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ENERGY POLICY AND CONSERVATION ACT

ENERGY POLICY AND CONSERVATION ACT

Public Law 94-163 94th Congress, S. 622 December 22, 1975

AN ACT To increase domestic energy supplies and availability;

to restrain energy demand; to prepare for energy emergencies ; and for other purposes.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representa- Energy

Policy and tives of the United States of America in Congress assem- Conservation bled, That this Act may be cited as the "Energy Policy 42 USC 6201 and Conservation Act".

Act.

note.

TABLE OF CONTENTS
Sec. 2. Statement of purposes.
Sec. 3. Definitions.

TITLE I-MATTERS RELATED TO DOMESTIC SUPPLY

AVAILABILITY

PART A-DOMESTIC SUPPLY
Sec. 101. Coal conversion.
Sec. 102. Incentives to develop underground coal mines.
Sec. 103. Domestic use of energy supplies and related materials

and equipment.
Sec. 104. Materials allocation.
Sec. 105. Prohibition of certain lease bidding arrangements.
Sec. 106. Production of oil or gas at the maximum efficient rate

and temporary emergency production rate.

PART B-STRATEGIC PETROLEUM RESERVE
Sec. 151. Declaration of policy.
Sec. 152. Definitions.
Sec. 153. Strategic Petroleum Reserve Office.
Sec. 154. Strategic Petroleum Reserve.
Sec. 155. Early Storage Reserve.
Sec. 156. Industrial Petroleum Reserve.
Sec. 157. Regional Petroleum Reserve.
Sec. 158. Other storage reserves.
Sec. 159. Review by Congress and implementation.
Sec. 160. Petroleum products for storage in the Reserve.
Sec. 161. Drawdown and distribution of the Reserve.
Sec. 162. Coordination with import quota system.
Sec. 163. Disclosure, inspection, investigation.
Sec. 164. Naval petroleum reserves study.
Sec. 165. Annual reports.
Sec. 166. Authorization of appropriations.

TITLE II-STANDBY ENERGY AUTHORITIES

PABT A-GENERAL EMERGENCY AUTHORITIES Sec. 201. Conditions of exercise of energy conservation and ra

tioning authorities. Sec. 202. Energy conservation contingency plans. Sec. 203. Rationing contingency plan.

PART B-AUTHORITIES WITH RESPECT TO INTERNATIONAL ENERGY

PROGRAM Sec. 251. International oil allocation. Sec. 252. International voluntary agreements. Sec. 253. Advisory committees. Sec. 254. Exchange of information. Sec. 255. Relationship of this title to the international energy

agreement.

TITLE III-IMPROVING ENERGY EFFICIENCY

PART A-AUTOMOTIVE FUEL ECONOMY

Sec. 301. Amendment to Motor Vehicle Information and Cost

Savings Act.

"TITLE V-IMPROVING AUTOMOTIVE EFFICIENCY

"PART A-AUTOMOTIVE FUEL ECONOMY "Sec. 501. Definitions. "Sec. 502. Average fuel economy standards applicable to each

manufacturer.
"Sec. 503. Determination of average fuel economy.
"Sec. 504. Judicial review.
“Sec. 505. Information and reports.
"Sec. 506. Labeling.
"Sec. 507. Unlawful conduct.
“Sec. 508. Civil penalty.
"Sec. 509. Effect on State law.
“Sec. 510. Use of fuel efficient passenger automobile by the

Federal Government.
“Sec. 511. Retrofit devices.
"Sec. 512. Reports to Congress.".

PART B—ENERGY CONSERVATION PROGRAM FOR CONSUMER PROD

UCTS OTHER THAN AUTOMOBILES

Sec. 321. Definitions.
Sec. 322. Coverage.
Sec. 323. Test procedures.
Sec. 324. Labeling.
Sec. 325. Energy efficiency standards.
Sec. 326. Requirements of manufacturers and private labelers.
Sec. 327. Effect on other law.
Sec. 328. Rules.
Sec. 329. Authority to obtain information.
Sec. 330. Exports.
Sec. 331. Imports.
Sec. 332. Prohibited acts.
Sec. 333. Enforcement.
Sec. 334. Injunctive enforcement.
Sec. 335. Citizen suits.
Sec. 336. Administrative procedure and judicial review.
Sec. 337. Consumer education.
Sec. 338. Annual report.
Sec. 339. Authorization of appropriations.

PART C—CERTAIN INDUSTRIAL EQUIPMENT

Sec. 340. Definitions.
Sec. 341. Purpose and coverage.
Sec. 342. Study of electric motors and pumps and other industrial

equipment.
Sec. 343. Test procedures.
Sec. 344. Labeling requirements.
Sec. 345. Administration, penalties, and enforcement.
Sec. 346. Authorization of appropriations.

PART D-STATE ENERGY CONSERVATION PROGRAMS
Sec. 361. Findings and purpose.
Sec. 362. State energy conservation plans.
Sec. 363. Federal assistance to States.
Sec. 364. Energy conservation goals.
Sec. 365. General provisions.
Sec. 366. Definitions.
[Sec. 367. Supplemental State energy conservation plans.']

PART E-INDUSTRIAL ENERGY CONSERVATION

Sec. 371. Definitions.
Sec. 372. Program.
Sec. 373. Identification of major energy consumers.
Sec. 374. Industrial energy efficiency improvement targets.
Sec. 374A. Targets for use of recovered materials.
Sec. 375. Reports.
Sec. 376. General provisions.

PART F-OTHER FEDERAL ENERGY CONSERVATION MEASURES

Sec. 381. Federal energy conservation programs.
Sec. 382. Energy conservation in policies and practices of certain

Federal agencies.
Sec. 383. Federal actions with respect to recycled oil.

PART G-ENERGY CONSERVATION PROGRAM FOR SCHOOLS AND

HOSPITALS

Sec. 391. Definitions.
Sec. 392. Guidelines.
Sec. 393. Preliminary energy audits and energy audits.
Sec. 394. State plans.
Sec. 395. Applications for financial assistance.
Sec. 396. Grants for project costs and technical assistance.
Sec. 397. Authorization of appropriations.
Sec. 398. Allocation of grants.
Sec. 399. Administration; annual reports.
Sec. 400. Records.

PART H-ENERGY CONSERVATION PROGRAM FOR BUILDINGS OWNED
BY UNITS OF LOCAL GOVERNMENT AND PUBLIC CARE INSTITUTIONS

Sec. 400A. Definitions.
Sec. 400B. Guidelines and rules.
Sec. 400C. Preliminary energy audits and energy audits.
Sec. 400D. State plans.
Sec. 400E. Applications for grants for technical assistance.
Sec. 400F. Grants for technical assistance.
Sec. 400G. Authorization of appropriations.
Sec. 400H. Allocation of grants.
Sec. 4001. Administration; annual reports.
Sec. 400J. Records.

1 Public Law 94-385 added section 367, but did not amend the table of contents.

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