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Number and rank of Naval Academy graduates holding commissions in the Civil

Engineer Corps, the Supply Corps, and the Marine Corps (additional numbers included), contrasted with totals in such corps by rank as of Sept. 30, 1937

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450 628 576 575

2, 229

Present enrollment at Naval Academy by classes (Oct. 1, 1937)
First class.
Second class
Third class
Fourth class..
Total.-.

Sources from which present first classmen were appointed
Civilian appointees.
From enlisted force.
From Reserve..

Total...

Number and disposition of last graduating class (1937) of midshipmen
Commissioned ensigns.
Commissioned second lieutenants in Marine Corps..
Losses on graduation, honorably discharged, etc..

Total...

379 52 19

450

268 26 34

328

Prediction of size of Naval Academy graduating classes in the years 1938 to 1945,

both inclusive, on the basis of 4 appointments, and of the number of each of such classes by which the line strength will be augmented

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Admiral ANDREWS. Each fiscal year Congress provides in the Navy Appropriation Act under the appropriation "Training, Education, and Welfare, Navy," funds for welfare and recreation as subhead 9. These funds are administered by the Bureau of Navigation. From these funds the Bureau grants quarterly allotments to ships and annual allotments to stations for the recreation, amusement, comfort, contentment, and health of the Navy and Marine Corps personnel. The amount of the allotment granted each unit is based on its enlisted strength, its isolation from the usual recreation facilities, and the amount of other funds available for similar purposes.

The development and maintenance of a high state of morale within his command is the responsibility of every commanding officer. The expenditure of the above funds is an important contribution to this end. Motion pictures are considered the most important single source of recreational entertainment with athletics a close second. Both are considered essential in the development and maintenance of a high state of morale.

The motion-picture show at the station movie house or in the open air aboard ship, weather and other conditions permitting, has become a regular event in Navy life. The Bureau of Navigation leases two prints of 300 late programs each year from the commercial motion picture producers. These are circulated through the vessels of the fleets and the stations as rapidly as possible. The Navy motion pic, ture service is partly supported by funds appropriated for welfare and recreation.

Every effort is made for the encouragement of amateur athletics, both afloat and ashore. Athletic equipment obtained by ships and stations is paid for, in part, by the allotments to ships and stations from the above appropriation.

Provision is also made in this appropriation for funds to supplement those contributed locally to support schools at the isolated stations at Guantanamo Bay, Guam, and Samoa for the children of Navy, Marine Corps, and civilians employed by these services.

Experience has shown that morale (welfare and recreation) funds serve the purpose for which provided; and while the funds voted by Congress for this purpose are generous, they would by no means cover all such expenditures without the additions supplied by ship's stores and ship's service stores profits which are in a sense contributions from the personnel of the Navy, since these are derived from the profits on purchases made by this personnel.

The upkeep of approximately 300 libraries is provided under "Training, Education, and Welfare,” subhead 8. The purpose of these libraries is twofold: To provide educational or professional material, and to provide recreational reading. The professional reading for officers covers a wide range, including the technical material required for their work, such as engineering, navigation, international law, and in addition the more general materiel on world affairs, history, biography and travel, necessary for a broad cultural background. For enlisted men the educational material provided supplements training courses, and supplies general reading principally history, biography, and literature. Fiction for recreational reading is provided for both officers and men.

EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITIES

The mission of training in the Navy is to obtain from its personnel the best performance of naval duties of which each man is capable. The major part of all training is carried on at sea, and a man is undergoing training throughout the whole of his naval career. In order that enlisted men may be supplied with material to assist them in their training afloat and in preparing for advancement in rating, the Bureau of Navigation prepares and provides study courses, in pamphlet form, which are supplied to the men free of charge. Slidefilms for use in the training of enlisted men are also supplied by the Bureau of Navigation,

In addition to the fundamental and continuing training at sea, elementary instruction is furnished at shore stations to recruits, and schools ashore supply certain technical training, which cannot well be done aboard ship, to enlisted men in later stages of their service.

(a) Elementary instruction of recruits at training stations: The initial training of all recruits is carried out ashore. Upon enlistment they are given 12 weeks training at training stations in order to help them bridge the gap from civilian to naval life by an introduction to discipline and naval duties. After this period, most recruits are sent direct to sea, while some specially selected recruits are assigned to class A schools for intensive training in technical work. The class A schools are described below.

(b) Technical training ashore: Service schools furnish only the training necessary to certain ratings or specialties. The duties of many of the naval ratings are highly technical. Each year many of these technical experts return to civil life by reason of expiration of enlistment and it is necessary to train men to fill vacancies thus created. In order to train enlisted men to fill these vacancies, the Navy maintains service schools ashore.

The classes of service schools maintained ashore and their missions are:

CLASS A SCHOOLS These schools are designed to assist the forces afloat by giving such elementary instruction in technical subjects to specially selected recruits as will make them more immediately useful on board ship in the work of their specialty, and give them the groundwork necessary for the lowest petty officer ratings.

CLASS B SCHOOLS

To supplement the training afloat, class B Schools are maintained. These schools give enlisted men, not recruits, advanced instruction in the duties of their specialities when such instruction can be more advantageously given ashore. Such schools are, for example, cooks and bakers, electrical interior communication, fire control, gyro compass, officers' cooks and officers' stewards, optical, torpedomen, sound motion picture technicians.

CLASS C SCHOOLS

These schools are designed to meet the needs of the service by giving advanced training for particular duty assignments to enlisted men in special subjects not normally a part of shipboard instruction. Among these class C Schools are those for aerographers, airship training, aviation instrument, aviation mechanics, aviation ordnanceman, buglemaster, deep-sea divers, dental technicians, Naval Academy preparatory, recruiting training, radio material, photographer, submarine training, parachute material, and optical.

DESERTIONS

The following table shows the gross and net desertions for the last 4 fiscal years:

DESERTIONS, SURRENDERS, AND DELIVERIES

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GROSS DESERTIONS BY LENGTH OF SERVICE IN PERCENTAGE OF TOTAL NUMBER

OF GROSS DESERTIONS

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Kamber gross desertions.
Average enlisted strength.
Percentage.---

580 78, 260

0.7

332 81, 441

0.4

318 87, 574

0. 36

467 93, 360

0.48

Attrition by causes, fiscal years 1936 and 1937, first enlistments and reenlistments,

and net annual turnover

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Statement as to gain of 28,000 men from fiscal year 1934 to fiscal year 1938

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Battleships (BB)
Aircraft carriers (CV).
Heavy cruisers (CA)
Light cruisers (CL).
Destroyers and light mine layers (DD & DM)
Submarines (SS & SM).
Mine layer (CM)...
Patrol vessels:

Gunboats (PG).

Converted yachts (PY).
Auxiliaries:

Destroyer tenders (AD).
Submarine tenders (AS)
Seaplane tenders (AV).
Repair ships (AR)
Store ships (AF).
Oilers (AO)...
Ammunition ships (AE).
Cargo ships (AK).
Transports (AP)
Hospital ship (AH).
Ocean tugs (AT).
Mine sweepers (AM).
Seaplane tenders, small (AVP).

Submarine rescue vessels (ASR).
Auxiliaries, miscellaneous (AG).
Aircraft, lighter-than-air (LTA).
Fleet aircraft (HTA)...
At sea, flag allowances, transit, sick, etc..

Total, sea..
Total not in "Forces afloat'

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2. 993
1, 647

291
1, 195

362
692
173

94
590
349

457 1, 036

336

305 1, 461

77 3,040 13, 498

10 21

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1

5.

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60, 688
16,312

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Total enlisted naval personnel..

25, 037

77.000

105,00

Includes 500 apprentice seamen in training afloat: in 1938 all apprentice seamen are in "Total pot in forces afloat."

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