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sausage and other meat food products in casings, of the smaller varieties, shall bear on the casings one or more inspection marks to each chain or two or more of such marks to each bunch, except in cases where such smaller varieties of sausage and products leave establishments completely inclosed in properly labeled cartons or wrappers, having a capacity of 10 pounds or less and containing a single kind of product. All markings may be omitted from sausage and other meat food products in casings when these articles are to be packed in sealed cans.

(b) Meat food products in casings, other than sausage, which possess the characteristics of or resemble sausage, shall bear

on each link or piece the word "imitation”, prominently displayed: Provided, That such products in casings as coppa, capacola, lachschinken, bacon, pork loins, pork shoulder butts, and like cuts of meat which are prepared without added substances other than curing materials or condiments, and that meat rolls, bockwurst, and similar products in casings which do not contain cereal or vegetables, and that headcheese, souse, sulze, scrapple, blood pudding, and liver pudding in casings, need not be marked on the casing with the word "imitation" or the true name of the product, and that other products in casings such as loaves, luncheon meats, and chili con carne, may bear on each link or piece the true name of the product in lieu of the word “imitation”: Provided also, That all markings may be omitted when the articles are placed in sealed cans processed in the official establishment.* [Reg. 16, sec. 2, pars. 4, 5, BAI order 211 rev., amdt. 3, Aug. 29, 1925, amdt. 8, May 8, 1935]

16.10 Handling of meat and meat food products too small to be marked with brand. Any meat or product of such character or so small that it can not be marked with a brand, and which has been inspected and passed, but does not bear the inspection legend, may be removed from an official establishment for local or interstaté transportation in closed containers bearing the inspection legend and such other marks as are required by the regulations in this subchapter, or in open containers bearing the inspection legend applied by means of a domestic-meat label or trade label: Provided, That upon removal from such closed or open containers the meat or product may not be further transported in interstate or foreign commerce unless reinspected by a bureau employee and packed under his supervision in a container or containers bearing the inspection legend and such other marks as are required by the regulations in this subchapter.* [Reg. 16, sec. 2, par. 6, BAI order 211 rev., amdt. 1, Jan. 29, 1923]

16.11 Branding of livers. Hereafter all bovine livers passed for food shall be branded with the inspection legend on the convex surface of the thickest portion of the organ but not near the edge.* [SRA, BAI 322, Feb., 1934]

16.12 Marking sausage containing added ingredients. When cereal, vegetable starch, starchy vegetable flour, dried milk, or dried skim milk is added to sausage within the limits prescribed under $ 18.6 (e), the product shall be marked with the specific name of each of such added ingredients, as, for example, "cereal added”, “potato flour added", "cereal and potato flour added", "dried skim milk added”, “cereal and dried skim milk added”, and so forth, as the case may be.

Page 48

*For statutory citation, see note to $ 16.1.

On sausage of the small varieties the marking prescribed in this section may be limited to links bearing the inspection legend.* [Reg. 16, sec. 3, par. 1, BAI order 211 rev., amdt. 8, May 8, 1935]

16.13 Marking cloth containers and artificial animal casings. The mark of Federal inspection, with such other required markings as "artificially colored", "cereal added", "dried skimmed milk added”, and “imitation”, shalí be printed on the following types of containers near each end so as to be readily visible to the purchaser: Cloth containers and artificial casings, used for sausage or other meat and meat food product, having a diameter exceeding 2 inches and a length of more than 8 inches after stuffing.

The mark of inspection, with other required markings such as those indicated above, shall be branded near each end of sausage or other meat and meat food products stuffed in animal casings of the ordinary ring variety or larger if over 8 inches in length.

Supplies of approved cloth containers and artificial casings now on hand, which are not in accordance with the above, may be used pending further notice, except that all new supplies shall be prepared in compliance with these instructions.* [SRA, BAI 365, Sept. 1937]

16.14 Marking when colored casings are used. Casings that are colored as provided in $ 18.6 (c) only when used as containers of meat or product, shall be legibly and conspicuously marked by branding or printing thereon one of the statements as follows: "artifically colored", or "casing colored."* [Reg. 16, sec. 3, par. 2, BAI order 211 rev., amdt. 7, July 25, 1933]

16.15 Colored artificial casings. Experience has shown that the colored hydrocellulose casings both transparent and opaque, cannot be successfully marked with ink brands. Accordingly, effective October 1, 1935, the inspection legend, establishment number, name of product when required, and all other required markings, such as "imitation", "artificially colored", "cereal added”, and “dried skimmed milk added”, must be legibly, conspicuously, and permanently applied by printing to all colored artificial hydrocellulose casings other than those to which the color is applied in the establishment after stuffing.

After October 1, 1935, unprinted colored hydrocellulose casings shall not be used.* ' [SRÁ, BÀI 337, May 1935]

16.16 Presence of benzoate of soda to be shown. When benzoate of soda is added to sausage or other meat food products in animal casings the product shall be marked to show the presence and the percentage amount of such ingredient.** (Reg. 16, sec. 3,

par. 3]

16.17 Brands and marking devices to be approved by chief of bureau; control of brands, etc. Official establishments shall furnish such ink brands, burning brands, and like devices for marking meat and products as the chief of bureau may require. In advance of manufacture, complete and accurate descriptions and designs of the same shall be submitted to and approved by the chief of bureau. Every such brand and device which bears the inspection legend shall, immediately upon being manufactured, be delivered into the

**For statutory and source citations, see note to 8 16.1.

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custody of the inspector in charge of the establishment, and shall be used only under the supervision of a bureau employee. When not in use for marking inspected and passed meat and products, all such brands and devices bearing the inspection legend shall be kept locked in properly equipped lockers or compartments, the keys of which shaîl not leave the possession of a bureau employee.** (Reg. 16, sec. 4, par. 1]

16.18 Branding ink to be furnished by establishment; approval by bureau. Official establishments shall furnish all ink for marking meats and products. Before being used, samples of the same shall be submitted to and approved by the chief of bureau.** [Reg. 16, sec. 4, par. 2]

16.19 Control and use of brands and marking devices furnished by bureau. All brands and devices furnished by the bureau for marking articles with the inspection legend, including selflocking seals and presses for lead and wire seals, shall be used only under the supervision of a bureau employee, and, when not in use for marking, shall be kept locked in properly equipped lockers or compartments, the keys of which shall not leave the possession of a bureau employee.** (Reg. 16, sec. 5]

16.20 Brands and marking devices not to be false or misleading; style and size of lettering. No brand or device shall be false or misleading. The letters and figures thereon shall be of such style and type as will make a clear impression. The inspection legend and establishment number on brands shall be separate and apart from trade names, marks, or other devices.*1 [Reg. 16, sec. 6]

16.21 Domestic meat label. Except as provided in 88 16.2, 16.3, 25.6, when any inspected and passed meat or product for domestic commerce is moved from an official establishment, or meat or product of such character or so small that it can not be marked is moved for domestic commerce from a place having market inspection under the regulations in this subchapter, the shipping container shall bear a domestic meat label which has been submitted to and received the approval of the department and conforms to the following specifications: The label shall be printed with black ink on white paper of good quality, and shall be not less than 234 by 4 inches in size. The phrase "domestic meat label” shall be printed inside the border across one end of the label. The word “establishment" and the official number shall constitute the top line of the label and shall be printed in type of such size and style as to make them the most conspicuous part of the label. The following statement shall be printed in uniform style: “The meat or meat food product contained herein has been Ü. S. inspected and passed by Department of Agriculture.” The name and address of the establishment, or the name only may also be printed on the label, at the bottom thereof, in type of such size and style as to be less conspicuous than the establishment number. No word or statement, except

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**For statutory and source citations, see note to 8 16.1.

as permitted by this design, shall appear upon the domestic meat label, which in form and substance shall be as follows:

ESTABLISHMENT 999

DOMESTIC MEAT LABEL

THE MEAT OR MEAT FOOD PRODUCT
CONTAINED HEREIN HAS BEEN U. S.
INSPECTED AND PASSED BY DEPART-
MENT OF AGRICULTURE.

SMITH, JONES & RANKIN,

NEW YORK, N. Y.

**[Reg. 16, sec. 7, par. 1]

16.22 Marking when contained in cloth wrapping for domestic commerce. When any meat or product prepared in an official establishment for domestic commerce has been inspected and passed and is inclosed in a cloth wrapping as a shipping container, such wrapping shall bear the inspection legend and establishment number applied by an ink brand, except in those cases in which the inspection legend and establishment number on the articles themselves are clearly legible through the wrapping. ** (Reg. 16, sec. 7, par. 2]

16.23 Domestic meat label not required where inspection legend shows after packing. The use of domestic meat labels is not required on containers bearing trade labels which have been approved by the department and on which the inspection legend appears in plain view after the package is prepared for shipment.** [Reg. 16, sec. 7, par. 3]

16.24 Marking of shipping containers for export. The shipping or outside containers of meat and products for export shall be marked in compliance with $8 24.1, 24.8.** [Reg. 16, sec. 8]

16.25 Denaturing of inedible grease, etc.; marking "inedible”. Inedible grease, inedible tallow, or other inedible fat having the physical characteristics of an edible product shall be denatured or otherwise destroyed for food purposes. Containers of such inedible grease, inedible tallow, or other inedible fat shall be conspicuously marked with the word "inedible.” Such containers as tierces, barrels, and half barrels shall have both ends painted white with durable paint and the word "inedible” marked thereon in letters not less than 2 inches high, while on tank cars the letters shall be not less than 4 inches high.** [Reg. 16, sec. 9]

16.26 Tank cars of edible products between establishments. Tank cars carrying inspected and passed product between official establishments shall be equipped for sealing and be securely sealed with

**For statutory and source citations, see note to 8 16.1.

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seals bearing the inspection legend furnished by the department and affixed by bureau employees.*+ [Reg. 16, sec. 10, par. 1]

16.27 Labeling of tank cars carrying inspected and passed product not destined to official establishment. Each tank car carrying inspected and passed product from an official establishment to any destination other than an official establishment shall bear a label containing the true name of the product, the inspection legend, the establishment number, and the words “date of loading," followed by a suitable space for the insertion of the date. The label shall be conspicuously located and shall be printed on material of such character and be so affixed as to preclude detachment or effacement upon exposure to the weather. Before the car is removed from the place where it is unloaded, the carrier shall remove or obliterate such label.*1 [Reg. 16, sec. 10, par. 2]

16.28 Transferring inspected and passed product for export. When inspected and passed products for export are transferred from tank cars to other containers on boats, such transfer shall be under bureau supervision, and the containers on the boats shall be likewise labeled.*+ [Reg. 16, sec. 10, par. 3]

16.29 Marking meat and meat food products for United States Navy. All meat and meat food products intended for the United States Navy and found, upon inspection by bureau inspectors, to conform to the Navy specifications shall bear a special mark composed of the letters U.S. N. inclosed within a heart-shaped shield the top of which is formed of two depressed curved lines meeting at the center.*+ [Reg. 16, sec. 11, par. 1]

16.30 Marking meat and meat food products for United States Marine Corps. All meat and meat food products intended for the United States Marine Corps and found, upon inspection by bureau inspectors, to conform to the Marine Corps specifications shall bear a special mark composed of the letters U. S. M. C. and the Marine Corps insignia inclosed within an oblong.** (Reg. 16, sec. 11, par. 2]

PART 17–LABELING

Sec.

Sec. 17.1 Labeling; marking products in- 17.10 Trade labels to be approved by spected and passed ; supervision

department; statement of kind by bureau employee.

and percentage of ingredients 17.2 Trade labels; what to contain; may be required.

kind; when and how used; de- 17.11 Approval of labels and other tachable devices.

markings on meat and products; 17.3 Coined or fanciful names.

simplified procedure authorized. 17.4 Omission of establishment num 17.12 Approval of labels and other ber from cartons.

markings on meat and products; 17.5 Approval of stencils, box dies, and

supplementary simplified procebrands.

dure authorized. 17.6 Approval of inserts.

17.13 Approval of labels and other 17.7 Transparent wrappings on meat; markings on meat and products; when and how to be labeled, etc.

further supplementary simplified 17.8 Inspection legend on cellophane

procedure. wrappers.

17.14 Approval of gelatin labels. 17.9 Gelatin coatings for smoked 17.15 Approval of names and terms inmeats; marking of products con

volved in trade-mark registratained in.

tion. Page 52

**For statutory and source citations, see note to $ 16.1.

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