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procurements. In its application to negotiated procurements, the terms “bid" and "invitations for bids” used in this subpart shall be construed to include their counterparts, i.e., “proposal" and “request for proposals”, and the substitution of the latter terms whenever appropriate is authorized. § 1-10.102 Definitions.
As used in this subpart, the following terms have the meanings set forth in this $ 1-10.102. § 1-10.102-1 Bond.
“Bond” means a written instrument executed by a bidder or contractor, identified in the instrument as the "principal”, together with a third party, identified in the instrument as the "surety", to secure fulfillment by the bidder or contractor of his obligations as set out in the bond and, in the event of his failure so to do, to assure payment of any loss sustained by the party for whose protection the bond was furnished, to the extent provided in the bond. f 1-10.102–2 Bid guarantee.
“Bid guarantee” means a firm commitment, such as a bid bond, postal money order, certified check, cashier's check, irrevocable letter of credit, or certain bonds or notes of the United States, accompanying a bid as assurance that the bidder will, upon acceptance of his bid, execute such contractual documents as may be required, if any, and give bond(s) within the time specified after the forms are presented to him. $ 1-10.102–3 Performance bond.
"Performance bond” means a bond executed in connection with a contract to secure fulfillment of all the contractor's obligations under such contract. § 1-10.102–4 Payment bond.
“Payment bond” means a bond executed in connection with a contract to assure payment as required by law of all persons supplying labor and material in the prosecution of the work provided for in the contract. § 1-10.102–5 Advance payment bond.
“Advance payment bond” means a bond executed in connection with a contract to secure fulfillment of the contractor's obligations under an advance payments provision.
§ 1-10.102–6 Patent infringement
bond. "Patent infringement bond" means a bond executed in connection with a contract to secure fulfillment of the contractor's obligation under a patent clause. 8 1-10.102–7 Construction contract.
“Construction contract” means any contract for construction, alteration, or repair as provided in $§ 1-12.402–1 and 1-18.101-1. (33 F.R. 14287, Sept. 21, 1968] § 1-10.102–8 Annual bid bond.
"Annual bid bond” means a single bond furnished by a bidder, in lieu of separate bid bonds, to serve as his bid guarantee in connection with bids submitted during a specific fiscal year of the Government. § 1-10.102-9 Annual performance
bond. “Annual performance bond” means a single bond furnished by a contractor, in lieu of separate performance bonds, to secure fulfillment of all of the contractor's obligations under contracts entered into during a specific fiscal year of the Government. § 1-10.102-10 Consent of surety.
"Consent of surety” means an acknowledgement by a surety that its bond given in connection with a contract continues to apply to the contract as modified. § 1-10.102–11 Penal sum or amount.
"Penal sum" or "penal amount” means the amount specified in a bond (expressed in terms of dollars or, in the case of a bid bond, as a percentage of the bid price) as the maximum payment for which the surety is obligated. § 1-10.103 Bid guarantees. § 1-10.103-1 Policy on use.
(a) A bid guarantee may be required only when (1) the invitation for bids specifies that a contract must be supported by a performance bond or by performance and payment bonds, and (2) the bid exceeds $2,000 (see § 1-10.103–3 (a) (1)).
(b) Annual bid bonds are not acceptable in connection with bids for construction contracts. § 1-10.103–2 Amount required.
(a) Whenever a bid guarantee is required, the contracting officer in accordance with his best judgment shall determine the amount, or percentage which when applied to the bid price will produce an amount, that will provide a bid guarantee which is adequate to protect the Government from loss in the event of termination of the contract for default as provided in § 1-10.103–3(a) (2). The amount of the bid guarantee shall be not less than 20 percent of the bid price but shall not exceed $3,000,000.
(b) The penal sum of a bid bond may be expresed as a specified percentage of the bid price. In this fashion, the bid bond may be written by the surety before the bidder's final determination of his bid price. Where such penal sum is expressed as a percentage, a maximum dollar limitation may be stated. § 1-10.103–3 Invitation for bids provi
sions. (a) Where a bid guarantee is required, the invitation for bids shall contain:
(1) A statement requiring that a bid guarantee be submitted with any bid in excess of $2,000 and containing such details as are necessary to enable bidders to determine the proper amount of bid guarantee to be submitted; and
(2) The following provision (modified, if appropriate, in accordance with paragraph (b) of this $ 1-10.103–13.
BID GUARANTEE Where a bid guarantee is required by the invitation for bids, failure to furnish a bid guarantee in the proper form and amount, by the time set for opening of bids, may be cause for rejection of the bid.
A bid guarantee shall be in the form of a firm commitment, such as a bid bond, postal money order, certified check, cashier's check, irrevocable letter of credit or, in accordance with Treasury Department regulations, certain bonds or notes of the United States. Bid guarantees, other than bid bonds, will be returned (a) to unsuccessful bidders as soon as practicable after the opening of bids, and (b) to the successful bidder upon execution of such further contractual documents and bonds as may be required by the bid as accepted.
If the successful bidder, upon acceptance of his bid by the Government within the period specified therein for acceptance (sixty days if no period is specified) fails to execute such further contractual documents, if any, and give such bond(s) as may be required by the terms of the bid as accepted within the time specified (ten days if no period is specified) after receipt of the forms by him, his contract may be terminated for default. In such event he shall be liable for any cost of procuring the work which exceeds the amount of his bid, and the bid guarantee
shall be available toward offsetting such difference.
(b) The provision set forth in paragraph (a) (2) of this § 1-10.103–3 is the same as paragraph 4 of Standard Form 22, Instructions to Bidders (Construction Contract), and the requirement of said paragraph(a) (2) is met where that form is furnished to bidders. Where Standard Form 22 is not furnished, the provision must be otherwise incorporated in the invitation for bids except that it may be modified to include the statement required by paragraph (a) (1) of this § 1-10.103–3 and if so modified, the initial phrase of the first paragraph of the provision may be omitted. With respect to contracts for supplies or services, the phrase "any cost of procuring the work" in the third paragraph also may be modified to refer to the cost of "supplies,” "services,” etc. § 1-10.103–4 Failure to submit proper
bid guarantee. Where an invitation for bids requires that a bid be supported by a bid guarantee and noncompliance occurs, the bid shall be rejected, except in the following situations when the noncompliance shall be waived unless there are compelling reasons contrary:
(a) Where only a single bid is received. In such cases however, the Government may or may not require the furnishing of the bid guarantee before award.
(b) Where the amount of the bid guarantee submitted, though less than the amount required by the invitation for bids, is equal to or greater than the difference between the price stated in the bid and the price stated in the next higher acceptable bid.
(c) Where the bid guarantee is received late and the late receipt may be waived under the rules established in § 1-2.303 for consideration of late bids.
(d) Where a bid guarantee ceases to meet the requirements of paragraph (b) of this $ 1-10.103–4 as a result of the correction of a mistake in bid under § 1-2.406. § 1-10.104 Performance bonds. § 1-10.104–1 Construction contracts.
(a) Pursuant to the Miller Act, as amended (40 U.S.C. 270a-270e), a performance bond shall be required in connection with any construction contract exceeding $2,000 in amount, except that this requirement may be waived (1) by
the contracting officer for so much of the contract provide for the contractor to work as is to be performed in a foreign have the use of Government property country, if he finds that it is imprac- or funds for the performance of the conticable for the contractor to furnish such tract or as partial compensation (as in bond, and (2) as may be otherwise au- retention of salvaged material). thorized by law.
(2) Where a Government contractor (b) Generally, the penal amount of sells his assets to, or merges his business the performance bonds shall be equal to with, another firm and the Government 100 percent of the contract price at the determines to recognize the latter firm time of award. However, if the contract- as the successor in interest to the coning officer finds that such a requirement tract, and desires assurance as to its fiwould be disadvantageous to the Gov- nancial capacity. ernment, he may prescribe an amount (3) Where substantial progress paywhich is less than 100 percent of the con- ments are made before delivery of end tract price (e.g., in a very large contract, items commences. available surety credit might be insuf- (4) Where, in connection with a conficient).
tract for dismantling, demolition, or re(c) Whenever the successful bidder is moval of improvements, regardless of to furnish a performance bond, the in- amount, a performance bond is detervitation for bids shall so state and shall mined necessary to ensure completion of specify the penal amount required (in a the work and to protect the Government fixed sum or in terms of a percent of the against damage to adjoining property contract price).
during its performance. (d) When a performance bond is not (c) Where the contracting officer defurnished within the period specified by termines to require a performance bond, the terms of the contract, the contract he shall determine the amount that will will be subject to termination for de- adequately protect the Government. fault when in the public interest (see (d) Performance bonds shall not be $$ 1-10.103–3(a) (2) and 1-8.603-3(c)). required unless the invitation for bids
(e) Whenever a contract is modified requires such a bond, or the requirement in a manner not provided for in any pro- of such a bond is in the interest of the vision thereof, consent of surety shall be Government (as in a contract modificaobtained (see § 1-10.205).
(f) In any case where a contract is (e) When a performance bond is not modified, whether or not pursuant to a furnished within the period specified by contractual provision, so as to increase the terms of the contract, the contract the contract amount to such an extent will be subject to termination for default that the penal sum of the existing bond when in the public interest (see $ $ 1–10.becomes inadequate to protect the Gov- 103-3(a) (2) and 1-8.602–3(c)). ernment's interests, in the opinion of the (f) Additional performance bond procontracting officer, additional perform- tection shall be required under the cirance bond protection shall be secured, cumstances and in the manner set forth either by increasing the penal sum of the in § 1-10.104-1(f). existing bond or by obtaining an addi- [ 29 F.R. 10247, July 24, 1964, as amended at tional bond from a new surety.
33 F.R. 14287, Sept. 21, 1968] § 1-10.104–2 Other than construction § 1-10.104—3 Annual performance contracts.
bonds. (a) Except as provided in paragraphs Annual performance bonds may be (b) and (d) of this § 1-10.104–2, per- used only in connection with contracts formance bonds shall not be required in other than construction contracts. connection with other than construction When such a bond is used and has been contracts.
completely obligated in an amount equal (b) Performance bonds may be re- to the penal sum thereof, an additional quired where essential to the best inter- bond shall be obtained to cover addiests of the Government. Determina- tional contracts. tions to require performance bonds shall
§ 1-10.105 Payment bonds. be made by the contracting officer on individual procurements. Examples of
§ 1-10.105-1 Construction contracts. situations which may warrant requiring (a) Pursuant to the Miller Act, as a performance bond are:
amended (40 U.S.C. 270a-270e), a pay(1) Where the terms of a proposed ment bond shall be required in connec
tion with any construction contract ex- a payment bond can generally be obceeding $2,000 in amount, except that tained without the payment of an adthis requirement may be waived (1) by ditional premium. the contracting officer for so much of the (b) Subject to paragraph (a) of this work as is to be performed in a foreign § 1-10.105–2, a payment bond shall not country, if he finds that it is impractica- be required unless the invitation for bids ble for the contractor to furnish such requires such a bond. bond, and (2) as may be otherwise au- (c) Whenever a payment bond is rethorized by law.
quired, the penal sum thereof shall be in (b) The penal amount of the pay- an amount deemed adequate by the conment bond shall be as follows:
tracting officer. (1) When the contract price is not
§ 1-10.105–3 Furnishing information to more than $1,000,000, the penal amount
subcontractors and suppliers. shall be 50 percent of the contract price; (2) When the contract price is more
Where a payment bond has been prothan $1,000,000 but not more than
vided, the contracting officer may fur$5,000,000, the penal amount shall be
nish the name and address of the surety 40 percent of the contract price; and
or sureties thereon to persons who have (3) When the contract price is more
furnished, or have been requested to furthan $5,000,000, the penal amount shall
nish, labor and/or material for use in be $2,500,000.
the prosecution of the work required by (c) Whenever the successful bidder is
the contract in question. In addition, to furnish a payment bond, the invita
the contracting officer may furnish to tion for bids shall so state and shall
persons who satisfy him that they have specify the penal amount required (in a
provided labor and/or material, and fixed sum or in terms of a percent of
have not received payment, additional the contract price).
general information on such matters as (d) When a payment bond is not fur
the progress of the work, payments, and nished within the period specified by the
the estimated percentage of completion. terms of the contract, the contract will § 1-10.106 Advance payment bonds. be subject to termination for default
An advance payment bond may be when in the public interest (see $$ 1
required only in connection with a con10.103–3(a) (2) and 1-8.603-3). (e) Whenever a contract is modified
tract containing an advance payments
provision, and then only if a performance in a manner not provided for in any
bond has not been furnished. Whenprovision thereof, consent of surety shall
ever an advance payment bond is rebe obtained (see § 1-10.205). (f) In any case where a contract is
quired, the contracting officer shall de
termine the amount necessary adequately modified, whether or not pursuant to a contractual provision, so as to increase
to protect the Government. the contract amount to such an extent § 1-10.107 Patent infringement bonds. that the penal sum of the existing bond becomes inadequate to protect the inter
Patent infringement bonds may be
required only in connection with conests of persons furnishing labor and material, in the opinion of the contracting
tracts containing provisions for patent officer, additional payment bond protec
indemnity, and then only if a pertion shall be secured, either by increasing
formance bond has not been furnished the penal sum of the existing bond or by
and if the financial responsibility of the obtaining an additional bond from a new
contractor is unknown or doubtful. surety.
Whenever a patent infringement bond is
required, the contracting officer shall de§ 1-10.105–2 Other than construction
termine the amount necessary adequately contracts.
to protect the Government. (a) Payment bonds generally shall
8 1-10.108 Other types of bonds. not be required in connection with other than construction contracts and may be Other types of bonds may be used only required only where the head of the pro- when, in the opinion of the head of the curing activity determines that such re- procuring activity concerned, such bonds quirement is in the best interest of the are necessary or desirable in connection Government. If a performance bond is with the procurement of particular suprequired in connection with a contract, plies or services (including construction).
$ 1-10.109 Execution and administra. Division of Deposits and Investments, tion of bonds.
Surety Bonds Branch, Washington, D.C.
20226. The forms and provisions of bonds, and their preparation, execution and ad- § 1-10.203 Individual sureties. ministration, shall be in accordance with
(a) It is the responsibility of the couthe provisions of the Federal Procure
tracting officer to determine the accepment Regulations and with agency pro
tability of individuals proposed as surecedures (see $$ 1-16.801 and 1-16.901 for
ties on bonds. At least two individual bonds forms).
sureties must execute the bond and the Subpart 1-10.2—Sureties on Bonds net worth of each individual must be not
less than the penal amount of the bond. § 1-10.201 General.
The number and amounts of other bonds Every bond furnished in connection upon which a proposed individual surety with the procurement of supplies or serv- is bound, and the status of the contracts ices (including construction) shall be in connection with which such bonds supported by corporate or individual were furnished, must be considered in desureties or any of the types of security termining the acceptability of the indiauthorized to be deposited in lieu of vidual surety. (See also the instructions surety by $ 1-10.204. Invitations for bids
on the reverse of Standard Form 28, or requests for proposals may not pre- Affidavit of Individual Surety, FPR clude bidders from offering any of the
1-16.901–28.) types of surety or security authorized to
(b) Each individual surety must exbe furnished by this Subpart 1–10.2, un
ecute and Affidavit of Individual Surety, less otherwise authorized by law or regu
Standard Form 28. The information lation.
thus provided is helpful in determining $ 1-10.202 Corporate sureties.
the net worth of proposed individual (a) In connection with contracts for sureties. supplies or services (including construc- (c) In order to ascertain the continution) to be delivered or performed in the
ing acceptability of individual sureties, United States, Puerto Rico, and the Vir
the official executing the Certificate of gin Islands, any corporate surety offered
Sufficiency on the reverse of Standard for a bond furnished the Government
Form 28 may be required to execute must appear on the list contained in
further certificates, as contemplated hy Treasury Department Circular 570 and the amount of the bond must not be
Instruction 5 on that form, with such in excess of the underwriting limits frequency as the agency may decm necstated in that list.
essary and appropriate. Further cer(b) In connection with contracts to tificates indicating additional assets, or be performed in the Canal Zone, corpo- a new surety, may be required to assure rate Panamanian surety companies
protection of the Government's interest. which are acceptable on bonds required
[29 F.R. 10247, July 24, 1964, as amended at by the Panama Canal Company may be 31 F.R. 15093, Dec. 1, 1966) accepted in addition to the corporate sureties appearing on the Treasury List.
§ 1-10.204 Options in lieu of sureties. The acceptability of Panamanian sure- Any one or more of the types of ties shall be subject to the conditions security listed in this § 1–10.204 may be and restrictions (including any require- deposited by the contractor in lieu of ment for security deposits) imposed by
furnishing corporate or individual surethe Panama Canal Company.
ties on bonds. Where any such type of (c) For contracts to be performed out
security is deposited, a statement shall side the United States, Puerto Rico, the
be incorporated in the bond form pledgVirgin Islands, and the Canal Zone, sureties not appearing on Treasury Depart
ing such security, and the bond form ment Circular 570 may be accepted if
shall be executed by the contractor as determined by the contracting officer to principal. Agencies shall establish such be in the best interest of the Govern- safeguards as may be necessary to proment.
tect againt loss of the security and shall (d) Treasury Department Circular 570 return such security or its equivalent may be obtained from the U.S. Treas- when, by its terms, the obligation of the ury Department, Bureau of Accounts, bond has ceased.