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(d) The Commission shall have jurisdiction to hear and determine Hearing. any other matter arising under any other function of the Secretary

(1) involving any agency determination required by law to be made on the record after an opportunity for an agency hearing;

(2) involving any other agency determination which the Secretary determines shall be made on the record after an opportunity

for an agency hearing, except that nothing in this subsection shall require that functions under sections 105 and 106 of the Energy Policy and Conservation Act 42 USC 6213. shall be within the jurisdiction of the Commission unless the Secretary 6214. assigns such a function to the Commission.

(e) In addition to the other provisions of this section, the Com- Notice. mision shall have jurisdiction over any other matter which the Secretary may assign to the Commission after public notice, or which are required to be referred to the Commission pursuant to section 104 of this Act.

(f) No function described in this section which regulates the exports Limitation. or imports of natural gas or electricity shall be within the jurisdiction of the Commission unless the Secretary assigns such a function to the Commission.

(g) The decision of the Commission involving any function within Review, its jurisdiction, other than action by it on a matter referred to it pursuant to section 404, shall be final agency action within the meaning of section 704 of title 5. United States Code, and shail not be subject to further review by the Secretary or any officer or employee of the Department.

(h) The Commission is authorized to prescribe rules, regulations, Rules, and statements of policy of general applicability with respect to any regulations, and function under the jurisdiction of the Commission pursuant to section 102.

policy.

limitation.

statements of

INITIATION OF RULEMAKING PROCEEDINGS BEFORE COMMISSION

Sec. 403. (a) The Secretary and the Commission are authorized to

42 USC 7173. propose rules, regulations, and statements of policy of general applicability with respect to any function within the jurisdiction of the Commission under section 102 of this Act.

(b) The Commission shall have exclusive jurisdiction with respect to any proposal made under subsection (a), and shall consider and take final action on any proposal made by the Secretary under such subsection in an expeditious manner in accordance with such reasonable time limits as may be set by the Secretary for the completion of action by the Commission on any such proposal.

(c) Any function described in section 402 of this Act which relates to the establishment of rates and charges under the Federal Power Act 16 USC 791a. or the Natural Gas Act, may be conducted by rulemaking procedures. 15 USC 717w. Except as provided in subsection (d), the procedures in such a rulemaking proceeding shall assure full consideration of the issues and an opportunity for interested persons to present their views.

(d) With respect to any rule or regulation promulgated by the Written questions Commission to establish rates and charges for the first sale of natural and responses. gas by a producer or gatherer to a natural gas pipeline under the Vatural Gas Act, the Commission may afford any interested person a reasonable opportunity to submit written questions with respect to disputed issues of fact to other interested persons participating in the rulemaking proceedings. The Commission may establish a reasonable time for both the submission of questions and responses thereto.

42 USC 7174.

Public comment.

REFERRAL OF OTHER RULEMAKING PROCEEDINGS TO COMMISSION Sec. 404. (a) Except as provided in section 103, whenever the Secretary proposes to prescribe rules, regulations, and statements of policy of general applicability in the exercise of any function which is transferred to the Secretary under section 301 or 306 of this Act, he shall notify the Commission of the proposed action. If the Commission, in its discretion, determines within such period as the Secretary may prescribe, that the proposed action may significantly affect any function within the jurisdiction of the Commission pursuant to section 402(a) (1), (b), and (c)(1), the Secretary shall immediately refer the matter to the Commission, which shall provide an opportunity for public comment.

(b) Following such opportunity for public comment the Commission, after consultation with the Secretary, shall either

(1) concur in adoption of the rule or statement as proposed by the Secretary;

(2) concur in adoption of the rule or statement only with such changes as it may recommend; or

(3) recommend that the rule or statement not be adopted. The Commission shall promptly publish its recommendations, adopted under this subsection, along with an explanation of the reason for its actions and an analysis of the major comments, criticisms, and alternatives offered during the comment period.

(c) Following publication of the Commission's recommendations the Secretary shall have the option of

(1) issuing a final rule or statement in the form initially proposed by the Secretary of the Commission has concurred in such rulo pursuant to subsection (b)(1);

(2) issuing a final rule or statement in amended form so that the rule conforms in all respects with the changes proposed by the Commission if the Commission has concurred in such rule or statement pursuant to subsection (b)(2); or

(3) ordering that the rule shall not be issued. The action taken by the Secretary pursuant to this subsection shall constitute a final agency action for purposes of section 704 of title 5, United States Code.

Recommendations, publication.

RIGHT OF SECRETARY TO INTERVENE IN COMMISSIOX PROCEEDINGS

42 USC 7175.

Sec. 405. The Secretary may as a matter of right intervene or otherwise participate in any proceeding before the Commission. The Secretary shall comply with rules of procedure of general applicability governing the timing of intervention or participation in such proceeding or activity and, upon intervening or participating therein, shall comply with rules of procedure of general applicability governing the conduct thereof. The intervention or participation of the Secretary in any proceeding or activity shall not affect the obligation of the Commission to assure procedure fairness to all participants.

42 USC 7176. 5 USC 901.

REORGANIZATION
Sec. 406. For the purposes of chapter 9 of title 5, United States
Code, the Commission shall be deemed to be an independent regula-
tory agency.

ACCESS TO INFORMATION

Sec. 407. (a) The Secretary, each officer of the Department, and each 42 USC 7177. Federal agency shall provide to the Commission, upon request, such existing information in the possession of the Department or other Federal agency as the Commission determines is necessary to carry out its responsibilities under this Act.

(b) The Secretary, in formulating the information to be requested in the reports or investigations under section 304 and section 311 of the Federal Power Act and section 10 and section 11 of the Natural Gas 16 USC 825c, Act, shall include in such reports and investigations such specific 825); information as requested by the Federal Energy Regulatory Commis

15 ÚSC 7171, sion and copies of all reports, information, results of investigations

717). and data under said sections shall be furnished by the Secretary to the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission. TITLE V-ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURES AND

JUDICIAL REVIEW

PROCEDURES

Sec. 501. (a) (1) Subject to the other requirements of this title, the 42 USC 7191. provisions of subchapter II of chapter 5 of title 5, United States Code, 5 USC 551. shall apply in accordance with its terms to any rule or regulation, or any order having the applicability and effect of a rule (as defined in section 551(4) of title 5, United States Code), issued pursuant to authority vested by law in, or transferred or delegated to, the Secretary, or required by this Act or any other Act to be carried out by any other officer, employee, or component of the Department, other than the Commission, including any such rule, regulation, or order of a State, or local government agency or officer thereof, issued pursuant to authority delegated by the Secretary in accordance with this title. If any provision of any Act, the functions of which are transferred, vested, or delegated pursuant to this Act, provides administrative procedure requirements in addition to the requirements provided in this title, such additional requirements shall also apply to actions under that provision.

(2) Notwithstanding paragraph (1), this title shall apply to the Commission to the same extent this title applies to the Secretary in the exercise of any of the Commission's functions under section 402 (c)(1) or which the Secretary has assigned under section 402(e).

(b)(1) In addition to the requirements of subsection (a) of this Publication in section, notice of any proposed rule, regulation, or order described in. Federal Register. subsection (a) shall be given by publication of such proposed rule, regulation, or order in the Federal Register. Such publication shall be Statement. accompanied by a statement of the research, analysis, and other available information in support of, the need for, and the probable effect of, any such proposed rule, regulation, or order. Other effective means of publicity shall be utilized as may be reasonably calculated to notify concerned or affected persons of the nature and probable effect of any such proposed rule, regulation, or order. In each case, a minimum of Minimum thirty days following such publication shall be provided for an oppor- comment period. tunity to comment prior to promulgation of any such rule, regulation, or order.

(2) Public notice of all rules, regulations, or orders described in Notice. subsection (a) which are promulgated by officers of a State or local government agency pursuant to a delegation under this Act shall be

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Rulemaking procedure, certain exceptions, prohibition.

Oral presentations.

Transcript.

provided by publication of such proposed rules, regulations, or orders in at least two newspapers of statewide circulation. If such publication is not practicable, notíce of any such rule, regulation, or order shall be given by such other means as the officer promulgating such rule, regulation, or order determines will reasonably assure wide public notice.

(3) For the purposes of this title, the exception from the requirements of section 553 of title 5, United States Code, provided by subsection (a) (2) of such section with respect to public property, loans, grants, or contracts shall not be arailable.

(c) (1) If the Secretary determines, on his own initiative or in response to any showing made pursuant to paragraph (2) (with respect to a proposed rule, regulation, or order described in subsection (a)) that no substantial issue of fact or law exists and that such rule, regulation, or order is unlikely to have a substantial impact on the Nation's economy or large numbers of individuals or businesses, such proposed rule, regulation, or order

may be promulgated in accordance with section 553 of title 5. United States Code. If the Secretary determines that a substantial issue of fact or law exists or that such rule, regulation, or order is likely to have a substantial impact on the Nation's economy or large numbers of individuals or businesses, an opportunity for oral presentation of views, data, and arguments shall be provided.

(2) Any person, who would be adversely affected by the implementation of any proposed rule, regulation, or order who desires an opportunity for oral presentation of views, data, and arguments, may submit material supporting the existence of such substantial issues or such impact.

(3) A transcript shall be kept of any oral presentation with respect to a rule, regulation, or order described in subsection (a).

(d) Following the notice and comment period, including any oral presentation required by this subsection, the Secretary may promulgate a rule if the rule is accompanied by an explanation responding to the major comments, criticisnis, and alternatives offered during the comment period.

(e) The requirements of subsections (b), (c), and (d) of this section may be waived where strict compliance is found by the Secretary to be likely to cause serious harm or injury to the public health, safety, or welfare, and such finding is set out in detail in such rule, regulation, or order. In the event the requirements of this section are waived, the requirements shall be satisfied within a reasonable period of time subsequent to the promulgation of such rule, regulation, or order.

(f)(1) With respect to any rule, regulation, or order described in subsection (a), the effects of which, except for indirect effects of an inconsequential nature, are confined to

(A) a single unit of local government or the residents thereof;

(B) a single geographic area within a State or the residents thereof; or

(C) a single State or the residents thereof; the Secretary shall, in any case where appropriate, afford an opportunity for a hearing or the oral presentation of views, and provide procedures for the holding of such hearing or oral presentation within the boundaries of the unit of local government, geographic area, or State described in paragraphs (A) through (C) of this paragraph as the case may be.

Explanation.

Waiver.

Hearing.

(2) For the purposes of this subsection

Definitions. (A) the term “unit of local government" means a county, municipality, town, township, village, or other unit of general government below the State level; and

(B) the term "geographic area within a State” means a special purpose district or other region recognized for governmental purposes within such State which is not a unit of local

government. (3) Nothing in this subsection shall be construed as requiring a hearing or an oral presentation of views where none is required by this section or other provision of law.

(g) Where authorized by any law vested, transferred, or delegated pursuant to this Act, the Secretary may, by rule, prescribe procedures for State or local government agencies authorized by the Secretary to carry out such functions as may be permitted under applicable law. Such procedures shall apply to such agencies in lieu of this section, Notice. and shall require that prior to taking any action, such agencies shall take steps reasonably calculated to provide notice to persons who may be affected by the action, and shall afford an opportunity for presentation of views (including oral presentation of views where practicable) within a reasonable time before taking the action.

JUDICIAL REVIEW

Sec. 502. (a) Judicial review of agency action taken under any law 42 USC 7192. the functions of which are vested by law in, or transferred or delegated to the Secretary, the Commission or any officer, employee, or component of the Department shall, not withstanding such vesting, transfer, or (lelegation, be made in the manner specified in or for such law.

(b) Notwithstanding the amount in controversy, the district courts Jurisdiction. of the United States shall have exclusive original jurisdiction of all other cases or controversies arising exclusively under this Act, or under rules, regulations, or orders issued exclusively thereunder, other than any actions taken to implement or enforce any rule, regulation, or order by any officer of a State or local government agency under this Act, except that nothing in this section affects the power of any court of competent jurisdiction to consider, hear, and determine in any proceeding before it any issue raised by way of defense (other than a defense based on the unconstitutionality of this Act or the validity of action taken by any agency under this Act). If in any such proceeding an Removal. issue by way of defense is raised based on the unconstitutionality of this Act or the validity of agency action under this Act, the case shall be subject to removal by either party to a district court of the United States in accorılance with the applicable provisions of chapter 89 of title 28. United States Code. Cases or controversies arising under any 28 USC 1441. rule, regulation, or order of any officer of a State or local government agency may be heard in either (A) any appropriate State court, or (B) without regard to the amount in controversy, the district courts of the United States.

(c) Subject to the provisions of section 401(i) of this Act, and not. Litigation, withstanding any other law, the litigation of the Department shall supervision by he subject to the supervision of the Attorney General pursuant to Attorney chapter 31 of title 28. United States Code. The Attorney General may 28 USC 501. authorize any aitorney of the Department to conduct any civil litigarjon of the Department in any Federal court except the Supreme ('ourt.

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