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Washington, January 8, 1918. Sir: The executive departments of the Federal Government have in recent years taken a more important place in the life of the country and consequently in the interest of the people than they formerly had. To such an extent have their functions increased that no intelligent conception of the contemporary life of the Nation can be formed without some knowledge of their organization and work. It is also very desirable that the people of the country should be informed as to the nature of the many valuable publications which the departments issue so that they may know how to obtain most expeditiously reliable information on the subjects treated in these reports. That information in regard to the organization and functions of the departments and the nature of their publications may be available for the use of schools and colleges and of chambers of commerce, women's clubs, and other similar organizations, I have caused to be prepared the manuscript which I am transmitting herewith for publication as a bulletin of the Bureau of Education. Respectfully submitted,






This Bulletin is divided into 11 parts, one for each of the 10 executive departments of the Government and one part for the miscellaneous important independent bureaus and commissions. Each part is divided into sections, one for each of the bureaus under the department considered, and the description is given in most instances in the following order : Principal administrative officials, general information and duties, general publications, method of distribution of general publications, annual and other periodical publications, lists, indexes, mailing lists, maps, and correspondence. At the beginning of each part is a brief description of the department considered.

The material for the Bulletin was furnished by each department, bureau, or independent office or commission, in response to a circular sent from the Bureau of Education, and it is desired to express appreciation for the hearty cooperation manifested in the replies received.


(Pennsylvania Avenue, between Fifteenth and Seventeenth Streets.)

The only publications distributed from the White House are the President's Messages to Congress, and the President's Proclamations. They are for free distribution and may be obtained by addressing the Secretary to the President of the United States.


Principal administrative officials.-Secretary of State; Secretary of War; Secretary of the Navy; Chairman of the Committee; Editor of “ Official Bulletin." The work of the committee is carried on in the United States and in foreign countries through the activities of about 25 divisions.

General information and duties.-The Committee on Public Information was organized under Executive Order of April 14, 1917, and is directly under the President of the United States. The purpose of this committee is to furnish reliable information and to issue an official daily bulletin and such additional bulletins, films, posters, pictures, and publications as may seem desirable.

General publications.-The following general publications have been issued :


1. How the War Came to America. 2. National Service Handbook. 15 cents. 3. The Battle Line of Democracy. 15 cents. 4. The President's Flag Day Address with Evidence of Germany's Plans. 5. Conquest and Kultur. 6. German War Practices. (Part 1—Treatment of Civilians.) 7. War Cyclopedia : A Handbook for Ready Reference on the Great War. 25 cents.

8. German Treatment of Conquered Territory. (Part II-of German War

Practices.) 9. War, Labor, and Peace. (Some Recent Addresses and Writings of the

President.) 10. German Plots and Intrigues. Activities of the German System in the

United States during the Period of our Neutraity.


101. The War Message and Facts Behind It.
102. The Nation in Arms.
103. The Government of Germany.
104. The Great War: From Spectator to Participant.
105. A War of Self-Defense.
106. American Loyalty.
107. Amerikanische Buergertreue. (German Translation of No. 106.)
108. American Interest in Popular Government Abroad.
109. Home Reading Course for Citizen Soldiers.
110. First Session of the War Congress.
111. The German War Code.
112. American and Allied Ideals.
113. German Militarism and Its German Critics.
114. The War for Peace.
115. Why America Fights Germany.
116. The Study of the Great War.
117. The Activities of the Committee on Public Information.


201. Friendly Words to the Foreign Born.
202. The Prussian System.
203. Labor and the War.
204. A War Message to the Farmer.
205. Plain Issues of the War.
206. Ways to Serve the Nation.
207. What Really Matters.

“ The Kaiserite in America,"

Catalogue of Photographs and Stereopticon Slides, issued by the Division of Pictures.

Method of distribution of general publications. These publications are, so far as issued, for free distribution except as noted. Copies may be obtained from the committee as long as editions printed are available.

Annual and other periodical publications.-The Committee on Public Information has not issued any annual report but there is printed a daily “ Official Bulletin " which is sent free to officials of all Government departments; to the members of the United States Senate and House of Representatives; members of the American diplomatic and consular service; the foreign diplomatic and consular service; officers of the Army and Navy; every post office in the United States (to be posted daily); governors of all States; mayors of all cities; all daily newspapers and press associations of the country; all magazines; colleges and universities ; chambers of commerce and boards of trade; and other public institutions. Regular subscription to others $5.00 per year.

Correspondence.- Requests for general publications should be addressed to the Distribution Department, 6 Jackson Place. Requests for the “ Official Bulletin " should be addressed to Editor, Official Bulletin, 16 Jackson Place, Washington, D. C.

SERVICE BUREAU. The committee has established this bureau to give necessary information concerning Government work to those who have business with the Governmental agencies in Washington. The bureau is located at the corner of Fifteenth and G Streets NW., Washington, D. C.


(For location of department, bureaus, etc., see page 186.)

Principal administrative officials.-Secretary of State; Counselor for the De-
partment of State; the Assistant Secretary; Second Assistant Secretary;
Third Assistant Secretary; Director of the Consular Service; Chief Clerk;
Solicitor, Acting Foreign Trade Adviser; Adviser on Commercial Treaties;
Chiefs: Bureau of Accounts and Disbursing Clerk, Bureau of Citizenship,
Consular Bureau, Diplomatic Bureau, Bureau of Appointments, Indexes and
Archives, Rolls and Library, Division of Eastern Affairs, Division of Foreign
Intelligence, Division of Latin-American Affairs, Division of Mexican Affairs,
Division of Near Eastern Affairs, Division of Western European Affairs; Assist-
ant Solicitors (5); Private Secretary to the Secretary of State.

General information and duties.—The Secretary of State is charged, under
the direction of the President, with the duties appertaining to correspondence
with the public ministers and the consuls of the United States, and with the
representatives of foreign powers accredited to the United States; and to nego-
tiations of whatever character relating to the foreign affairs of the Uuited
States. He is also the medium of correspondence between the President and
the chief executives of the several States of the United States; he bas the
custody of the Great Seal of the United States, and countersigns and affixes
such seal to all executive proclamations, to various commissions, and to war-
rants for the extradition of fugitives from justice. He is regarded as the first
in rank among the members of the cabinet. He is also the custodian of the
treaties made with foreign States, and of the laws of the United States. He
grants and issues passports, and exequaturs to foreign consuls in the United
States are issued through his office. He publishes the laws and resolutions
of Congress, amendments to the Constitution, and proclamations declaring the
admission of new States into the Union.

The Counselor becomes the Acting Secretary of State in the absence of the
secretary. He is charged with the supervision of such matters and the prepara-
tion of such correspondence as may be assigned to him by the secretary.

Under the organization of the department the Assistant Secretary, Second
Assistant Secretary, and Third Assistant Secretary are charged with the super-
vision of all correspondence with the diplomatic and consular officers, und are
intrusted with the preparation of the correspondence upon any questions aris-
ing in the course of the public business that may be assigned to them by the

The Director of the Consular Service is charged with the general sapervision
of the consular service and such other duties as may be assigned to hin from
time to time by the secretary.

The Chief Clerk has general supervision of the clerks and employees and of
departmental matters; and also charge of the property of the department.

The Foreign Trade Adviser has general supervision of foreign trade matters,
diplomatic and consular correspondence, and miscellaneous correspondence re
lating thereto.

The Diplomatic Bureau handles diplomatic correspondence and miscellaneous
correspondence relating thereto.

The Division of Latin-American Affairs handles diplomatic and consular cor-
respondence ou matters other than those of an administrative character, in
relation to Mexico.

The Division of Far Eastern Affairs handles diplomatic and consular corre-
spondence, on matters other than those of an administrative character, in re-
lation to Japan, China, and leased territories. Siberia, Hongkong, French
Indo-China, Siam, Straits Settlements, Borneo, East Indies, India, and in gen-
eral the Far East.

The Division of Near Eastern Affairs handles diplomatic and consular corre-
spondence, on matters other than those of an administrative character, in re-

lation to Germany, Austria-Hungary, Russia, Roumania, Servia, Bulgaria,
Montenegro, Turkey, Greece, Italy, Abyssinia, Persia, Egypt, and colonies be-
longing to countries of this series.

The Division of Western European Affairs handles diplomatic and consular
correspondence, on matters other than those of an administrative character,
in relation to Great Britain (Canada, Australia, New Zealand, and British
colonies not elsewhere enumerated), Portugal, Spain, France, Morocco, Bel-
gium, the Kongo, Switzerland, Norway, Sweden, the Netherlands, Luxemburg.
Denmark, and Liberia.

The Consular Bureau handles consular correspondence and miscellaneous
correspondence relating thereto.

The Bureau of Appointments is charged with custody of the Great Seal and
handles applications for office, and the preparation of commissions, exequaturs,
warrants of extradition, Department Register, consular bonds; correspondence
and other matters regarding entrance examinations for the foreign service.

The Bureau of Citizenship examines all applications for passports, issues
passports and authentications; receives and files duplicates of evidence, registra-
tion, etc., under act of March 2, 1907, in reference to expatriation of citizens
and their protection abroad; keeps necessary records thereunder; conducts
correspondence in relation to the foregoing.

The Bureau of Indexes and Archives records and indexes the general corre-
spondence of the department and has charge of the archives.

The Bureau of Accounts has custody and disbursement of appropriations
and indemnity funds, and correspondence relating thereto.

The Bureau of Rolls and Library has custody of the rolls, treaties, etc.;
promulgation of the laws, treaties, Executive orders, and proclamations; care
and superintendence of the library and public documents; care of papers re-
lating to international commissions.

The Division of Foreign Intelligence prepares and distributes to the foreign
service of diplomatic, commercial, and other correspondence and documents
important to their information upon foreign relations; editing “ Foreign Re-
lations” of the United States.

The Office of the Law Clerk edits and indexes the laws, resolutions, public
treaties, and proclamations for publication in the Statutes at Large.

The Superintendent of the State, War, and Navy Department Building is the
executive officer of the commission created by Congress, consisting of the
Secretaries of State, War, and Navy, for the government of this building. He
has charge of, care, preservation, repairing, warming, ventilating, lighting,
and cleaning of the building, grounds, and approaches, and disburses the special
appropriations for this purpose; he has charge of all the employees of the
building proper, and appoints them by direction of the secretaries.

Publications. The following publications of the State Department are avail-
able for general or limited distribution as indicated : (a) Foreign Relations
of the United States. A compilation of the diplomatic correspondence with for-
eign countries. Printed and distributed as a congressional document. Last
edition covers correspondence of the year 1910.

(0) Register of the Department of State List of officers, clerks, and em-
ployees of the department in Washington and the foreign service, including the
Diplomatic and Consular Service. List of foreign representatives in the United
States. Issued annually. Limited distribution by the department.

(c) Diplomatic and Consular Service of the United States. List of diplo-
matic and consular officials. Issued at irregular intervals. Limited distribu-
tion by the department.

(d) Diplomatic List. Containing the diplomatic officials and families of for-
eign missions in Washington. Issued monthly. Limited distribution by the de-

(e) Information Regarding Appointments and Promotions in the Consular
Service of the United States. Distributed by the department upon request.

(1) Information Regarding Appointments and Promotions in the Diplomatic
Service of the United States. Distributed by the department upon request.

(g) Rules Governing the Granting and Issuing of Passports in the United
States. Distributed free by the Bureau of Citizenship.

Correspondence.-Requests for these publications should be sent to the Chief
Clerk, State Department, Washington, D. C. A price list of congressional and
other publications on foreign relations can be obtained by application to the
Superintendent of Documents, Government Printing Office, Washington, D. C.

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