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Your patience this allowing,

Now seems to it.
I turn my glass; and give my scene such growing,
As you had slept between. Leontes leaving
The effects of his fond jealousies; so grieving,
That he shuts up himself; imagine me,
Gentle spectators, that I now may be
In fair Bohemia 9; and remember well,
I mentioned a son o' the king's, which Florizel
I now name to you; and with speed so pace
To speak of Perdita, now grown in grace
Equal with wond'ring: What of her ensues,
I list not prophesy; but let Time's news

Be known, when 'tis brought forth :-a shepherd's


And what to her adheres, which follows after,
Is the argument of time1: Of this allow 2.
If ever you have spent time worse ere now;
If never yet, that Time himself doth say,
He wishes earnestly, you never may.



9 imagine Me,

Gentle spectators, that I now may be In fair Bohemia ;] Time is every where alike. I know not whether both sense and grammar may not dictate: imagine we


'Gentle spectators, that you now may be," &c.

Let us imagine, that you, who behold these scenes, are now in Bohemia. JOHNSON.

Imagine me, means imagine with is a common mode of expression. thing,"-" spell me such a word." says, speaking of sack:

It ascends me into the brain, dries me there," &c. Again, in King Lear, Gloster says to Edmund, speaking of Edgar :

me; and

me, or imagine f Thus we say "do me such a In King Henry IV. Falstaff

"Wind me into him," Is the ARGUMENT of time :] ject. JOHNSON.


Of this ALLOW,] To allow in our author's time signified to approve. Malone.

&c. M. MASON.

Argument is the same with sub


The Same. A Room in the Palace of POLIXENES.


POL. I pray thee, good Camillo, be no more importunate: 'tis a sickness, denying thee any thing; a death, to grant this.

CAM. It is fifteen years, since I saw my country: though I have, for the most part, been aired abroad, I desire to lay my bones there. Besides, the penitent king, my master, hath sent for me: to whose feeling sorrows I might be some allay, or I o'erween to think so; which is another spur to my departure.

POL. As thou lovest me, Camilllo, wipe not out the rest of thy services, by leaving me now: the need I have of thee, thine own goodness hath made; better not to have had thee, than thus to want thee: thou, having made me businesses, which none, without thee, can sufficiently manage, must either stay to execute them thyself, or take away with thee the very services thou hast done: which if I have not enough considered, (as too much I cannot,) to be more thankful to thee, shall be my study; and my profit therein, the heaping friendships *. Of

3 It is FIFTEEN years,] We should read-sixteen. Time has just said:


that I slide

"O'er sixteen years

Again, Act V. Sc. III.: "Which lets go by some sixteen years." —Again, ibid. :—“ Which sixteen winters cannot blow away." STEEVENS.

4 G

and my profit therein, the HEAPING FRIENDSHIPS.] The sense of heaping friendships, though like many other of our author's, unusual, at least unusual to modern ears, is not very obscure. "To be more thankful shall be my study; and my profit

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that fatal country Sicilia, pr'ythee speak no more : whose very naming punishes me with the remembrance of that penitent, as thou call'st him, and reconciled king, my brother; whose loss of his most precious queen, and children, are even now to be afresh lamented. Say to me, when saw'st thou the prince Florizel my son? Kings are no less unhappy, their issue not being gracious, than they are in losing them, when they have approved their virtues.

CAM. Sir, it is three days, since I saw the prince: What his happier affairs may be, are to me unknown: but I have, missingly, noted 3, he is of late much retired from court; and is less frequent to his princely exercises, than formerly he hath appeared.

POL. I have considered so much, Camillo; and with some care; so far, that I have eyes under my service, which look upon his removedness: from whom I have this intelligence; That he is seldom from the house of a most homely shepherd; a man, they say, that from very nothing, and beyond the imagination of his neighbours, is grown into an unspeakable estate.

CAM. I have heard, sir, of such a man, who hath a daughter of most rare note: the report of her is extended more, than can be thought to begin from such a cottage.

therein the heaping friendships." That is, I will for the future be more liberal of recompence, from which I shall receive this advantage, that as I heap benefits I shall heap friendships, as I confer favours on thee I shall increase the friendship between us.'

JOHNSON. Friendships is, I believe, here used, with sufficient licence, merely for friendly offices. MALONE.


but I have, MISSINGLY, noted,] Missingly noted means, I have observed him at intervals, not constantly or regularly, but occasionally.


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POL. That's likewise part of my intelligence. But, I fear the angle that plucks our son thither. Thou shalt accompany us to the place: where we will, not appearing what we are, have some question with the shepherd; from whose simplicity, I think it not uneasy to get the cause of my son's resort thither. Pr'ythee, be my present partner in this business, and lay aside the thoughts of Sicilia.


CAM. I willingly obey your command.

POL. My best Camillo !-We must disguise ourselves. [Exeunt.


The Same. A Road near the Shepherd's Cottage. Enter AUTOLYCUs, singing.

When daffodils begin to peer,

With, heigh! the doxy over the dale,Why, then comes in the sweet o' the year;

For the red blood reigns in the winter's pale1.

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6 - But, I fear the ANGLE

fear the engle. JOHNSON.

Angle in this place means a fishing-rod, which he represents as drawing his son, like a fish, away. So, in K. Henry IV. Part I. :


he did win

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-] Mr. Theobald reads,—and I

"The hearts of all that did angle for."

Again, in All's Well That Ends Well:

"She knew her distance, and did angle for me."



some QUESTION-] i. e. some talk, in which sense question is frequently used by our author. MALONE.

8 Autolycus,] Autolycus was the son of Mercury, and as famous for all the arts of fraud and thievery as his father:


Non fuit Autolyci tam piceata manus. See also, Homer's Odyssey, book xix. STEEVENS. 9 When daffodils begin to peer,


Jog on, jog on, the foot-path way,] "Two nonsensical songs,

The white sheet bleaching on the hedge",-
With, hey! the sweet birds, O, how they sing!—
Doth set my pugging tooth on edge;


For a quart of ale is a dish for a king.

by the rogue Autolycus," says Dr. Burney.-But could not the many compliments paid by Shakspeare to musical science, intercede for a better epithet than nonsensical?

The Dr. subsequently observes, that "This Autolycus is the true ancient Minstrel, as described in the old Fabliaux.'


I believe, that many of our readers will push the comparison a little further, and concur with me in thinking that our modern minstrels of the opera, like their predecessor Autolycus, are pickpockets as well as singers of nonsensical ballads. STEEVENS.

1 For the red blood REIGNS in the WINTER's pale.] This line has suffered a great variety of alterations, but I am persuaded the old reading is the true one. The first folio has "the winter's pale;" and the meaning is, 'the red, the spring blood now reigns o'er the parts lately under the dominion of winter.' The English pale, the Irish pale, were frequent expressions in Shakspeare's time; and the words red and pale were chosen for the sake of the antithesis. FARMER.

Dr. Farmer is certainly right. I had offered this explanation to Dr. Johnson, who rejected it. In King Henry V. our author says: the English beach "Pales in the flood," &c. Again, in Antony and Cleopatra :

"Whate'er the ocean pales, or sky inclips." Holinshed, p. 528, calls Sir Richard Aston: the English pale, for the earle of Summerset." Henry VI. Part I. :

"How are we park'd, and bounded in a pale."

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2 The white sheet BLEACHING, &c.] So, in the song at the end of Love's Labour's Lost, Spring mentions as descriptive of that season, that then " maidens bleach their summer smocks."

"Lieutenant of Again, in King



pugging tooth -] Sir T. Hanmer, and after him Dr. Warburton, read-progging tooth. It is certain that pugging is not now understood. But Dr. Thirlby observes, that it is the cant of gypsies. JOHNSON.

The word pugging is used by Greene in one of his pieces; and a puggard was a cant name for some particular kind of thief. So, in The Roaring Girl, 1611:

"Of cheaters, lifters, nips, foists, puggards, curbers." See to prigge in Minshieu. STEEVens.


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