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of temperature. Any hog so held shall be reinspected on the day it is slaughtered. If upon such reinspection, or, when not held for further observation and taking of temperature, then on the original inspection, the hog has a temperature of 106° F. or higher, it shall be condemned and disposed of in accordance with 8 9.16.** [Reg. 9. sec. 2, pars. 2–3]
9.4 Animals showing symptoms of rabies, tetanus, milk fever, or railroad sickness. All animals showing on ante-mortem inspection symptoms of rabies, tetanus, milk fever, or railroad sickness shall be inarked “U. S. condemned” and disposed of in accordance with 8 9.16.*+ [Reg. 9, sec. 2, par. 4]
9.5 Immature animals; animals dead or in dying condition. Animals which are offered for ante-mortem inspection under this part, and which are regarded as immature, shall be marked “U. S. suspect," and if slaughtered the disposition of their carcasses shall be determined by the post-mortem findings in conjunction with the antemortem conditions. If not slaughtered as suspects, such animals shall be held under bureau supervision and after sufficient development may be released for slaughter, or may be released for any other purpose, provided they have not been exposed to any infectious or contagious disease. Animals found dead or in a dying condition on premises of an official establishment shall be marked "U. S. condemned" and disposed of in accordance with $ 9.16.** (Reg. 9, sec. 2, par. 5]
9.6 Animals suspected of being diseased; disposition of on post-mortem inspection or otherwise. All animals which, on antemortem inspection, do not plainly show, but are suspected of being affected with, any disease or condition that, under the regulations in this subchapter, may cause condemnation, in whole or in part, on postmortem inspection, shall be so marked as to retain their identity as suspects until final post-mortem inspection, when the carcasses shall be marked and disposed of as provided elsewhere in the regulations in this subchapter, or until disposed of in accordance with $$ 9.13– 9.15.*+ [Reg. 9, sec. 2, par. 6]
9.7 Cripples and downers. All seriously crippled animals and animals commonly termed “downers”, if not marked “U. S. condemned" under $$ 9.2–9.4 shall be marked and treated as suspects in accordance with $ 9.6.** [Reg. 9, sec. 2, par. 7]
9.8 Tuberculin test reactors. Animals which are known to have reacted to the tuberculin test and which are to be slaughtered at an official establishment shall be marked and treated as suspects in accordance with 8 9.6.** [Reg. 9, sec. 2, par. 8]
9.9 Marking suspects. All animals required by the regulations in this subchapter to be treated as suspects, or to be marked as suspects, or to be marked so as to retain their identity as suspects, shall be marked by or under the supervision of a bureau employee "U. S. suspect," or with such other distinctive mark or marks to indicate that they are suspects as the chief of bureau may adopt. No such mark shall be removed except by a bureau employee.** (Reg. 9, sec. 3]
9.10 Hogs suspected of cholera or swine plague; cripples and downers. (a) All hogs, even though not themselves marked as
**For statutory and source citations, see note to $ 9.1.
suspects, which are of lots one or more of which have been condemned or marked as suspects under $8 9.2, 9.3, for either hog cholera or swine plague, shall, so far as possible, be slaughtered separately and apart from all other animals passed on ante-mortem inspection.
(b) All animals required to be marked as suspects shall be set apart and, except as hereinafter provided, shall be slaughtered separately from other animals at an official establishment. In order to avoid unnecessary suffering, crippled animals and animals commonly termed "downers” should be slaughtered without delay.** (Reg. 9, sec. 4]
9.11 Emergency slaughter; inspection prior to. In all cases of emergency slaughter, except as provided in § 11.37, the animals shall be inspected immediately before slaughter, whether theretofore inspected or not. When the necessity for emergency slaughter exists, the establishment shall notify the inspector in charge or his assistant so that such inspection may be made.*7 [Reg. 9, sec. 5]
9.12 Temperatures where disease suspected; disposition of animal showing. (a) When any condition is suspected in which the question of temperature is important, such as hog cholera, swine plague, Texas fever, anthrax, blackleg, pneumonia, or septicemia, and in the case of animals commonly termed "downers," the exact 'temperature shall be taken and recorded.
(b) If any animal has a temperature indicating a diseased condition, in case of doubt as to the cause of the high temperature, after being marked for identification, it may be held for a reasonable time, under the supervision of an inspector, for further observation and taking of temperature, before its final disposal is determined.** [Reg. 9, sec. 6]
9.13 Pregnancy or recent parturition. The slaughter of an animal which has been marked as a suspect on account of pregnancy or on account of having recently given birth to young, and which has not been exposed to any infectious or contagious disease, is not required. Such animal, together with its young, may be released for breeding or dairy purposes, and when released shall be promptly removed from the stockyards or premises of the establishment where inspected. At the time the animal is released, and immediately before removal, the suspect mark if detachable shall be detached by a bureau employee, who shall report his action to the inspector in charge.** (Reg. 9, sec. 7, par. 1]
9.14 Vaccine animals. Vaccine animals with unhealed lesions of vaccinia, accompanied by fever, which have not been exposed to any other infectious or contagious disease, are not required to be slaughtered and may be disposed of in accordance with $ 9.13.** [Reg. 9, sec. 7, par. 2]
9.15 Hog-cholera or swine plague suspects. A hog suspected of being affected with hog-cholera or swine plague may be set apart and held, under bureau supervision, for treatment with anti-hogcholera serum. If at the expiration of the treatment period the animal, upon examination, is found to be free from disease, it may be released for any purpose.** (Reg. 9, sec. 7, par. 3]
**For statutory and source citations, see note to 8 9.1.
9.16 Disposition of condemned animals. Except as hereinafter provided in this section, animals marked “U. S. condemned" shall be killed by the establishment, if not already dead, and shall not be taken into an establishment to be slaughtered or dressed; nor shall they be conveyed into any department of the establishment used for edible products; but they shall be disposed of and tanked in the manner provided for condemned carcasses in Part 14. The “U. S. condemned” tag shall not be removed from, but shall remain on, the animal when it goes into the tank. The number of such tag shall be reported to the inspector in charge by the bureau employee who affixed it, and also by the bureau employee who supervised the tanking of the animal: Provided, That any animal condemned on account of hog cholera or swine plague, as prescribed in $8 9.2, 9.3, may be set apart and held, under bureau supervision, for treatment with anti-hog-cholera serum; the requirement that such animal be killed shall be held in abeyance to await the result of the treatment. If at the expiration of the treatment period the animal upon examination is found to be free from disease, the “U. S. condemned” tag shall be removed and the animal released for any purpose.** (Reg. 9, sec. 8]
PART 10–POST-MORTEM INSPECTION
Sec. 10.1 Extent and time of post-mortem 10.9 Diseased hog carcasses to be inspection.
eviscerated separately; excep10.2 Organs and parts to be held pend
tions. ing final inspection of carcasses. 10.10 Carcasses with skin or hide on; 10.3 Carcasses and parts in certain in
cleaning before evisceration. stances to be retained.
10.11 Cleaning of hog carcasses before 10.4 Identification of carcasses and
incising. parts; tagging.
10.12 Skins from diseased swine; re10.5 Condemned carcasses and parts to
moval from establishments; disbe so marked; tanking; separa
infection; separate comparttion.
ments. 10.6 Carcasses and parts passed for 10.13 Sternum to be split. cooking; marking.
10.14 Carcasses or parts thereof not to 10.7 Disposal of parts showing local
be inflated; transferring caul or ized lesions of disease.
other fat. 10.8 Passing and marking of carcasses 10.15 Handling of bruised parts.
and parts. Section 10.1 Extent and time of post-mortem inspection. A careful post-mortem examination and inspection shall be made of the carcasses and parts thereof of all cattle, sheep, swine, and goats slaughtered at official establishments. Such inspection and examination shall be made at the time of slaughter, except in cases of emergencies provided for in § 11.37.**** [Reg. 10, sec. 1]
**$$ 10.1 to 10.15, inclusive, issued under the authority contained in 34 Stat. 1260-1265; 21 U.S.C. 71–79, 83–91.
ifThe source of $$ 10.1 to 10.15, inclusive, (except for the amendment noted in the text,) is BAI order 211 rev., Sept. 1, 1922.
10.2 Organs and parts to be held pending final inspection of carcasses. The head, tongue, tail, thymus gland, and all viscera, and all parts and blood to be used in the preparation of meat food products or medical products, shall be held in such manner as to
*iFor statutory and source citations, see note to $ 9.1.
preserve their identity until after post-mortem examination has been completed, in order that they may be identified in case of condemnation of the carcass.*+ [Reg. 10, sec. 2]
10.3 Carcasses and parts in certain instances to be retained. Each carcass, including all parts and detached organs thereof, in which any lesion of disease or other condition is found that might render the meat or any organ unfit for food purposes, and which for that reason would require a subsequent inspection, shall be retained by the bureau employee at the time of inspection. The identity of every such retained carcass, part, and detached organ thereof shall be maintained until the final inspection has been completed. Retained carcasses shall not be either washed or trimmed unless authorized by the inspector.*+ (Reg. 10, sec. 3, par. 1]
10.4 Identification of carcasses and parts; tagging. Such devices and methods as may be approved by the chief of bureau may be used for the temporary identification of retained carcasses, parts, or organs. In all cases the identification shall be further established by affixing “U. S. retained” tags as soon as practicable and before final inspection. These tags shall not be removed except by a bureau employee.** [Reg. 10, sec. 3, par. 2]
10.5 Condemned carcasses and parts to be so marked; tanking; separation. Each carcass or part which is found on final inspection to be unsound, unhealthful, unwholesome, or otherwise unfit for human food shall be conspicuously marked on the surface tissues thereof by a bureau employee at the time of inspection “U. S inspected and condemned. Condemned detached organs and parts of such character that they can not be so marked shall be immediately placed in trucks or receptacles which shall be kept plainly marked "U. S. inspected and condemned,” in letters not less than 2 inches high. All condemned carcasses, parts, and organs shall remain in the custody of a bureau employee and shall be tanked as required in the regulations in this subchapter at or before the close of the day on which they are condemned, or be locked in the “U. S. condemned room or compartment. Condemned articles shall not be allowed to accumulate unnecessarily in the condemned room or compartment.** [Reg. 10, sec. 4]
10.6 Carcasses and parts passed for cooking; marking. Carcass and parts passed for cooking shall be conspicuously marked on the surface tissues thereof by a bureau employee at the time of inspection, “U. S. passed for cooking”, or “U. Š. passed for sterilization." All such carcasses and parts shall be cooked in accordance with Part 15, and until so cooked shall remain in the custody of a bureau employee.* [Reg. 10, sec. 5, par. 1, BAI order 211 rev., amdt. 3, Aug. 29, 1925]
10.7 Disposal of parts showing localized lesions of disease. In all cases where carcasses showing localized lesions of disease are passed for food or for sterilization the diseased parts shall be removed before the "U. S. retained” tag is taken from the carcass, and such parts shall be condemned.*+ [Reg. 10, sec. 5, par. 2]
**For statutory and source citations, see note to § 10.1.
10.8 Passing and marking of carcasses and parts. Carcasses and parts found to be sound, healthful, wholesome, and fit for human food shall be passed and marked as provided in the regulations in this subchapter.** (Reg. 10, sec. 6]
10.9 Diseased hog carcasses to be eviscerated separately; exceptions. Hog carcasses found before evisceration to be affected with an infectious or contagious disease, including tuberculosis, shall not be eviscerated at the regular killing bed or bench, but shall be retained and separated from other carcasses and taken to the final inspection room or place and there opened and examined. This requirement, however, may be waived for those slaughter floors where the number of animals slaughtered per hour is small and on which the inspection facilities are such as permit a ready, efficient, and sanitary performance of the final inspection without such separation. It may also be waived for those slaughter floors on which there are in use moving-top inspection table installations which conform to bureau requirements.** [Reg. 10, sec. 7]
10.10 Carcasses with skin or hide on; cleaning before evisceration. When a carcass is to be dressed with the skin or hide left on, the skin or hide shall be thoroughly washed and cleaned before any incision is made for the purpose of removing any part thereof or evisceration.*+ [Reg. 10, sec. 8, par. 1]
10.11 Cleaning of hog carcasses before incising. All hair, scurf, and dirt, including all hoofs and claws, shall be removed from hog carcasses, and the carcasses thoroughly washed and cleaned, before any incision is made for inspection or evisceration.*i [Reg. 10, sec. 8, par. 2]
10.12 Skins from diseased swine; removal from establishments; disinfection; separate compartments. The skins from swine condemned for tuberculosis or any disease communicable to man or other animal may be removed from the establishment, except as provided in § 11.2, for tanning or other industrial use; but they shall be removed for these uses only after they have been disinfected, as follows: Each skin shall be immersed for not less than five minutes in a 5 percent solution of liquor cresolis compositus, or a 5 percent solution of carbolic acid, or shall be otherwise treated as prescribed by the Chief of Bureau.' The process of skinning and disinfecting shall be conducted in a specially prepared place approved by the inspector in charge, and under the supervision of a bureau employee.** [Reg. 10, sec. 8, par. 3]
10.13 Sternum to be split. The sternum of each carcass shall be split and spread apart at the time of slaughter so as to expose the lungs, heart, liver, and thoracic cavity, in order to allow proper inspection and drainage.** [Reg. 10, sec. 9]
10.14 Carcasse's or parts thereof not to be inflated; transferring caul or other fat. Carcasses or parts of carcasses shall not be inflated with air. Transferring
the caul or other fat from a fat to a lean carcass is prohibited.** (Reg. 10, sec. 10]
10.15 Handling of bruised parts. When only a portion of a carcass is to be condemned on account of slight bruises, either the
**For statutory and source citations, see note to s 10.1.