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quality of the furniture, and the situation and prospects of the house. In some cases the commis. sionaire is also feed by the landlord of the inn, if it be not a very busy time with him, to throw cleverly in a few hints that may induce you to stay longer at his house. You will find him praising the inn, and the landlord,—so charming, so clean, so reasonable, the house; the landlord so fond of the English, and therefore so desirous to make them comfortable, so low in his charges to them; really hardly knows, unless you meet with something very attractive, very reasonable, whether it be worth your while to move at all. And indeed, in some of these cases, this is the truth. In Germany the charge at inns is not so much above the charge of private houses for a suite of rooms, when you engage this suite for a time, as to make it at all a pressing matter; and the charge for eating, especially for dinner, is so moderate, being about twenty-pence for a splendid dinner and half-abottle of wine, that many people, especially where there is not a large family, regularly go and dine at the table-d'hôte of an hotel. Many families also take up their quarters at these hotels for years. Whether this will suit you, you will be able to judge when you have seen the best lodgings and learnt the demand for them. But what you have in this case to do, is to be on your guard with the commissionaire. If he praise the inn there is a danger that he is well feed by the land


lord, and may not shew you the most likely lodgings. We have known instances where people have taken a commissionaire round a whole town, and have not been able to find a single place fit to put their heads in, till they have set off alone, and by inquiries at some of the shops, where the people generally speak English, especially at a bookseller's shop, they have immediately been directed to plenty. As a safeguard against the concealment of lodgings you ought to know, too, that in the little local newspaper or papers, which every town has, you will find the greater number of the lodgings pretty frequently advertised. You should see this every morning. Whether, then, the commissionaire praise highly his landlord, or a private lodginghouse-keeper, listen to him with all proper caution. The greatest scoundrels, those who mean to fleece the most unsparingly, find it money well bestowed to fee the commissionaires most extravagantly, and you are directly led unto these sharpers, some of them of the most rapacious grade of their Lodging-house keepers have a bad reputation all the world over. Whether this class of people have a particular turn for sharping which leads them to this particular line, or whether the many queer customers which fall into their hands make them so, I know not; but all who have ever lived in lodgings know what the genus is, and it is enough to say that no lodging-house people can bé worse than some of the German ones. They have


the advantage over their tenants, that these generally come there strangers, not only to the country and the people, but to its very difficult language, which few adults are ever able properly to acquire, and moreover, to the additional difficulty in which they shroud their language, of its written character. Here they have ample means of imposition, and they make good use of it; and they have this other advantage, that however notorious may be their characters, not a syllable of this will ever be whispered to the unsuspicious stranger. In the first place the commissionaires are bribed not to do it. In the second place it is the interest of too many other people for any stranger to receive a warning. The shop-keepers will, of course, say nothing, because they wish you to settle and be customers, and many of them hope to fleece you well too. Even if you have letters to German families, they will not breathe a word. It is not their business; and it is a part of German caution not to offend their townsmen, especially the knavish, who may do them mischief. Beyond all this it is a piece of German policy to hush up all sorts of crime and offences. We publish in our newspapers all our police transactions, all our murders and crimes of every sort, but you will never find those in the German papers. Comparing the public papers of France and England with those of Germany, you would imagine that the two former countries were the most murderous, thievish, criminal people on

the face of the earth, the latter the most unprecedently moral. It is only the statistics which set the matter right, You often witness an atrocious deed, which would fill all our newspapers from one end of the country to the other, but you look in vain for an account of it in the journals of the place. An English gentleman one summer night last year, about eleven o'clock, was walking in the castle gardens to enjoy the splendid moonlight, and the view of the fine castle, and of the town and surrounding mountains, when he was attacked with a view to his robbery by a set of fellows with great sticks. He made a stout resistance; but was stunned, and falling, rolled down a hill behind him.


called loudly for help; but no help was at hand. His cries, however, alarmed the villains, and they decamped. The young man was so much bruised and injured that it was some time before he could recover power to arise and get down to the town, where he early in the morning sent for a German gentleman, who has always shewn a bold friendship to the English very uncommon there. This gen

tleman accompanied the young Englishman to the Police Office, and called on the chief officer to make search for the villains. The Englishman said he would also immediately draw up a handbill describing them, and offer a reward for their apprehension, and have the handbills stuck up all over the city. This the City Director most promptly and decidedly forbade. Any private inquiry by

the police should be made, but such public announcement of the deed was contrary to all their practice. No man can be more disposed to do strangers justice than this gentleman, the Stadt Director. I have had several occasions to appeal to him, and he did me immediate and the most impartial justice, but publicity is totally opposed to their system. Of course the rogues escaped.

These circumstances give therefore great scope to the impositions of the lodging-house keepers, and others. They trust to their customers being migratory personages. They come and go in sudcession, without any communication with each other. The victim who has been shorn goes away with his indignant wrath, and a new and most unsuspicious victim steps into his place. The one can leave no history of his wrongs, and the other receive no warning. In this, as in many another particular, to our country people, and especially to ladies, how invaluable is the experience of a respectable English family who has been for some time resident in the place. Where you can have the advice of such a family, make bold and seek it, and you will seldom seek it in vain, for after all you will find

Na folk like ye'r ain folk.

You will find that "blood is thicker than water

still in this case.

be where he will,

You will find the Englishman,

never afraid of speaking his

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