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(C) Division of Applied Research.This Division develops plans and programs for all intramural applied research activities of the Administration; recommends the overall direction of research in the laboratories in the various regional centers as they become operational; assures a well-balanced overall applied research program to include the development of plans and programs for the establishment, review, and revision of water quality standards pertaining to the kinds and levels of contaminants in water for a given use (coordinates closely with and furnishes technical assistance on such matters to the Bureau of Coop eration and Enforcement) ; provides technical guidance to field activities involved in applied research ; performs technical review and evaluation of applied research activities; and keeps the Associate Commissioner for Research and Development informed on significant accomplishments and problem areas.

(d) Division of Research and Training Grants.This division develops plans and programs for the administration of research, training, and demonstration grants in the field of water pollution control; stimulates applications for grants; provides for adequate review of all grant applications; makes grant awards and site visits, as required; and coordinates closely with the other divisions of the Bureau of Research and Development and with concerned field elements on extramural grants activities to assure that such activities mal the maximum contribution to the attainment of the Administration's overall program objectives.

II. Field Organization, Federal Water Pollution Control Administration

A. REGIONAL ACTIVITIES 1. Regional offices

(a) Regional Assistant Commissioner.—The regional Assistant Commissioner reports to and represents the Commissioner in his region. He is responsible for the conduct and operation of the Federal water pollution control program in the region. Within policies, plans, programs, budgets, and other guidelines promulgated by the Commissioner, he directs, coordinates, and evaluates program activities in the region; provides leadership and direction to regional organizational elements under his supervision, including the regional program staff, regional Water Pollution control centers, and major field projects; reviews plans and budgets for regional activities and makes recommendations for approval or modification; maintains liaison with the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare Regional Director, other Department of Health, Education, and Welfare regional personnel, and personnel of other agencies and organizations, both public and private, to further the program in the region; coordinates with other regional Assistant Commissioners those regional activities that cross regional boundaries; reviews and acts upon State plans for program grants and applications for construction grants; and fosters general public understanding of the program in the region.

(b) Regional program staff.The regional program staff under the supervision and direction of the regional Assistant Commissioner assists him in developing and maintaining relations with other Federal agencies and State and local agencies concerned with water pollution control and in administering programs and activities in the region. The staff is specifically responsible for

(1) Administering the construction grants program which includes reviewing and processing applications for grants, making grant offers, reviewing plans and specifications for waste treatment works, authorizing bid advertising, reviewing bids and approving award of contracts, inspecting completed construction, processing grant payments, conducting performance audits, and fulfilling collateral responsibilities relating to programs dealing with prevailing wage, antikickback, contract work hours standards, and equal employment opportunities.

(2) Providing guidance to State and interstate agencies in the development of their annual water pollution control programs, reviewing these plans for conformity with section 7 (f) of the Federal Water Pollution Control Act, and recommending action on these plans.

(3) Inspecting and advising Federal installations in matters related to water pollution control, to include the review and evaluation of plans and specifications for proposed waste treatment plants.

(4) Advising the Corps of Engineers, the Bureau of Reclamation, or any other Federal agency, which is surveying for or planning a reservoir, on the effect of regulated streamflow on water quality control.

(5) Providing liaison with State and municipal agencies in the compilation of inventories on water pollution control facilities and other basic data

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information and in the establishment of sampling stations for the water quality network.

(6) Assisting with the administration and direction of comprehensive programs and enforcement studies.

(7) Assisting with enforcement conferences and other legal proceedings.

(8) Promoting and providing liaison for the facilities demonstration program.

(9) Representing the regional Assistant Commissioner on interagency

committees concerned with water resources. 2. Regional water pollution control centers

The centers are under the supervision and direction of Directors, who report to the regional Assistant Commissioner of the DHEW region in which the centers are located. Within the policies, plans, and programs promulgated by the Commissioner and under the general supervision of the regional Assistant Commissioner, each center, on an area oriented basis : conducts approved research projects; provides research support to other elements of the Administration; assists in the application of research results; provides technical assistance upon request, to States, municipalities, and other public agencies and to private organizations; conducts investigations, studies, and field demonstrations related to water pollution control; conducts technical training for personnel of other Federal agencies, State and local public agencies, universities and industry, and provides in-service training for FWPCA personnel; and provides liaison with universities. The geographical scope of a center will normally be a DHEW region. However, when more than one center is located in a DHEW region, the regional Assistant Commissioner upon the authorization from the Commissioner will determine the scope of each center. In addition, a center may provide support to areas in other regions upon authorization by the Commissioner. 3. Major field projects

(a) Comprehensive programs staff.—This staff, under the supervision and direction of a chief who reports to the appropriate regional Assistant Commissioner, is responsble for the conduct of the developmental phase of a comprehensive river basin program within promulgated policies, plans, and programs. In this capacity, the staff establishes and maintains a headquarters office and those substations which are necessary to the success of the project; maintains close working relationships with officials of concerned public and private organizations; plans and performs field operations necessary to the conduct of the project; reports project status and problems to the regional Assistant Commissioner; and prepares technical reports on results of the field study.

(b) Enforcement studies staff.This staff, under the supervision and direction of a chief who reports to the appropriate regional Assistant Commissioner, is responsible for the conduct of an enforcement study within promulgated policies, plans, and programs in surpport of enforcement proceedings. In this capacity, the staff establishes and maintains a headquarters office and those substations which are necessary to the success of the project; maintains close working relationships with officials of concerned public and private organizations; plans and performs field operations necessary to the conduct of the project; reports project status and problems to the regional Assistant Commissioner; and prepares technical reports on results of the field study.

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B. NATIONAL FIELD ACTIVITIES

1. Cincinnati National Technical Services Center

The center under the supervision and direction of a technical director, who reports to the Commissioner and receives technical guidance from the Associate Commissioner for Technical Programs, carries on national programs in technical assistance, training, and water quality surveillance. The center is specifically responsible for: providing technical assistance on national water pollution control problems beyond the scope or capability of the regional water pollution control centers; developing courses, manuals, and other training aids for the regional water pollution control centers, and conducting courses on water pollution control and related subjects which have nationwide interest; performing analyses on samples of collected water and supplying data on them to other elements of the Administration; and developing instrumentation and system to improve the collection and analysis of water.

2. Cincinnati National Water Research Laboratory

The Laboratory under the supervision and direction of a Research Director, who reports to the Associate Commissioner of Research and Development, carries on a national research program directed toward national problems in water pollution control and regional problems which are beyond the scope and capability of the regional water pollution control centers. Within the policies, plans, programs, budgets, and other guidelines promulgated by the Associate Commissioner, the Laboratory develops and recommends an amual program of research activities; conducts approved activities ; disseminates the results of these activities; works closely with the regional water pollution control centers in the application of these results and in the conduct of activities directed toward regional water pollution control problems; provides research assistance, as necessary, to other elements of the Administration and to public and private agencies; and provides, in conjunction with the Associate Commissioner, national leadership to water pollution control research. 3. National water quality research laboratories

These laboratories under the supervision and direction of their Research Directors, who report to the Associate Commissioner for Research and Development, carry on national programs for the development and adoption of water quality criteria and standards for all beneficial uses of marine and fresh waters. Within the policies, plans, programs, budgets, and other guidelines promulgated by the Associate Commissioner, the laboratories develop reliable methodology for de tecting, identifying, and measuring pollutants; determine the effects of pollutants on all beneficial water uses ; establish or obtain agreement on allowable limits of water pollutants for each beneficial water use; and continuously review and update water quality criteria and standards as water quality requirements and pollution problems change. In these efforts, the laboratories review and apply to their research effort applicable research findings of other organizations, especially those of the Public Health Service on the human health signifi. cance of water contamination; and work closely with the regional water pollution control centers, other elements of the Administration, and other organizations in the application of water quality criteria and standards.

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• Facilities under construction or in planning stage.

Çincinnati National Technical Services Conter receives Technical direction from the Bureau of Technical Prograins,

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