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Upon the Mitre, which was to be made * Plate of of fine Linnen, was to be put a Gold, with these Words engraven upon it, TO THE LORD. HOLINESS fhalt put it on a blue lace, that it may upon the mitre; upon the forefront of the mitre it shall be; And it shall be upon Aaron's forehead, that Aaron may bear the iniquity of the holy things, which the children of Ifrael shall hallow in all their holy gifts: and it shall be always upon his forehead, that they may be accepted before the

Thou Exod.


36, &c.



In Conclufion, it is faid; And for Exod. Aaron's fons thou shalt make coats, and thou xxviii. halt make for them girdles, and bonnets shalt thou make for them, for glory and for beauty. And thou shalt put them upon Aaron thy brother, and his fons with him; and fhalt anoint them, and confecrate them, and fanEtify them, that they may minifter unto me, in the priest's office. And thou shalt make them linnen breeches to cover their nakednefs: from the loins even unto the thighs, they fball reach. And they shall be upon Aaron,

* This, is afterwards (29, 6.) call'd the Holy



and upon his fons, when they come in unto the tabernacle of the congregation, or when they come near unto the altar, to minifter in the holy place.


And lastly, it is written, that The holy garments of Aaron fhall be his fons after him, to be anointed therein, and to be confecrated in them. And that fon, that is prieft in his fead, shall put them on, seven days, when he cometh into the tabernacle of the congregation to minifter in the holy place. So far, the Precepts relating to the Veftments of the High-Prieft. That they were made accordingly may be seen in anoLev. viii. ther Place; and, in a third, that Mofes put them upon Aaron at the Time of his being confecrated to the High-Prieft's Office. Of which we are to speak next.


Confecration of the High-Prieft.

This Ceremony which was to last seven
Days, began with the Preparation of the
Sacrifices; the Particulars of which may

Exod. better be seen at large in the Book of the Law, than tranfcrib'd here. Then, follows;



Exod. xxix. 29, &c.



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xxix. 4.

Aaron and his fons, thou shalt bring unto Exod. the door of the tabernacle of the congregation, and fhalt wash them with water. And thou shalt take the garments and put upon Aaron,&c,These we have already defcrib'd. But when the Mitre and holy Crown are Exod. put on, it is order'd; Then shalt thou take xxix. 10. the anointing oyl, and pour it upon his head, and anoint him. Which was a Ceremony peculiar to the High-Priest alone.

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A Next, it is faid; And thou shalt caufe a bullock to be brought before the tabernacle of the congregation; and Aaron and his fons fhall put their hands upon the head of the bullock. And thou shalt kill the bullock, and take of his blood, and put it upon the horns I of the altar, with thy finger, and pour all the blood befide the bottom of the altar, &c. as before, in the Sin-Offering. Then, in like manner a Ram, for a Burnt-Offering. Then, to be kill'd as the former, another Ram, for a Confecration-Offering; of the Blood of which Mofes is commanded to take, and to put it upon the tip of the right ear of Aaron and of his fons, and upon the thumb of their right hand, and upon the great toe of their right foot, and thou shalt


take of the blood that is upon the altar, and of the anointing oyl, and sprinkle it upon Aaron and his fons, and upon their garments,and he shall be hallowed,&c. Then follows the Peace-Offering of Confecration ; of which we have spoken before. And in Conclufion, it is faid; Thus fhalt thou do unto Aaron and to his fons ; feven days shalt thou confecrate them; and offer, every day, a bullock for a fin-offering. All which we Lev. viii. find accordingly to have been punctually done by Mofes, at the Time of the Confe cration of Aaron and his Sons.


Qualifications of the High-Prieft.

The Conditions neceffary to qualify those who should be admitted to the Order. of an High-Priest, were of two forts: first, fuch as were to be previous to his being Confecrated; Secondly, fuch as it was incumbent upon him to observe, after it. As to the first of thefe, he was, in general, to be free from all manner of Blemish, either natural or acquir'd, in the Make and Figure of his Body; the Particulars of which may be better feen in the Law,

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Lev. xxi.



Law, than given here. As to thofe of the Second kind; He was not to defile himself Lev.xxi. by mourning for the dead; unless in the Lev. xxi. Cafe of a Father or Mother, Brother or 2, 3. Sifter, Son or Daughter: nor was he to defile himself by touching or going in to any of thefe. He was, in general, to be Holy, 11. and to avoid every thing profane, in his Lev. xxi. Life and Converfation. And, in another Place, The LORD spake unto Aaron, faying; Do not drink wine nor ftrong drink, Thou, nor thy fons with thee, when ye go into the tabernacle of the congregation, left ye die. It shall be a ftatute for ever, throughout your generations. He was not to marry a Prostitute, or one that had been divorc'd, or any Woman of ill Fame; or even a dow: But a spotless Virgin, of good Rank and Condition among his People. Accordingly we find Jehoiada the High-Prieft Lev. married to the Sister of Abaziah King of 2 Chron. Judah. He was not to fhave his head, nor xxii. 11. the corner of his beard; nor to make any cut- Lev. --tings in his flesh. Nor to uncover his head, Ib. 10.

Lev. xxi. Wi-7.





* In Ezekiel's Injunctions, they are allow'd to marry a Widow, whofe firft Husband had been a Prieft before. xliv. 22.


Lev. x.8.

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