Body and Reality: An Examination of the Relationships between the Body Proper, Physical Reality, and the Phenomenal World Starting from Plessner and Merleau-Ponty
Is materialism right to claim that the world of everyday-life experience - the phenomenal world - is nothing but an illusion produced in physical reality, notably in the brain? Or is Merleau-Ponty right when he defends the fundamental character of the phenomenal world while rejecting physical realism? Jasper van Buuren addresses these questions by exploring the nature of the body proper in Merleau-Ponty and Plessner, arguing that physical and phenomenal realism are not mutually exclusive but complementary. The argument includes a close examination of the relationships between scientific and pre-scientific perspectives, between living and non-living things, and between humans and animals.
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According to Plessner ambiguity amovible animal anthropology appears argue aspect Bennett and Hacker body proper brain Cartesian Theater Chapter Churchland concept consciousness Consciousness Explained constitute correlate criticism Dennett discussion domain eccentric positionality eliminativism embodied epistemology example fact first-person experience first-person perspective folk psychology framework gestalt hand Heidegger Heidegger’s hermeneutical heterophenomenology human body human world Husserl Ibid implies insofar intuitions knowledge Lindemann means Merleau Merleau-Ponty mind-body problem moral motivations Multiple Drafts model nature Neuroscience neutral objective body one’s ontic ontology organic ourselves Patricia Churchland Paul Churchland perceive perceptual illusions person phenomenal world Phenomenology of Perception philosophical anthropology philosophy physical reality Plessner’s view prescientific presupposes problem properties question refers regard relationship renders possible scientific perspective Section sense sensorimotor situation spatial orientation Structure of Behavior Stufen syncretic Taylor theory things third-person perspective tion transcendence translation modified truth turn tween understand word