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I am sure that after we have heard these men you can understand the justification and the gratification I feel when I asked LloydGeorge to send the first delegation here, and asked the Dominion prime minister to send their delegation here. They came here and their work is not finished. If I can prevail upon them, they are going to stay in the United States for some little longer time. [Applause.)

We need these men. Let me tell you, if for no other reason, we need these two. Our own people do not yet understand that we are at war and that means employers and workmen and business men. We have not felt the tinge and the pain and we have not made many sacrifices thus far. The blood of our brothers and sons has not yet to any extent been shed—the lives of but few have been lost. We will get that, I am afraid, and yet not afraid, for fighting means sacrifice. I have all my life, from my early boyhood until just about two years and three month ago, I would take second position to no man on earth in my declaration and feeling of pacifism. I did not believe, as I think you never believed, that in the year of grace 1914 there could be inaugurated a war of such terrible dimensions and involving so many people and so many countries. I was under the impression that we had reached that point when a great international war had been forever impossible. But the time came and I had to revise my judgment. When a marauding gang of murderers comes down the street and accosts you and your family, your friends and your neighbors, you must come to a realizing sense that that gang must be either captured or destroyed. So it is with the policy of the work and the murder conducted under the Imperial Government of Germany. That must be destroyed, and in that fight it will cost us much. After it all will be over, and when the triumph of democracy has been firmly established, we will look back, those of us who shall survive it, or our children, our children's children will look back upon the fight which we have made in our day, and just as Americans now look upon the great heroes of our Revolution with pride if we can connect, even in the remotest, some member of our families, and ties of relationship, who have done some service in that revolutionary war. Who is not proud if he can find some trace of some man who did something in service for the maintenance of the Union, of the Republic of the United States, and for the abolition of human slavery? Who is it among all of us who is not proud of our work in seeing that independence and freedom from the tyrannous yoke of Spain in the establishment of the little Republic of Cuba?

So, in the great day's work of our everyday life the most wonderfully high-minded members are involved in our great struggle. It is a great price we are going to pay for the purchase of the permanent, perpetual right to live our own lives, to work out our own destinies, to give the peoples of the various countries the opportunities to live their own lives and work out their own destinies. Yesterday these gentlemen visited with me the building of the Pan American Union located in Washington, seeing the wonderful things that are there displayed, and we came to the room where is provided a table around which are chairs for the representatives of the various countries constituting the Republics of the Americas. The highest official representatives of those countries, 21 in all, sit there in conference once a month at least, and oftener when any exigency arises. The representatives of those Governments discuss the things, the matters, and the affairs for the mutual advantage of the people of those Pan American Republics. What the achievements have been I shall not at this late hour attempt to describe, but it is true that external and international difficulties have been overcome and wars prevented between several of the Pan American countries which would certainly have occurred had this tribunal not been in existence.

I am not using my own thought, but simply repeating, but yet it has been my daydream and my life hope that out of this struggle and war there may be established for the free governments of the world the democracies, the nations of the world, either here or elsewhere in some other country, a tribunal composed of the representatives of the various countries of the world, and then come to a realization of the intenseness of the dream, a parliament of man, a federation of the world. Until then, at least for the time being, I am repeating the slogan of Thomas Payne in the critical hour in the history of the Revolution: “Now is the time that tries men's souls."

I thank you from the bottom of my heart for your attendance here to-day.

(Thereupon, at 11 o'clock p. m., the meeting adjourned.)



The chairman, Samuel Gompers, president American Federation of Labor. Right Hon. C. W. Bowerman, privy councilor and member of British House of

Commons, secretary of British Trades Union Congress parliamentary com

mittee. James H. Thomas, member of Parliament, general secretary National Union of

Railway Men. Joseph Davies, member of the secretariat of the prime minister. H. W. Garrod, representing labor, department of ministry of munitions. G. D. Robertson, vice president National Association of Railway Telegraphers. J. C. Waters, president Trades and Labor Council of Canada. Judge Maurice Sheldon Amos of the Balfour commission, London, England. N. P. Alifas, president District 44, International Association of Machinists,

Washington, D. C. J. F. Anderson, vice president International Association of Machinists, Wash

ington, D. C. Mary Anderson, organizer Boot and Shoe Workers' Union, Chicago, Ill. Secretary Charles R. Atherton, Metal Polishers, Buffers, Cincinnati, Ohio. Mrs. Frederick P. Bagley, Boston, Mass. C. L. Baine, secretary-treasurer, Boot and Shoe Workers' Union, Boston, Mass. George F. Baker, vice president First National Bank, New York. Miss Gertrude Beeks, director welfare department, the National Civic Federa

tion, New York. A. F. Bemis, president National Association of Cotton Manufacturers, Boston,

Mass. A. J. Berres, secretary-treasurer metal trades department, American Federation

of Labor, Washington, D. C. W. T. Barbour, president Detroit Stove Works, Detroit, Mich. H. de Bardeleben, president Alabama Coal & Iron Co., Birmingham, Ala. A. E. Barker, president International Brotherhood of Maintenance of Way Em

ployees, Detroit, Mich. Miss Gertrude Barnum, journalist, Riverside, Ill. Robert P. Bass, former governor of New Hampshire, New York. Cornelius N. Bliss, jr., New York. Dick Q. Brown, Tide Water Oil Co., New York. William Bowen, president Bricklayers, Masons, and Plasterers' International

Union, Indianapolis, Ind. Peter J. Brady, president Allied Printing Trades' Council, New York State,

New York. W. E. Bryan, general president United Brotherhood of Leather Workers on

Horse Goods, Kansas City, Mo. Robert F. Brindell, Dock Builders' Local Union, New York. Lewis T. Bryant, State commissioner of labor, Trenton, N. J. Allin T. Burns, Cleveland Foundation, Cleveland, Ohio. A. Caminetti, Bureau of Immigration, Department of Labor, Washington, D. C. W. M. Clark, vice president Order of Railway Conductors of America, Wash

ington, D. C. William P. Clarke, president American Flint Glass Workers' Union, Toledo,

Ohio. Mrs. Sara A. Conboy, secretary-treasurer United Textile Workers, New York. D. Cohen, International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union, of Baltimore. L. A. Coolidge, treasurer United Shoe Machinery Co., Boston, Mass. J. P. Coughlin, New York State Machinists' Conference, New York. Miss Mary Conroy, member Binders Women's Union (local), Baltimore, Md. H. L. Crawford, New York.

1 As indicated by acceptances of invitations and registration during the meeting.

S. Doc. 84, 65-1-7


P. A. Crowley, vice president New York Central Lines, New York.
John F. Curley, president American Wire Weavers' Association, Holyoke, Mass.
Thomas J. Curtis, president Tunnel and Subway Constructors' Union of North

America, New York.
D. D'Allessandro, president International Hod Carriers, Building, and Common

Laborers' Union of America, Albany, N. Y. H. P. Davidson, J. P. Morgan & Co., New York. Frank Dehut, London ly Chronicle, New York. William Diamond, organizer United States Mine Workers of America, Cum

berland, Md. Wlliam N. Doak, Brotherhood Railway Trainmen (legislative committee),

Washington, D. C. Dr. Alvah H. Doty, medical director Western Union Telegraph Co., New York. Marcus A. Dow, general safety agent New York Central Lines, New York. Frank Duffy, secretary United Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners of

America, Indianapolis, Ind. James Duncan, president International Granite Cutters' Association, Quincy,

Mass. Ralph M. Easley, chairman executive council, the National Civic Federation,

New York. J. M. Eaton, welfare department, Cadillac Motor Car Co., Detroit, Mich. W. A. Evans, president American Public Health Association, Chicago, Ill. Frank Feeney, president International Union of Elevator Constructors, Phila

delphia, Pa. John H. Ferguson, president Maryland State and District of Columbia Federa

tion of Labor, Baltimore, Md. William K Field, president Pittsburgh Coal Co., Pittsburgh, Pa. John A. Fitch, the Survey, New York, T. F. Flaherty, secretary-treasurer National Federation of Postal Employees,

Washington, D. C. Edward Flore, president Hotel and Restaurant Employees' International and

Bartenders' Alliance, Buffalo, N. Y. John Flynn, organizer of Carpenters, Indianapolis, Ind. Lee K. Frankel, third vice president Metropolitan Life Insurance Co., New

York. Charles Francis, Charles Francis Press, New York. Hugh Frayne, organizer, American Federation of Labor, New York. James J. Freel, president International Stereotypers and Electrotypers' Union,

Brooklyn, N. Y. John Golden, president United Textile Workers of America, New York. Dr. William C. Gorgas, Surgeon General, War Department, Washington, D. C. Miss Pauline Goldmark, research secretary National Consumers' League, New

York. Abraham Greenstein, secretary-treasurer International Jewelry Workers, New

York. Daniel Guggenheim, president American Smelting & Refining Co., New York. G. H. Halberstadt, surgeon in chief Philadelphia & Reading Coal & Iron Co.,

Pottsville, Pa. Mrs. Borden Harriman, former member United States Industrial Relations

Commission, Washington, D. C. Edward Hamlin, president Metropolitan Coal Co., Boston, Mass. A. M. Harvey, American Public Health, Chicago, Ill. S. E. Heberling, president Switchmen's Union of North America, Buffalo, N. Y. Myron T. Herrick, former United States Ambassador to France, Cleveland, Ohio. F. Hewitt, editor International Association of Machinists' Journal, Wash

ington, D. C. F. L. Hoffman, statistician, Prudential Insurance Co. of America, Newark, N. J. Stephen C. Hogan, president International Association of Marble, Slate, and

Stone Polishers, Rubbers, and Sawyers, New York. Hale Holden, president Chicago, Burlington & Quincy Railroad Co., Wash

ington, D. C. Arthur E. Holder, legislative committee, American Federation of Labor (Inter

national Association of Machinists), Washington, D. C. William G. Holder, president International Steel and Copper Plate Printers,

New York,
Colgate Hoyt, Colgate Hoyt Co., New York.
R. S. Hudspeth, Hudspeth & Rysdyk, Jersey City, N. J.
W. G. Hudson, E. I. du Pont de Nemours & Co., Wilmington, Del.

Andrew O. Hughes, president Coopers' International Union, Newton Highlands.

Mass. A. L. Humphrey, vice president Westinghouse Air Brake Co., Pittsburgh, Pa. William L. Hutcheson, president United Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners,

Indianapolis, Ind. John J. Hynes, president Amalgamated Sheet Metal Workers, Kansas City, Mo. Andrew C. Imbrie, treasurer United States Finishing Co., New York. Harry Jenkins, secretary Glass Bottle Blowers' Association, Philadelphia, Pa. Dr. J. W. Jenks, director of division of public affairs, New York University,

New York. Harry Pratt Judson, president University of Chicago, Chicago, Ill. L. W. Kearney, disbursing office, Agriculture Department, Washington, D. C. Dr. George M. Kober, Georgetown University, Washington, D. C. Walter E. Kruesi, Quartermaster General's Office, War Department, Wash

ington, D. C. S. J. Konenkamp, president Commercial Telegraphers' Union of North America,

Chicago, Ill. Frank Kolootziejski, Detroit, Mich. B. A. Larger, Garment Workers of America. Miss Julia Lathrop, Chief Children's Bureau, Department of Labor, Washing

ton, D. C. J. H. Lorch, Local Steam Engineers' Union, Washington, D. C. Thomas F. Logan, Washington Post, Washington, D. C. James Lord, president mining department of American Federation of Labor

(United Mine Workers), Washington, D. C. Collis Lovely, vice president Boot and Shoe Workers' Union, St. Louis, Mo. J. A. McClelland, International Association of Machinists, Washington, D. C. Vance C. McCormick, chairman Democratic national committee, Harrisburg, Pa. Wm. J. McGeory, business agent of Yonkers (N. Y.) Building Trades. T. A. McGinley, vice president Duff Manufacturing Co., Pittsburgh, Pa. Miss Gertrude McNally, secretary Federal Labor Union, 12776, Washington,

D. C. Emerson McMillin, president American Light & Traction Co., New York. P. J. McNamara, member legislative committee, representing Railroad Brother

hoods, Washington, D. C. Wm. J. McSorley, president Lathers' International Union, Cleveland, Ohio. H. B. F. Macfarland, Red Cross Society, Washington, D. C. V. Everit Macy, president the National Civic Federation, New York. Mrs. V. Everit Macy, New York. Eliz. Maloney, Hotel & Restaurant Employees' International Alliance, Chi

cago, Ill. Van. H. Manning, Director Bureau of Mines, Washington, D. C. L. B. Marks, consulting engineer, New York. Theodore Marburg, political economist, Baltimore, Md. Louie P. Marquardt, president Georgia Federation of Labor, Atlanta, Ga. Royal D, Meeker, commissioner of statistics, Department of Labor, Washing

ton, D. C. Dr. Theodore C. Merrill, Bureau of Chemistry, Washington, D. C. Charles Merz, The New Republic, Washington, D. C. George Mesta, president Mesta Machine Co., Pittsburgh, Pa. C. Edwin Michael, president Virginia Bridge & Iron Co., Roanoke, Va. H. E. Miles, chairman industrial training committee, National Association of

Manufacturers, Racine, Wis. Tom Moore, United Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners of America, Canada. Frank Morrison, secretary American Federation of Labor (International Typo

graphical Union), Washington, D. C. P. F. Murphy, president Bill Posters and Billers' International Alliance, Chi

cago, Ill. J. M. Neenan, president National Window Glass Workers, Cleveland, Ohio. Miss Marie L. Obenauer, executive secretary of bureau of registration and

information, National League for Women's Service, Washington, D. C. Rev. John O'Grady, Catholic University of America, Washington, D. C. James O'Connell, president metal trades department American Federation of

Labor (International Association of Machinists), Washington, D. C.
Lew R. Palmer, president National Safety Council, Harrisburg, Pa.
James Parmelee, Washington, D. C.
Prof. Jessica B. Peixotto, University of California, Berkeley, Cal.
M. M. Podolsky, mechanical engineer, Philadelphia, Pa.

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