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Lev. ii. 1. it are given at large in the Levitical Insti
tutions. And, as we are inform'd, in another Place, every Burnt-Offering that was
made, was to be accompanied with a XV.2.&c. Meat-Offering and a Drink-Offering, of a
Quantity ascertain'd according to the Nature of the Sacrifice.
The Law concerning this kind of Offering is again repeated, in another place; This is the law of the meat-offering; The
Sons of Aaron shall offer it before the LORD, Lev. vi. before the altar. He fall take of it bis 14. &c. handful ; of the Flour of the meat-offering,
and of the Oyl thereof, and all the Frankincenfe which is upon the meat-offering, and
fall burn it upon the altar, for a sweet favour even the memorial of it unto the Lord. And the remainder thereof mall Aaron and his fons eat; all the males among the children of Aaron shall eat it: It shall be a statute for ever in your generations, concerning the offerings of the LORD made by fire. That is, the Meat-Offerings when made alone, and by particular Persons : For those which were made, with the Burnt-offering properly so call’d, were to be intirely consum'd along with it.
The Peace-Offering, which was offer'd upon two Accounts, either to Supplicate for Peace and Safety in any Case, or to return Thanks for the Enjoyment of them, was to be, without Blemish ; whe- Lev. iii.
&c. ther Male or Female; whether of the Herd, or the Flock. All the Fat from the inside, and wherever it could be easily taken off, was to be burnt on the Altar.
Lev. vii. The Breast and the right Shoulder, were
II, &c. the Fees of the Priest ; as was also a part of the leavened Bread, and of the Cakes appointed to accompany the Peace-Offering of Thanksgiving. Of the Breast and Shoulder of the Peace-Offering the Daughters of Aaron, as well as his Sons, were allow'd to eat, tho' not of the Meat- Lev. x. Offering
The rest might be eaten by those that brought the Offering. But conditionally; If it were a Thanksgiving, it was to be all eat the same Day ; If it was a Vow, they might leave some of it to the next M
Day, if they thought fit : But otherwise, they are forbidden to eat it, under the Penalty of being cut off from their People. Under the Sentence of which Commination they lay likewife, in Case they eat either the Blood or the Fat of that which they offer'd. And these Prohibitions, in some Places, are so generally express’d, that they seem to leave no Liberty at all, as to these two Exceptions last mention'd, in any Case whatever; and therefore the Jews, (as it is said) religiously abstain from both. And indeed, in Regard to the Particular of eating Blood, they were prohibited from it, not only by frequent In
junctions in the Law, but by the Precept Gen. ix. deliver’d to Noah. Flesh, with the life
thereof, which is the Blood thereof, sall you not eat.
To this Offering the Psalmist alludes, when he says; What Mall I render unto the LORD for all bis benefits towards me? I will take the cup of salvation and call upon the name of the LORD. I will pay my vows unto the LORD, now in the presence of all his people. I will offer to thee the sacrifice of thanksgiving, &c.
Psalm cxvi, 12. &c.
S E C T VI.
We come next to the Sin-Offering ; Lev. iv. which was to be made, diversely, as occafion requir’d; either for the priest; or the whole congregation of Israel collectively; or a Ruler ; or any one of the common people, if they should happen to commit any Sin through ignorance, and it afterwards came to their knowledge.
For the Priest, or the whole Congregation collectively, it was to be a young Bullock without Blemish. And, either the Priest, or the Elders of the Congregation, whichever had been guilty of the Sin, were to lay their hand upon his head, and then be was to be kill'd. Then the Priest was to dip his finger in the blood, and sprinkle it seven times toward the veil of the sanctuary; then to put some of the blood of upon the borns of the altar of incense, within the tabernacle; and to pour all the rest of it, at the bottom of the altor of burnt-offering ; on
+ This was to be done but once a year. Exod. 30. 10.
which he was to burn all the fat; but, to carry forth every other remaining Part of the Beast, even the whole bullock, vexcept the Fat and the Blood, unto a clean place without the camp, and burn him with fire till he was consumed. Of which St. Paul takes notice, in his Epistle to the Hebrews,
and makes it to be a Type of Christ's Heb. xiii. suffering without the gate.
For a ruler, it was to be a kid of the goats, a male without blemish; for any private person, a female kid or lamb; and some of the Blood was to be put upon the horns of the altar of burnt-offering only; the rest, to be pour'djround about the altar; and the fat to be burnt, as in the other. But, in the two last Cases, the Remainder was not to be carried out of the Camp and burnt, but to be eaten by the Males in
the Priest's Family. All the males among Lev, vi,
the priests Mall eat thereof; it is most boly. But no fin-offering whereof any of the blood is brought into the tabernacle of the congregation to reconcile withal, in the holy place (that is, put upon the Horns of the Altar of Incense, as before) Mall be eaten; it Mall be burnt in the fire.