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when Mofes had set up the Tabernacle, these Princes come and make their offering, consisting of fix covered waggons, and Numb.
vii. 1,&c. twelve oxen;
a waggan for two of the princes, and for each one, an ox. These
Men, we, afterward, read of by the same : Names, as being over the boft of every ib.x. 14, I tribe, and each setting forward with the &c. - standard of bis camp, when the children of
Israel took their journeys out of the wilderņess of Sinai, into that of Paran. When Joshua makes a league with the Gibeonices Josh. ix. to let them live, we find, the princes of the congregation, likewise, fware unto them. And when the Tribes of Reuben and Gad, in their Departure to their own Inheris tance, after the Land of Canaan was subdued, had built an Alçar by the River
Jordan ; which gave Umbrage to the other . ten Tribes for suspecting that they inten
ded to desert the Law and them, they sent Phinehas the son of Eleazar the Priest, to expostulate with them. And, with him, ib. xxii. ten princes, of each chief house a prince, throughout all the tribes of Israel ; and each one was the head of the house of their fathers, among the thousands of Israel.
Their Rights and Privileges were, partly, to preside over and govern their own Tribes; partly, to fit in Council with,
and allift the Judges and Kings. As an IaNumb. stance of the latter, we find Moses Speak
ing unto the heads of the tribes concerning
the children of Israel. Again, we find Moib. xxxi. ses and Eleazar the Priest, and all the !3• Princes of the congregation, assembled up
on an important Affair. And again, we Deut. read of all the beads of the tribes, and the
Elders, going to consult with Mofes. So when David calls a Convention of the States, to acquaint them with his purpose
in relation to the Building of the Temple, 1 Chron. it is said, David assembled all the Princes
of Israel. And when the Temple was finish'd by Solomon, and he had a mind to
place the Ark of the Covenant in it, we 2 Chron. read that he asembled the Elders of Israel,
and all the beads of the tribes, the chief of the fathers of the children of Israel, unto Jerusalem, to aff at the doing of it.
It is probable they fate together with the King in a Council Room built for che Purpose, where there were twelve Seats or Thrones belonging to them: And there
fore, next to the King, they were held in ve the highest Honour. There is mention l made of such a Place being built by So
lomon. He made a porch for the throne 1 Kings
where he might judge; even the porch of vii. 7.. -> judgment. To this David seems to al| lude, and to speak experimentally of him
self, when he says, The LORD raiseth up Pfalm the poor out of the dust; and lifteth the needy out of the dunghil; that be may set bim with princes, even with the princes of bis people. And where, speaking of JeruSalem, it is said. There are set thrones of ib.cxxii. judgment, the thrones of the house of David. 5. There they sate; every one suppos’d to be prepar'd and qualified for consulting the particular Interests of their own Tribe; and, by that means, for advising the King, how to manage the Ballance of Government among the whole People, with a steady and imparcial Hand.
And, doubtless, it is from this kind of Śeffion that our LORD borrows the Allufion, when he tells his Disciples, Verily, Matt. I say unto you, that ye, which have fol- xix. 28. low'd me in the regeneration, when the fon of man skall fit in the throne of his glory,
ye also pall fit upon twelve thrones, judg
ing the twelve tribes of Israel. And, as it Luke is express’d by another Evangelist; re are xxii . 29, they which have continued with me in
ту temptations: And I appoint unto you a kingdom, as my father bath appointed unto me; that ye may eat and drink at my table, in my kingdom, and fit on Thrones judging the twelve tribes of Israel.
By which, is plainly intended, That when CHRIST, in his full Glory, shall come to judge the World, he will dignify and distinguish them most with spiritual Glory and Happiness, who have deserved the best of him; which he could not convey to the carnal Apprehensions of his Disciples by a stronger Idea, than that of fitting upon Thrones like Princes; and eating and drinking at the Table of him their King. Agreeably to which the Prophet, typically describing the Blessings of CHRIST's Kingdom, from what he
foresaw would happen in the Times of Ifa.xxxii. the good King Hezekiah, says, Bebold, a
king shall reign in righteousness, and prin. ces shall rule in judgment.
. And after the Revolt of the ten Tribes,
and even their Captivity into Asyria, the 2 Number of the twelve Princes was con
tinued in the Government of the Kingdom
of Judab; one to represent each Tribe, ac"I cording to their ancient Constitution. So
we read, that, after the Return from Baį bylon, at the Dedication of the second Ezra vi. I Temple, they offered twelve be-goats for a
fin-offering for all Ifrael, according to the I number of the twelve tribes. And we find
mention of a Proclamation, That Who-
S E C T.“ XIV.
The H E ADS. of FAMILIĘ S. Next to the Heads of Tribes, we come to speak of the Heads of Families; as they were next the others in Honour and Importance. - For, as the Princes of the Tribes might be supposid to represent the twelve Sons of Israel, these represented his Grandsons; the Families, of which they were Heads, being callid from their Names.