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historical, scientific or numismatic purposes, containing not more than four quarter eagles of the same date and design and struck by the same mint).

The Secretary of the Treasury, subject to such further regulations as he may prescribe, shall issue licenses authorizing the acquisition of

(a) Gold coin or gold bullion which the Secretary is satisfied is required for a necessary and lawful transaction for which currency other than gold certificates cannot be used, by an applicant who establishes that since March 9, 1933, he has surrendered an equal amount of gold coin, gold bullion, or gold certificates to a banking institution in the continental United States or to the Treasurer of the United States;

(b) Gold coin or gold bullion which the Secretary is satisfied is required by an applicant who holds a license to export such an amount of gold coin or gold bullion issued under $ 50.6 (c), or (d), and

(c) Gold bullion which the Secretary or such agency as he may designate is satisfied is required for legitimate and customary use in industry, profession, or art by an applicant regularly engaged in such industry, profession, or art, or in the business of furnishing gold therefor.

Licenses issued pursuant to this section shall authorize the holder to acquire gold coin and gold bullion only from the sources specified by the Secretary of the Treasury in regulations issued hereunder.** [As amended by E.O. 6556, Jan. 12, 1934]

50.5 Holding of gold coin, gold bullion, and gold certificates. After 30 days from August 28, 1933, no person shall hold in his possession or retain any interest, legal or equitable, in any gold coin, gold bullion, or gold certificates situated in the United States and owned by any person subject to the jurisdiction of the United States, except under license therefor issued pursuant to this part; Provided, however, That licenses shall not be required in order to hold in possession or retain an interest in gold coin, gold bullion, or gold certificates with respect to which a return need not be filed under $ 50.3.

The Secretary of the Treasury, subject to such further regulations as he may prescribe, shall issue licenses authorizing the holding of

(a). Gold coin, gold bullion, and gold certificates, which the Secretary is satisfied are required by the person owning the same for necessary and lawful transactions for which currency, other than gold certificates, cannot be used;

(b) Gold bullion which the Secretary, or such agency as he may designate, is satisfied is required for legitimate and customary use in industry, profession, or art by a person regularly engaged in such industry, profession, or art or in the business of furnishing gold therefor;

(c) Gold coin and gold bullion earmarked or held in trust since before April 20, 1933, for a recognized foreign government or foreign central bank or the Bank for International Settlements; and

(d) Gold coin and gold bullion imported for re-export or held pending action upon application for export licenses.**

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**For statutory and source citations, see note to 8 50.1.

50.6 Earmarking and export of gold coin and gold bullion. After August 28, 1933, no person shall earmark or export any gold coin, gold bullion, or gold certificates from the United States, except under license therefor issued by the Secretary of the Treasury pursuant to the provisions of this part.

The Secretary of the Treasury, in his discretion and subject to such regulations as he may prescribe, may issue licenses authorizing

(a) The export of gold coin or gold bullion earmarked or held in trust since before April 20, 1933, for a recognized foreign government, foreign central bank, or the Bank for International Settlements;

(b) The export of gold, (1) imported for re-export, (2) refined from gold-bearing materials imported by the applicant under an agreement to export gold, or (3) in bullion containing not more thar, 5 ounces of gold per ton;

(c) The export of gold coin or gold bullion to the extent actually required for the fulfillment of a contract entered into by the applicant prior to April 20, 1933; but not in excess of the amount of the gold coin, gold bullion, and gold certificates surrendered by the applicant on or after March 9, 1933, to a banking institution in the continental United States or to the Treasurer of the United States; and

(d) The earmarking for foreign account and/or export of gold coin or gold bullion, with the approval of the President, for transactions which the Secretary of the Treasury may deem necessary to promote the public interest.

(e) Through any agency that he may designate, the export of gold coin having a recognized special value to collectors of rare and unusual coin (but not including quarter eagles, otherwise known as $2.50 pieces, unless held, together with rare and unusual coin, as part of a collection for historical, scientific, or numismatic purposes, containing not more than four quarter eagles of the same date and design and struck by the same mint).** [As amended by E.O. 6556, Jan. 12, 1934]

50.6a Export of articles fabricated from gold. The Executive Order of August 28, 1933, relating to the hoarding, export, and earmarking of gold coin, bullion, or currency and to transactions in foreign exchange ($8 50.1–50.11), is hereby amended to permit, subject to such regulations as may from time to time be prescribed by the Secretary of the Treasury, the export of articles fabricated from gold.*+ [As amended by sec. 4, E.O. 6359, Oct. 25, 1933]

50.7 Shipments to United States possessions. The provisions of 88 50.3, 50.5 shall not apply to gold coin, gold bullion, or gold certificates which are situated in the Philippine Islands, American Samoa, Guam, Hawaii, Panama Canal Zone, Puerto Rico, or the Virgin Islands of the United States,

and are owned by a person not domiciled in the continental United States. The provisions of $ 50.4 shall not apply to acquisitions by persons within the Philippine Islands, American Samoa, Guam, Hawaii, Panama Canal Zone, Puerto Rico, or the Virgin Islands of the United States of gold coin or gold bullion which has not been taken or sent thereto since April 5, 1933, from the continental United States or any place subject to the jurisdiction thereof.**

**For statutory and source citations, see note to 8 50.1.

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50.9 Regulations. The Secretary of the Treasury is hereby authorized and empowered to issue such regulations as he may deem necessary to carry out the purposes of this part. Such regulations may provide for the detention in the United States of any gold coin, gold bullion, or gold certificates sought to be transported beyond the limits of the continental United States, pending an investigation to determine if such coin, bullion, or certificates are held or are to be acquired in violation of the provisions of this part. Licenses and permits granted in accordance with the provisions of this part and the regulations prescribed hereunder, may be issued through such officers or agencies as the Secretary may designate.**

50.10 Fines and penalties. Whoever wilfully violates any provision of this part or of any license, order, rule, or regulation issued or prescribed hereunder, shall, upon conviction, be fined not more than $10,000, or, if a natural person, may be imprisoned for not more than 10 years, or both; and any officer, director, or agent of any corporation who knowingly participates in such violation may be punished by a like fine, imprisonment, or both.**

50.11 Revocation or modification. This part and any regulations or licenses issued hereunder may be modified or revoked at any time.*+

PART 52-ORDERS OF THE SECRETARY OF THE TREASURY REQUIRING THE DELIVERY OF GOLD COIN, GOLD BULLION, AND GOLD CERTIFICATES TO THE TREASURER OF THE UNITED STATES

Sec.

Sec. 52.1 General.

52.5 Penalty. 52.2 Delivery.

52.6 Modification or revocation. 52.3 Payment and reimbursement of 52.7 Fixing period for delivery in comcosts.

pliance with $$ 52.1–52.6. 52.4 Definitions,

Section 52.1 General. Whereas section 11 of the Federal Reserve Act of December 23, 1913 (38 Stat. 261), as amended by section 3 of the Act of March 9, 1933, entitled “An Act to provide relief in the existing national emergency in banking, and for other purposes”, provides in subsection (n) (48 Stat. 2; 12 U.S.C. 248 (n)) as follows:

(n) Whenever in the judgment of the Secretary of the Treasury such action is necessary to protect the currency system of the United States, the Secretary of the Treasury, in his discretion, may require any or all individuals, partnerships, associations and corporations to pay and deliver to the Treasurer of the United States any or all gold coin, gold bullion, and gold certificates owned by such individuals, partnerships, associations and corporations. Upon receipt of such gold coin, gold bullion or gold certificates, the Secretary of the Treasury shall pay therefor an equivalent amount of any other form of coin or currency coined or issued under the laws of the United States. The Secretary of the Treasury shall pay all costs of the transportation of such gold bullion, gold certificates, coin, or currency, including the cost of insurance, protection, and such other incidental costs as may be reasonably necessary. Any individual, partnership, association, or corporation failing to comply with any requirement of the Secretary of the Treasury made under this subsection shall be subject to a penalty equal to twice the value of the gold or gold certificates in respect of which such failure occurred, and such penalty may be collected by the Secretary of the Treasury by suit or otherwise.

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**For statutory and source citations, see note to 8 50.1.

And whereas in my judgment such action is necessary to protect the currency system of the United States;

Now, therefore, I, Henry Morgenthau, Jr., Acting Secretary of the Treasury, do hereby require every person subject to the jurisdiction of the United States forthwith to pay and deliver to the Treasurer of the United States all gold coin, gold bullion, and gold certificates situated in the United States, owned by such person, except as follows:

(a) Gold bullion owned by a person now holding such gold under a license heretofore granted by or under authority of the Secretary of the Treasury, pursuant to the Executive Order of August 28, 1933, (Part 50), relating to the hoarding, export, and earmarking of gold coin, bullion, or currency and to transactions in foreign exchange;

(b) Gold coin having a recognized special value to collectors of rare and unusual coin (but not including quarter eagles, otherwise known as $2.50 pieces, unless held, together with rare and unusual coin, as part of a collection for historical, scientific, or numismatic purposes, containing not more than four quarter eagles of the same date and design, and struck by the same mint);

(c) Unmelted scrap gold and gold sweepings in an amount not exceeding in the aggregate $100 belonging to any one person; and gold which has been put through a process of fabrication for a specific and customary industrial, professional, or ornamental use;

(d) Gold coin, gold bullion, and gold certificates owned by a Federal Reserve bank or the Reconstruction Finance Corporation; and

(e) Gold bullion and foreign gold coin now situated in the Philippine Islands, American Samoa, Guam, Hawaii, Panama Canal Zone, Puerto Rico, or the Virgin Islands of the United States, owned by a person not domiciled or doing business in the continental United States.*+ [As amended Jan. 11, 1934]

*S$ 52.1 to 52.7, inclusive, issued under the authority contained in secs. 3, 13, 48 Stat. 2, 343; 12 U.S.C. 248 (n), 213.

In 88 52.1 to 52.6, inclusive, the numbers to the right of the decimal point correspond with the respective section numbers in Order, Secretary of the Treasury, Dec. 28, 1933. The amendment of Jan. 11, 1934, is noted in brackets following section affected.

52.2 Delivery. The gold coin, gold bullion, and gold certificates herein required to be paid and delivered to the Treasurer of the United States shall be delivered by placing the same forthwith in the custody of a Federal Reserve bank or branch or a bank member of the Federal Reserve System for the account of the United States and by forwarding confirmation that the gold coin, gold bullion, and gold certificates have been so placed in custody for the account of the United States and are held subject to the order of the Treasurer of the United States, signed by such bank and the person making the delivery (or the authorized agent of such person to the Treasurer of the United States, Washington, D. C., in a postage prepaid envelope bearing a postmark dated prior to midnight of the day the gold coin, gold bullion, and gold certificates are so placed in custody.*+

52.3 Payment and reimbursement of costs. Upon receipt of the confirmation signed and delivered as required under $ 52.2, the

**For statutory and source citations, see note to 8 52.1.

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Secretary of the Treasury will pay for the gold coin, gold bullion, and gold certificates placed in custody for the account of the United States in accordance with $ 52.2, an equivalent amount of any form of coin or currency coined or issued under the laws of the United States designated by the Secretary of the Treasury. The Secretary of the Treasury will pay all costs of the transportation of such gold coin, gold bullion, and gold certificates to the Federal Reserve bank or branch or bank member of the Federal Reserve System in the city or town nearest to the place where such gold coin, gold bullion, and gold certificates are now situated, including the cost of insurance, protection, and such other incidental costs as may be reasonably necessary. Persons desiring reimbursement for such costs actually incurred shall submit their accounts on voucher forms which may be obtained by writing to the Treasurer of the United States, Washington, D. C.*+

52.4 Definitions. As used in $$ 52.1–52.6, the term “person" means any individual, partnership, association, or corporation; the term "United States” means the United States and any place subject to the jurisdiction thereof; the term "continental United States" means the States of the United States, the District of Columbia, and the Territory of Alaska; the term "gold coin” means any coin containing gold, including foreign gold coin; and the term "gold bul. lion" means any gold which has been put through a process of smelting or refining that is in such form that its value depends upon the gold content and not upon the form, but does not include gold coin or metals containing less than 5 troy ounces of fine gold per short ton.**

52.5 Penalty. Any individual, partnership, association, or corporation failing to comply with any requirement hereof or of any rules or regulations issued by the Secretary of the Treasury under $8 52.1–52.6 shall be subject to the penalty provided in section 11 (n) of the Federal Reserve Act, as amended (48 Stat. 2; 12 U.S.C. 248 (n)).**

52.6 Modification or revocation. Sections 52.1–52.6 may be modified or revoked at any time.**

52.7 Fixing period for delivery in compliance with 88 52.1–52.6.

Whereas on December 28, 1933 I, Henry Morgenthau, Jr., as Acting Secretary of the Treasury, issued an order (88 52.1–52.6) under authority of section 11 of the Federal Reserve Act of December 23, 1913, as amended by section 3 of the Act of March 9, 1933 (48 Stat. 2; 12 U.S.C. 248 (n)), entitled “An Act to provide relief in the existing national emergency in banking, and for other purposes";

Whereas 88 52.1–52.6 required every person subject to the jurisdiction of the United States forthwith to pay and deliver to the Treasurer of the United States all gold coin, gold bullion, and gold certificates situated in the United States, owned by such person, except as follows: [The quotation of $ 52.1 (a)-(e) is here omitted.]

Whereas a reasonable time has elapsed within which any person required to deliver gold coin, gold bullion, and gold certificates

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**For statutory and source citations, see note to g 52.1.

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