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years 1975 and 1976 shall contain standards which are identical to the interim standards which were prescribed (as of December 1, 1973) under paragraph (5) (A) of this subsection for light-duty vehicles and engines manufactured during model year 1975."
(b) Section 202 (b) (1) (B) of such Act is amended by striking out "1976" and inserting in lieu thereof "1978"; and by inserting after "(B)" the following: "The regulations under subsection (a) applicable to emissions of oxides of nitrogen from light-duty vehicles and engines manufactured during model years 1975 and 1976 shall contain standards which are identical to the standards which were prescribed (as of December 1, 1973) under subsection (a) for light-duty vehicles and engines manufactured during model year 1975. The regulations under subsection (a) applicable to emissions of oxides of nitrogen from light-duty vehicles and engines manufactured during model year 1977 shall contain standards which provide that such emissions from such vehicles and engines may not exceed 2.0 grams per vehicle mile."
(c) Section 202(b) (5) (A) of such Act is amended to read as follows:
"(5) (A) At any time after January 1, 1975, any manufacturer may file with the Administrator an application requesting the suspension for one year only of the effective date of any emission standard required by paragraph (1)(A) with respect to such manufacturer for light-duty vehicles and engines manufactured in model year 1977. The Administrator shall make his determination with respect to any such application within sixty days. If he determines, in accordance with the provisions of this subsection, that such suspension should be granted, he shall simultaneously with such determination prescribe by regulation interim emission standards which shall apply (in lieu of the standards required to be prescribed by paragraph (1)(A) of this subsection) to emissions of carbon monoxide or hydrocarbons (or both) from such vehicles and engines manufactured during model year 1977."
(d) Section 202(b) (5) (B) of the Clean Air Act is repealed and the following subparagraphs redesigned accordingly.
SEC. 6. CONFORMING AMENDMENTS.
(a) (1) Section 113 (a) (3) of the Clean Air Act is amended by striking out "or" before "112(c)", by inserting a comma in lieu thereof, and by inserting after "hazardous emissions)" the following: ", or 119(g) (relating to energy-related authorities)".
(2) Section 113(b) (3) of such Act is amended by striking out “or 112(c)" and inserting in lieu thereof ", 112 (c), or 119 (g)".
(3) Section 113(c) (1) (C) of such Act is amended by striking out "or section 112(e)" and inserting in lieu thereof ", section 112(c), or section 119 (g)".
(4) Section 114(a) of such Act is amended by inserting "119 or" before "303".
(b) Section 116 of the Clean Air Act is amended by inserting "119 (c), (e), and (f)," before "209”.
(c) (1) The second sentence of subsection (b) of section 307 of such Act is amended by inserting ", or his action under section 119 (c) (2) (A), (B), or (C) or under regulations thereunder," after "111(d)”.
(2) The third sentence of such subsection is amended by striking out "or approval" and inserting in lieu thereof ", approval, or action".
SEC. 7. PROTECTION OF PUBLIC HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENT.
(a) Any allocation program provided for in section 2 of this Act or in the Emergency Petroleum Allocation Act of 1973, shall, to the maximum extent practicable, include measures to assure that available low sulfur fuel will be distributed on a priority basis to those areas of the United States designated by the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency as requiring low sulfur fuel to avoid or minimize adverse impact on public health.
(b) In order to determine the health effects of emissions of sulfur oxides to the air resulting from any conversions to buring coal to which section 119 of the Clean Air Act applies, the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare shall, through the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences and in cooperation with the Environmental Protection Agency, conduct a study of chronic effects among exposed populations. The sum of $3,500,000 is authorized to be appropriated for such a study. In order to assure that long-term studies can be conducted without interruption, such sums as are appropriated shall be available until expended.
(c) (1) No action taken under the Clean Air Act shall be deemed a major Federal action significantly affecting the quality of the human environment within the meaning of the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (83 Stat. 856).
(2) No action under section 2 of this Act for a period of one year after initiation of such action shall be deemed a major Federal action significantly affecting the quality of the human environment within the meaning of the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969. However, before any action under section 2 of this Act that has a significant impact on the environment is taken, if practicable, or in any event within sixty days after such action is taken, an environmental evaluation with analysis equivalent to that required under section 102 (2) (C) of the National Environmental Policy Act, to the greatest extent practicable within this time constraint, shall be prepared and circulated to appropriate Federal, State, and local government agencies and to the public for a thirty-day comment period after which a public hearing shall be held upon request to review outstanding environmental issues. Such an evaluation shall not be required where the action in question has been preceded by compliance with the National Environmental Policy Act by the appropriate Federal agency. Any action taken under section 2 of this Act which will be in effect for more than a one-year period or any action to extend an action taken under section 2 of this Act to a total period of more than one year shall be subject to the full provisions of the National Environmental Policy Act, notwithstanding any other provision of this Act.
(d) In order to expedite the prompt construction of facilities for the importation of hydroelectric energy thereby helping to reduce the shortage of petroleum products in the United States, the Federal Power Commission is hereby authorized and directed to issue a Presidential permit pursuant to Executive Order 10485 of September 3, 1953, for the construction, operation, maintenance, and connection of facilities for the transmission of electric energy at the borders of the
United States without preparing an environmental impact statement pursuant to section 102 of the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (83 Stat. 856) for facilities for the transmission of electric energy between Canada and the United States in the vicinity of Fort Covington, New York.
SEC. 8. ENERGY CONSERVATION STUDY.
(a) The Federal Energy Administrator shall conduct a study on potential methods of energy conservation and, not later than six months after the date of enactment of this Act, shall submit to Congress a report on the results of such study. The study shall include, but not be limited to, the following:
(1) the energy conservation potential of restricting exports of fuels or energy-intensive products or goods, including an analysis of balance-of-payments and foreign relations implications of any such restrictions;
(2) alternative requirements, incentives, or disincentives for increasing industrial recycling and resource recovery in order to reduce energy demand, including the economic costs and fuel consumption tradeoff which may be associated with such recycling and resource recovery in lieu of transportation and use of virgin materials; and
(3) means for incentives or disincentives to increase efficiency of industrial use of energy.
(b) Within ninety days of the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Transportation, after consultation with the Federal Energy Administrator, shall submit to the Congress for appropriate action an "Emergency Mass Transportation Assistance Plan" for the purpose of conserving energy by expanding and improving public mass transportation systems and encouraging increased ridership as alternatives to automobile travel.
(c) Such plan shall include, but shall not be limited to
(1) recommendations for emergency temporary grants to assist States and local public bodies and agencies thereof in the payment of operating expenses incurred in connection with the provision of expanded mass transportation service in urban areas;
(2) recommendations for additional emergency assistance for the purchase of buses and rolling stock for fixed rail, including the feasibility of accelerating the timetable for such assistance under section 142 (a) (2) of title 23, United States Code (the "Federal Aid Highway Act of 1973"), for the purpose of providing additional capacity for and encouraging increased use of public mass transportation systems;
(3) recommendations for a program of demonstration projects to determine the feasibility of fare-free and low-fare urban mass transportation systems, including reduced rates for elderly and handicapped persons during nonpeak hours of transportation:
(4) recommendations for additional emergency assistance for the construction of fringe and transportation corridor parking facilities to serve bus and other mass transportation passengers; (5) recommendations on the feasibility of providing tax incentives for persons who use public mass transportation systems.
SEC. 9. REPORT.
The Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency shall report to Congress not later than January 31, 1975, on the implementation of sections 3 through 7 of this Act.
SEC. 10. FUEL ECONOMY STUDY.
Title II of the Clean Air Act is amended by redesignating section 213 as section 214 and by adding the following new section:
"FUEL ECONOMY IMPROVEMENT FROM NEW MOTOR VEHICLES
"SEC. 213. (a) (1) The Administrator and the Secretary of Transportation shall conduct a joint study, and shall report to the Committee on Interstate and Foreign Commerce of the United States House of Representatives and the Committees on Public Works and Commerce of the United States Senate within one hundred and twenty days following the date of enactment of this section, concerning the practicability of establishing a fuel economy improvement standard of 20 per centum for new motor vehicles manufactured during and after model year 1980. Such study and report shall include, but not be limited to, the technological problems of meeting any such standard, including the leadtime involved; the test procedures required to determine compliance; the economic costs associated with such standard, including any beneficial economic impact; the various means of enforcing such standard; the effect on consumption of natural resources, including energy consumed; and the impact of applicable safety and emission standards. In the course of performing such study, the Administrator and the Secretary of Transportation shall utilize the research previously performed in the Department of Transportation, and the Administrator and the Secretary shall consult with the Federal Energy Administrator, the Chairman of the Council on Environmental Quality, and the Secretary of the Treasury. The Office of Management and Budget may review such report before its submission to such committees of the Congress, but such Office may not revise the report or delay its submission beyond the date prescribed for its submission, and may submit to Congress its comments respecting such report. In connection with such study, the Administrator may utilize the authority provided in section 307 (a) of this Act to obtain necessary information.
"(2) For the purpose of this section, the term 'fuel economy improvement standard' means a requirement of a percentage increase in the number of miles of transportation provided by a manufacturer's entire annual production of new motor vehicles per unit of fuel consumed, as determined for each manufacturer in accordance with test procedures established by the Administrator pursuant to this Act. Such term shall not include any requirement for any design standard or any other requirement specifying or otherwise limiting the manufacturer's discretion in deciding how to comply with the fuel economy improvement standard by any lawful means."
SEC. 11. REPORTING OF ENERGY INFORMATION
(a) For the purpose of assuring that the Federal Energy Administrator, the Congress, the States, and the public have access to and are able to obtain reliable energy information, the Federal Energy
Administrator shall request, acquire, and collect such energy information as he determines to be necessary to assist in the formulation of energy policy or to carry out the purposes of this Act or the Emergency Petroleum Allocation Act of 1973. The Federal Energy Administrator shall promptly promulgate rules pursuant to subsection (b)(1) (A) of this section requiring reports of such information to be submitted to the Federal Energy Administrator at least every ninety calendar days.
(b) (1) In order to obtain energy information for the purpose of carrying out the provisions of subsection (a), the Federal Energy Administrator is authorized
(A) to require, by rule, any person who is engaged in the production, processing, refining, transportation by pipeline, or distribution (at other than the retail level) of energy resources to submit reports;
(B) to sign and issue subpenas for the attendance and testimony of witnesses and the production of books, records, papers, and other documents;
(C) to require any person, by general or special order, to submit answers in writing to interrogatories, requests for reports or for other information; and such answers or other submissions shall be made within such reasonable period, and under oath or otherwise, as the Federal Energy Administrator may determine; and
(D) to administer oaths.
(2) For the purpose of verifying the accuracy of any energy information requested, acquired, or collected by the Federal Energy Administrator, the Federal Energy Administrator or any officer or employer duly designated by him, upon presenting appropriate credentials and a written notice from the Federal Energy Administrator to the owner, operator, or agent in charge, may
(A) enter, at reasonable times, any business premise or facility; and
(B) inspect, at reasonable times and in a reasonable manner, any such premise or facility, inventory and sample any stock of energy resources therein, and examine and copy books, records, papers, or other documents, relating to any such energy informa
(3) Any United States district court within the jurisdiction of which any inquiry is carried on may, upon petition by the Attorney General at the request of the Federal Energy Administrator, in the case of refusal to obey a subpena or order of the Federal Energy Administrator issued under this section, issue an order requiring compliance therewith; and any failure to obey the order of the court may be punished by the court as a contempt thereof.
(c) (1) The Federal Energy Administrator shall exercise the authorities granted to him under subsection (b) (1) (A) to develop. within thirty days after the date of enactment of this Act, as full and accurate a measure as is reasonably practicable of—
(A) domestic reserves and production;
(B) imports; and