at least, in the underground tunnels, and probably three.

VIDEO SURVEILLANCE COMPARED TO INTRUSION ALARM Mr. BENJAMIN. Would you distinguish between these cameras and the previous 10 that you described.

Mr. WHITE. These are to augment the existing intrusion alarm system rather than be part of the video surveillance system as such. They will become a part of the video surveillance system, but we think of them as a protection of the tunnels, which is what we term the intrusion alarm system.

Mr. BENJAMIN. You describe it as system.

Mr. WHITE. Otherwise, they are exactly the same and they will be fed into the same detection system.

SIZE OF MANPOWER FORCE Mr. BENJAMIN. Does that mean in any way you reduce the size of your manpower force in the Rayburn garage?

Mr. WHITE. No, I do not think so. I think that what is usually said, is that these merely prevent the addition of more manpower if you want to have the same level of security and control.

Mr. BENJAMIN. Maybe if the manpower would get off their bottoms and move around that garage, we would not need all these cameras, or perhaps we need cameras and not manpower.

Mr. WHITE. We hope that it enables us to not have whatever manpower is necessary to provide that level of security.

Mr. BENJAMIN. I do not see any reduction in force.

Mr. WHITE. No, I agree with you. It does not seem to ever result in that.

X-RAY PACKAGE INSPECTION SYSTEM The X-ray inspection system is to install 9 additional X-ray units similar to those presently installed. It is to provide for additional sites, as noted on page 5.26 of our justifications, at the lower Independence Avenue entrance to the Rayburn Building, at the main entrance at New Jersey and C to the Longworth Building, in the Rotunda, and at the Northeast and Southeast entrances to the Cannon Building, at Delaware and C and First and C on the Russell Building, and the Southwest entrance at First and Constitution, of the Dirksen Building.

Mr. BENJAMIN. How did you happen to pick these particular entrances to these particular office buildings?

Mr. WHITE. They were picked as additional locations to provide for the places where the heaviest pedestrian traffic is located that comes into the buildings.

LIMITED UNITS CAUSE INCONVENIENCE At the present time, if someone enters the Dirksen Building at the Southwest entrance, First and Constitution, they have to be sent around to First and C Streets at the other end if they have something that needs to be X-rayed because we cannot X-ray at that location. It was viewed in the beginning as an unfortunate inconvenience that people would have to accept.

Mr. BENJAMIN. You are not talking X-raying at the House and Senate galleries; you are talking about someone carrying a parcel and you have to determine what is in the parcel?

Mr. WHITE. That is correct. Those are metal detectors in the House and Senate galleries which operate on a different principle altogether.

Mr. BENJAMIN. Aren't there many buildings having signs indicating that if you are carrying in parcels, there is a certain entrance for it? Mr. WHITE. That is right.

CURRENT X-RAY INSPECTION UNITS Mr. BENJAMIN. At the present time do you have these X-ray machines in each one of these buildings?

Mr. BENITE. Yes, one of the present

Mr. BENJAMIN. How many in each?

Mr. WHITE. We can provide that for the record but, for example, there are two in this building, as I recall, and there is at least one in each of the other buildings. We minimized the original installation on the basis that you described. It appears that it is causing more and more difficulty from the standpoint of people complaining as they enter the buildings and are unable to enter at that point and must go around to another location.

If they have a briefcase, of course it can be opened and examined, but if it is a package that needs to be X-rayed, it appeared to be desirable to let them enter at that location. It is a policy question, of course, Mr. Chairman.

Mr. BENJAMIN. You are talking about 10 of these?
Mr. WHITE. Nine.
Mr. BENJAMIN. Nine?
Mr. WHITE. Yes.

Mr. BENJAMIN. At a cost of $621,000, somewhat close to $70,000 per machine?

Mr. WHITE. That is right.

Mr. BENJAMIN. What did the original machines cost? Give us a better rationale than you have, with some justification from the chief as to the source of the inconvenience and the frequency that would substantiate any expenditure of $621,000. Also, give us the present location of these devices. Mr. WHITE. I will be glad to do that. The information follows:]

There are eight x-ray package inspection units in

regular service. One additional unit is in repair and is used

as a spare. The locations of the eight units are as follows:

N.W. Entrance Dirksen Senate Office Building

Delaware Entrance (S.W.) Russell Senate Office

Building

Law Library Entrance - Capitol Building

Document Door Entrance - Capitol Building

South Entrance - Capitol Building

Upper West Terrace Entrance - Capitol Building

South Capitol Street Entrance - Rayburn House

Office Building

Post Office - Rayburn House Office Building

The cost for this type of equipment in 1975 was approximately

$45,000 per unit. The present-day cost is $65,000 to $70,000 per unit.

The request from Chief Powell relating to this

matter follows.

UNITED STATES CAPITOL POLICE

OFFICE OF THE CHIEF

331 FIRST STREET, NE. WASHINGTON, D.C. 20002

June 28, 1978

Honorable Kenneth R. Harding
Chairman, U. S. Capitol Police Board
Washington, D. C.

Dear Mr. Harding:

I have taken a survey of the x-ray units located in the various buildings of our complex to determine their effectiveness and the need for additional units. I have found them to be quite effective and reliable. The measure of their reliability is related directly to the quality of the maintenance, and that has improved by a factor of at least 100% since our own people took it over.

This survey showed that we could use at least nine more x-ray units for locations which were not included in the original purchase. In addition, this survey did not address itself to the lart Building which has three sites for which X-ray units have been requested. The sites or entrances which are included in this survey are as follows:

Rayburn House Office Building

- Lower Independence Avenue

Longworth House Office Building - Main Entrance

New Jersey and C

Cannon House Office Building

- Rotunda
· Northeast (1st and Independence, S.E.)

Southeast (1st and C, S.E.)

Russell Senate Office Building - Delaware and C

First and C Dirksen Senate Office Building - Southwest (1st and Constitution, N.E.)

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