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(3) The contractor initiated or completed appropriate assessment and corrective actions within a reasonable period, usually before the termination of the onsite inspection or integrated performance assessment.
(4) The violation is not willful or one which could reasonably be expected to have been prevented by the DOE contractor's corrective action for a previous violation.
f. In situations where corrective actions have been completed before termination of an inspection or assessment, a formal response from the contractor is not required and the inspection or integrated performance assessment report serves to document the violation and the corrective action. However, in all instances, the contractor is required to report the noncompliance through established reporting mechanisms so the noncompliance issue and any corrective actions can be properly tracked and monitored.
g. If DOE initiates an enforcement action for a violation at a Severity Level II or III and, as part of the corrective action for that violation, the DOE contractor identifies other examples of the violation with the same root cause, DOE may refrain from initiating an additional enforcement action. In determining whether to exercise this discretion, DOE will consider whether the DOE contractor acted reasonably and in a timely manner appropriate to the safety significance of the initial violation, the comprehensiveness of the corrective action, whether the matter was reported, and whether the additional violation(s) substantially change the safety significance or character of the concern arising out of the initial violation.
h. It should be emphasized that the preceding paragraphs are solely intended to be examples indicating when enforcement discretion may be exercised to forego the issuance of a civil penalty or, in some cases, the initiation of any enforcement action at all. However, notwithstanding these examples, a civil penalty may be proposed or Notice of Violation issued when, in DOE's judgment, such action is warranted on the basis of the circumstances of an individual case.
could, if deficient, adversely affect public or worker safety. DOE regulations require that DOE be notified whenever a DOE contractor obtains information reasonably indicating that a DOE facility (including its structures, systems and components) which conducts activities subject to the provisions of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954, as amended or DOE Nuclear Safety Requirements either fails to comply with any provision of the Atomic Energy Act or any applicable DOE Nuclear Safety Requirement, or contains a defect or has been supplied with a product or service which could create or result in a substantial safety hazard.
(b) DOE will conduct audits and assessments of its contractors to determine whether they are ensuring that subcontractors and suppliers are meeting their contractual obligations with regard to quality of products or services that could have an adverse effect on public or worker radiological safety, and ensure that DOE contractors have in place adequate programs to determine whether products or services supplied to them for DOE facilities meet applicable DOE requirements and that substandard products or services are not used by Price-Anderson indemnified contractors at the facilities they operate for DOE. As part of the effort of ensuring that contractual and regulatory requirements are met, DOE may also audit or assess subcontractors and suppliers. These assessments could include examination of the quality assurance programs and their implementation by the subcontractors and suppliers through examination of product quality.
(c) When audits or assessments determine that subcontractors or suppliers have failed to comply with applicable DOE Nuclear Safety Requirements or to fulfill contractual commitments designed to ensure the quality of a safety significant product or service, enforcement action will be taken. Notices of Violations and civil penalties will be issued, as appropriate, for DOE contractor failures to ensure that their subcontractors and suppliers provide products and services that meet applicable DOE requirements. Notices of Violations and civil penalties will also be issued to subcontractors and suppliers of DOE contractors which fail to comply with the reporting requirements set forth in any other applicable DOE Nuclear Safety Requirements.
X. Procurement of Products or Services and the
Reporting of Defects (a) DOE's enforcement policy is also applicable to subcontractors and suppliers to DOE Price-Anderson indemnified contractors. Through procurement contracts with these DOE contractors, subcontractors and suppliers are generally required to have quality assurance programs that meet applicable DOE Nuclear Safety Requirements. Suppliers of products or services provided in support of or for use in DOE facilities operated by Price-Anderson indemnified contractors are subject to certain requirements designed to ensure the high quality of the products or services supplied to DOE facilities that
XI. Inaccurate and Incomplete Information (a) A violation of DOE Nuclear Safety Requirements for failure to provide complete and accurate information to DOE, 10 CFR 820.11, can result in the full range of enforcement sanctions, depending upon the circumstances of the particular case and consideration of the factors discussed in this section. Violations involving inaccurate or curate or incomplete information. On the other hand, if the misinformation is identified after DOE relies on it, or after some question is raised regarding the accuracy of the information, then some enforcement action normally will be taken even if it is in fact corrected.
(e) If the initial submission was accurate when made but later turns out to be erroneous because of newly discovered information or advance in technology, a citation normally would not be appropriate if, when the new information became available, the initial submission was corrected.
(f) The failure to correct inaccurate or incomplete information that the DOE contractor does not identify as significant normally will not constitute a separate violation. However, the circumstances surrounding the failure to correct may be considered relevant to the determination of enforcement action for the initial inaccurate or incomplete statement. For example, an unintentionally inaccurate or incomplete submission may be treated as a more severe matter if a DOE contractor later determines that the initial submission was in error and does not correct it or if there were clear opportunities to identify the error.
incomplete information or the failure to provide significant information identified by a DOE contractor normally will be categorized based on the guidance in section VI, “Severity of Violations".
(b) DOE recognizes that oral information may in some situations be inherently less reliable than written submittals because of the absence of an opportunity for reflection and management review. However, DOE must be able to rely on oral communications from officials of DOE contractors concerning significant information. In determining whether to take enforcement action for an oral statement, consideration will be given to such factors as
(b)(1) The degree of knowledge that the communicator should have had regarding the matter in view of his or her position, training, and experience;
(b)(2) The opportunity and time available prior to the communication to assure the accuracy or completeness of the information;
(b)(3) The degree of intent or negligence, if any, involved;
(b)(4) The formality of the communication;
(b)(5) The reasonableness of DOE reliance on the information;
(b)(6) The importance of the information that was wrong or not provided; and
(b)(7) The reasonableness of the explanation for not providing complete and accurate information.
(c) Absent gross negligence or willfulness, an incomplete or inaccurate oral statement normally will not be subject to enforcement action unless it involves significant information provided by an official of a DOE contractor. However, enforcement action may be taken for an unintentionally incomplete or inaccurate oral statement provided to DOE by an official of a DOE contractor or others on behalf of the DOE contractor, if a record was made of the oral information and provided to the DOE contractor thereby permitting an opportunity to correct the oral information, such as if a transcript of the communication or meeting summary containing the error was made available to the DOE contractor and was not subsequently corrected in a timely manner.
(d) When a DOE contractor has corrected inaccurate or incomplete information, the decision to issue a citation for the initial inaccurate or incomplete information normally will be dependent on the circumstances, including the ease of detection of the error, the timeliness of the correction, whether DOE or the DOE contractor identified the problem with the communication, and whether DOE relied on the information prior to the correction. Generally, if the matter was promptly identified and corrected by the DOE contractor prior to reliance by DOE, or before DOE raised a question about the information, no enforcement action will be taken for the initial inac
XII. Secretarial Notification and Consultation
The Secretary will be provided written notification of all enforcement actions involving proposed civil penalties. The Secretary will be consulted prior to taking action in the following situations:
a. Proposals to impose civil penalties in an amount equal to or greater than the statutory limit;
b. Any proposed enforcement action that involves a Severity Level I violation;
c. Any action the Director believes warrants the Secretary's involvement; or
d. Any proposed enforcement action on which the Secretary asks to be consulted.
XIII. Whistleblower Enforcement Policy a. DOE contractors may not retaliate against any employee because the employee has disclosed information, participated in activities or refused to participate in activities listed in 10 CFR 708.5 (a)c) as provided by 10 CFR 708.43. DOE contractor employees may seek remedial relief for allegations of retaliation from the DOE Office of Hearings and Appeals (OHA) under 10 CFR part 708 (Part 708) or from the Department of Labor (DOL) under sec. 211 of the Energy Reorganization Act (sec. 211), implemented in 29 CFR part 24.
b. An act of retaliation by a DOE contractor, proscribed under 10 CFR 708.43, that results from a DOE contractor employee's involvement in an activity listed in 10 CFR 708.5(aHc) concerning nuclear safety in connection with a DOE nuclear activity, may
constitute a violation of a DOE Nuclear Safety Requirement under 10 CFR part 820 (Part 820). The retaliation may be subject to the investigatory and adjudicatory procedures of both Part 820 and Part 708. The same facts that support remedial relief to employees under Part 708 may be used by the Director of the Office of Investigation and Enforcement (Director) to support issuance of a Preliminary Notice of Violation (PNOV), a Final Notice of Violation (FNOV), and assessment of civil penalties. 10 CFR 820.24 820.25.
c. When an employee files a complaint with DOL under sec. 211 and DOL collects information relating to allegations of DOE contractor retaliation against a contractor employee for actions taken concerning nuclear safety, the Director may use this information as a basis for initiating enforcement action by issuing a PNOV. 10 CFR 820.24. DOE may consider information collected in the DOL proceedings to determine whether the retaliation may be related to a contractor employee's action concerning a DOE nuclear activity.
d. The Director may also use DOL information to support the determination that a contractor has violated or is continuing to violate the nuclear safety requirements against contractor retaliation and to issue civil penalties or other appropriate remedy in a FNOV. 10 CFR 820.25.
e. The Director will have discretion to give appropriate weight to information collected in DOL and OHA investigations and proceedings. In deciding whether additional investigation or information is needed, the Director will consider the extent to which the facts in the proceedings have been adjudicated as well as any information presented by the contractor. In general, the Director may initiate an enforcement action without additional investigation or information.
f. Normally, the Director will await the completion of a Part 708 proceeding before OHA or a sec. 211 proceeding at DOL before deciding whether to take any action, including an investigation under Part 820 with respect to alleged retaliation. A Part 708 or sec. 211 proceeding would be considered completed when there is either a final decision or a settlement of the retaliation complaint, or no additional administrative action is available.
g. DOE encourages its contractors to cooperate in resolving whistleblower complaints raised by contractor employees in a prompt and equitable manner. Accordingly, in deciding whether to initiate an enforcement action, the Director will take into account the extent to which a contractor cooperated in a Part 708 or sec. 211 proceeding, and, in particular, whether the contractor resolved the matter promptly without the need for an adjudication hearing.
h. In considering whether to initiate an enforcement action and, if so, what remedy is appropriate, the Director will also consider the egregiousness of the particular case including the level of management involved in the alleged retaliation and the specificity of the acts of retaliation.
i. In egregious cases, the Director has the discretion to proceed with an enforcement action, including an investigation with respect to alleged retaliation irrespective of the completion status of the Part 708 or sec. 211 proceeding. Egregious cases would include: (1) Cases involving credible allegations for willful or intentional violations of DOE rules, regulations, orders or Federal statutes which, if proven, would warrant criminal referrals to the U.S. Department of Justice for prosecutorial review; and (2) cases where an alleged retaliation suggests widespread. high-level managerial involvement and raises significant public health and safety concerns.
j. When the Director undertakes an investigation of an allegation of DOE contractor retaliation against an employee under Part 820, the Director will apprise persons interviewed and interested parties that the investigative activity is being taken pursuant to the nuclear safety procedures of Part 820 and not pursuant to the procedures of Part 708.
k. At any time, the Director may begin an investigation of a noncompliance of the substantive nuclear safety rules based on the underlying nuclear safety concerns raised by the employee regardless of the status of completion of any related whistleblower retaliation proceedings. The nuclear safety rules include: 10 CFR part 830 (nuclear safety management); 10 CFR part 835 (occupational radiation protection); and 10 CFR part 820.11 (information accuracy requirements). (58 FR 43692, Aug. 17, 1993, as amended at 62 FR 52481, Oct. 8, 1997; 65 FR 15220, Mar. 22, 2000]
PART 830—NUCLEAR SAFETY
Sec. 830.1 Scope. 830.2 Exclusions. 830.3 Definitions. 830.4 General requirements. 830.5 Enforcement. 830.6 Recordkeeping. 830.7 Graded approach.
Subpart A-Quality Assurance
830.120 Scope. 830.121 Quality Assurance Program (QAP). 830.122 Quality assurance criteria.
Subpart B-Safety Basis Requirements keeping, assessment, and reporting
necessary to ensure safe operation of a 830.200 Scope.
facility. 830.201 Performance of work. 830.202 Safety basis.
Bases appendir means an appendix 830.203 Unreviewed safety question process.
that describes the basis of the limits 830.204 Documented safety analysis.
and other requirements in technical 830.205 Technical safety requirements.
safety requirements. 830.206 Preliminary documented safety Critical assembly means special nuanalysis.
clear devices designed and used to sus830.207 DOE approval of safety basis.
tain nuclear reactions, which may be APPENDIX A TO SUBPART B TO PART 830_GEN
subject to frequent core and lattice ERAL STATEMENT OF SAFETY BASIS POL
configuration change and which freICY
quently may be used as mockups of reAUTHORITY: 42 U.S.C. 2201; 42 U.S.C. 7101 et
actor configurations. seq.; and 50 U.S.C. 2401 et seq.
Criticality means the condition in SOURCE: 66 FR 1818, Jan. 10, 2001, unless which a nuclear fission chain reaction otherwise noted.
Design features means the design fea$ 830.1 Scope.
tures of a nuclear facility specified in This part governs the conduct of DOE
the technical safety requirements that, contractors, DOE personnel, and other if altered or modified, would have a persons conducting activities (includ significant effect on safe operation. ing providing items and services) that Document means recorded informaaffect, or may affect, the safety of DOE tion that describes, specifies, reports, nuclear facilities.
certifies, requires, or provides data or
results. $ 830.2 Exclusions.
Documented safety analysis means a This part does not apply to:
documented analysis of the extent to (a) Activities that are regulated which a nuclear facility can be operthrough a license by the Nuclear Regu- ated safely with respect to workers, latory Commission (NRC) or a State the public, and the environment, inunder an Agreement with the NRC, in cluding a description of the conditions, cluding activities certified by the NRC safe boundaries, and hazard controls under section 1701 of the Atomic En that provide the basis for ensuring ergy Act (Act);
safety. (b) Activities conducted under the Environmental restoration activities authority of the Director, Naval Nu means the process(es) by which conclear Propulsion, pursuant to Execu- taminated sites and facilities are identive Order 12344, as set forth in Public tified and characterized and by which Law 106-65;
contamination is contained, treated, or (c) Transportation activities which removed and disposed. are regulated by the Department of Existing DOE nuclear facility means a Transportation;
DOE nuclear facility in operation be(d) Activities conducted under the fore April 9, 2001. Nuclear Waste Policy Act of 1982, as Fissionable materials means a nuclide amended, and any facility identified capable of sustaining a neutron-inunder section 202(5) of the Energy Re- duced chain reaction (e.g., uranium-233, organization Act of 1974, as amended; uranium-235, plutonium-238, plutoand
nium-239, plutonium-241, neptunium(e) Activities related to the launch237, americium-241, and curium-244). approval and actual launch of nuclear Graded approach means the process of energy systems into space.
ensuring that the level of analysis, doc
umentation, and actions used to com8 830.3 Definitions.
ply with a requirement in this part are (a) The following definitions apply to commensurate with: this part:
(1) The relative importance to safety, Administrative controls means the pro- safeguards, and security; visions relating to organization and (2) The magnitude of any hazard inmanagement, procedures, record- volved;
(3) The life cycle stage of a facility; smearable radioactivity is less than
(4) The programmatic mission of a fa the values defined for removable concility;
tamination by 10 CFR Part 835, Appen(5) The particular characteristics of a dix D, Surface Contamination Values, facility;
and the hazard analysis results show (6) The relative importance of radio that no credible accident scenario or logical and nonradiological hazards; work practices would release the reand
maining fixed radioactivity or activa(7) Any other relevant factor.
tion components at levels that would Hazard means a source of danger (i.e., prudently require the use of active material, energy source, or operation) safety systems, structures, or compowith the potential to cause illness, in- nents to prevent or mitigate a release jury, or death to a person or damage to of radioactive materials. a facility or to the environment (with
Major modification means a modificaout regard to the likelihood or credi
tion to a DOE nuclear facility that is bility of accident scenarios or con
completed on or after April 9, 2001 that sequence mitigation).
substantially changes the existing safeHazard controls means measures to
ty basis for the facility. eliminate, limit, or mitigate hazards to
New DOE nuclear facility means a workers, the public, or the environ
DOE nuclear facility that begins operment, including
ation on or after April 9, 2001. (1) Physical, design, structural, and
Nonreactor nuclear facility means engineering features;
those facilities, activities or operations (2) Safety structures, systems, and
that involve, or will involve, radiocomponents;
active and/or fissionable materials in (3) Safety management programs;
such form and quantity that a nuclear (4) Technical safety requirements;
or a nuclear explosive hazard potenand (5) Other controls necessary to pro
tially exists to workers, the public, or
the environment, but does not include vide adequate protection from hazards.
accelerators and their operations and Item is an all-inclusive term used in
does not include activities involving place of any of the following: appur
only incidental use and generation of tenance, assembly, component, equipment, material, module, part, product,
radioactive materials or radiation such structure, subassembly, subsystem,
as check and calibration sources, use of
radioactive sources in research and exsystem, unit, or support systems. Limiting conditions for operation
perimental and analytical laboratory
activities, electron microscopes, and Xmeans the limits that represent the lowest functional capability or per
ray machines. formance level of safety structures,
Nuclear facility means a reactor or a systems, and components required for
nonreactor nuclear facility where an safe operations.
activity is conducted for or on behalf of Limiting control settings means the
DOE and includes any related area, settings on safety systems that control
structure, facility, or activity to the process variables to prevent exceeding extent necessary to ensure proper ima safety limit.
plementation of the requirements esLow-level residual fixed radioactivity tablished by this Part. means the remaining radioactivity fol- Operating limits means those limits lowing reasonable efforts to remove ra- required to ensure the safe operation of dioactive systems, components, and a nuclear facility, including limiting stored materials. The remaining radio control settings and limiting condiactivity is composed of surface con- tions for operation. tamination that is fixed following Preliminary documented safety analysis chemical cleaning or some similar means documentation prepared in conprocess; a component of surface con nection with the design and constructamination that can be picked up by tion of a new DOE nuclear facility or a smears; or activated materials within major modification to a DOE nuclear structures. The radioactivity can be facility that provides a reasonable characterized as low-level if the basis for the preliminary conclusion