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ation of the need for funds. There is presented for the information of the committee a breakdown of expenditures for 1937 under 54 titles indicating the objects to which the funds were applied and 3 columns indicating purposes. There are also shown group totals of group IVb-labor, other labor, indeterminate charges, and material issued. Of the indeterminate charges approximately 80 percent is for labor. The total labor charges amounted to 74.36 percent of the total amount expended.

Mr. THOM. Admiral, you have under the charge of the Bureau of Yards and Docks some 70 undertakings, such as navy yards, naval stations, and so forth?

Admiral MOREELL. That is not strictly correct, Mr. Thom. The 71 localities to which we allot funds, include some which are not under our direct charge. For example, we allot funds to certain forces afloat for maintenance and operation of automobiles, but we have nothing to do with the operation of those forces.

Mr. Thom. Do you have at each one of these stations, or places of activity, a representative of the Bureau of Yards and Docks?

Admiral MOREELL. At each station or yard which expends funds under our Bureau, there is a commandant or commanding officer who is our representative;

that is, he is the representative of all of the bureaus of the Navy Department.

If you are speaking of Civil Engineer officers, we do not have such an officer at every one of the stations and yards, but there is a Civil Engineer officer in each naval district. It is the duty of that officer, as district Public Works officer, to inspect and to report on the public works and the public utilities of all naval activities in his district at intervals not longer than 14 months.

Mr. THOM. And are these men who are in the different yards representing your Bureau of Yards and Docks subject to change every 3 years in accordance with your plan of rotating officers in the Navy?

Admiral MOREELL. They are subject to change. The periods are somewhat indefinite. The standard period for continental shore assignments of Civil Engineers is 4 years, but that is not always adhered to. Sometimes when a large project or other important work must be provided for, it is necessary to detach an officer and to send him to such important work before the expiration of his normal tour of duty. It is pertinent to note that these Civil Engineer officers perform no duties other than civil engineering. They are specialists in this particular line of work and they make this their life's work.

DISTRIBUTION OF EXPENDITURES, 1930–37 Mr. UMSTEAD. Admiral, will you insert the material and table on page 33 of the justifications? Admiral MOREELL. Very well, sir. (The material and table referred to are as follows:)

DISTRIBUTION OF EXPENDITURES, 1930–37 Reports of labor and material applied, grouped under three general headings for 1930, 1931, 1932, 1933, 1934, 1935, 1936, and 1937, so far as received, are shown below. The amounts shown for 1936 and 1937 are not final, as the appropriation accounts are still open, but the percentages will not be rari to any appreciable extent by further reports.

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The increased amount indicated for improvements during 1932 is dues taking over that year certain major repair projects from “Public works" ! this appropriation.


Mr. UMSTEAD. Admiral, I notice here a statement on pay an hours of labor, which I think it would be well to have in the record

Admiral MOREELL. During 1933, 1934, and 1935 the pay rates for labor were 90 percent, 87.08 percent, and 96.25 percent, respectively, based on the 1932 pay rate as 100 percent. Prior to April 2, 1934, labor, other than group IV (b) (generally called the classified force), worked on an average of 40 hours per week and was paid for 1 hours. Since that date such labor has worked 40 hours and receirei 48 hours pay.

The following indexes indicate the relative effective value of an propriated funds. Giving an index figure of 100 to the year 1995 (during which labor was paid the full base rates, worked 40 hours per week and received pay for 44 hours with no annual or sick leare and making adjustments for different rates of pay and different par hours and leave during subsequent years the following figures indi cate the relative costs of the same volume of work, assuming the same efficiency of labor and the same unit costs of materials each year 1932 1933. 1934. 89.1 1937






The vast extent, great variety, and world-wide locations of public works of the Navy make the task of general maintenance and upkeer under the varying climatic conditions one of great magnitude. The 10 navy yards alone comprise a very large amount of physical prorerty, as indicated by the accompanying statement.

In addition there are streets, roads, and walks; grassed plots and trees; railroads, crane tracks; landing fields; parade grounds: sewers: underground conduits; overhead and underground wires and cables: power plants with extensive and costly machinery and appliances : coal and fuel-oil plants; fences and walls; steam, water, and air mains; marine railways for docking small craft: reservoirs; wate: and oil tanks; locomotives; railroad cars; locomotive cranes: motor

trucks; automobiles; land and floating derricks and pile drivers; concrete mixers; and other transportation and construction equipment; also household and office furniture and office equipment and devices.


Mr. UMSTEAD. Then you may insert your statement entitled “Publie Works, 10 Industrial Navy Yards," on page 41 of the justifications. Admiral MOREELL. Very well, sir. (The table referred to is as follows:)

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942 13%


Acres Portsmouth. 210 Boston..

232 New York.

197 Philadelphia.

1,030 Washington.. 107 Norfolk

353 Charleston 2, 136 Mare Island

1, 760 Puget Sound.

285 Pearl Harbor... 485

Total... 6.795


112, 070
107, 990
180, 048
241, 052
122, 261
248, 800

204, 400
231, 189
84, 836

Linear Square feet Cubic feet feet 116 1, 426, 981 30, 919, 953 6,080 110

2, 339, 368 43, 218, 652 11, 412 205 2, 638, 899 56, 828, 826 12, 900 143 2,974, 358 76, 513, 953 14, 100 126 2, 360, 919 58, 596, 785 3, 910 169

2,570,037 79, 191, 855 9,800 111 1,006, 983 21, 316, 897 3,050 336 2, 943, 071 76, 750, 325 10, 695 160 2, 298, 032 52, 178, 932 10, 640

172 1, 414, 002 31, 781, 82015, 150 1, 648 21, 972, 650 527, 297, 998 97, 737


96 103 262 274 121 191

61 229 190 136


8421 18

822 2642 14% 14%




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Mr. UMSTEAD. Admiral, turning to page 82 of the subcommittee print and to the provision touching upon the purchase of motor vehicles, tell us how many additional vehicles does the estimate contemplate over the number allowed this year.

Admiral MOREELL. The same number of passenger vehicles and one instead of three motor busses, 47 vehicles in all.

Mr. UMSTEAD. How many of these would be replacements? Admiral MOREELL. There would be 44 replacements. Mr. UMSTEAD. Why are you requesting an increase in the unit cost of the lower price cars!

Admiral MOREELL. We have here a list of the present market values of cars, Mr. Chairman, which indicates that there is a slight increase in the cost. We want to be sure to be able to let a contract for those light cars. The town sedan is listed at $689. Of course, we will better that price on a Government contract.

Mr. UMSTEAD. You indicated a moment ago, I believe, that two passenger cars would not be replacements; is that right?

Admiral MOREELL. Yes, sir.
Mr. UMSTEAD. Where are the two new passenger cars to be used?

Admiral MOREELL. One is to be assigned to the naval attaché at Moscow and the other to the naval attaché at The Hague.

Mr. UMSTEAD. Do either of them have cars now?

Admiral MOREELL. No, sir. Those two offices are just now being opened. We have not had any naval attachés at those places until recently.



Mr. UMSTEAD. We will take up group IV (b) employees in pe: field force.

Admiral MOREELL. This group includes the clerical, administ? tive, and fiscal service-clerks, stenographers, typists, bookkeepi telephone operators, and so forth; the professional and scientific se ice-engineers, architects, draftsmen, inspectors, and so forth: a: subprofessional service engineering aides, assistant draftsmen, a:.. so forth; the custodial service--guards, messengers, and so forth: a:certain excepted poitions at overseas stations and offices.

It is difficult to make a reliable estimate of the requirements f: this force, because of its fluctuating character. About 57 perer of all group IV (b) employees are engineers, draftsmen, inspectors and other technical men, whose employment is dependent upon i estimating, planning, and construction load placed upon the Burea', As the load varies the force must vary, and it might become unespectedly heavy at any time. Hence a safe margin is wise. T. limitation for several years was $1,600,000. For 1938 it is $1.52.74** The limitation proposed for 1939, $1,550,000, is calculated as follow (a) Last monthly pay roll figures available (September, $120.731.25) X 12 months.--

$1. 457. (6) Estimated increase for employees in 1938, annual basis-promo

tions $10,000, additions $20,000__ (c) Estimated annual pay roll for fiscal year 1938.

1. # 7.1*** (d) Estimated increase for possible additional employees and pro

motions in 1939_---(e) Group IV (b) limitation in 1939..

1, 550. 4** Mr. UMSTEAD. That completes the maintenance items, gentlemer. and if there are no questions, we will go to the item, “Continger'. Bureau of Yards and Docks."


Mr. UMSTEAD. Taking up the item of contingent, Admiral, wi.. you outline the purpose of the appropriation ?

Admiral MOREELL. This appropriation is for the purpose of providing funds to meet expenditures on account of damage caus by fires, storms, and other unforeseeable occurrences and for min additions and improvements of an emergent character. It is corsidered available for shore stations maintained under appropriatioss under the cognizance of other bureaus as well as those maintaine: under the appropriation "Maintenance, Bureau of Yards and Docks Expenditures are influenced entirely by the occurrence of casualties and unforeseeable requirements. The existence of this appropria tion permits more certain planning for the expenditure of appropriation "Maintenance, Bureau of Yards and Docks" by relieving the Bureau of the necessity of setting up a contingent reserve unde: that appropriation. Mr. Chairman, this appropriation is used for such purposes as:

Repair storm damage to bulkhead, radio station, Annapolis. Allotment was made in May, 1937, in the amount of $15,000 to repair damage to the bulkhead caused by an unusually heavy storm.

Boston, Navy Yard, repair sea wall damaged by collision, $2,80

Navy yard, Cavite, repair typhoon damage, $6,300.
Navy Yard, Charleston, repair building damaged by fire, $8,000.
Navy Yard, Norfolk, repair storm damage, $10,000.



Mr. UMSTEAD. We will now take up the appropriations requested for Public Works.

Admiral MOREELL. With the permission of the committee, I would like to make a brief statement relative to the duties and functions of the Bureau of Yards and Docks and its relationship with other activities of the Navy Department.

The Bureau of Yards and Docks is a service bureau. By that I mean that most of its activities have to do with the design, constructon, maintenance, and repair of facilities which will be taken over for operation by some other office or bureau of the Navy Department. My purpose in mentioning this fact is to present for the approval of the committee a procedure which, I believe, will result in making available more complete and authoritative information. The general scope of a project and its technical and engineering features will be presented by the Chief of the Bureau of Yards and Docks. In some instances it may be necessary to amplify such presentation by the presentation of facts relative to the strategic or military value of a project, its operating features, and data of similar character which are available to the office or bureau charged with the determination of strategic values or with the operation of a facility after completion. If desired, and it is agreeable to the committee, I will take the liberty of calling on the representatives of those bureaus and offices to amplify the statements which I will present concerning certain projects.

PURPOSE OF APPROPRIATION Admiral MOREELL. The purpose of the appropriation “Public Works, Bureau of Yards and Docks," identified by accounting symbol 7X204, is to provide funds to accomplish such public-works projects and only such as have been or may be authorized by appropriation acts. The appropriation is a no-year, continuing, lump-sum appropriation. Amounts appropriated year by year are not earmarked for specific projects but are applicable to any authorized project which has been mentioned in an appropriation act, subject to such limit of cost as may have been fixed in each case. Where, therefore, my project is accomplished for less than the limit of cost the difference between the limit of cost and the amount expended remains in the lump sum and goes to reduce future Budget estimates. Budget estimates are based upon estimated cash withdrawals during the year for which appropriations are being made and any unexpended balance of prior appropriations is taken into consideration in fixing the further amount to be appropriated.

Public works include all classes of construction on shore at all shore establishments. Public works were consolidated March 4, 1911, under the Bureau of Yards and Docks by legislative action is indi

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