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ENERGY SUPPLY AND ENVIRONMENTAL

COORDINATION ACT OF 1974

ENERGY SUPPLY AND ENVIRONMENTAL

COORDINATION ACT OF 1974

Public Law 93–319 93d Congress, H.R. 14368

June 22, 1974

AN ACT To provide for means of dealing with energy shortages by requiring

reports with respect to energy resources, by providing for temporary suspension of certain air pollution requirements, by providing for coal conversion, and for other purposes.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE: PURPOSE.

(a) This Act, including the following table of contents, may be cited as the "Energy Supply and Environmental Coordination Act of 1974".

TABLE OF CONTENTS
Sec. 1. Short title; purpose.
Sec. 2. Coal conversion and allocation.
Sec. 3. Suspension authority.
Sec. 4. Implementation plan revisions.
Sec. 5. Motor vehicle emissions.
Sec. 6. Conforming amendments.
Sec. 7. Protection of public health and environment.
Sec. 8. Energy conservation study.
Sec. 9. Report.
Sec. 10. Fuel economy study.
Sec. 11. Reporting of energy information.
Sec. 12. Enforcement.
Sec. 13. Extension of Clean Air Act authorization.
Sec. 14. Definitions.

(b) The purposes of this Act are (1) to provide for a means to assist in meeting the essential needs of the United States for fuels, in a manner which is consistent, to the fullest extent practicable, with existing national commitments to protect and improve the environment, and (2) to provide requirements for reports respecting energy resources. SEC. 2. COAL CONVERSION AND ALLOCATION. (a) The Federal Energy Administrator

(1) shall, by order, prohibit any powerplant, and

(2) may, by order, prohibit any major fuel burning installation, other than a powerplant, from burning natural gas or petroleum products as its primary energy source, if the requirements of subsection (b) are met and if (A) the Federal Energy Administrator determines such powerplant or installation on June 22, 1974, had, or thereafter acquires or is designed with the capability and necessary plant equipment to burn coal, or (B) such powerplant or installation is required to meet a design or construction requirement under subsection (c). (b) The requirements referred to in subsection (a) are as follows:

(1) An order under subsection (a) may not be issued with respect to a powerplant or installation unless the Federal Energy Administrator finds (A) that the burning of coal by such plant or installation, in lieu of petroleum products or natural gas, is practicable and consistent with the purposes of this Act, (B) that coal and coal transportation facilities will be available during the period the order is in effect, and (C) in the case of a powerplant, that the prohibition under subsection (a) will not impair the reliability of service in the area served by such plant. Such an order shall be rescinded or modified to the extent the Federal Energy Administrator determines that any requirement described in subparagraph (A), (B), or (C) of this paragraph is no longer met; and such an order may at any time be modified if the Federal Energy Administrator determines that such order, as modified, complies with the requirements of this section.

(2)(A) Before issuing an order under subsection (a) which is applicable to a powerplant or installation for a period ending on or before June 30, 1975, the Federal Energy Administrator (i) shall give notice to the public and afford interested persons an opportunity for written presentations of data, views, and arguments, (ii) shall consult with the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency, and (iii) shall take into account the likelihood that the powerplant or installation will be permitted to burn coal after June 30, 1975.

(B) An order described in subparagraph (A) of this paragraph shall not become effective until the date which the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency certifies pursuant to section 119(d)(1)(A) of such Act is the earliest date that such plant or installation will be able to comply with the air pollution requirements which will be applicable to it. Such order shall not be effective for any period certified by the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency pursuant to section 119 (d) (3) (B) of such Act.

(3) (A) Before issuing an order under subsection (a) which is applicable to powerplant or installation after June 30, 1975 (or modifying an order to which paragraph (2) applies so as to apply such order to a powerplant or installation after such date), the Federal Energy Administrator shall give notice to the public and afford interested persons an opportunity for oral and written presenations of data, views, and arguments.

(B) An order (or modification thereof) described in subparagraph (A) of this paragraph shall not become effective until (i) the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency notifies the Federal Energy Administrator under section 119(d)(1) (B) of the Clean Air Act that such plant or installation will be able on and after July 1, 1975, to burn coal and to comply with all applicable air pollution requirements without a compliance date extension under section 119(c) of such Act, or (ii) if such notification is not given, the date which the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency certifies pursuant to section 119 (d) (1) (B) of such Act is the earliest date that such plant or installation will be able to comply with all applicable requirements of such section 119. Such order (or modification) shall not be effective during any period certified by the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency under section 119(d) (3)

(B) of such Act. (c) The Federal Energy Administrator may require that any powerplant or other major fuel burning installation in the early planning process (other than a combustion gas turbine or combined cycle unit) be designed and constructed so as to be capable of using coal as its primary energy source. No powerplant or other major fuel burning installation may be required under this subsection to be so designed and constructed, if the Administrator determines that (1) in the case of a powerplant to do so is likely to result in an impairment of reliability or adequacy of service, or (2) an adequate and reliable supply of coal is not expected to be available. In considering whether to impose a design and construction requirement under this subsection, the Federal Energy Administrator shall consider the existence and effects of any contractual commitment for the construction of such facilities and the capability of the owner to recover any capital investment made as a result of any requirement imposed under this subsection.

(d) The Federal Energy Administrator may, by rule or order, allocate coal (1) to any powerplant or major fuel-burning installation to which an order under subsection (a) has been issued, or (2) to any other person to the extent necessary to carry out the purposes of this Act. (e) For purposes of this section:

(1) The term “powerplant” means a fossil-fuel fired electric generating unit which produces electric power for purposes of sale or exchange.

(2) The term "coal" includes coal derivatives. (f) (i) Authority to issue orders or rules under subsections (a) through (d) of this section shall expire at midnight, December 31, 1978. Such a rule or order may take effect at any time before January 1, 1985.

(2) Authority to amend, repeal, rescind, modify, or enforce such rules or orders shall expire at midnight, December 31, 1984; but the expiration of such authority shall not affect any administrative or judicial proceeding which relates to any act or omission which occurred prior to January 1, 1985. SEC. 3. SUSPENSION AUTHORITY.

Title I of the Clean Air Act is amended by adding at the end thereof the following new section:

"ENERGY-RELATED AUTHORITY

"SEC. 119. (a) For purposes of this section:

“(1) The term 'stationary source fuel or emission limitation' means any emission limitation, schedule or timetable of compli

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