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olence. Consequently, the rate of post differential may be reduced while danger pay is in effect to avoid dual crediting for political violence. The contractor shall be allowed danger pay allowance not to exceed that paid AID employees in the cooperating country, in accordance with the Standardized Regulations (Government Civilians, Foreign Areas), Chapter 650, as from time to time amended.

The allowances provided in paragraph (a) through (d) above shall be paid to the Contractor in dollars or in the currency of the cooperating country in accordance with the practice prevailing at the Mission. 31. Travel and Transportation Expenses

(Long Tour) (Dec. 1985) (a) General.

Pursuant to paragraph (a) of Clause 10 of the General Provisions, when transportation is not provided by Government-issued TR for the items listed below, the Contractor shall procure his/her own transportation, the costs of which will be reimbursed in accordance with the following:

(1) International Travel.

(i) International travel costs and allowances and stopovers for authorized dependents shall be reimbursed on the same basis as for the Contractor under General Provision Clause No. 10(b)(2)(i) of this Contract except that travel allowances for such dependents shall be at the rate of $6 per day for persons 11 years of age or over and $3 per day for persons under 11 years of age payable for not more than the travel time required by scheduled economy class commercial air carrier using the most expeditious route and computed in accordance with the Federal Travel Regulations, as from time to time amended.

(ii) 1. All international ocean transportation of things which is to be reimbursed in U.S. dollars as authorized under this Contract shall be by U.S.-flag vessels to the extent they are available. When U.S.-flag vessels are not available, or their use would result in a significant delay, the Contractor may request a release from this requirement from M/SER/AAM, Transportation Division, Agency for International Development, Washington, DC 20523, giving the basis for the request.

2. All international air transportation of dependents shall be in accordance with General Provision 11, entitled "Preference for U.S. Flag Air Carriers.”.

(b) Limitation on Travel Dependents.

Travel costs and allowances will be allowed for authorized dependents of the Contractor and such costs shall be reimbursed for travel from place of abode in the United States to assigned station in the cooperating country and return, only if the dependent remains in the cooperating country for at least 9 months or one-half of the

required tour of duty of the Contractor, whichever is greater, except as otherwise authorized hereunder for education, medical, or emergency visitation travel.

(c) Delays En Route.

Dependents may be granted reasonable delays en route, not circuitous in nature, while in travel status, caused by events beyond the control of such dependents.

(d) Travel by Privately owned Automobile (POV).

Notwithstanding paragraph (b)(2)(vii) of Clause 10 of the General Provisions, if travel by POV is authorized in the Schedule or approved by the Contracting Officer, the Contractor shall be reimbursed for the cost of travel in his/her privately owned automobile at the rate per mile equal to the rate authorized a U.S. Government employee in equivalent circumstances, plus authorized per diem for the Contractor and for each of the authorized dependents traveling in the automobile if the automobile is being driven in connection with (1) authorized orientation, (2) authorized duties under this Contract, or (3) en route to or from the cooperating country as authorized in the Schedule; provided that the total cost of the mileage and the per diem paid to all authorized trayelers shall not exceed the total constructive cost of fare and normal per diem for all authorized travelers by (i) surface common carrier or (ii) less-than-first-class air, whichever is less.

(e) Emergency and Irregular Travel and Transportation.

Notwithstanding the provisions of paragraph (b)(2)(viii) of Clause 10 of the General Provisions, actual transportation costs and travel allowances while en route, as provided in this section, will also be reimbursed under the following conditions:

(1) Subject to the prior written approval of the Mission Director, the costs of going from post of duty in the cooperating country to the United States or other approved location for the Contractor and authorized dependents when, because of reasons or conditions beyond his/her control, the Contractor has not completed his/her required service in the cooperating country or the dependent must leave the cooperating country. The Mission Director may also author. ize the return to the cooperating country of such Contractor and/or his/her authorized dependents.

(2) It is agreed that paragraph (e)(1) above, includes but is not necessarily limited to the following:

(i) Need for medical care beyond that available within the area to which Contractor is assigned.

(ii) Serious effect on physical or mental health if residence is continued at assigned post of duty.

sporatation of a privately owned motor vehicle for a Contractor may be authorized as a replacement of the last such motor vehicle shipped under this Contract for such Contractor when the Mission Director determines, in advance, and so notifies the Contractor in writing, that the replacement is necessary for reasons not due to the negligence or malfeasance of the Contractor. The determination shall be made under the same rules and regulations that apply to authorized Mission U.S.-citizen direct-hire employees.

(2) Unaccompanied Baggage.

The Contractor will be reimbursed for costs of shipment of unaccompanied baggage (in addition to the weight allowance above for household effects) not to exceed the following:

(ii) Serious illness, injury, or death of a member of a Contractor's immediate family or a dependent. Travel may be authorized in accordance with emergency visitation travel granted to U.S.-citizen direct-hire employees and their dependents under Chapter 699 of the Standardized Regulations (Government Civilians, Foreign Areas).

(iv) Emergency evacuation when ordered by the principal U.S. Diplomatic Officer in the cooperating country. Transportation and travel allowances at safe haven and the transportation of household effects and automobile or storage thereof when authorized by the Mission Director, shall be payable in accordance with established Government regulations.

(v) Pr aration and return of the remains of a deceased Contractor or his/her dependents.

(f) Transportation of Motor Vehicles, Personal Effects, and Household Goods.

(1) General.

Transportation, including packing and crating costs, will be paid for shipment from Contractor's residence in the United States or other location (provided that the cost of transportation does not exceed the cost from the Contractor's residence) to post of duty in the cooperating country and return to the Contractor's residence in the United States or other location (provided that the cost of transportation does not exceed the cost to the Contractor's residence), (i) of one privately owned motor vehicle for the Contractor subject to the restrictions contained in paragraph (h) below, (ii) of personal effects of the Contractor, and (iii) of household goods of Contractor not to exceed the following limitations:

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This unaccompanied baggage may be shipped as air freight by the most direct route between authorized points of origin and destination regardless of the modes of travel used.

Unaccompanied baggage is considered to be those personal belongings needed by the traveler immediately upon arrival at destination.

(3) Reduced Rates on U.S.-Flag Carriers.

Reduced rates on U.S.-flag carriers are in effect for shipments of household goods and personal effects of AID Contractors between certain locations. These reduced rates are available provided the shipper furnishes to the carrier at the ti:ne of the issuance of the Bill of Lading documentary evidence that the shipment is for the account of AID. The Contracting Officer will, on request, furnish to the Contractor current information concerning the availability of a reduced rate with respect to any proposed shipment. The Contractor will not be reimbursed for shipments of household goods or personal effects in amounts in excess of the reduced rates which are available in accordance with the foregoing.

(g) Storage of Household Effects.

(1) The cost of storage charges (including packing, crating, and drayage costs) in the United States of household goods of the Contractor will be reimbursed, in lieu of transportation of all or any part of such goods to the cooperating country under paragraph (f) above, provided that (1) the total amount of household goods shipped to the cooperating country and stored in the



NOTE: For the purpose of this Clause, “net weight” and “gross weight” are defined and determined in accordance with the provisions of Section 162.1 of the Uniform Foreign Affairs Regulations, (for State/AID/ USIA Commerce, and Agriculture).

The cost of transporting motor vehicles and household goods shall not exceed the cost of packing, crating, and transportation by surface common carrier. In the event that the carrier does not require boxing or crating of motor vehicles for shipment to the cooperating country, the cost of boxing or crating is not reimbursable. The tran

United States shall not exceed 18,000 pounds net for each Contractor employee regardless of family status, and (2) at least 200 pounds net of household effects will be stored; quantities of less than 200 pounds net stored will not be reimbursed.

(2) Storage of items of high value (items that exceed $1,000 in value, that are irreplaceable or one of a kind, and that have a definite monetary or insurable value), such as clothing, rugs, tapestries, paintings, other works of art and that have special storage requirements, is also reimbursable. If requested by the Contractor and approved by the Contracting Officer, after receipt (from the Contractor), of an itemized inventory of the items to be stored, the request for reimbursement shall be processed on the same basis as for AID U.S. citizen direct-hire employees in accordance with Handbook 22, Appendix 9A.

(h) Transportation of Foreign-Made Motor Vehicles.

Reimbursement of the costs of transporting a foreign (non-U.S.) made motor vehicle will be made in accordance with the provisions of the Uniform State/AID/USIA Foreign Service Travel Regulations, as from time to time amended, on the same basis as a U.S. Government employee.

(i) Home Leave Travel.

The Contractor shall be reimbursed for the cost of travel performed by Contractor and dependents for purposes of home leave, provided that such reinibursement does not exceed that authorized by the Uniform State/AID/USIA Foreign Service Travel Regulations.

(j) Rest and Recuperation Travel.

If approved in writing by the Mission Di. rector, the Contractor and his/her dependents shall be allowed rest and recuperation travel on the same basis as authorized U.S.citizen direct-hire Mission employees and their dependents. 32. Orientation and Language Training

(Long Tour) (Dec. 1985) (a) Except as set forth in paragraph (b) (4) below, the Contractor shall receive a maximum of 2 weeks AID orientation before travel overseas. The dates of orientation shall be selected by the Contractor and approved by the Contracting Officer from the orientation schedule provided by AID.

(b) As either set forth in the Contract Schedule, or provided in writing by the Contracting Officer, the following may be authorized taking into consideration specific job requirements, Contractor's prior overseas experience, or unusual circumstances, in connection with orientation of individual Contractors:

(1) Modification orientation, (2) Language training,

(3) Orientation for Contractor's dependents at Contract expense,

(4) Waiver of orientation for individual Contractor.

(c) Transportation costs and travel allowances not to exceed one round trip from the Contractor's residence to place of orientation and return will be reimbursed, pursuant to Clause 10 of the General Provisions, entitled “Travel and Transportation Expenses," if the orientation is more than 50 miles from the Contractor's residence. Allowable salary costs during the period of orientation are also reimbursable.

33. Post of Assignment Privileges

(Dependents) (Dec. 1985) (a) Health room services of the same type that are normally provided to AID directhire U.S. citizen employees shall be available for U.S. citizen contractor employees and their authorized dependents (regardless of citizenship) at the post of duty. These services do not include hospitalization, or predeparture or end of tour medical examinations. The services do include such medications as may be available, immunizations and preventive health measures, diagnostic examinations and advice, emergency treatment, and home visits as medically indicated.

(b) Privileges such as the use of APO, PX's, commissaries and officers' clubs are established at posts abroad pursuant to agreements between the U.S. and host governments. These facilities are intended for and usually are limited to members of the official U.S. establishment including the Embassy, AID Mission, USIA, and the Military. Normally, the agreements do not permit these facilities to be made available to non-official Americans.

34. Termination (Long Tour) (Apr. 1985)

(FAR 52.249-12)

The Government may terminate this contract at any time upon at least 15 days' written notice by the Contracting Officer to the Contractor. The Contractor, with the written consent of the Contracting Officer, may terminate this contract upon at least 15 days' written notice to the Contracting Officer.

Section 13. FAR Clauses

The following FAR clauses are to be used along with the General Provisions, (Section 11), and when appropriate, the Additional General Provisions (Section 12), and shall be incorporated in each personal service contract by reference.

1. Inspection 52.246-5.

2. Examination of Records by Comptroller General 52.215-1.

3. Audit–Negotiation 52.215-2.
4. Privacy Act Notification 52.224-1.
5. Privacy Act 52.224-2.

6. Taxes-Foreign Cost Reimbursement Contracts 52.229-8.

7. Interest 52.232-17.
8. Assignment of Claims 52.232-23.

9. Protection of Government Buildings, Equipment, and Vegetation 52.237-2.

10. Notice of Intent to Disallow Costs 52.242-1.

11. Limitation of Cost 52.232–20. 12. Limitation of Funds 52.232-22.

13. Limitation of Liability Services 52.246-25.

14. Anti-Kickback Procedures 52.303-7. (Sec. 621, 75 Stat. 445 (22 U.S.C. 2381) as amended; E.O. 12163, Sept. 29, 1979, 44 FR 56673, 3 CFR 1979 Comp., p. 435) (51 FR 15268, Apr. 22, 1986, as amended at 51 FR 42844, Nov. 26, 1986; 52 FR 4145, Feb. 10, 1987; 52 FR 11075, Apr. 7, 1987; 52 FR 38098, Oct. 14, 1987, 53 FR 50633, Dec. 16, 1988)

and objectively verifiable contractor inputs and long-term project content as a basis for payment usually requires a flexible approach to project design, contracting, and project implementation. Such flexibility is also essential to the collaborative style which is responsive to LDC desires in problem areas of great complexity and varying uncertainty. Other types of technical assistance, which are usually shorter in term are amenable to more precise definition in advance, or involve closely defined and relatively standardized services, or are otherwise more analogous to commodity resource transfers, may be suitable for other contracting methods, e.g., certain forms of institution building, on-the-job training, resource surveys, etc. The collaborative assistance method is an approved method for providing technical assistance when used in accordance with the circumstances outlined above, and with the guidelines set forth in paragraph 4, below.




Introduction This Appendix provides a detailed description of the collaborative assistance method of contracting. This is a specialized contracting system which may be used for contracting with educational institutions eligible under, and for activities authorized under, Title XII of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, as amended, under the circumstances described in AIDAR 715.613-71.

2. Purpose The collaborative assistance system is designed to:

(a) Increase the joint implementation authority and responsibility of the contractor and the LDC;

(b) Encourage more effective collaboration between all participating parties (AID, host country, and contractor) at important stages, including the design stage of a technical assistance project.

4. Implementation Procedures (a) Introduction. This paragraph 4, provides background information, guidelines and procedures to effect the implementation of the policy set forth in paragraph 3 of this appendix.

(b) Conditions and practices. In order for this policy to work effectively even when the proposed activity fits the criteria described under Policy, there must also be:

(1) Acceptance of the notion that the host country, in consultation with the contractor, is in the best position to make tactical, day-to-day decisions on project inputs within agreed-upon limitations and output expectations;

(2) Sufficient trust and respect between the Agency and the contractor to allow this flexible implementation authority;

(3) A direct-hire project monitor with appropriate background to be knowledgeable of progress and to assist in an advisory and facilitative capacity, both during and between periodic reviews. In addition, the following important conditions must be met:

(i) Adequate preproject communication between, and identification of assistance required by, the host government and USAID;

(ii) Full joint planning and improved project design (“Joint” as used herein refers to the primary parties, i.e., the collaborating institutions, as well as the host government and USAID. In some instances, it can also include other donors.);

(iii) Careful contractor selection, i.e., matching of the contractor's technical and managerial capabilities to the anticipated requirements of the overseas activity;

(iv) Establishment of relationships between host country, AID and contractor staff to include host country leadership,

3. Policy The collaborative assistance approach represents an alternative method for long-term technical assistance which involves professional collaboration with eligible Title XII institutions and LDC counterparts for a problem-solving type activity to develop new institutional forms and capabilities, to devise operating systems and policies, and to conduct joint research and developmentincluding training. In such an activity, the difficulty in defining, in advance, precise

flexible implementation authority, and effective management by the contractor;

(v). Improved joint project evaluation, feedback, and replanning; and

(vi) Simplified administrative procedures and greater reliance on in-country logistical support.

(c) Project Stages and Contractor Involvement. In the long-term technical assistance projects as described above, there are four discrete but sometimes overlapping decision stages which take place-with the principal contractor usually involved in the last three.

(1) Problem analysis and project identification. After the host government has indicated a desire for U.S. collaboration on a particular problem and the AID field mission has determined that the proposed activity is consistent with its program goals and priorities, considerable effort is usually necessary to refine further the project purpose and type of assistance required and provide a basis for contractor selection. This is a crucial step and is focused on results sought-on what the prospective contractor is expected to produce in relation to resources to be used and to project purpose. It should result in a clear understanding of what the LDC wants, and an overall plan which includes agreement on specific objectives or outputs, acceptable types of activities and inputs and an initial budget-resulting in project documentation. At this step, AID makes decisions it cannot delegate on what it will support and at what cost. If needed to supplement its direct-hire expertise, AID can use outside consultants for analysis and advice but retains the ultimate decision for itself in collaboration with, but independent of, the requesting host government. (Normally, the proposed contractor for project definition and subsequent implementation should not have been involved in the problem analysis and project identification stage as a consultant to either the host country government, host institution, or USAID. If a potential contractor has been so involved, particular care must be taken to prevent actual or apparent organizational conflicts of interest in the procurement that follows. This could require at a minimum, a careful assessment and complete documentation of reasons for selection.)

Normally, there will need to be some mutual interaction between the overall planning stage outlined here and the detailed planning and design work which fol. lows in the next phase. There will usually be some overlap, with preliminary decisions in this stage providing a basis for selection of implementing agents for stage (2) which in turn proceeds through some preliminary planning to guide completion of stage (1) as a basis for long-term contracting.

(2) Project definition. At this stage, having selected the implementing agent, the

U.S. and LDC organizations which will be collaborating in carrying out the project are encouraged to work out, to their mutual Yesatisfaction, the particulars of what to do and how to do it (i.e., detailed project design) within the context of LDC leadership and responsibility and the general agreements and budget reached in stage (1). The emphasis here is on the technical approach to be utilized and the scheduling and management of project inputs. This may involve a short-term reconnaissance and/or an extensive period of detailed joint planning and feeling out of what is feasible during a preliminary operating phase of the project, possibly lasting as much as a year or more. This stage recognizes the importance, for the problem-solving or ground breaking types of technical assistance, of involving the U.S. and LDC implementing organizations together as soon as the detailed design work begins. AID's role here is to facilitate, not direct, the joint planning, assure consistency with prior agreements or concur in changes, affirm that the implementing parties have agreed on a reasonable project design, and prepare or cause to be prepared the documentation required for stage (3), including any amendments that might be required to the project documentation. If and when a decision is made by the host government and AID to proceed into the operating phase with the same contractor, the U.S. intermediary should be treated as a cooperating partner in the negotiation of the subsequent long-term operating agreement(s) with the host government, host institution and AID.

(3) Implementation. The results of the approach outlined in the stage above should include, in addition to a better understanding and more meaningful commitment by all parties, the following specific products:

(i) A jointly developed life-of-project design which reflects the commitment of all parties and includes clear statements of purpose, principal outputs, eligible types of activity and expenditure limits, critical assumptions, and major progress indicators;

(ii) A workplan and input schedule for the first two years or at least as long as the expenditure period for the next obligation of project funds;

(iii) Provisions for any administrative support, special services or other inputs by the host country, contractor, and/or AID; and

(iv) A plan for periodic joint evaluation and review or progress and subsequent workplans, normally annually, with the participation of all parties.

Appropriate elements of these agreements and understandings are now embodied in a contract for project implementation, as described in paragraph (a)(3)(i) of the section on Contracting Implications. This contract allows the U.S. intermediary to apply its

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