Page images
PDF
EPUB

Portraits of. Franklin, conťd.
Martin type, cont'd.

resting on table, on which there are books and papers; curtain back of head. 3 5-16 x 31-16. Stipple. Drawn by _ Hoppner Meyer from an original Painting | Engraved by T. İllman. | Entered according to act of Congress iu the Dis

trict Court N. Y. 47. BENJAMIN FRANKLIN. | THE SELFEDUCATED MAN. H, L., seated, directed, facing and looking left, reading ; spectacles; papers in left hand; chin resting on thumb of right hand; both arms on table, on which there are papers and books; curtain and bust not shown. 4 3-16 x 35.16. Mezzotint. Engraved by J. C.

Buttre. 48. BENJAMIN FRANKLIN | AT THE

AGE OF 60. H, L., seated, directed, facing and looking left; reading; spectacles; papers in left hand; chin resting on thumb of right hand. No books on table; no background. Vignette. 458 x 4. Wood-engraving. BOB BETT EDMONDS. (In: “ Poor Richard.” Poor Rich. ard's Almanac for 1850, as written by Benjamin Franklin for the Years 1733-1734-1735. N. Y., 1849, frontispiece.) The Martin portrait frequently appears in vignette form, the figure only without accessories, in wood-engravings, such as the one on the title-page of The Gentleman's Magazine, edited by Wm. E. Burton, vol. 4, 6, Phila., 1839-40. 49. BENJAMIN FRANKLIN. H. L., seated, directed, facing and looking left; reading; spectacles; papers in left hand; chin resting on thumb of right hand; both arms on table, on which there are papers and books; bust and curtain to left. Painted by Martin. Engraved by Geo. B. Ellis. 4x3 3-16. Line. (In: Memoirs of Franklin; with preface by W. Duane, vol. I, N. Y., 1859, frontispiece.)

Same. (In Same, 1861.) 50. BENJAMIN FRANKLIN| THE AMER

ICAN MECHANIC. Bust, directed, facing and looking left; spectacles; chin resting on thumb of right hand; rectangle; border of scroll. work in “ medallion ruling,” above which is a small circle, 13-16 diam., on which a bust of a woman, in profile to right. 2 13-16 x 2%. Line. Apparently made up of several plates or dies, like an engraver's specimen. 51. H. L., papers in left hand, chin resting on

thumb of right hand; spectacles. Based on the Martin picture, part of figure only shown, and no background. “ From the original painting in Independence Hall. Photogravure from the painting by Elter, after the original painting by Martin.' (In: Jefferson, T. Writings, Monticello edition, 1904, vol. 16, facing p. xiv.)

berlin type, it being “a close rendition of that modeled in wax by Patience Wright,” and possibly modeled by her for Josiah Wedgwood. The waistcoat and arm in this portrait are carried downward a little farther than in the Wright portrait reproduced in McClure's Magazine.

(no. 52.) 53A. Bust, profile to left, oval, 1/4 x 1 1-16, sur

rounded by scrollwork and grape vines, with bands inscribed IDLENESS AND PRIDE TAX WITH A HEAVIER HAND THAN KINGS AND PARLIAMENTS. 278 x 31-16. Line engraving by F. S. King. The portrait from a medallion made by Josiah Wedgwood in 1775; the border adapted from an engraving by Paul Revere. (In: Halsey, R. T. H. The Boston Port Bill as pictured by a contemporary London cartoonist, N. Y., Grolier Club, 1904, p. 48; description, p. xxviii.)

Cochin. 1777. Charles Nicholas Cochin, the younger, drew the noted "fur-cap portrait" of Franklin in 1777. The original draw, ing has not survived, but St. Aubin's engraving was executed for and published by the artist.

According to the Pennsylvania Magazine of Hist, and Biog.. vol. II, 1887, p. 173, it was a first engraved as a folio mezzotinto, published by J. M.Will, about 1777. The late Mr. Henry Stevens had a contemporaneous copy in oil."

Cochin. Facing Right. 54. BENJAMIN FRANKLIN. | Né à Boston, dans la nouvelle Angleterre le 17. Janvier 1706. Bust, directed and facing right, looking front; spectacles, fur cap. Oval in frame, over tablet, on which the above inscription; within rectangle. 772 x 572. Line. Dessiné par C. N. Cochin Chevalier de l'Ordre du Roi, en 1777. et Gravé par Aug. de St Aubin Graveur de la Bibliotheque du Roi. | Se vend à Paris chés C. N. Cochin aux Galleries du Louvre; et chés Aug. de St Aubin, rue des Mathurins, Within shaded rectangle: C. N. Cochin fiiius delin, 1777. Aug. de S. Au

bin Sculp. in scratched letters. a. Trial proof with scratched name of personage,

and names of artists within shaded rectangle. b. As described.

See also no. 79. 55. BENJAMIN FRANKLIN. | Né à Boston, dans la nouvelle Angleterre le 17. Janvier 1706. H. L., standing, directed and facing right, looking front; right arm extended; paper in left hand; spectacles, fur cap. fur trimmed coat; writing implements on table; drapery in background to right. 13 x 935. Mezzotint. Dessiné par C. N. Cochin Chevalier de l'Ordre du Roi, en

1777. Joh. Martin Will excudit Aug. Vind. 56, BENJAMIN FRANKLIN, | born at Bos

ton, the 17th Jany 1706. Bust, directed and facing right, looking front; spectacles, fur cap. Oval, over a tablet on which the above inscription, within a rectangle. 5 9-16 x 5 5-16. Line. Margin trimmed entirely away. English work,

about 1780. 57. BENJAMIN FRANKLIN, ) born at Boston,

the 17th Jany 1706. Bust, directed and facing right, looking front, spectacles, fur cap. Oval, over tablet with above inscription, on rectangular background of ruled lines. 5 9-16 x 35.16. Line. Printed for T. Hinton, at the King's Arms, in Paternoster Row. Inscription above (Engraved for the Universal Magazine) trimmed off.

tone.

Wright. About 1772. 52. Bust, profile to left, full wig. “Wax model by Patience Wright; now first reproduced.” Half

(In: McClure's Magazine, Jan., 1897.) 53. Bust, profile to left. Half-tone reproduction on

the cover of the auction sale catalogue of the library of Samuel W. Pennypacker (Davis & Harvey, no 943, Phila., 1905). The catalogue describes the plaque as 4x31-14 inches in size, made by Josiah Wedgwood about 1789, after the Cham

Portraits of Franklin, contd. Cochin lype, cont'd. 58. B. FRANKLIN. Bust, directed and facing

right, looking front; spectacles, fur cap. Oval medallion, suspended by ring tied with ribbon.

2 13-16x 2%. Line. About 1780. 59. FRANKLIN. Bust, directed, facing and looking right; spectacles, fur cap. Oval medallion, suspended on a short column, with medallions of LOUIS SEIZE and WASHINGTON; on base below, L'AMERIQUE | ET LES MERS, I O LOUIS! | VOUS RECONNAISSENT | POUR LEUR LIBÉRATEUR. On top of column a globe with fleur-de-lis, surmounted by a crowing cock; to the right, an Indian with staff, surmounted by liberty cap in left hand, left foot resting on head of lion, near whose paw is a broken trident, right arm holding caduceus; farther to the right two palm trees, one encircled by a ribbon, inscribed EN M'ÉLEVANT| JE M'EMBELLIS; on the left, an anchor on bales; ships beyond. Circle, 5 5.16 diam. Aquatint, colored. Proof before letters. The finished print, as listed under no. 55 in C. H. Hart's Catalogue of the engraved portraits of Washington" (Grolier Club. 1904), has the inscription, below circle: INDEPENDANCE DES ETATS-UNIS Fourteen lines of text in double colomn | A Paris chez Blin, Imprimeur en TailleDouce, Place Maubert, No. 17, vis-a-vis la rue des 3 Portes, A.P. D. R. Duplessis Berteaux del. L. Roger Sculp. 1780. 60. D: FRANKLIN. Bust, directed and facing

right, looking front; fur cap, spectacles; circle, 2 3-16 diam., with border, in upper part of which the above inscription; olive leaves and palms to both sides, held by a ribbon below. 258 x4 3.16. C. Schule fec. Lips. 1788. (On the title-page of Anleitung zum Selbstunterricht auf der Harmonika, von Johann Christian Müller, Leipzig,

1788.) 61. DR. FRANKLIN. Bust, directed and facin

right, looking front; spectacles, fur cap. Oval,

with border of two lines. 278 x 278. Stipple. 62. Bust, directed and facing right, looking front;

spectacles, fur cap. Oval, 158 x 12. Line. (On engraved title-pages of Works of... Franklin, London, 1793, vols. I and 2; 2nd edition, vols.

I and 2.) 63. BENJAMIN FRANKLIN, LL.D., F.R.S.

Bust, directed and facing right, looking front; fur cap, spectacles. Oval, within a border of one dotted line. 313-16 x 2 15-16. Line, W. Har. rison, Junr. Sculp. Above: For the American Universal Magazine. (In: The American Uni

versal Magazine, March 6, 1797.) 64. FRANCKLIN. Bust, directed and facing

right, looking front; spectacles, fur cap. Rectangle, with border of four double lines. 311-16 x 2 5-16. Line; outline. C. N. Cochin delt. Lan

don dirext. Above: HIST. D'AMÉRIQUE. a. As described. (In: Galerie historique des hommes

publiée par C. P. Landon. Paris, 1805, vol. 3.) b. Enclosed within a border of two lines. 4 15-16 x

3. Above: Tome XV, page 512. lo a volume with binder's title “ Biographie Universelle. 2 Planche." Vol. and page refer to " Biographie Universelle ... par une Société de Gens de Lettres et de Savants,” Paris, 1816. See also no. 65.

65. FRANKLIN. Bust, directed and facing right, looking front; spectacles, fur cap. 3 13-16 x 2 7.16. Line; outline, with background of horizontal lines. Drawn by Cochin. Engrav'd by G. Cooke. | London, Published by Vernor, Hood & Sharpe, Poultry, 1807.

Similar to the Landon engraving (no. 64.) a. As described. (In: Historic Gallery of portraits

and paintings, vol. 1, London, 1807, oppos. p.

105.) b. With diagonal lines added in background and

ornamental border added. 578 x 334. 66. Bust, directed and facing right, looking front;

spectacles, fur cap. Oval. 1134 x9%8. Aquatint and stipple. Drawn by C. N. Cochin, 1777.

Engraved by S. H. Gimber. PROOF. 67. BENJAMIN FRANKLIN. | Born at Bose

ton, January 17th, 1706. Died at Philadelphia, April 17th 1790. Bust, directed and facing right, looking front; spectacles, fur cap. 634x6. Line. Painted by C. N. Cochin 1777. Engraved by B. Tanner. Published by B. Tanner No. 74 South Eighth Street, Philadelphia, 1822. Pub. lication line trimmed off.

Same. Portrait trimmed to 54 x 472; publication line, partly illegible, cut out and separately inlaid on same sheet with portrait; names

of artists lacking. 68. DR. FRANKLIN. Bust, directed and facing

right, looking front: spectacles, fur cap. Vign., 6 11-16X 4 3-16. Line. Oval, against vignetted background of clouds and lightning, below which are electrical appliances. London, Published by J. McGowan. 69. DR. FRANKLIN. Bust, directed and facing

right; spectacles, fur cap. Oval, with border of

one line. 2 x 158. Stipple. Holl Sculp. 70. BENJAMIN FRANKLIN. | Born at Bos

ton in New England Jany. 17th 1706. Bust, directed and facing right, looking front; spectacles, fur cap. Vign. 5 3-16 x 434. Lithograph. M. Gauci del, Printed by Hullmandel. | London.

Pub: by B: Taylor, May, 1823. 71. DOCTOR FRANKLIN. Bust, directed and

facing right, looking front; spectacles, fur cap. 478 x 3 15-16. Line. London : Published by

William Cole, 10, Newgate Street. | JANY.1825. 72. Benja Franklin [fac-sig.) Bust, directed, and

facing right, looking front; spectacles, fur cap. Oval in rectangular border of parallel lines. 10 5-16 x 8 15-16. Line. DRAWN BY C. N. COCHIN, 1777. ENGRAVED BY JOHN A. O'NEILL, 1856. NEW YORK 1856 : PUBLISHED BY ELIAS DEXTER, 562

BROADWAY. 73. Bust, directed and facing right, looking front;

spectacles, fur cap. Vignette. 278 x 256. Line. Cochin, Pt 1777. Eng. by H. Wright Smith, (In: Select works of Benjamin Franklin, Boston,

1857, frontispiece ) 74. Benja Franklin (Fac-sig.] Bust, directed and

facing right, looking front, spectacles, fur cap. Oval mezzotint within rectangle of line work. 772 x 572. Engraved by Geo. E. Perine, N. Y., for the Eclectic,after Drawing by C. N. Cochin, 1777. (Eclectic Magazine, Vol. 62, July, 1864, p. 257.)

p. 49.)

Portraits of Franklin, contd. Cochin type, cont'd. 75. FRANKLIN IN PARIS. | AGED 71. Bust, directed and facing right, looking front; spectacles, fur cap. Vignette. 4x374. Line. H. B. Hall. India paper. (In: Parton, J. Life and times of

Franklin, Vol. 2, N. Y., 1865, frontispiece.) 76. Benja Franklin [fac-sig.] Bust, directed and

facing right, looking front; spectacles, fur cap. Oval 4%2x 378. Line. Drawn by C. N. Cochin

1777. Engd by A. H. Ritchie. a. Proof before letters. India paper. b. As described. India paper. c. With framelike border, 578 x 44, 77. BENJAMIN FRANKLIN | After the por

trait by Cochin. Bust, directed and facing right, looking front; spectacles, fur cap. Oval frame within rectangle. 3 15-16 x 378. Wood engraving. Huyot Sc. India paper. (In: Complete works

of Franklin, Vol. 4, N. Y., 1887, frontispiece.) 78. B. Franklin (fac. sig.] Bust, directed and

facing right, looking front; spectacles, fur cap. Vignette. 33-16 x 2 11-16. Line. Hollyer. India paper, (With Menu of “A dinner given by the Pennsylvania Society in the City of New York in commemoration of the 200th anniversary of the birth of Dr. Benjamin Franklin," N. Y., December 12, 1905.)

Cochin. Facing Left. 79. BENJAMIN FRANKLIN | Né à Boston dans la Nouvelle Angleterre, I le 17 Janvier 1706. Bust, directed and facing left, looking front; spectacles and fur cap. Line. Oval over tablet, on which the above inscription, within rectangle. 7 11-16 x 572.

Very like the St. Aubin engraving (no. 54), but facing left instead of right. 80. D? BENJAMIN FRANKLIN. Bust, directed and facing left, looking front; spectacles,

cap. Oval, 378 x 272, with ribbon and flowers at top 378 x 2 15-16. Line. Engrav'd by P.R. Maverick, 65 Liberty Street. (In: Works of Franklin, N.Y., no date; engraved title-page: printed by Tiebout & Obrian, [1794), frontispiece.)

Same. (In: Works of Franklin, N. Y.: printed for Johnson & Manchester, 1797, frontispiece.)

Same. (In: Works of Franklin, N. Y.: printed by John Tiebout, 1799, frontispiece.)

Same. (In: Works of the late Benjamin Franklin, N. Y., 1807, frontispiece.) 81. D. BENIAMIN FRÆNCKLIN | Grand

Comissaire plenipotentiaire du Congres d'Amerique en France à Boston 1706, en 17. Janvier. H.L., directed and facing left, looking front; spectacles, fur cap, wristband of fur on coat; left hand holding paper. Oval in rectangle 7 13-16 x 6%. Mezzotint. desine par C. N. Cochin Chev. de l'Ordre du Roi a Paris 1777. Se vend a Londres chez Thom Hart. In present copy, publication

line is cut off. 82. BENJAMIN FRANKLIN, \ L.L.D.F.R.S.

One of the American Plenipotentiaries at the Court of France. Bust; directed and facing left, looking front;fur cap; no spectacles. Oval 4 3-16 x 378. Line. Pollard sculp Printed for T. Robson, Newcastle, upon Tyne. Above: Engraved for Murrays History of the American War. (In:

Murray, James. An impartial history of the pres. ent war in America, Vol. 1, London (1778), oppos.

Same. (In same, vol. 1, Newcastle upon Tyne [1780 ?), oppos. p. 46.) 83. BENJAMIN FRANKLIN. I Né à Boston, dans la nouvelle Angleterre le 17. Janvier 1706. T. Q. L., seated, directed and facing left, looking front; spectacles, fur cap and fur-trimmed coat; right hand thrust into breast, left hand holds paper; letters, inkstand, etc., on table; drawn curtains and books in background. II 13-16 x 878. Mezzotint. Joh: Lorenz Rugendas sculp.et excud.

Aug. Vind. 84. BENJAMIN FRANKLIN, L.L.D. F.R.S. Bust, directed and facing left, looking front; spectacles, fur cap. Line. Oval, over tablet, on which the above inscription, within rectangle

538 x 3 9-16. 18th century. a. As described. b. Worn impression, worked over. 85. BENJAMIN FRANKLIN | NE à Boston

dans la Nouvelle Angleterre, I le 17 Janvier 1706. Bust, directed and facing left, looking front; fur cap, spectacles. Oval over tablet, on which above inscription, within rectangular ruled background.

7 5-16 x 5 5-16. Line. French work. 86. Bust, directed, facing and looking left; spec.

tacles, fur cap. Oval, against and above a scroll; a ribbon bow, with leaves entwined, at top. 4 15-16 x 3 11-16. Line. On scroll: THE ART OF MAKING MONEY PLENTY, ) in every Man's Pocket, By Dr FRANKLIN. Below:

Pub' & Sold by ś. Wood, 357 Pearl S: N. Y. 87. Bust, directed and facing left, looking front; spectacles and fur cap. Vign. 278 x 3. Line, colored. At head of rebus: THE ART OF MAKING MONEY PLENTY | in every Man's Pocket; by | Doctor Franklin | Published by Sotheran & Son. 10 Little Tower Street, London-1844– | Entd. Sta. Hall. Inclusive size 1172x713-16. Trimmed.

The Cochin type does not appear as often as some of the others; however, the Library has less important engravings of it, such as the wood-cut, vignette on title-page of Works of Franklin, Exeter, 1839.

Caffieri. 1777. Jules Guiffrey, in his book " Les Caffiéri," Paris, 1877, pp. 241-243, gives an account of a bust of Franklin, by Jean Jacques Caffiéri, which is referred to also on pp. 285.453, 500, It was “done from nature,

" bore the motto" Virtutis veræ custos, rigidusque satelles," and was exhibited, in terracotta, at the Salon of 1777. A passage from the "Mémoires secrets," relating to the bust,' is cited. Franklin was one of several notables whose portraits were modeled by both Caffiéri and Houdon, and we are told that a deplorable rivalry and animosity ensued between the two sculptors. The bust passed into the possession of the king, and no reproduction of it has been found in the Library, nor has any account of it, other than Guiffrey's, been discovered. But the note “Fait d'après le buste de Caffiéri " is written in ink, by a contemporary hand, on one (no. 233) of a number of engravings (nos. 233-238) which have a special form of jabot in common. It is to be noted that one of these, the Pollard engraving (no. 236), is described as engraved from a medallion.

Greuze. 1777. Greuze painted a pastel portrait of Franklin in 1777, and exhibited it at the Salon that year. It was reproduced for C. H. Hart's article, in McClure's Magazine, Jan., 1897, and is a long bust, directed and facing right, looking front, with fur collar. "It is," says Hart, “ the only portrait of Franklin attributed to Greuze that shows the unmistakable qualities of his art."

In "The Virginia Historical Reporter," vol. 1, Richmond,

fur

502.

son

Portraits of Franklin, cont'd. Greuze type, cont'd. 1854, P. 12, there is a report of the donation to the Virginia Historical Society of “a portrait of Dr. Franklin, copied from the original of Greuze, by Mons. Guillaume, of Paris," by Hon. Wm. C. Rives. The donor, in his letter to the secretary of the Society, printed on pages 12-14, states that " It is from an undoubted original by Greuze," and gives a brief history of the painting, which, he says, "is supposed to have been presented by Franklin to Beyer, a French inventor, in return for certain kindnesses.'

A portrait of Franklin by Greuze was sold for 2,000 francs at the sale of the collection of "M. le comte A, de G...." June 11, 1904, Paris. (“ Bulletin de l'Art,” Aug. 6, 1904, P, 222.)

The portrait (bust, directed and facing right, looking front, fur collar), reproduced on p. 106 of Lillian I. Rhoads' Story of Philadelphia," 1900, has a very slight resemblance in costume to the Greuze of 1777, but the face conforms to no definite type, and the source of the picture is not given. 88. Yours most affectionately | B. Franklin (two

lines fac. sig.] Bust, directed and facing right, looking front, jabot. 5x4. Half-tone, by BOSTON ENG. CO. From a portrait in oil, a gift to the Public Library of the City of Boston, as al painting by GRÉUZE, from GADRNER BREWER. " There are in the Public Library two original portraits of Franklin. One of them by Duplessis ... The other, painted by Greuze, was presented in 1872 by Gardner Brewer, Esq., and its history is told in a paper by the late Charles Sumner in the twentieth Annual Report of the Library, p. 86. It was painted for Oswald, who negoti. ated with Franklin the provisional articles of peace of Nov. 30, 1782, There is also a picture in the Boston Art Museum closely resembling the Duplessis of the Public Library, for which the claim is made thai it was painted by Greuze. (Boston Daily Advertiser, 1858, copied in the Crayon, NewYork, 1858, p. 330).” Memorial history of Boston, edited by. Justin Winsor, vol. 2, Boston (1881), p. 291.

The portrait in the Boston Public Library, according to the Pennsylvania Magazine of Hist. and Biog., vol. II, 1887, P. 173, and according to a letter from a descendant of Oswald (Magazine of American History, vol. 27, 1892, pp. 472–473), is probably a replica or a copy of Duplessis. It is quite of the Duplessis type.

See also no. 120, wrongly attributed to Greuze,

90. DR FRANKLIN, L.L.D. FR.S. Bust, pro

file to left,cap with broad fur band. Circle 4 5-16 diam. Stipple. Where Liberty dwells, There is

my Country. 91. BENIN FRANKLIN. Bust, profile to left,

cap with broad fur band; background of clouds and lightning. Oval with border of two lines

3 15-16 x 378. Line, face stipple. About 1800? 92. BENIN FRANKLIN. Bust, profile to left,

cap with broad fur band; background of clouds and lightning. Oval within border of two lines. 3 15-16 x 378. Line.

Scoles, sc. 93. BENJ. FRANKLIN. Bust, profile to right;

cap with broad fur band, background of clouds and lightning. Oval. 356 x 234. Line. Ander

5. (In: New universal biographical dictionary... by James Hardie, New York, 1801, vol.2,

oppos. p. 387.) 94. Bust, profile to left, cap with broad fur band.

Circle within border of two lines, 2 1-16. Wood

cut by Alexander Anderson, unsigned. 95. B. FRANKLIN. Bust, profile to left, cap with broad fur band, head surrounded by diverging rays. Vign. 6 13-16 x 54. Line. Printed Su Published by S. Maverick, New York | P. Maverick & Durand sc. Grolier Club Durand Catalogue. 96. Bust, profile to left, cap with broad fur band,

background of clouds and lightning. Oval 4x 378. Line, 97.

DR FRANKLIN. Bust, profile to right; cap with broad fur band. Vign. 2 x 158. Stip

ple and line. About 1840. 98. Benja Franklin [fac. sig.) Bust, profile to

left; cap, with broad fur band; background of clouds and lightning. Oval 478 x 338. Line and mezzotint. Engd from an Old Print, by J. A. O'Neill | New York: Elias Dexter, 562 Broadway. A woodcut of the Nini portrait was used on the cover of

Potter's American Monthly," 1876, and it was also engraved on wood by Andrew. (See Hale, E. E. and E. E., Jr., " Franklin in France," vol. 1, Boston, 1888, oppos. p. 140.)

A wood engraving, “Medallion by Nini in the National Portrait Gallery,'' showing name and date: NINI 1777, appears in J. R. Green's “Short history of the English people," illustrated ed., vol. 4, London, 1894, p. 1681. See also no. 139.

Nini. 1777

Jean Baptiste Nini modelled a medallion portrait of Franklin in 1977: To this Franklin refers in his letter to his daughter, Mrs. Sarah Bache, dated Passy, 2 June, 1779:

"The clay medallion of me you say you gave to Mr. Hopkinson was the first of the kind made in France. A variety of others have been made since of different sizes; some to be set in the lids of snuff boxes, and some so small as to be worn in rings; and the number sold are incredible. These, with the pictures, busts, and prints, (of which copies upon copies are spread everywhere,) have made your father's face as well known as that of the moon, so that he durst not do anything that would oblige him to run away, as his phiz would discover him wherever he should venture to show it. It is said by learned etymolygists that the name doll, for the images children play with, is derived from the word idoL. From the number of dolls now made of hin, he may be truly said, in tkat sense, to be i-doll-ized in this country." (Bigelow, J. Life of Franklin, 3d edition, Phila., 1893, vol. 2, chap. 16, P. 480.)

la vol. 2 of the biography by Bigelow, above cited, there appears, opposite p. 480, a reproduction of a drawing by C.A. Vanderhoof), with the title: CHATEAU DE CHAUMOVTi (The famous clay medallion of Franklin was made of clay from this estate.) 89. BENIN FRANKLIN. Bust, profile to left; cap with broad fur band; clouds and lightning. Oval, 311-16 x 278, with border of two lines 3 15-16 X 3 1-16. Line. W. Grainger, sculp! London, Published by H. D. Symonds, Paternoster. Row, September the 25, 1794. Publication line partly cut off. “The earliest print met with was engraved in 1795 by Grainger. "-Pennsylvania Magazine of Hist, and Biog., vol. 11, 1887, p. 174.

Nini. 1778. 99. Head, profile to left. Medallion. ERIPUIT

CELO FULMEN SCEP TRUMQUE TY. RANNIS. MDCCLXXIX. 1. B. NINI f. 1778. (McClure's Magazine, Mar. 1897.) Jean Baptiste Nini modelled another medallion of Franklin, without the cap, in 1778. The above listed half-tone reproduction of the terra-cotta medallion, in the Metropolitan Museum, accompanies a note by C. H. Hart, who finds on it the first use of the famous inscription to Franklin, He wrested the thunderbolt from heaven and the sceptre from tyrants." Hon. John Bigelow refers to more than four portraits of Franklin by Nini. See also 256A.

Houdon. 1778. Jean Antoine Houdon modelled a bust of Franklin in 1778. "His bust of Franklin,'' says C. H. Hart, " was exhibited in the Salon of 1779, and again in 1791, which would leave the inference that he had made two different busts of Franklin, and would tend to sustain the tradition that he modelled one in Philadelphia in 1785. ** It is said that Houdon once made a plaster cast of Franklin's living face, in Paris."-Facsimile of Poor Richard's almanack for 1733 ... The Duodecimos, 1894.

The Houdon bust has a waistcoat buttoned up high, and

Portraits of Franklin, contd. Houdon type, cont'd. showing simply a strip of cravat or neckcloth wound round the neck. In the Ceracchi bust, this cloth is loosely knotted, the ends falling down on the chest.

In the History of the celebration of the inauguration of Washington, ed. by C. W. Bowen, N. Y., 1892, p. 61, and oppos. 524, there appear four reproductions of busts by Houdon. Pwo of them (owned by the Metropolitan Museum, N. Y., and the Boston Athenæum, respectively) correspond in feature and costume to the Houdon type as described. The other two (owned by the American Philosophical Society, Phila., and the late Abram S. Hewitt) both have the loosely kootted neckcloth of the Ceracchi bust, and appear also to resemble that in the features.

See no. 204. The Houdon bust has appeared frequently on postage stamps; thus, in profile to right, on the CARRIÉRS STAMP 1851, 1861 issue 30 c and 1 c, 1869 issue i c, 1870-71 issuei c. 100. FRANKELINT Ministre plénipotentiaire des

Etats Unis de l'Amérique Septentrionale. Bust, directed and facing right, looking front. Oval, over tablet with above inscription, within large ornamental frame, 13 7-16 X 10 1-16. Line. Dessiné par Bounieu d'après le Buste de M.

Houdon. Gravé par Chevillet. 101. FRANKLIN. Bust, profile to left. Vign.

3% * I 11.6. Stipple. From Houdon's Bust |

Engraved by T. B. Welch. H. Quig, Printer. a. Without name of engraver or printer. b. As described. c. With BOSTON. | Published by Hilliard. Gray

Son Co. R. Andrews, Printer. (In : Works of Franklin, with notes by J. Sparks, vol. 4, Bos

ton, 1837, frontispiece.) d. With publication line changed to Published by

Tappan & Dennet. (In: Sparks, J. Life of

Franklin, Boston, 1848, oppos. p. 421.) e. Without publication line. (In: Works of Frank.

lin, with notes by J. Sparks, vol. 4, Boston, 1856,

frontispiece.) f. Without Boston, and with PHILA. CHILDS

& PETERSON below. (In: Sparks, J. Life of Franklin, revised ed., N. Y., 1859, oppos.

p. 421.) 102. “Benjamin Franklin, the philosopher. This

beautiful bust was executed by the great American Sculptor, Hiram Powers, from the finest statuary marble, after Houdon's model, and is one of the most faithful likenesses extant." The bust, surrounded by spectators, forms the subject of an illustration (woodcut by N. Orr), with the above description, on p. 14 of the ad annual illustrated catalogue, 1855-6, of the Cosmopolitan

Art Association, N. Y. 103. B. Franklin [fac-sig.] Bust, front view,

734 x 54. Wood-engraving. J. H. E. WHITNE Y Sc. K. Cox. Drawn from The Orig. inal. | Jan 11th 1886. [From the Houdon bust.) (In: Century Magazine, vol. 32, no. 2, June, 1886.)

Septentrionale | à Boston le 17. Janvier 1706. Bust, directed front, facing and looking slightly right; fur collar, shirt open at neck. Oval, 448 x 34, in frame, resting on base inscribed STUPETE GENTES! REPERIT VIVUM DIOGENES, supported by Diogenes holding lamp; above, from left to right, a dove with ribbon, a liberty cap on a spear, a tree and a large tub; below, vegetables in lower left corner, a broken yoke, and to the right an eagle, with cloud and lightning, on a map of AMERIQ, SEPTENT. 1078 x 8. Line. N. L. G. D. L. C. A. D. L. del, et Sculp. Presenté à son Excellence quelle à accepiée le 14 | Juillet 1780. | Par son très Humble et très Obeissant | Serviteur Bligny. A Paris chez Bligny Lancier du Roi, Md d'Estampes, Peintre, Doreur et

Vitrier, Cour du Manége aux Thuilleries. 105. BENJAMIN FRANKLIN. Full bust,

directed slightly right, facing slightly left, looking front; fur collar, shirt open at neck. Oval, in frame, 378 x 37%, hung by a ring, surrounded by leaves, a cock in the right upper corner, eagle and thunderbolt in lower left corner, books and map in right lower corner, within rectangle, 698 x 334. VIR on base below oval. J.

Pélicier, Siulp. 1782. 106. BENJAMIN FRANKLIN | à Boston

le 17 Janvier 1706. | Eripuit cælo fulmen sceptrumque tyrannis, H. L., seated, directed, facing and looking front, right hand raised in gesture; fur collar and band on coat, shirt open at neck; on table before him, a map inscribed PHILADELPHIE, and spectacles; in rectan. gular frame, with tablet bearing above inscription. 13 5-16 x 9 5-16. Line. 18" century. Bononiæ

apud Ludovicum Inig. D. A. S. Scul. 107. BENJAMIN FRANKLIN. Bust, directed

front, facing and looking slightly to right, fur collar and band on coat, shirt open at neck. Oval over base on which the name, within rectangle. 534 x 3 9.16. Line. Below : Goldar Sculp! Published Sep? 23! 1785, by J. Fielding, Pater Noster Row. (In: Andrews, John. History of

the War, London, 1785, vol. 1, oppos. p. 73.) 108. Bust, directed and looking nearly front, facing

slightly to right. Fur collar and band on coat; shirt open at neck; oval, 3 13-16 x 3. Line.

Margin trimmed off. 109. Benjamin Franklin, / à Boston en 1706,

mort le 17 avril 1790. Bust, directed slightly left, facing slightly right, looking front; fur collar, and band on coat, shirt open at neck. Oval in rectangle. 4 5-16 x 3. Line. Maria Miou

sculp... 110. BENJAMIN FRANKLIN. / Né à Boston,

le 17 Janviér 1706. | Mort à Philadelphie en 1790. Bust, directed slightly left, facing and looking slightly right;fur collar and band on coat, open rolling shirt collar, waistcoat. 4 7-16 x 39.16. Stipple. F. Bonneville Deli. Gautier Sculp. A Paris chez l'Auteur rue du Théatre

Français N. 4. 111. FRANKLIN. | Né à Boston le 17 Janv?

1706. | Mort à Philadelphie en 1790. Bust, directed slightly right, facing slightly left, looking front; fur collar and band on coat; open, rolling

Filleul. 1778. Madame Filleul's name, it seems, appears only on J. L. Cathelin's engraving of the portrait, which is known as the “open shirt portrait." In the Versailles" portrait (see nos. 226, 227) the shirt is also open at the neck.

The Filleul portrait was also reproduced in relief, in metal, two or more times. 104. BENJAMIN FRANKLIN | Ministre plenipotentiaire a la Cour de France pour la Re. publique des Provinces unies de l'Amerique

« PreviousContinue »