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THE

COMMERCIAL REVIEW

OF THE

SOUTH AND WEST.

A MONTHLY JOURNAL
OF TRADE, COMMERCE, COMMERCIAL POLITY, AGRICULTURE, MANUFACTURES, IN-

TERNAL IMPROVEMENTS AND GENERAL LITERATURE.

EDITED BY

J. D. B. DE BOW,
PROFESSOR OF POLITICAL ECONOMY, COMMERCE AND STATISTICS, IN THE UNIVERSITY

OF LOUISIANA, NEW ORLEANS.

VOLUME VII.---NEW SERIES, VOLUME I.

NEW ORLEANS:

PUBLISHED BY WELD & CO., 68 CAMP STREET,

1850.

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NEW ORLEANS CUAMBER OF COMMERCE, MAY 14, 1816. Be il Resolved, that this Chamber highly approves of the Commercial Rerier, a periodical esialilished in ibis city by J. D. B. De Bow, Esq., and recommends it to the patronage of the commercial community. Charles Briggs, Secretary.

SAMUEL J. PETERS, President.

CUARLESTON MERCANTILE LIBRARY SOCIETY, FEB. 1847. In exercise of the power given them by the Constitution, the Board have unanimously elected as Honorary Members, Freeman Hunt and J. D. B.De Bow, Esqrs. These gentlemen are entiiled to wide and honorable distinction. The former in originaling the Merchant's Magazine, the first successiul altempt of its kind in ile United States, sustained and conducted as it has been liy marked ability. The latter one of our own citizens, in the laudable spirit which prompted the establishment of the Commercial Review of the South and West, and the masterly pen which he has wielded in elucidation of the coinmercial interests of the South, have richly earned our most grateful acknowledgments.

A. O. ANDREWS, President.

CHARLESTON CHAMBER OF COMMERCE, OCT. 26, 1946. On motion of Col. JAMES GADSDEN,

Resulred, That the Commercial Review, edited in New Orleans hy our fellow citizen. J. D. B, De Bow, Esq., is a work well calculated to exercise a most favorable influence on the commercial interests of the South and West.

Resolred, That the zeal and talent with which it has been commenced, and the ahle articles which have appeared in its pages (as foreshadowing on the future the promises of the past), strongly recommend the Rerier to the patronage of the Southern community, and that the Chamber of Commerce of Charleston feel gratified at the opportunity of presenting to ibe public this testimony in its favor.

W. B. HERIOT, Secretary.

CINCINNATI MERCANTILE LIBRARY SOCIETY, JAN., 18-19. Resolved, As the sense of the Mercantile Library Association of Cincinnati, ibat De Bor's Commerciul Review of the South and West supplies an important desideraium in the mercantile literalure of his great western valley; that tlic comprehensive views and practical attainments of Profissor De Bow are special qualifications for conducting ruch a periodical, and that this Association very cordially recommend ihe Commercial Review to general favor, and the special patronage of our inercantile community.

HUNT'S MERCHANTS' MAGAZINE, NEW YORK. De Box's Commercial Reriew for May contains much valuable matter of a Commercial and Miscellaneous character. It has reacheil its seventeenth num!?r, which is, in our opinion, the best of the series. Success to our namesake. The paper which has interested us most, is that euiiiled . Commerce and Agriculture Sulijects of University Instruction,” from the pen of The accomplished editor of the Review, in which he submits the plan of a Professorship of Public Econom;, Commerce and Statistics, for our Colleges and Universities. The plan has our hearty approval, and will, we trust, ere long, he adopted by some of our higher institutions. The article on - Charleston and its Resources," we shall endeavor to tind roon for in a future number of this Magazine.

HF GENERAL INDEX L

ry DE BOW'S COMMERCIAL REVIEW.

VOLUME VII.--- NEW SERIES, VOLUME I.

JULY-DECEMBER, 1849.

ARTICLES. Intercommunication between the Atlantic and Pacifie oceans. By the EDITOR,

1 Mississippi. By D. C. GLENN, of Mississippi,

38 Communication between New York and New Orleans. By G. R. FAIRBANKS, of Florida, Lotton. By HAMILTON SMITH, of Kentucky,

48 The Mississippi Swamp. By Rev. Mr. PRICE, of Louisiana,

53 sugar, etc. By Prof. M'CULLOH, of Philadelphia,

56 True Sceret of American Wine Making. By SixEY WELLER, J. D., of North Carolina, 59 Slavery in the New Territories, Ilow shall Cotton maintain remunerating prices? By MILES H. M'GENEE, of Mississippi, 73 • The Waters and Valley of the Mississippi. By ALBERT STEIN, of Mobile, Alabama,

111 Usury Laws and the Value of Money. By

of St. Louis,

123 Southern and Western Manufactures. By ILAMILTON SMITH, of Kentucky,

128 ** The North and the South. By Elwood FISHER, of Cincinnati,

191, 262, 304 Agricultural and Physical Capabilities of South Carolina. By Hon. WHITMARSH SEADROOK, of South Carolina,

145 Production of Breulstuffs in United States. By LEWIS C. Beck, M. D.,

151 The State of Alabama. By

1636 Kentucky. By the EDITOR,

191 Negro Slavery at the South. By SOLON ROBINSON, of Indiana,

206, 379 The Commercial Age. By the EDITOR,

225 Sugar. From M. D'GRAND,

2410 Indiana. By HAMILTOX SMITII, of Kentucky,

240 Lake Trade. By the EDITOR,

279 • Florida.

207 Vegro Slavery at the South. ITAMYOND'S LETTERS. No. 1,

289 - Education for Practical Life. By Col. F. W. CAPERS, of Military Institute, Kentucky,

317 Early Discoveries of the Mississippi. By R. GREENHOW, Washington, D. C.,

319 Dykes and Levees of Holland and Louisians. By Gov. A. B. ROMAN, of Louisiana,

322 Communication between New York and New Orleans, By C., Savannah, Georgia,

333 Direct Rail Road Route from New York to New Orleans. By C. M. EMMERSON, Esq., of New Orleans,

338 Public Improvements of Charleston, S. Carolina By Edwix IIERIOT, Esq., of Charleston, 339, 399 Progress of Cotton Manufactures in United States,

31S Days of Grace on Sight Bills of Exchange. By R. II. MARR, of New Orleans,

356 The Sugar Cane. By M. PATEX, Paris,

389 The Mississippi Valley-Water-Meter. By ALBERT STEIN, of Mobile, Alabama,

390 System of Internal Improvements for the West. By M. Tarver, of St. Louis,

403 Duty of Cotten Planters. By M. W. PHILLIPS, of Mississippi,

410 The Past and the Present of New Orleans,

412 Progress of the Republic. By the EDITOR,

467

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Manufacture of Cotton by its Producers. By S. R. COCKRILL, Tennessce,
Gov. Hammond's Letters on Slavery.
The Value of Money and Usury, -
Great Commercial Advantages of the Gulf of Mexico. By Lieut. MAURY,
The Railway System of Great Britain,

484
490
501
510
523

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ALPIIABETICAL INDEX SUBJECTS.
American agriculture, 153.

Charleston, factories, 398.
Alabania, her rivers, &c., 163.

battery, 399.
canals and railroads, 164.

fortifications, 399.
productions, 164.

railroad and steamboata, 400.
lands, capital, cte., 165.

improvements, 401.
timber, factories, colleges, 167. Cotton planters' duty, 410.
population, &c., 107.

crop, 1819, 420.
Africa and its barbarisin, 209.

Coffee trade, New Orleans, 434.
Agriculture and manufactures compared, 263. Cotton, cost of production, 135.
Agricultural life, 201.

in Carolina, 435.
African slave trade, 290.

in Alabama, 456.
Abolition of slavery, 315.

profits of planters, 437.
Amsterdam. 325.

analysis of plant, &c., 439.
Artesian well. 340.

Cannelton, Indiana. 454.
Arkansas minerals, &c.,376.

Cotton factories, statistics of southern, 456.
Alabaina cotton crop, 411.

Connecticut, early history, 409.
446.

Carolina, 469.
Alabama, 476.

Cuba and the Cuba question, 538.
Arkansas, 476.

Cuba, resources of, 541.

Canadas, resources of, 542.
Book notices, 99.

Cincinnati traile and statistics, 552.
Breaulstuffs, production of, 151.

Charleston and Savannah, 558.
Burr, his character and designs, 196.

Common carriers, 560.
British power on the lakes, 287.

Cotton crop of 1848-9, 565.
Bible argument for slavery, 294.
Bills of exchange, 356.

Drugs, adulteration of, 83.
Barnwell's translation Girardin, 377.

Delta of the Mississippi, 105.
Boston, commerce, etc., 556.

Discoveries of the Mississippi, 319.

Dykes and levees of Holland and Louisiana,
Canals across the isthmus, 10.

322.
Cotton, how to control its price, 18.

Dutch enterprise, 325.
profits of planter and manufacturer, De Kalb factory, S. C., 370.

52. 173.
remunerating prices, 73.

Editorial notes, &c., 100.
crop, 1819, 95, 97.

189.
Cannelton, Indiana, 133.

Emancipation, etc., of slavery, 217.
Charleston, trade of, 150.

Erie, lake, commerce of, 282.
Canada, 169.

Everglades of Florida, 297.
Cotton manufactory, investment in, 176. Education at the North and South, 311.
machinery, cost of, 176.

Emancipation in West Indies, 314.
Commercial college at New Orleans, 188.

Education for practical life, 317.
Cattle of Kentucky, 199.

Exchange, bills of, 336.
Commercial age, the, 225.

Editorial notes, etc., 569.
professorship in Louisiana, 231.
Commerce, history in all ages, 23.

Florida, coasts and keys. 96.
early English, 235.

Flour, analysis of, &c., 156.
American, 236.

Frankfort, Kentucky, 203.
its influences, 237.

Factory operatives, 224.
empire of, 238.

Fisherman story, 274.
Coal of Europe and United States, 253.

Florida, 297.
City life and country life, 264.

everglades, 298.
Cities, influence of, 265.

history, 299.
Carolina slave laws, 270.

products, 301.
Capals, western, 265.

fisheries, 303.
Champlain lake, 288.

coasts and wrecks, 304.
Cities, mortality of, &c., 307.

Fisheries of Florida, 303.
Crime at the North and South, 309.

Factories of the North, 307.
Civilization, modern, 316.

Free and slave territory, 313.
Charleston, 339.

Flour exports, 1810-'45, 369.
gas-works, 345.

Florida, 176.
magnetic telegraph, 816.
mechanics' institute, 346.

Greenhow's history Louisiana, 320.
Cotton manufactures, 348.

Georgia railroads, 335.
history of, in U. S., 350. Grace on bills exchange, 356.
statistics of, 355.

Georgia factories, 454.
Cincinnati, her position, duty and destiny, 362. Georgia, 469.
Coal tradle of Pennsylvania, 366.

Gulf of Mexico, its commercial advantages, 510.
Commerce of Philadelphia, 367.

Great Britain, railways of, 5:23.
Corn and corn meal exports, 369.
Cotton manufactures at the South, 370.

llammond's letters on slavery, 289.

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Mobile trade, 416.
Miles's oration, 466.
Massachusetts, early history, 468.
Maryland,

469.
Michigan, 475.
Maine, 476.
Missouri, 476.
Mobile and Ohio railroad, 536.
Memphis convention, resolutions of, 551.
Vicaragua, isthmus connection, 10.
New York and New Orleans connection, 44.
North and South compared, 134.
New York compared with Virginia, 138.
Negro, whether capable of freedom, 207.

in Africa, 209.

if capable of high civilization, 211.
New Orleans, progress of, 231.
North and South contrasted, 262.

304.
New York and New Orleans intercommunica-

tion, 333.
Yott's lectures on man, 377.
Negro slavery at the South, 379.

compared with factory laborers, 380.

treatment in the South, 381,
New Orleans in 18:22, 412.

early improvements, trade, &c.,

415.

appearance, 416.
hospitals, canals, &c., 419.
commerce in 1819, 120.
imports and exports, 421.
shipping, 423.

minute statistics of, 424.
New Orleans, remarks on annual commerce of,

429.
New York, trade and commerce of, 447.
Navigation laws. 448.
New England ships and shipping, 452.
New York, early history, 169.
New Jersey, “

109.
Northwest boundary, 481.
North Carolina, advantages and resources, 544.
Ohio and Virginia compared, 143.
Oyster trade, legend of, 274,
Ontario, lake, tonnage of, 281.
Ohio, 470.
Odd Fellows in United States, 549.

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History of Louisiana, &c., 320.
Holland, inundations of, &c., 322.
Hydraulics of Holland, 331.
Hemp crops, 433.
Home manufactures, 454.
Hammond's letters on slavery, 490.
India, trade and population of, 7.
Inundations of the Mississippi, 106.
Interest laws, 124.
Indiana, resources and prospects, 246.

emigration to, 247.
la nds of, 217.
productions, 248.
internal improvements, 219.
mineral resources, 254.
timber, 255.
wool, hemp, &c., 258.

manufacturing facilities, 259.
Internal improvements, 268.

in the west. 403.
Indian corn, history, culture, uses, &c., of, 410.
Iron furnaces in the west, 455.
Indiana, 474.
Illinois, 175.
Interest laws, 501.
Kentucky, ancient fame of, 191.

soil and minerals, 192.
early manners in, 193.
political history of, 191.
population, resources, &c., of, 198.
agriculture and stock, 199.

education and slavery, 205.
Key-west, Florida, 300.
Kentucky, 470.
Lumber trade, Charleston, 93.
Levce anil banks of the Mississippi, 107.
Loweli manufactories, 131.
Lakes, commerce of, 172.
Lexington, Kontucky, 203.
Louisville,

204.
Labor in English factories, 223.
Louisiana Ilistorical Society, 278.
Lake and valley trade, 279.
Lakes, exports and imports and tonnage, 280.
Literature at the North and South, 312.
Levees of Ilolland and Louisiana, 322.
Late publications, 465.
Louisiana, purchase of, etc., 473.
Lead ore in Arkansas, 5+9.
Memphis and Pacific railroad, 23.
Mississippi, 38.

resources and wealth of, 40.

swamp, 53.
Mobile and Ohio railroad, 89.
Mechanics' Institute, South Carolina, 92.
Mississippi river and valley, 103.
Money, value of, 123.
Manufactures, by steam or water power, 128.
Massachusetts compared with Maryland, 137.
Manufactures in Tennessee, 177.
Memphis and St. Louis conventions, 188.
Mammoth remains in Kentucky, 200.
cave of

201.
Maunsel White's commercial endowment, 230.
Middle ares, commerce of, 23+.
Massachusetts enterprise, 251.
Mortality in cities, 266.
Mobile and Ohio railroad, 267.

and New Orleans compared, 269.

situation and advantages of, 269.
Mississippi valley, prospects of, 284.
Michigan, lake, 258.
Mississippi, early discoveries, 321.
Mechanics Institute, 347.
Mobile and Ohio railroail, 373, 459.
McCulloh's sugar report, 377.
Mississippi cotton crop, 411.

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Population United States, progress of, 3.
Panama, isthmus connection, 10.
Patent office report, 1819, 84.
Periodical publications, 99, 465.
Population, Spanish American, 167.

West Indies, 169.
Political economy, its history and doctrines, 232.
Population of the South, 305.
Pauperism of the North, 308.
Practical education, 318.
Philadelphia, commerce of, 365.
Plank roads, 407, 462.
Poinsett's report on Indian corn, 410.
Pananna cotton, 4t.
Pennsylvania, 469.
Plank roads, 531.

Railroads across the isthmus, 15.

to Mazatlan, 17.
to sau Diego or San Francisco, 20.
progress in United States, 32.
in the world, statistics of, 33.
aceroes Florida peninsula, 44.
Mobile and Ohio, 89, 459.

in Alabaina, 10.
Rural life in the South, 306.
Religion at the North and South, 311.
Railroads of Georgia,
Railroad from New York to New Orleans, 938.

to Pacific, 410.

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