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years, and he heads up our planning division in the Washington office, and of course Mr. Don Campbell, you remember, who has been with us for years, is head of power and, of course, Assistant Commissioner Golzé, whom the committee is very familiar with, continues as our Assistant Commissioner for Administration.

I am very proud of this staff, and I hope that our efforts will please the committee.

It is a pleasure to appear before this committee to discuss Reclamation's proposed program and fund requirements for fiscal year 1961. The work of the Bureau of Reclamation reflects the delegation of a sizeable responsibility in connection with the development of the water resources of the West. To maintain this responsibility at a reasonable level, six new starts have been included in the budget, four in construction and rehabilitation appropriation and two in the Upper Colorado River Basin program.

To carry forward this program in all of its phases in fiscal year 1961, we are requesting an appropriation of $309,979,000. This compares with enacted appropriations for fiscal year 1960, regular and supplemental, of $255,515,250 and a proposed supplemental appropriation pending before this Congress of $21,000 for financial assistance to the city of Coulee Dam, or a total increase of $54,442,750. This increase is distributed as follows: Approximately $5 million for the purchase of foreign currencies under title I of the Agricultural Trade and Assistance Act of 1954, as amended, on which I shall comment later; some $41.5 million represents increases in construction and rehabilitation, operation and maintenance has been increased by $3.5 million and the loan program is up some $7 million. Decreases of $2.9 million for Upper Colorado River Basin fund and a small decrease in the general investigations item have resulted in netting the increase to $54 million plus.

A word of explanation concerning the large increase in construction and rehabilitation is first in order. About half represents increased requirements for the Central Valley project,

attributable to the near peak construction period of the Trinity River Division. Other construction and rehabilitation increases are due to fund requirements of about $4 million for the four new starts and a normal increase in programed work on other projects started in recent years.

The estimate for 1961 is comprised of activities as follows: General investigations, $4,650,000; construction and rehabilitation, $173,950,000; Upper Colorado River Basin fund, $71,600,000; operation and maintenance, $31,900,000; general administrative expense, $4,320,000; loan program, $18,437,000. However, it also includes $4,957,000 for purchase of foreign currencies and small amounts under separate appropriation headings for the disposal of Boulder City, Nev., and Coulee Dam Community, Wash., to assist these communities in their transition from Federal to State jurisdiction.

These amounts, if made available, with the carryover funds from the prior year, will permit the Bureau to finance a carefully planned program for all of these activities.

I should like to comment briefly on each of the appropriation items comprising the Bureau's estimate.

GENERAL INVESTIGATIONS

The estimate for 1961 is $4,650,000 as compared to the appropriation for 1960 of $4,668,992. Including carryover funds from prior years and contributions, the program for 1961 is 7 percent less than that for 1960. I should like to point out here that while the estimate for 1961 includes $250,000 for engineering methods and materials research, an activity not included in the general investigations appropriation in 1960, the estimate for advance planning amounting to $254,000, formerly carried under general investigations, has been transferred to the construction and rehabilitation appropriation for fiscal year 1961.

Now, I believe that is in accord with the committee's wishes, because advanced planning is always identified directly with the anticipation of going into construction and is tied closely to the construction budget, more closely than it is to planning. These items, in effect, cancel each other out, leaving the comparison for this appropriation item for 1960 and 1961 on equal terms.

Except, as I say, we are 7 percent under in 1961 on what we had in the planning program in 1960.

The Bureau's general investigation activities in the 17 Western States and Alaska, except those in the Missouri River Basin, are performed with funds from this appropriation. The Missouri River Basin investigations are part of the construction and rehabilitation appropriation item. Advance planning is also in construction and rehabilitation this year except for the Upper Colorado River Basin items.

The estimate provides for only a minimum program for 1961 if the Bureau is to continue effectively its long-range investigation and planning activities.

SPECIAL FOREIGN CURRENCY PROGRAM The special foreign currency program mentioned earlier, which has been identified as a separate appropriation item under general investigations, will afford the Bureau an opportunity to avail itself of scientific and research capabilities of certain foreign countries by the use of U.S. credits which cannot be used outside of those countries. The work to be done will be supplemental and in addition to the research projects performed in our domestic laboratories. While we are requesting $4,957,000 in fiscal year 1961, only $1 million is scheduled for expenditure during the budget year—the remainder to be spread over a 2-year period.

I would like to elaborate on that for just a moment.

This research would be of great value to us in carrying on the work of our program here in the United States. We think it would also be of considerable value to those countries. The credits are there, and if we could send our technicians over there to initiate this research, to get together data and engineering advice and counsel, we think it will benefit our people and in the same process be of great value to the countries where we are carrying out the research activity.

Mr. TABER. Does that come under this foreign aid appropriation also?

Mr. DOMINY. No, sir.

Mr. TABER. Are they not kind of doubling up on us?

Mr. DOMINY. These are credits which the United States has in those countries that have to be expended in those countries. This would be one way to put that money to good use, in our judgment.

CONSTRUCTION AND REHABILITATION

The appropriation estimate for this activity for fiscal year 1961 is $173,950,000. This amount, plus $870,750 of prior year funds and anticipated slippage in 1961 of $10 million, will provide a total program of $184,820,750, compared with the program for the current year of $144,755,397. The appropriated funds for this activity will be utilized to finance initial work on four new starts, construction contract earnings and associated costs on work underway at the end of the previous fiscal year, comprising 28 regular projects and 17 units and divisions of the Missouri River Basin project, a program for rehabilitation and betterment on 10 projects of which 2 are scheduled for completion in fiscal year 1961. Of the total number of projects under construction, nine regular and six Missouri River Basin project units are grouped under the “Drainage and minor construction” category because of their relatively limited programs.

NEW STARTS The estimate for 1961 includes $4,173,000 for initiation of construction on four new starts: Vale project, Bully Creek extension, Oregon; lower Rio Grande rehabilitation project, La Feria division, Texas; Almena unit, Kansas; and the Yellowtail unit, Montana and Wyoming, of the Missouri River Basin project. Each of these is vital to the economic development of the area in which it is located. Complete information will be provided when we reach the individual projects on the justifications. There is also included in the estimate $2 million for continuation of investigations on the Missouri River Basin project and $3 million for financing the activities of other Interior agencies participating in the multi-purpose Missouri River Basin program.

Continuation of construction during 1961 at the rate provided in the justifications before this committee, will result in making available during the fiscal year water for the irrigation of 63,600 acres of new land and 61,200 acres of land now receiving an inadequate supply. Hydroelectric generating capacity will be increased by 48,000 kilowatts bringing the Bureau operated total nameplate capacity to 5,201,550 kilowatts.

Of the total appropriation request of $173,950,000, $136,343,100 or 78 percent will be used to finance work on six projects and three Missouri River Basin units. However, the geographical locations of these projects and units represent a fair cross-section of the Western States in which the Bureau operates.

1960 PROGRAM

During the current year we have scheduled for substantial completion the South Gila drainage facilities of the Colorado River front work and leveo system; the Fort Cobb Dam and Reservoir and the Fort Cobb municipal and industrial water facilities of the Washita Basin project; the Vega Dam and Reservoir of the Collbran project; and the Howard Prairie Dam and Reservoir, Keene Creek Dam and Reservoir, collection canals, and Green Springs powerplant of the Rogue River Basin project, Talent division; the diversion works and canals of the middle Rio Grande project; and the storage basin and river pumping plant of the lower Rio Grande rehabilitation project, Mercedes division. Twelve projects in the drainage and minor construction status are also scheduled to be completed.

On the Missouri River Basin project, during the current year we expect to complete the Boysen-Pilot Butte 115-kilovolt transmission line and substations, and Fargo-Grand Forks 115-kilovolt transmission line and substation of the transmission division; and the Fremont Canyon powerplant and switchyard of the Glendo unit. Three units in the drainage and minor construction status are also scheduled to be completed.

1961 PROGRAM

Moving on to fiscal year 1961, with the funds requested we have programed for completion the pumping plants and the lateral system of the Wellton-Mohawk division of the Ĝila project; the first section of the southside canal of the Collbran project; the Prineville Dam and Reservoir of the Crooked River project; and the Wanship Dam and Reservoir, and Gateway Canal and diversion works of the Weber Basin project. Two units in the drainage and minor construction program are also to be completed. On the Missouri River Basin project, also during fiscal year 1961, the Owl Creek unit, the Gray Reef Dam and Reservoir of the Glendo unit, both in Wyoming, the outlet works extension of the Cedar Bluff Dam of the Cedar Bluff unit, and the Osborne Canal and laterals of the Webster unit are all to be substantially completed. The transmission division of the Missouri River project has scheduled for completion the Bismarck-Jamestown 230kilovolt transmission line No. 2 and substations, the Fort Peck-Dawson County-Bismarck 230-kilovolt transmission line and substation addition, and the Havre-Shelby 115-kilovolt transmission lines and substations.

The 1961 program for the rehabilitation and betterment of existing projects which have become obsolete or badly deteriorated will require $3,609,000 of the appropriated funds to finance work on 10 projects.

UPPER COLORADO RIVER BASIN FUND For fiscal year 1961, we are requesting $71,600,000, which, with rather substantial carryover funds from the prior year, due largely to extended labor-management negotiations on the Glen Canyon unit, and initial underfinancing due to anticipated slippage and delays, will provide a sound program for the increasing construction requirements of the Colorado River storage project and participating projects.

Mr. Chairman, may I go off the record for just a moment?
Mr. Cannon. Off the record.
(Discussion off the record.)
Mr. CANNON. On the record.

Mr. Dominy. During fiscal year 1961 work will be underway on four units of the storage project and six of the participating projects. Two of these, the Curecanti unit and the Florida participating project, are the new 1961 starts. The importance and need for these new starts will be explained in full when we reach these projects in the justifications. Three of the participating projects, the Hammond, Smith Fork, and Seedskadee, were placed under construction during the current year and will be continued during 1961.

SEEDSKADEE PROJECT

was

as

While Seedskadee included in

the 1960 program a new start, we have not actually gotten underway there, and we are not going to award contracts until we clear up a problem of trona which has been discovered to underlie the Seedskadee lands. Trona is a valuable material and they have discovered that there are several large veins of it beneath the lands which were to be irrigated as part of the Seedskadee project. The lands are checkerboarded between Union Pacific ownership and public lands and we have no control over the Union Pacific in any event. If this mining is to be undertaken, while it is 1,500 feet or so under the surface, we fear that there will be a subsidence on the surface if we take a vein of trona 8 to 12 feet thick out from under the land. This will have to be checked out, and if the mining is to be undertaken, we will have to find a way to have irrigation compatible with mining, or eliminate that part of the project where the mine is to be located. So we will not actually undertake construction until we get those things cleared up.

We are working on it very actively at the moment.
Mr. JENSEN. Is trona a product used by the military!

Mr. Dominy. Mr. Palmer, do you recall what the basic uses of trona are ?

Mr. Palmer. It is widely used primarily in ceramics and it has had wide application in the chemical industry as well as for ceramics such as glass, electric insulators, and so forth.

Mr. Dominy. I think the answer is that it may not be directly connected with the military; but, certainly, indirectly in connection with manufacturing processes identified with military requirements.

Mr. Jensen. It might be used as a substitute for other products? Mr. Dominy. Yes, sir. Mr. CANNON. The witness will proceed. Mr. Dominy. On the Flaming Gorge unit, 1961 will see completion of all highway relocations and continuation of work on concrete placing in the dam, switchyard,

and powerplant construction and permanent operating facilities. The program for Glen Canyon provides for marked construction progress on the dam and reservoir, the powerplant and switchyard and start of the protective works for the Rainbow Bridge National Monument. Funds are provided to permit continuation of construction of the Navajo Dam at the scheduled rate and for completion of the right-of-way acquisition program and initiation of railroad and telegraph line relocations. Investigations will continue on the transmission division including discussions with all interested parties and advance planning will be continued on the Crystal Dam of the Curecanti unit and five participating projects. Quality of water studies will be continued. Definite plan reports on the Emery

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