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1808.]

funeral, or was composed since, or who was the author

of it, I know not.

FUNERAL.

Α. Τίς ποτ ̓ ἀνὴρ περίσημος, ὃν ἐνθάδε τύμβος ἐέργει,
ᾗ παρὰ Βεντλείῳ Νεύτονος εἰσὶ ταφαί ;

Β. ̓͂Ω ξεῖν ̓, αἰδεσθεὶς ὄνομα κλυτὸν ἀνδρὸς ἄκουσον,
̓Ατθίσιν ὃς Μούσαις λαμπρὸν ἔτειλε φάος.
Τῷ δὲ θεαὶ κατέδειξαν, ἀμειβόμεναι χάριν ἀνδρὸς,
Οἷ' ἐν ̓Αθηναίοις θεῖον ἄγοντο χορόν.

Ἐκ τῶνδ ̓ οὖν μελέων τε θέσιν θεσμόν τε κοθόρνου

Εὑρὼν ὀψιγόνοις γνωστὸν ἔθηκεν ἰδεῖν.
Πόρσωνος δ ̓ ὄνομ ̓ ἐστί· τρίτος δ ̓ ἐπὶ τοῖσιν ἀπελθὼν
Οὓς εἶπας δόξης ἶσον ἀνεῖλε μέρος.

335

The last of the Cantabrigian heroes whose funerals were honoured with verses is said to have been the Professor of Mineralogy, Dr. E. D. Clarke, who was buried at Jesus College in 1821.

Beloe and Pryse Gordon have related that Porson, to the surprise of his friends, left at his death nearly 2000l. of his own property in the funds, to which his relatives became heirs; and Gordon blames him for having left no tokens of his good-will to his wife's orphans, or to Perry, who had cherished him like a brother for twenty years. But both these writers, though they may be thought to have had ample means of informing themselves, were yet mistaken, for though Porson did surprise his friends by leaving money in the funds, the sum was only 8881. 17s. 7d. The 20007. which led Gordon and Beloe into error, was the money, amounting to nearly that sum, which had been subscribed for his annuity, and which, as the contributors, or their heirs, declined to receive any of it back, was ultimately devoted to founding the Porson Prize and the Porson Scholarship.

But out of this fund, first of all, certain expenses were to be paid; the expenses of Porson's funeral; of a bust by Chantrey, which is now in the library of Trinity College, Cambridge; and of engraving the portrait by Hoppner, an impression of which, executed by Sharpe, was sent to each of the subscribers to the fund, or their executors. After this deduction, enough was left to purchase Bank annuities to a considerable

amount.

In 1816 it was proposed to the University of Cambridge, by the Rev. Dr. Burney and the Rev. J. Cleaver Banks, who, at the time of Porson's death, were the only surviving trustees of the fund, that, as the contributors had left to the trustees to apply the fund to whatever purposes they should think fit, so much of it should be transferred into the names of the Vice-chancellor, Masters, and Scholars of the University, as would produce the yearly sum of twenty pounds, for the foundation of an annual prize, to be called the Porson University Prize, consisting of a Greek book or books, to be given for the translation of a passage from Shakspeare, Ben Jonson, Massinger, or Beaumont and Fletcher, into Greek iambics. This proposal the authorities readily accepted, and the Vice-chancellor, the Greek Professor, and the Public Orator, with four Heads of colleges, were appointed examiners for the prize.

After this endowment was made, it was thought proper that the rest of the fund should be left to accumulate at compound interest, being invested in the names of the Chancellor, Masters, and Scholars of the University, until it should reach such a sum as would be sufficient to found a handsome scholarship; and

CH. XXV.] VALUE OF HIS PROPERTY AT HIS DEATH. 337

accordingly, in 1848, an agreement was made, between the executors of Dr. Burney and Cleaver Banks, and the authorities of the University, that as soon as the annual interest of the money invested should amount to 651. such scholarship, to be called the Porson University Scholarship, should be founded, the examiners for it being the same as for the Porson University Prize. In 1854 the sum amounted to 2250l. 3 per cent consols; and on March 24th, 1855, Mr. Herbert Snow, of St. John's College, was elected the first Porson scholar.

Of Porson's library, between two and three hundred of the most valuable volumes, and those most enriched with notes, with the whole of his papers, were purchased, at the suggestion of Dr. Raine, by Trinity College, Cambridge, for a thousand guineas.* The rest were sold by auction, but none fetched very large prices, except the Grenville Homer, which brought eighty-three guineas.† The produce of the whole was however 10327. 17s. 3d. The value of all that he left was,

Library sold to Cambridge

sold in London

Copyright of plays to Wilkie and Robinson.
8881. 178. 7d. in 5 per cents, at 97 -
Furniture and effects, after deducting all expenses

£ 8. d.

1050 0 0 1032 17 3 200 0 0

862 3 7 211 14 10

£3356 15 8

This sum, as he died intestate, was equally divided between his sister, Mrs. Hawes, and the three children of his brother Henry, Julius, Frederick, and a daughter.

* Museum Criticum, vol. i. p. 116.
† Classical Journal, vol. i. p. 385.

Z

All these have since died, the last in 1814, so that the name is extinct. Mr. Siday Hawes, Porson's brotherin-law, administered to the estate, and hence was erroneously reported to have inherited the property.

How Porson, with his habits and means, could have observed sufficient economy to save so much, is wonderful. He bought many books; his annual income from his fellowship during the ten years that he held it was not more than 100l., and he had certainly saved nothing when he resigned it; his annuity from the subscription was of about the same amount; the value of his professorship was only 40l. a year; and though his salary at the London Institution was 2001. a year, he held the appointment there not more than two years. His friends might therefore well be astonished at finding that he had the greater part of nine hundred pounds in the funds at his death.

As to Perry's conduct towards Porson, Porson's surviving connexions do not represent it to have been quite so disinterested as it has generally been considered. He contrived to get into his hands 6001. of Porson's money, which he declined, with mean excuses, to restore to Porson's relatives, till a threat of legal proceedings alarmed him.

From the papers, and the margins of the books, were collected by Monk and Blomfield those annotations on the tragic and other poets which were published in 1812, under the title of Porson's Adversaria; and, as the notes on Aristophanes were extremely numerous, a separate collection was made of them by Dobree, entitled Aristophanica. The difficulty of arranging these observations was very great, for none of the

CH. XXV.]

manuscripts were left in a state for publication; some of the remarks were written in copy-books, in so small a hand that one page would contain forty or fifty complete notes; some were on detached scraps of paper; and all had been noted down at different periods of his life, on the suggestion of the moment, and left to be put in order when time should serve.* How well the editors performed their task the public has long known.

HIS MANUSCRIPTS.

The notes on Pausanias were printed at the end of Gaisford's Lectiones Platonica in 1820; the Photius was published by Dobree in 1822; and the emendations of Suidas were appended to Gaisford's edition of that lexicographer in 1834. Some annotations on the Greek historians, the lexicographers, particularly Hesychius, and on some of the Latin authors, still remain unpublished.

* Mus. Crit. vol. i. p. 116. Month. Rev. Dec. 1817, p. 421.

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