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martial, or any civil, military, or naval commission of

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the United States or of the District of Columbia, or any

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officer or employee thereof, in connection with any judicial or other proceeding, application, request for a ruling or other determination, contract, claim, controversy, charge, accusation, arrest, or other particular matter involving a specific party or parties in which the United States or the District of Columbia is a party or

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has a direct and substantial interest and which was

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actually pending under his official responsibility as an
officer or employee within a period of one year prior to
the termination of such responsibility, or
“(c) Whoever having been so employed

“(i) at a rate of pay specified in subchapter II of chapter 53 of title 5, United States Code, or a comparable or greater pay rate under another authority; or

“(ü) in a position classified at GS-16, GS-17, or GS-18 of the General Schedule prescribed by section

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5332 of title 5, United States Code; in a position classi

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fied at 0–7 or above under section 1009 of title 37,

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United States Code; or in a comparable position under

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23 within one year after his employment with the department 24 or agency has ceased, knowingly, 25

“(1) acts as agent or attorney for or otherwise 20

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represents any other person (except the United States)

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in any formal or informal appearance before, or

“(2) makes any contact on behalf of any other person (except the United States) with the intent to influence the department or agency in which he served as an officer or employee, or any officer or employee thereof, in connection with any judicial, rulemaking, or other proceeding, application, request for a ruling or other determination, contract, claim, controversy,

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charge, accusation, arrest, or other particular matter

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which is pending before such department or agency or in which such department or agency is a party or has

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a direct and substantial interest

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"Shall be fined not more than $10,000 or imprisoned for 15 not more than two years, or both: Provided, That nothing 16 in subsection (a), (b), or (c) prevents a former officer or 17 employee, including a former special Government employee, 18 with outstanding scientific or technological qualifications from 19 acting as agent or attorney for or otherwise representing, 20 or making any contact on behalf of another person in con21 nection with a particular matter in a scientific or technological 22 field if the head of the department or agency concerned 23 with the matter shall make a certification in writing, pub24 lished in the Federal Register, that the national interest

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1 would be served by such action or appearance by the former 2 officer or employee: Provided further, That subsection (c) 3 shall not apply to a former special Government employee 4 who did not perform duties of his position in the department 5 or agency for more than sixty days during the period of three € hundred and sixty-five days immediately preceding the date

7 of termination of his services with such department or agency.

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“ (d) Whoever, being a partner of an officer or em9 ployee of the executive branch of the United States Govern10 ment, of any independent agency of the United States or of 11 the District of Columbia, including a special Government 12 employee, acts as agent or attorney for anyone other than the

13 United States before any department, agency, court, court

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martial, or any civil, military, or naval commission, of the

15 United States or of the District of Columbia, or any officer or

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employee thereof, on behalf of any other person (except 17 the United States), in connection with any judicial or other

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proceeding, application, request for a ruling or other deter

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19 mination, contract, claim, controversy, charge, accusation, 20

arrest, or other particular matter in which the United States 21 is a party or has a direct and substantial interest and in which 22 such officer or employee of the Government or special Gov23

ernment employee participates or has participated personally 24 and substantially as a Government employee through de

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1 cision, approval, disapproval, recommendation, the rendering 2 of advice, investigation, or otherwise, or which is the subject 3 of his official responsibility4 "Shall be fined not more than $5,000, or imprisoned

5 not more than one year, or both.

95TH CONGRESS

1st SESSION

H. R. 6954

IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

May 5, 1977 Mr. RODINO (for himself, Mr. DANIELSON, and Ms. SCHROEDER) introduced the

following bill; which was referred jointly to the Committee on Armed Services, the Judiciary, and Post Office and Civil Service

A BILL To preserve and promote ethical standards throughout the

executive branch, and for other purposes.

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Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representa

2 tives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,

3 That this Act may be cited as the "Ethics in Government

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8 SEC. 101. (a) Upon assuming the position of an officer 9 or employee designated in subsection (f), an individual 10 shall file a report as required by subsection 102 (b).

(b) Upon the transmittal by the President to the Senate

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95-896 0.77 - 28

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