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material significance to the franchise relationship, if the franchisor first acquired actual or constructive knowledge of such failure

(i) not more than 120 days prior to the date on which notification of termination or nonrenewal is given, if notification is given pursuant to section 104 (a); or

(ii) not more than 60 days prior to the date on which notification of termination or nonrenewal is given, if less than 90 days notification is given pursuant to section 104 (b) (1).

(B) A failure by the franchisee to exert good faith efforts to carry out the provisions of the franchise, if

(i) the franchisee was apprised by the franchisor in writing of such failure and was afforded a reasonable opportunity to exert good faith efforts to carry out such provisions; and

(ii) such failure thereafter continued within the period which began not more than 180 days before the date notification of termination or nonrenewal was given pursuant to

section 104. (C) The occurrence of an event which is relevant to the franchise relationship and as a result of which termination of the franchise or non renewal of the franchise relationship is reasonable, if such event occurs during the period the franchise is in effect and the franchisor first acquired actual or constructive knowledge of such occurrence

(i) not more than 120 days prior to the date on which notification of termination or nonrenewal is given, if notification is given pursuant to section 104 (a); or

(ii) not more than 60 days prior to the date on which notification of termination or non renewal is given, if less than 90 days notification is given pursuant to section 104(b) (1). (D) An agreement, in writing, between the franchisor and the franchisee to terminate the franchise or not to renew the franchise relationship, if

(i) such agreement is entered into not more than 180 days prior to the date of such termination or, in the case of nonrenewal, not more than 180 days prior to the conclusion of the term, or the expiration date, stated in the franchise ;

(ii) the franchisee is promptly provided with a copy of such agreement, together with the summary statement described in section 104 (d); and

(iii) within 7 days after the date on which the franchisee is provided a copy of such agreement, the franchisee has not posted by certified mail a written notice to the franchisor repudiating such agreement. (E) In the case of any franchise entered into prior to the date of the enactment of this Act and in the case of any franchise entered into or renewed on or after such date (the term of which is 3 years or longer, or with respect to which the franchisee was offered a term of 3 years or longer), a determination made by the franchisor in good faith and in the normal course of business to withdraw from the marketing of motor fuel through retail outlets in the relevant geographic market area in which the marketing premises are located, if

(i) such determination

(I) was made after the date such franchise was entered into or renewed, and

Grounds for noarenewal.

(II) was based upon the occurrence of changes in relevant facts and circumstances after such date; (ii) the termination or nonrenewal is not for the purpose of converting the premises, which are the subject of the franchise, to operation by employees or agents of the franchisor for such franchisor's own account; and (iii) in the case of leased marketing premises

(I) the franchisor, during the 180-day period after notification was given pursuant to section 104, either made a bona fide offer to sell, transfer, or assign to the franchisee such franchisor's interests in such premises, or, if applicable, offered the franchisee a right of first refusal of at least 45 days duration of an offer, made by another, to purchase such franchisor's interest in such premises; or

(II) in the case of the sale, transfer, or assignment to another person of the franchisor's interest in such premises in connection with the sale, transfer, or assignment to such other person of the franchisor's interest in one or more other marketing premises, if such other person offers, in good faith, a franchise to the franchisee on terms and conditions which are not discriminatory to the franchisee as compared to franchises then currently being offered by such other person or franchises then in effect and with respect to which such other person is the

franchisor. (3) For purposes of this subsection, the following are grounds for nonrenewal of a franchise relationship:

(A) The failure of the franchisor and the franchisee to agree to changes or additions to the provisions of the franchise, if

(i) such changes or additions are the result of determinations made by the franchisor in good faith and in the normal course of business; and

(ii) such failure is not the result of the franchisor's insistence upon such changes or additions for the purpose of preventing the renewal of the franchise relationship. (B) The receipt of numerous bona fide customer complaints by the franchisor concerning the franchisee's operation of the marketing premises, if

(i) the franchisee was promptly apprised of the existence and nature of such complaints following receipt of such complaints by the franchisor; and

(ii) if such complaints related to the condition of such premises or to the conduct of any employee of such franchisee, the franchisee did not promptly take action to cure or correct

the basis of such complaints. (C) A failure by the franchisee to operate the marketing premises in a clean, safe, and healthful manner, if the franchisee failed to do so on two or more previous occasions and the franchisor notified the franchisee of such failures.

(D) In the case of any franchise entered into prior to the date of the enactment of this Act (the unexpired term of which, on such date of enactment, is 3 years or longer) and, in the case of any franchise entered into or renewed on or after such date (the term of which was 3 years or longer, or with respect to which the franchisee was offered a term of 3 years or longer), a determina

ises; or

tion made by the franchisor in good faith and in the normal course of business, if

(i) such determination is

(I) to convert the leased marketing premises to a use other than the sale or distribution of motor fuel,

(II) to materially alter, add to, or replace such premises,

(III) to sell such premises, or

(IV) that renewal of the franchise relationship is
likely to be uneconomical to the franchisor despite any
reasonable changes or reasonable additions to the pro-
visions of the franchise which may be acceptable to the

franchisee;
(ii) with respect to a determination referred to in sub-
clause (II) or (IV), such determination is not made for the
purpose of converting the leased marketing premises to opera-
tion by employees or agents of the franchisor for such
franchisor's own account; and

(iii) in the case of leased marketing premises such fran-
chisor, during the 90-day period after notification was given
pursuant to section 104, either-

(1) made a bona fide offer to sell, transfer, or assign to the franchisee such franchisor's interests in such prem

(II) if applicable, offered the franchisee a right of first refusal of at least 45-days duration of an offer, made by another, to purchase such franchisor's interest

in such premises. (c) As used in subsection (b)(2) (C), the term “an event which is Definition. relevant to the franchise relationship and as a result of which termination of the franchise or nonrenewal of the franchise relationship is reasonable" includes events such as

(1) fraud or criminal misconduct by the franchisee relevant to the operation of the marketing premises ;

(2) declaration of bankruptcy or judicial determination of insolvency of the franchisee;

(3) continuing severe physical or mental disability of the franchisee of at least 3 months duration which renders the franchisee unable to provide for the continued proper operation of the marketing premises;

(4) loss of the franchisor's right to grant possession of the leased marketing preinises through expiration of an underlying lease, if the franchisee was notified in writing, prior to the commencement of the term of the then existing franchise

(A) of the duration of the underlying lease, and

(B) of the fact that such underlying lease might expire and not be renewed during the term of such franchise (in the case of termination) or at the end of such term (in the case of nonrenewal): (5) condemnation or other taking, in whole or in part, of the marketing premises pursuant to the power of eminent domain;

(6) loss of the franchisor's right to grant the right to use the trademark which is the subject of the franchise, unless such loss was due to trademark abuse, violation of Federal or State law, or other fault or negligence of the franchisor, which such abuse, vio

lation, or other fault or negligence is related to action taken in bad faith by the franchisor;

(7) destruction (other than by the franchisor) of all or a substantial part of the marketing premises;

(8) failure by the franchisee to pay to the franchisor in a timely manner when due all sums to which the franchisor is legally entitled;

(9) failure by the franchisee to operate the marketing premises for

(A) 7 consecutive days, or

(B) such lesser period which under the facts and circumstances constitutes an unreasonable period of time; (10) willful adulteration, mislabeling or misbranding of motor fuels or other trademark violations by the franchisee;

(11) knowing failure of the franchisee to comply with Federal, State, or local laws or regulations relevant to the operation of the marketing premises; and

(12) conviction of the franchisee of any felony involving moral turpitude (d) In the case of any termination of a franchise (entered into or renewed on or after the date of enactment of this Act), or in the case of any nonrenewal of a franchise relationship (without regard to the date on which such franchise relationship was entered into or renewed)

(1) if such termination or nonrenewal is based upon an event described in subsection (c)(5), the franchisor shall fairly apportion between the franchisor and the franchiseo compensation, if any, received by the franchisor based upon any loss of business opportunity or good will; and

(2). if such termination or nonrenewal is based upon an event described in subsection (c) (7) and the leased marketing premises are subsequently rebuilt or replaced by the franchisor and operated under a franchise, the franchisor shall, within a reasonable period of time, grant to the franchisee a right of first refusal of the franchise under which such premises are to be operated.

TRIAL FRANCHISES AND INTERIM FRANCHISES; NONRENEWAL

15 USC 2803.

Definitions.

Sec. 103. (a) The provisions of section 102 shall not apply to the nonrenewal of any franchise relationship

(1) under a trial franchise; or

(2) under an interim franchise.
(b) For
purposes

of this section-
(1) The term “trial franchise” means any franchise-

(A) which is entered into on or after the date of enactment of this Act;

(B) the franchisee of which has not previously been a party to a franchise with the franchisor;

(C) the initial term of which is for a period of not more than 1 year; and

(D) which is in writing and states clearly and conspicuously

(i) that the franchise is a trial franchise;
(ii) the duration of the initial term of the franchise;

(iii) that the franchisor may fail to renew the franchise relationship at the conclusion of the initial term stated in the franchise by notifying the franchisee, in

a

accordance with the provisions of section 104, of the
franchisor's intention not to renew the franchise rela-
tionship; and

(iv) that the provisions of section 102, limiting the
right of a franchisor to fail to renew a franchise relation-

ship, are not applicable to such trial franchise. (2) The term “trial franchise” does not include any unexpired period of any term of any franchise (other than a trial franchise, as defined by paragraph (1)) which was transferred or assigned by a franchisee to the extent authorized by the provisions of the franchise or any applicable provision of State law which permits such transfer or assignment, without regard to any provision of the franchise. (3) The term “interim franchise” means any franchise

(A) which is entered into on or after the date of the enactment of this Act;

(B) the term of which, when combined with the terms of all prior interim franchises between the franchisor and the franchisee, does not exceed 3 years;

(C) the effective date of which oocurs immediately after the expiration of a prior franchise, applicable to the marketing premises, which was not renewed if such nonrenewal

(i) was based upon a determination described in sec-
tion 102(b) (2) (E), and

(ii) the requirements of section 102(b)(2)(E) were
satisfied; and
(D) which is in writing and states clearly and
conspicuously-

(i) that the franchise is an interim franchise;
(ii) the duration of the franchise; and

(iii) that the franchisor may fail to renew the fran-
chise at the conclusion of the term stated in the franchise
based upon a determination made by the franchisor in
good faith and in the normal course of business to with-
draw from the marketing of motor fuel through retail
outlets in the relevant geographic market area in which
the marketing premises are located if the requirements of

section 102(b) (2) (E) (ii) and (iii) are satisfied. (c) If the notification requirements of section 104 are met, any franchisor may fail to renew any franchise relationship

(1) under any trial franchise, at the conclusion of the initial term of such trial franchise; and

(2) under any interim franchise, at the conclusion of the term of such interim franchise, if

(A) such nonrenewal is based upon a determination described in section 102(b) (2) (E); and

(B) the requirements of section 102(b) (2) (E) (ii) and (iii) are satisfied.

NOTIFICATION OF TERMINATION OR NONRENEWAL

Sec. 104. (a) Prior to termination of any franchise or nonrenewal 15 USC 2804. of any franchise relationship, the franchisor shall furnish notification of such termination or such nonrenewal to the franchisee who is a party to such franchise or such franchise relationship

(1) in the manner described in subsection (c); and

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