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PETROLEUM MARKETING PRACTICES
June 19, 1978
To provide for the protection of franchised distributors and retailers of motor
fuel and to encourage conservation of automotive gasoline and competition in the marketing of such gasoline by requiring that information regarding the octane rating of automotive gasoline be disclosed to consumers.
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That this Act may be cited as the “Petroleum Marketing Practices Act”.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
TITLE I-FRANCHISE PROTECTION
TITLE II-OCTANE DISCLOSURE
TITLE I-FRANCHISE PROTECTION
15 USC 2801.
Sec. 101. As used in this title:
(i) between a refiner and a distributor,
(iv) between a distributor and a retailer,
(i) any contract under which a retailer or distributor (as the case may be) is authorized or perunitted to occupy leased marketing premises, which premises are to be employed in connection with the sale, consignment, or distribution of motor fuel under a trademark which is owned or controlled by such refiner or by a refiner which supplies motor fuel to the distributor which author. izes or permits such occupancy;
(ii) any contract pertaining to the supply of motor fuel which is to be sold, consigned or distributed
(I) under a trademark owned or controlled by a refiner; or
(II) under a contract which has existed continuously since May 15, 1973, and pursuant to which, on May 15, 1973, motor fuel was sold, consigned or distributed under å trademark
owned or controlled on such date by a refiner; and (iii) the unexpired portion of any franchise, as defined by the preceding provisions of this paragraph, which is transferred or assigned as authorized by the provisions of such franchise or by any applicable provision of State law which permits such transfer
or assignment without regard to any provision of the franchise. (2) The term “franchise relationship” means the respective motor fuel marketing or distribution obligations and responsibilities of a franchisor and a franchisee which result from the marketing of motor fuel under a franchise.
(3) The term "franchisor" means a refiner or distributor (as the case may be) who authorizes or permits, under a franchise, a retailer or distributor to use a trademark in connection with the sale, consignment, or distribution of motor fuel.
(4) The term “franchisee" means a retailer or distributor (as the case may be) who is authorized or permitted, under a franchise, to use a trademark in connection with the sale, consignment, or distribution of motor fuel.
(5) The term “refiner" means any person engaged in the refining of crude oil to produce motor fuel, and includes any affiliate of such person.
(6) The term “distributor” means any person, including any affiliate of such person, who
(A) purchases motor fuel for sale, consignment, or distribution to another; or
(B) receives motor fuel on consignment for consignment or distribution to his own motor fuel accounts or to accounts of his supplier, but shall not include a person who is an employee of, or merely serves as a common carrier providing transportation
service for, such supplier. (7) The term "retailer” means any person who purchases motor fuel for sale to the general public for ultimate consumption.
(8) The term “marketing premises” means, in the case of any franchise, premises which, under such franchise, are to be employed by the franchisee in connection with the sale, consignment, or distribution of motor fuel.
(9) The term “leased marketing premises" means marketing prem. ises owned, leased, or in any way controlled by a franchisor and which the franchisee is authorized or permitted, under the franchise, to employ in connection with the sale, consignment, or distribution of motor fuel.
(10) The term "contract” means any oral or written agreement. For supply purposes, delivery levels during the same month of the previous year shall be prima facie evidence of an agreement to deliver such levels.
(11) The term “trademark” means any trademark, trade name, service mark, or other identifying symbol or name.
(12) The term “motor fuel" means gasoline and diesel fuel of a type distributed for use as a fuel in self-propelled vehicles designed primarily for use on public streets, roads, and highways.
(13) The term “failure” does not include
(A) any failure which is only technical or unimportant to the franchise relationship; or
(B) any failure for a cause beyond the reasonable control of the franchisee. (14) The terms “fail to renew" and "nonrenewal" mean, with respect to any franchise relationship, a failure to reinstate, continue, or extend the franchise relationship
(A) at the conclusion of the term, or on the expiration date, stated in the relevant franchise;
(B) at any time, in the case of the relevant franchise which does not state a term of duration or an expiration date; or
(C) following a termination (on or after the date of enactment of this Act) of the relevant franchise which was entered into prior to such date of enactment and has not been renewed after
such date. (15) The term "affiliate” means any person who (other than by means of a franchise) controls, is controlled by, or is under common control with, any other person.
(16) The term “relevant geographic market area" includes a State or a standard metropolitan statistical area as periodically established by the Office of Management and Budget.
(17) The term "termination" includes cancellation.
(18) The term "commerce” means any trade, traffic, transportation, exchange, or other commerce
(A) between any State and any place outside of such State; or
(B) which affects any trade, transportation, exchange, or other commerce described in subparagraph (A). (19) The term “State” means any State of the United States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands, American Samoa, Guam, and any other commonwealth, territory, or possession of the United States.
15 USC 2802.
FRANCHISE RELATIONSHIP; TERMINATION AND NONRENEWAL Sec. 102. (a) Except as provided in subsection (b) and section 103, no franchisor engaged in the sale, consignment, or distribution of motor fuel in commerce may
(1) terminate any franchise (entered into or renewed on or after the date of enactment of this Act) prior to the conclusion of the term, or the expiration date, stated in the franchise; or
(2) fail to renew any franchise relationship (without regard to the date on which the relevant franchise was entered into or
renewed). (b) (1) Any franchisor may terminate any franchise (entered into or renewed on or after the date of enactment of this Act) or may fail to renew any franchise relationship, if
(A) the notification requirements of section 104 are met; and
(B) such termination is based upon a ground described in paragraph (2) or such nonrenewal is based upon a ground
described in paragraph (2) or (3). (2) For purposes of this subsection, the following are grounds for termination of a franchise or nonrenewal of a franchise relationship:
(A) failure by franchisee to comply with any provision of the franchise, which provision is both reasonable and of