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and worship (8), as are proper to God only.

Q. 12. What are the decrees of God ?

A. God's decrees are the wise, free, and holy acts of the counsel of his will(t), whereby, from all eternity, he hath, for his own glory, unchangeably fore-ordained whatsoever comes to pass in time (v), especially concerning angels and men.

Q. 13. What hath God especially decreed concerning angels and men ?

A, God, by an eternal and immutable decree, out of his mere love, for the praise of his glorious grace, to be manifested in due time, hath elected some angels to glory (w); and in Christ hath chosen some men to eternal life and the means thereof (x); and also, according to his sovereign power, and the unsearchable counsel of his own will (whereby he extendeth or withholdeth favour as he pleaseth), hath passed by, and fore-ordained the rest to dishonour and wrath, to be for their sin inflicted, to the praise of the glory of his justice (y).

(8) Mat. 28. 19. Go ye there- Psalm 33. 2. The counsel of fore and teach all nations, baptiz- the Lord standeth forever, the ing them in the name of the Fa- thoughts of his heart to all genether, and of the Son, and of the rations. Holy Ghost. 2 Cor. 13. 14. The (w) 1 Tim. 5. 21. I charge grace of the Lord Jesus Christ, thee before God, and the Lord and the love of God, and the com- Jesus Christ, and the elect anmunion of the Holy Ghost, be gels. with you all. Amen.

(3) Eph. 1. 4, 5. According (t) Eph. 1. 11. In whom also as he hath chosen us in him, bewe have obtained an inheritance, fore the foundation of the world, being predestinated according to that we should be holy, and with the purpose of him who worketh out blame before him in love ; all things after the counsel of his Having predestinated us unto the own will. Rom. 9. 18. Therefore adoption of children, by Jesus hath he mercy on whom he will Christ, to himself, according to have mercy, and whom he will, the good pleasure of his will. 2 he hardeneth.

Thess. 2. 13. Because God hath (v) Rom. 9. 22. 23. What if from the beginning chosen you to God, willing to shew his wrath, salvation, through sanctification and to make his power known, of the Spirit, and belief of the endured, with much long-suffer- truth. ing, the vessels of wrath fitted to (y) Rom. 9. 12, 21, 22. There. destruction : And that he might fore hat

mercy on whom he make known the riches of his glo- will have mercy, and whom he ry on the vessels of mercy, which will, he hardeneth. Hath not the he had afore prepared unto glory. potter power over the clay, of the

Q. 14. How doth God execute his decrees?

A. God executeth his decrees in the works of creation and providence, according to his infallible fore-knowledge and the free and immutable counsel of his own will (2).

Q. 15. What is the work of creation ?

A. The work of creation is that wherein God did in the beginning, by the word of his power, make of nothing the world and all things therein for himself, within the space of six days, and all very good (a).

Q. 16. How did God create angels?

Å. God created all the angels (b), spirits (c), immortal (d), holy (e), excelling in knowledge (f), mighty in power (g); to execute his commandments, and to

same lump to make one vessel Prov. 16. 4. The Lord hath made unto honor, and another unto dis- all things for himself ; yea, even honor? What if God, willing to the wicked for the day of evil. shew his wrath, and to make his (6) Col. 1. 16. For by hina power known, endured, with were all things created that are much long-suffering, the vessels in heaven, and that are in earth, of wrath fitted to destruction ? visible and invisible, whetlier they Mat. 11. 25. At that time Jesus be thrones, or dominions, or prinanswered and said, I thank thee, cipalities, or powers : all things O Father, Lord of heaven and were created by him, and for him. earth, because thou hast hid these (c) Psalm 104. 4. Who mathings from the wise and prudent, keth his angels spirits ; his mi. and hást revealed them unto nisters a flaming fire. babes. v. 26. Even so, Father, (d) Matt. 22. 50. For in the for so it seemed good in thy sight. resurrection they neither marry, Jude 4. For there are certain norare given in marriage; but are men crept in unawares, who as the angels of God in heaven. were before of old ordained to (e) Mat. 25. 31. When the this condemnation, ungodly men, Son of man shall come in his gloturning the grace of our God in- ry, and all the holy angels with to lasciviousness, and denying him, then shall he sit upon the the only Lord God, and our Lord throne of his glory. Jesus Christ.

(f) 2 Samuel 14. 17. Then (z) Eph. 1. 11. In whom also thine handmaid said, The word we have obtained an inheritance, of my Lord the King shall now being predestinated according to be comfortable : for as an angel the purpose of him who worketh of God, so is my Lord the King all things after the counsel of his to discern good and bad : there

fore the Lord thy God will be (a) (Gen. 1 chapter.) Heb. with thee. 11. 3. Through faith we under- Cs) 2 Thess. 1. 7. And to stand that the worlds were fra- you who are troubled, rest with med by the word of God, so that us, when the Lord Jesus shall things which are seen were not be revealed from heaven, with made of things which do appear. his mighty angels.

own will.

praise his name (h), yet subject to change (i).

Q. 17. How did God create man?

Ā. After God had made all other creatures, he createl man male and female (k); formed the body of the man of the dust of the ground (1), and the woman of the rib of the man (m); endued them with living, reasonable and immortal souls (n); made them after his own image (0), in knowledge (P), righteousness and holiness (9); having the law of God written in their hearts (r), and power to fulfil it (s), with dominion over the creatures (t); yet subject to fall (0)

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ch) Psalm 103. 20. Bless the kill the body, but are not able to Lord, ye his angels, that excel in kill the soul: but rather fear him strength, that do his command which is able to destroy both soul ments, hearkening unto the voice and body in hell. of his word.

b) Gen. 1. 27. So God crea. ri) 2 Peter 2. 4. For if God ted man in his own image, in the spared not the angels that sin- image of God created hé him : ned, but cast them down to hell, male and female created he and delivered them into chains them. e darkness, to be reserved unto cp) Col. 3. 10. And have put. judgment.

on the new man, which is renew k) Gen. 1. 27. So God crea- ed in knowledge, after the image ted man in his own image, in of him that created him. the image of God created' he (9) Eph. 4. 24. And that ye him: male and female created put on the new man, which after he them.

God is created in righteousness Cl) Gen. 2.7. And the Lord and true holiness. God formed man of the dust of (ro) Rom. 2. 14, 15. For when the ground, and breathed into the Gentiles, who have not the his nostrils the breath of life. law, do by nature the things con.

(m) Gen. 2. 22. And the rib, tained in the law, these having not which the Lord God had taken the law, are a law unto themfrom man, made he a woman, selves : Which shew the work of and brought her unto the man. the law written in their hearts.

(n) Gen. 2.7. And the Lord (8) Eccl. 7. 29. Lo, this only God formed man of the dust of have I found, that God hath made the ground, and breathed into man upright; but they have his nostrils the breath of life : sought out many inventions. and man became a living soul. 1) Gen. 1.28, And God blessCompared with Job 35. 11. Who ed them, and God said unto them, teacheth us more than the beasts Be fruitful, and multiply, and reof the earth, and maketh us wiser plenish the earth, and subdue it; than the fowls of heaven. And and have dominion over the fish with Eccl. 12. 7. Then shall the of the sea, and over the fowl dust return to the earth as it was : of the air, and over every liv. and the spirit shall return unto ing thing that moveth upon the God who gave it. And with Mat. earth. 10, 28. And fear not them which ro) Gen. 3. 6. And when the

18. What are God's works of providence ? Ă. God's works of providence are his most holy (v), sise (x), and powerful preserving (y), and governing all his creatures (z); ordering them, and all their actions (a), to his own glory (b).

Q. 19. What is God's providence towards the angels ?

A. God, by his providence, permitted some of the an gels, wilfully and irrecoverably, to fall into sin and damnation (c), limiting and ordering that, and all their sins to his own glory (d); and established the rest in holiness and happiness (e); employing them all (f); at his pleasure, in the administrations of his power, mercy and justice (g).

Q. 20. What was the providence of God toward man in the estate in which he was created ?

A. The providence of God toward man in the estate in woman saw that the tree was good (C). Jude 6. And the angels for food, and that it was pleasant to which kept not their first estate, the eyes, and a tree to be desired but left their own habitation, he to make one wise; she took of bath reserved in everlasting the fruit thereof, and did eat, and chalns under darkness, unto the gave also unto her husband with judgment of the great day. her; and he did eat. Eccl. 7. 29. fd) Job 1. 12. And the Lord Lo, this only have I found, that said unto Satan, Behold, all that God hath made man upright ; he hath is in thy power, only but they have sought out many upon himself put not forth thine inventions.

hand. So Satan went forth from (w) Psal. 145. 17. The Lord the presence of the Lord. is righteous in all his ways, and (e) 1 Tim. 5. 21. I charge thee holy in all his works.

before God, and the Lord Jesus ( x) Psal. 104. 24. O Lord, Christ, and the elect angels, that how manifold are thy works! in thou observe these things without wisdom hast thou made them all. preferring one before another,

(y) Heb. 1. 3. Upholding all doing nothing by partiality. things by the word of his power. (5) Psalm. 104. 4. Who mas

(z) Psal. 103. 19. The Lord keth his angels spirits : his minishath prepared his throne in the ters a flaming fire. heavens; and his kingdom ruleth (g) 2 Kings 19. 35. And it Over all.

came to pass that night, that the ra) Mat. 10. 29. 30. Are not angel of the Lord went out and two sparrows sold for a farthing? smote in the camp of the Assyri and one of them shall not fall on ans an hundred fourscore and five the ground without your Father. thousand : and when they aroše But the very hairs of your head early in the morning, behold they are all numbered.

were all dead corpses. Heb. 1. 14. (6) Rom. 11. 36. For of him, Are they not all ministering and through him, and to him, are spirits, sent forth to minister for all things ; to whom be glory for them who shall be heirs of salvaeyer, Amen.

tion.

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which he was created, was, the placing him in paradise, appointing him to dress it, giving him liberty to eat of the fruit of the earth (h), putting the creatures under his dominion (i), and ordaining marriage for his help (k); affording him communion with himself (1), instituting the sabbath (m), entering into a covenant of life with him, upon condition of personal, perfect, and perpetual obedience (n), of which the tree of life was a pledge(0); and forbidding to eat of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, upon pain of death (p).

Q. 21. Did man continue in that estate wherein God at first created him?

A. Our first parents being left to the freedom of their own will, through the temptation of Satan transgressed the commandment of God, in eating the forbidden fruit; and thereby fell from the estate of innocency wherein they were created (9)

(h) Gen. 2. 8. 15. 16. And the the Lord God walking in the Lord God planted a garden east- garden in the cool of the day : ward in Eden; and there he put aud Adam and his wife hid them. the man whom he had formed. selves from the presence of the And the Lord God took the man Lord God amongst the trees of and put him into the garden of the garden. Eden, to dress it, and to keep it. (m) Gen. 2. 3. And God And the Lord God commanded blessed the seventh day, and the man, saying, Of every tree of sanctified it: because that in it the garden thou mayest freely eat. he had rested from all his work,

(i) Gen. 1. 28. And God bless- which God created and made. ed them, and God said unto them, (11) Rom. 10. 5. For MoBe fruitful and multiply, and re- ses describeth the righteousness plenish the earth, and subdue it: which is of the law, That the and have dominion over the fish man which doeth these things of the sea, and over the fowl shall live by them. of the air and over every living ro) Gen. 2. 9. And out of thing that moveth upon the earth. the ground made the Lord God

(*) Gen. 2. 18. Ànd the Lord to grow every tree that is pleaGod said, It is not good that the sant to the sight, and good for man should be alone : I will make food : the tree of life also in the him an help meet for him. midst of the garden, and the tree

(1) Gen. 1. 29. And God said, of knowledge of good and evil. Behold, I have given you every (P) Gen. 2. 17. But of the herb bearing seed, which is upon tree of the knowledge of good the face of all the earth, and and evil, thou shalt not eat of it every tree in the which is the for in day that thou eatest fruit of a tree yielding seed : to thereof, thou shalt surely die. you it shall be for meat. Gen. 3. (9) Gen. 3. 6. 13. And when 8. And they heard the voice of the woman saw that the tree was

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