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any other people. Thus, The men of Judges Ifrael (in a general congregation) faid unto Gideon, Rule over us; both thou and thy fon, and thý fon's fon also. And thus Samuel, called the people together unto the Lord in! Sam. Mizpeh, in order to choose a King. And "When Saul was declar'd to be the Person, All the people shouted and said, God save the
King. And in the three foregoing Instances that we have seen of their assembling together to make Supplication to the LORD, their Business was likewise, partly, to confult about going to 'War; first, with the Ammonites; secondly, with the Benjamites; and thirdly, with the Philistines.
As to the second Sort of these Congrega- tions, which were held by each Tribe, leparately; though we have no direct Institution of them, nor find them exprefly mention'd; yer, by Inference, it plainly appears there were such; Because the People of every Tribe, had Chiefs belonging to them, who could convene chem, upon Occasion: And, it is very plain, that they did assemble in Council, hold Judiciary Courts, and determine
War and Peace. Thus, we read, that, upon
dividing the Land of Canaan, by Lotzian Joll. xix. mong the Twelve Tribes, The coat of the
children of Dan went out too little for them: therefore the children of Dan went up to fight against Lelhem, and took it, and smote it with the edge of the sword, and possessed it, and dweli therein, and called Lelhem, Dan; after the name of Dan their father. And, that the Ephraimites, resenting their not being invited
by Jephthah into the War against the AmJudges monites, gathered themselves together, in order to call him to an Accou
Account for it. si! The same Inference may be made as to their Cities; which were, unquestionably: govern'd by a Body Corporate, or Gommon Council, acting under one Chief, ar Head. We have express Mention of that of je
rusalem; where we are told, that King , Chron. Hezekiah had taken counsel, and bis princes, XXX. 2. and all the congregation in Jerusalem, to
keep the passover in the second month. Of this,
notice was sent out into the Country round -- Ib. 12. about, and, it is said, in Judah, the band
of God was to give them one beart; to do the commandment of the king and of the princes.. Which shews, that the Men of chat Tribe were strangers to the Business, till it was
chus communicated to them; those of them that were not Inhabitants offerus
It was otherwise, at "the Dedication of the Temple by Solomon: He asembled, the Kings 2 elders of Ifrael, and all the heads of the I tribes, the chief of the fathers of the chilIdren of Ifrael; and all the men of Israel,
assembled themselves unto king Solomon. Again; Solomon ftood before the altar of the --- Ib. 22. LORD, in the presence of all the altar Jion of Israel. By which, it is plain, the Congregation of Jerufalem, and the Congregation of all Ifrael, were diftinét.
Besides, we are not ignorant, what a 3 Figure these Popular Councils made in our
Saviour's ? Time: And how instrumental
*xxvii. 15, to release unto the people at that feast, a &c. i prisoner, whom they would) Therefore when si they were gathered together, Pilate said unto
them, &c. So, in another Gospel; Pilate, Luke when he had called together, the Chief- xxii. 13.
Priests, and the rulers, and the people, said it unto them, &c. They were to consider of
the Matter, and vote whom they would have releas’d. And then, when they chose Barabbas, and rejected CHRIST; we are told; Pilate took water, and washed his bands before them, saying, I am innocent of the blood of this just perfon, fee ye to it. Then answered all the people and said ; His blood be on us, and on our children.
Ihe E L D E R S.
We shall inquire next into the Councils of the Elders; which probably, in like manner as the Congregations, were threefold; One, belonging to all the Tribes in General; another, to every particular Tribe; and a third to each distinct City. Though we do not meet with any direct Instances of the second; but, many of the first and third.
Those Elders, which compos’d the Sea nate belonging to all the Tribes in Gene
ral, were appointed originally by God Numb. himself. The LORD said unto Moses, xi. 26.
Gather unto me seventy men of the elders of Ifrael ; whom thou knowest to be the elders of the people, and officers over them; and they
Deut. xvii. 1.
mall PIR COUNCIL'S.
We read of these Elders continually,
Besides these, there were likewise Elders