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It has been said, that in this country the English Church; it is the law, not a foreign excommunication could not only of all Christian Churches ; but it be noticed, and that a foreign country seems to be the law of common could not notice an excommunication humanity; and the limitation of such by this country; and certainly that is a law must be considered strictissimi true, for no laws can be made binding juris. and compulsory beyond the country It is with some degree of surprise, over which the authority making the that the Court las heard the suggeslaw extends. The articles of religion, tion of there being no law to compel though confirmed by act of Parliament, the clergy to bury Dissenters. This only extend to this country, and to seems to be most strangely perverting, the subjects of this country. The dis- or rather inverting, all legal considecipline of the Church and its punishment rations. The question is not, - Is by excommunication, can therefore there
any law expressly enjoining the only extend to this country : but all Clergy to bury Dissenters; but, Does His Majesty's subjects, whether of the any law exclude Dissenters from Church of England, or whether dissent- burial ? It is the duty of the parish ing from that Church either as Papists minister to bury all persons dying or as any other description of Dis- within his parish, all Christians. The senters, are bound to consider an ex- Canon was made to enforce the percommunicated person as an heathen formance of that duty, and to punish and a publican, be the person
himself the refusal of burial : nothing can be of the Church of England, or be he of more large than the Canon is in this any other class or sect. This is the respect. It does not limit the duty to first description of persons put in asso- the burial of persons who are of the ciation with persons unbaptized. Church of England; he is to bury all
The next description is that of persons that are brought to the Church, suicides: they are supposed to die in upon convenient warning being given the commission of mortal sin, and in to him. The Canon has the single open contempt of their Saviour and
exception, expressly of excommuniof his precepts; to have renounced cated persons. The Rubric adds the Christianity; to have unchristianized other express exceptions, of persons themselves; that is the view which
unbaptized and suicides.
It is true the law takes of persons who are self- that the Canon says they are to christen murderers.
any child, and to bury any corpse; Then, taking the context of the law, and hence it has been suggested, that putting unbaptized persons in associ- the Canon means they are only to ation with excommunicated persons bury those who have been first chrisand with suicides, both of whom are tened according to the form of the considered as no longer Christians, it Church : but the Canon says no such leads to the same construction as the thing, nor does the Rubric say any general import of the words; namely, such thing; there is nothing of the that burial is to be refused to those sort to be found in any express law; who are not Christians at all, and not nothing can be more general than the to those who are baptized according to injunction to bury all persons, and all the forms of any particular Church. persons who are not specially excepted
Having thus considered the words are entitled to that rite. Exceptions, in their general meaning, and as con- then, being to be construed strictly, nected with the context of the law, it (for it is always to be presumed that may not be improper, before the Court if the lawgiver meant that his excepproceeds to what is next proposed, tion should be more extensive he would namely, the history of the law, to have expressed his intention in clear notice another rule of construction, and distinct words); and exceptions which is this: That the general law not being to be extended by mere is to be construed favourably, and implication so to limit the general law, that the exception is to be construed it would be necessary, in order to give strictly. Here the general law is to the exception the meaning which that burial is to be refused to no has been contended for in argument person. This is the law, not only of (namely, that of excepting all persons
who have not been baptized by a lawful minister of the Church of England according to the form prescribed in the Book of Common Prayer), that it should have expressed it, not only by the term persons
but by the terms “
persons who have not been baptized according to the form prescribed in the Book of Common Prayer.” It has not done so, at least in express terms.
(To be continued.)
S. P. C. K.-YORK.
NORWICH DIOCESAN COMMITTEE. The number of books and tracts The Annual General Meeting of issued under the authority of the York the above Societies, was held in the Diocesan Committee, from the deposi- Central School-room, Norwich, on the tory, during the past year, was 12,309; 2d of August, the Right Hon. and including 580 Bibles, 269 Testaments,
Rev. Lord Bayning in the chair. 1371 Common Prayer-books and Psalters, and 10,089 of the Society's other
S. P. C.K. - NORWICH. publications.
The Report of the Diocesan ComThe sum remitted to the Society mittee of the Society for Promoting within the year, was '6521. 13s. 9d. ; Christian Knowledge, which was read being 1371. 98. 9d. for Donations and by the Rev. J. Brown, gave a gratifyAnnual Subscriptions, and 515l. 4s. ing account of the increasing sale of for the sale of books. The collection its publications in the district. During at St. Michael-le-Belfrey's, after the the year 1831, there were sold at the Annual Sermon on behalf of the So- depôt in Norwich, 835: Bibles, 975 ciety, preached in October by the Rev. Testaments, 2067 Prayer-books, 382 Theophilus Barnes, was 101. 15s. 2d. Psalters, 19,514 bound books and Nine new subscribers have this year tracts, and 430 books on the Supplebeen added to the Diocesan Committee, mental Catalogue; making a total of and three have been recommended to 24,203, exclusive of School-cards, sold the Parent Society.
in parcels of less than a set. This disThe remaining part of this Report played an inerease of 242 Bibles, 138 is an able digest of the Society's Testaments, 332 Prayer-books, and Annual Report.
2,308 in the whole upon the sale of Rev. James RICHARDSON, M.A. the preceding year. About 921. more Rev. W. LEONARD PICKARD, M.A. was received than in the year 1830, Secretaries.
and the balance in the Treasurer's hands appeared to be above 1001. after
the settlement of all demands. The The York Diocesan Committee stock of books on sale has been consihave here also made some interesting derably increased of late, and nearly extracts
from the Report of the Society sixty new publications have been refor the Propagation of the Gospel, and ceived into the depôt since Christmas inform us, that two names have been
1224 Forms of Prayer for the added to their list of Subscribers since late General Fast were sold, and a last year. The Treasurer's account Jarger quantity would have found a shews a trifling increase in their ready sale. On this statement of the funds upon last year. The amount good effected, the Committee grounded of receipts is 1101. 48. 11d.; expen- an earnest appeal for additional subditure, 1101. 3s. 9d.; leaving a balance scriptions to the . Parent Society, to of ls. 2d. in the Treasurer's hands. remunerate it in some measure for the
John OVERTON, Treasurer. heavy loss which has necessarily at-
S. P. G.-YORK.
The Report having been read, a voted to five new and five old estabenefaction of 501. was voted to the blished Schools, including 169 TestaParent Society from the local fund ments, 335 Prayer-books and Psalters, of the Committee. They were also and 3517 elementary books. The authorised to expend a sum not ex- sum of 281. has been voted to old ceeding 101. in promoting the circula- established Schools, in addition to tion of the Saturday Magazine, which 3001. expended in permanent allowthe Meeting agreed to recommend to ances. Highly favourable accounts the Clergy for distribution.
have been received from the visitors
in their respective deaneries. The S. P. G. - NORWICH.
Rev. W. Smith, Vicar of East TuddenThe Rev. S. Titlow reported, that ham, was elected one of the Secreduring the past year, he had trans- taries, in the room of the late Rev. mitted benefactions and annual sub- Jobn Edwards, a zealous supporter of scriptions to the Society for the Propa- the Society, whose loss has occasioned gation of the Gospel, to the amount of deep regret among its friends. A about 1201
resolution to this effect was entered in the proceedings.
The proceedings concluded with a The Report of the National School vote of thanks to the noble chairman Society, was read by the Rev. Edward for his kind and zealous support of the Cole. It appeared, that throughout Societies on that and many other occathe past year, the Society's funds had sions. enabled the Committee to answer
It is not unseasonable to mention, every call which had been made upon that the Report of the National School them for assistance. In that period, Society, displayed two instances of two new Daily and five Sunday Schools Clerical liberality. In the former a have been established in the county, young incumbent has built a Schooland admitted into union, affording in
room in his parish, at an expense of struction to about 545 children. Five 400l.; and, in the latter, a Clergymasters and four mistresses have been man has erected a building for the trained in the Central Schools ; and same purpose in a parish adjoining his the Report strongly urged the import- own, and declined the aid of the ance of such a course, and stated the Society, when offered. Without doubt readiness of the Committee to make many similar instances might be proan allowance in all cases for that pur
duced in opposition to the charge of pose. Supplies of books have been inactivity brought against the Clergy.
N. S. S.-NORWICH.
DOMESTIC. Preparatory to the statement of the ways and means of meeting the national expenditure, the Chancellor of the Exchequer causes various tables of the amount and application of the revenue to be laid upon the table of the House of Commons. From these it appears that the income of the Year ending April 5, £
d. 1832, was 46,618,915 14 34 Year ending July 5,
1832, was 46,296,521 11 11 The expenditure of the Year ending April 5,
1832, was : 47,858,428 12 2 Year ending July 5,
1832, was 47,559,703 18 111
From which it appears, that for the year ending the 5th of April last, the expenditure exceeded the income by more than 1,240,0001.; and for the year ending July 5,by more than 1,263,0001. To meet this appalling deficiency, he took credit to himself for having reduced the expenditure 234,0001. annually, by diminishing the salaries of persons employed in the lower ranks of government service; and anticipated a farther reduction in the same line of employment, by which be hoped to effect an annual saving of an additional 100,0001. He also contemplated
er arrangements and reductions, by the adoption of which, the public
expenditure for the present year would nected with the representation of the not exceed 45,696,3001., making upon Commons in parliament; lamented the the whole a diminution of 2,162,1001. continuance of the disturbed state of below that of the preceding one.
He Ireland; reported the assurances of ascribed the fall of the preceding year's friendly feeling towards this country income below the estimation he had from foreign powers; regretted that taken of it, to several causes no longer the long-expected restoration of peaceoperating, or only operating with very able and amicable relations between diminished effect, and particularly the the Netherlands and Belgium had not political excitement from the discus- been realized; and expressed his hope, sion of important public measures that whatever may be the issue of the now disposed of. He anticipated an contest now existing between the augmentation of the revenue, especi- branches of the house of Braganza, ally under those two important heads, that the general peace of Europe will Customs and Excise ; and estimated not suffer from it. He thanked the that the present defalcation would Commons for the supplies voted, and then be reduced to about 400,0001. to promised the economical application meet which would be the subject of of them; urged on the members of future consideration.
both houses the most careful attention Various important bills have been to the preservation of domestic peace, past since our last retrospect :-among and the promotion of the security of these, we record that for reforming the country in the contentment and the Irish Representation in the Com- welfare of the people. mons House of Parliament; another, France.—The court of Cassation fixing the income of the lord chancel- having decided against the competency lor at 14,000l. per annum; one for of a court martial to try and punish the payment of the Russian-Dutch the offenders of the 5th and 6th of loan;
one for abolishing thirteen June last, one of these (Geoffry) who useless or sinecure places in the had been convicted before such a Court of Chancery ; one to secure court, and appealed, and his sentence a pension to the Speaker of the annulled upon that appeal, has been House of Commons, upon his re- brought before the usual court, the tirement from his honourable but assizes of the Seine, tried, and found laborious duty, which he has now dis- guilty, and condemned to the gallies for charged for six parliaments; one to ten years. The other rioters will be abolish the punishment of death for tried before the same court. the crime of forgery, except where Napoleon's son, the Duke von Reichwills and powers of attorney to trans- stadt, expired at Vienna on the 22d fer bank stocks are the instruments of July. forged,(the Directors of the Bank lave The internal state of France contipublicly avowed that they did not nues to be one of tumult and disorder. desire this last exception); one to The Lyonnese have again required suppress party processions, and another and received the interference of the to commute tithes in Ireland ; and one military. The Vendeans are busily for the relief of West India planters. employed in getting in their harvest,
On the 16th of August, his Majesty, which has given temporary repose to accompanied by his great officers of that province. The Duchess of Berri state, went to the House of Peers, and, is believed to be still in that country, having summoned the attendance of and that she will resume active operathe Commons, after a speech from the tions as soon as the corn and vintage throne, prorogued the parliament until are received. the 16th of October next.
The Courts of St. Cloud and BrusIn this speech, the king thanked the sels have met at Compeigne,' where house for their zeal and diligence in Louis Philippe received the King of the discharge of their arduous duties Belgium with great state and magnithrough a session of extraordinary ficence. On the 9th of August, King length, and adverted to the importance Leopold received the hand of the of the measures which had engaged Princess Louise, and after three days their attention, particularly those con- of very splendid rejoicing, the royal
bridegroom and his bride returned to found it necessary to fall back on Brussels; the King of the French and Oporto. He was followed, but not purhis Court, to Paris.
sued, by the enemy, whose course was Central Europe continues to present stopped by the Douro. At the date the same symptoms of excitement and of the last advices, Dom Pedro was in suspense as for some time past. A quiet occupation of Oporto; and his decree of the diet at Frankfort, issued enemies halting as quietly on the left under the influence of the courts of bank of the river. Berlin and Vienna, the object of which Turkey.—The affairs of Turkey is to prevent innovation in Germany, present a very diverse appearance has been received with general disgust, according to the quarter to which we and has promoted the alarm and ex- direct our attention. In Bosnia the citement which it was intended to arms of the Sultan have been every repress or allay. The Kings of Bava- where victorious ; the insurgent chiefs ria and Wirtemberg have openly are every where subdued; and, in the avowed their opposition to it, whilst Turkish sense of the word, peace the minor and popular States have reigns through all the Western Promanifested a similar though differently vinces of the Empire. On the side of modified feeling; and in other States Greece the contracting powers have the people and their rulers are openly thought an extension of the frontier at variance on the subject.
from the Gulf of Arta to that of Volo The military attitude of the powers necessary for the security of the new occupying this part of the world grows kingdom; and the Sultan has agreed to more warlike. Russia has assembled this extension, stipulating for the payin Poland (whose desolate and devas- ment of forty millions of piastres as tated situation renders all apprehen- the price of his concession (2,400,0001. sion of internal war ridiculous) a sterling). On the eastern side every disposable force of 200,000 men, and thing is disastrous. The troops of is advancing them towards the western Mehemet Ali, the Pacha of Egypt, frontiers of that country. Prussia has are every where victorious; and the a disposable force of 291,000 men, in princes of the country are every where the highest state of discipline, and ad- deserting the authority of the Sultan mirably officered. We noticed before to place themselves in the ranks of the military state of Austria; both his adversaries. Ibrahim, after his these are drawing their armies towards battle with the Pacha of Damascus, the French frontiers. Prussia has detached a large body of cavalry in 200,000 men in four camps, between pursuit of the latter, who fled towards the Oder and the Rhine; and both that city. Her gates were immediPrussia and Austria have called out ately opened to the conqueror, whose part of the landwehr, or militia. The march has since been directed to troops of France are ready for service, Aleppo, and of which he has been in and the stores of warlike materials possession, most probably, long ere are continually accumulating. The this. The Sherilf of Mecca, who is diet of Switzerland have placed the considered as the prince of the Mussultroops of the confederation on the war man religion, on the commencement of establishment.
hostilities bythe command of the Sultan, Portugal. The affairs of this king- published his anathema against the dom remain ås undecided as ever. We Pacha of Egypt and his adherents. He recorded in our last the landing of has now recalled it, and offered to crown Dom Pedro and his passage of the him as sovereign of that country. Douro. It appears that he advanced The most potent chief of the tribes of as far as Perafiel, where he engaged Lebanon has also joined Ibrahim, and the troops of Dom Miguel; the battle sent his son as an hostage to his father was obstinate, and continued during Mehemet Ali. Ibrahim's army is stated the whole day; the English and French to be 56,000 strong, including a fine battalions were completely victorious body of cavalry and artillery. There where they were engaged, but the re- is no force opposed to him sufficient mainder of Dom Pedro's army merely to prevent his penetrating into Anamaintained their ground, and he finally tolia.