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" LORD, &c. and of Zacharias, Blessed be Luke 1.

the LORD God of Israel, &c. But of this,
more in its proper Place; when we come
to discourse upon that part of the Levi-
tical Office.

Josephus's Account of Sacrifices.
But, before we dismiss the Subject of
Sacrifices, it may


proper to take a View of what Josephus the Jewish Historian delivers upon that Head; and to compare it with the Scripture Account. He says, “ There are two Ways of offering “ Sacrifice; one, when it is made for “ the whole Body of the People; the

other, when for private Persons. And
again, each of these is of two Sorts;

one, when the Sacrifice is wholly con“ sum'd by Fire, and is what we call

a Burnt-Offering; the other, when it is
a Peace-Offering, made for a Thanksgi-
ving, and is eaten by those that offer

16 it.

“ When a private Person offers a Burntor Offering, what he brings upon that Oc


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“ casion, is a Bullock, a Lamb or a Kid “ of a Year old (the Bullocks indeed some“ what older) and all of the Male Kind. « When they are kill'd, the Priests pour " their Blood round about the Altar; and

taking away from them every unclean
“ Part, they cut them up into Joints; and,
<strewing Salt over them all, lay them
v upon the Wood which is pild upon
“ the Altar, and quickly kindled with the
“ Fire thereof. The Feet and the Fat of
“ the Victim, nicely cleans'd, are likewise
“ laid upon the Altar, with the other
“ Parts: The Hide being the Fee of the

officiating Priest: This is the Burnt-

« But those who offer a Peace-Offering “ for Thanksgiving, bring indeed the same « Creatures as those beforemention’d, but “ older; that is, quite full-grown; and “ either Male or Female, as it happens. “ When they are kill'd, their Blood is

pour'd out upon the Altar; the Cawl, " the Kidneys, and all the Fat of the « Rump, is burnt thereon. The Breast as and the right Shoulder is the Priest's « Fee; and the rest, they who bring the

“ Offering


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Offering may eat, and have two Days « allow'd for it; but, whatever is left " after that Time, they burn with Fire.

And the Sin-Offering is made much « in the same manner. But, if it should

happen that any one cannot afford to

bring the larger Sort of Creatures re« quir'd in Sacrifice, they may offer two • Pigeons or Turtles; one for a Burnt

Offering to God, the other for a Fee to che Priest.

“ When any one fins unknowingly, he « brings a Yearling Lamb and a Kid of " the female Kind, and the Priest pours “ the Blood thereof upon the Altar; noc

as beforemention’d, but only tingeing " the extreme Parts of the Corners of it

(call'd in Scripture the Horns :) then the

Priest, burning all the Fat, as before, “ takes the Hide as his Fee, and may eat “ the Remainder of the Flesh, that famc

Day; but is not allow'd to keep any " of it till the Morrow.

“ But he who fins knowingly, tho' no

one is privy to it beside himself, must' “ offer a Ram, according to the Law: “ whose Flesh is, in like manner, to be

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eaten by the Priests, in the Temple, " the same Day.

“ When Princes or Rulers have com“ mitted any Sin, they must offer in the “ fame manner that private Persons do; “ but must make their Atonement, by “ offering a Bullock and a Kid of the “ Male Kind. The Law inoreover quires, in all Sacrifices as well private

publick, a Quantity of the finest “ Flour to go along with it; if it be a “ Lamb, one Measure; if a Ram, two; if

a Bullock three: which mixed up with “ Oil, is presented upon the Altar. As “ for the Oil, it must be, for a Bullock the

half of a † Hin; for a Ram, a third part; and for a Lamb, a fourth Part.”

S E C T. XIII. Scripture Examples of Sacrifices. Let us next inquire what Examples we have in other Parts of Scripture, beside the Law, of the Use of these Sacrifịces. Joshua, after he had brought the Children of Israelover Jordan, and had begun his Conquests in the Land of Canaan, built an it A Hin was about five Wine-Qnarts.




viii. 30,



e altar to the LORD God of Israel in mount

Ebal, as Moses had commanded; and they Deut. : offered thereon burnt-offerings unto the LORD, 4, 5.

and peace-offerings. And when the two : Tribes and half, whose Possession was on

the other Side Jordan, had built an Al

tar, and were called to account for it by : the Princes of Israel, they deny that they

did it with Intention of offering Sacrifices thereon, saying, God forbid that we Josh. Soould build an altar for burnt-offerings, for xxii. 29. meat-offerings, or for sacrifices, besides the altar of the LORD our God, that is before bis tabernacle.

So, when an Angel of the LORD ap- Judg. vi. pear'd to Gideon, he prepar'd a spiritual 19, &c. Sacrifice, where perhaps he only intended a corporal Refreshment; and made ready a kid, and unleavened cakes of an * Ephab of flour, and brought it out,

the broth in which it had been boildi And
the angel of God said unto him, Take the
flesh iind the unleavened cakes, and lay them

upon this rock, and pour out the broth. And
be did fo. Then the angel of the LORD
put forth the end of the staff that was in
* Above seven Wine-Gallons and a half.


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