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XX. 23•

rites, and over Jezreel, and over Ephraim, and over Benjamin, and over all Ifrael

And, afterwards, when Abner was treacheii. 33. rously murder'd, The king (David) faid un

to his servants, Know ye not that that there is a prince, and a great man fallen this day in Israel

What Abner was to Saul, the fame foab 2 Sam.

was to David. It is said, Joab was over all the host of Israel. . And when David was

inclin’d to have Israel and Judab number'd, ---xxiv.2. be said to Joab the captain of the hoft, which

was with him, Go now through all the tribes of Israel, &c.

When Abfalom was forming a Rebellion 2 Sam. against his Father, he made Amafa captain xvii. 25. of the host instead of Joab. And when, af

ter the Death of Absalom, David was desirous of recalling to their Allegiance, those who had enter'd into the Rebellion with him; he gives Zadok and Abiathar, the Priests, Instructions for negotiating that Affair with the Heads of Absalom's Party; This, among other Expedients, being one; * And say ye to Amafa, art not thou of my

* 2 Sam. xix. 13. The Mother of Amasa was David's Sifier, as was also the Mother of Joab. i Chron. ii. 16.

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i bone and of my flesh? God do fo to me, and

more als, if thou be not captain of the hoft * before me continually, in the room of Joab.

Amasa enjoy'd the Post but a very little a Time, if at all. Indeed we find the King 9 ordering him (as in that Capacity) to af

Jemble the men of Judah within three days. * But whilft he was out upon that Business, ja Joab, coming to him with a Shew of 97 The Friendship, stabbed him, in the fame treachEu erous Manner as he had done Abner bea

fore. Yet, after these Villainies he had
Interest, or rather Power enough to con-
tinue Captain of the Host, all the Days of
David. But, toward the latter End of
them, joining with that Party which
would have set up Adonijah, he brought
opon himself the Fate which he had long
before deserv’d.

When Solomon succeeded to the Throne, 3 we read that Joab fled unto the tabernacle : King

ii. 28, of the LORD, and caught hold on the horns o of the altar; where he thought to have

found Protection; but, upon refusing to come forth was slain there by Benaiah, ac the Command of Solomon. The king faid unto him, Fall upon him and bury him; that thou mayst take away the innocent blood Ii2

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which Joab shed, from me and from the house of my father. And the LORD Mall return bis blood upon his own head;9 who fell upon two men more righteous and better than be, and flew them with the sword, my father David not knowing thereof; to wit, Abner the son of Ner, captain of the host of Israel, and Amafa tbe fon of Jether, cap tain of the host of Judah. IBIZA - From these Accounts, it appears that the Captain of the Hoft poffefs'd a great Share of Power; in a manner icqual to chat of the King himself. A David seems to have been afraid of Foab I otherwise he would never have sufferd him to live, after those bloody Affaffinations. And we may observe that, when Elifha the Prophet, upon being hospitably entertain'd by the Shunamite, was desirous to make her some Ac

knowledgment for it, he bids Gebazi his 2 Kings Servant say to her, in these Words, Behold

thou hast been careful for us with all this care; what is to be done for tbee? Wouldft thou be spoken for to the king, or to the captain of the boft?

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S E C.T.' III.
Pos; CAPTAINS of Thousands, &c.

The rest of the Officers that govern'd
the Army we find callid by the Titles of
Captains of Thousands, Captains of Hung
dreds, Captains of Fifties, and Captains of
Tens. Who probably were of the same
Rank with those whom Mofes constituted
in the Wilderness, Rulers of Thousands,
&c. and, at first, acted in a double Capa-
city, being at the same time civil Magi-
strates, and military Officers,

The Captains of Thousands seem to have been much the fame, as Colonels of Regiments with us; and the Captains of Hundreds might probably answer to those who, in our Army, have the Command of Troops and Companies; the Captains of Fifties and Tens, to our Subalterns, Serjeants and Corporals. *** Among the List of David's Adherents while he fled from Saul, and kept himself 1 Chron. close at Ziklag; after feveral Names men

xii, 1.149 tion'd, it is said ; These were of the fons of Gad, captains of the haft : One of the least was over an hundred, and the greatest over. & thousand, Again, we read of others said

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to be Captains of the thousands that were of Manasseh. And when David had Thoughts

of bringing the Ark of God from Kirjath1 Chron. jearim we are told, he consulted with the xii. 1. captains of thousands, and hundreds, and

with every leader. And again, when he

declar'd his Intentions about building the --- xxviii. Temple, it is said that he assembled all the

princes of Israel, the princes of the tribes, and the captains of the companies that minifter'd to the king by course, and the captains over the thousands, and the captains over the bun treds.

10 ili So when Yehoiada the High-Priest had a

Mind to bring on the Restoration, by de2 Kings claring foajh to be King, be sent for the xi. 4.

rulers over hundreds, with the captains, and the guard, and shewed them the king's fon; and

gave them proper Instructions what they were to do. And the captains over the hundreds did according to all things that Jehoiada the Priest commanded. And to the captains over hundreds did the priest give king David's Spears and shields, that were in the temple of the LORD. And he took the rulers over hundreds, and the captains, and the guard, and all the people of the land, and they brought down the king from the

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