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Biographies of Volume I Essay Authors

R. Cargill Hall is Chief of the Contract Histories Program at the Center for Air Force History in Washington, D.C. He received a B.A. in political science from Whitman College in Walla Walla, Washington, and an M.A. in political science/international relations from San Jose State University. Hall served as a historian for Lockheed Missiles and Space Company (1959-1967) before moving to the California Institute of Technology's Jet Propulsion Laboratory as historian (1967-1977). He joined the U.S. Air Force history program at the headquarters of the Strategic Air Command (1977-1980), subsequently serving as deputy command historian at the headquarters of the Military Airlift Command (1980-1981) and as chief of the Research Division and deputy director of the U.S. Air Force Historical Research Agency (1981-1989), before assuming his present duties. Since the mid-1980s he has assisted other federal history programs focused on aeronautics and astronautics, including those of the National Air and Space Museum and NASA. Hall is the author of Lunar Impact: A History of Project Ranger (NASA SP-4210, 1977), editor and contributor to Lightning Over Bougainville (Smithsonian Institution Press, 1991), and series editor of the history symposia of the International Academy of Astronautics. He has contributed chapters to and published numerous articles on space law and the history of aeronautics and astronautics in diverse books and journals. He is also contributing editor of Space Times, the magazine of the American Astronautical Society, and of Air & Space Smithsonian. Hall is a member of the International Academy of Astronautics, the International Institute of Space Law, and he serves on the board of advisors for the Smithsonian Institution Press History of Aviation book series.

Sylvia Katherine Kraemer is a senior executive of NASA's Office of Policy and Plans. Dr. Kraemer joined NASA in 1983 as Director of NASA's History Office. She received her doctorate in the history of ideas from The John Hopkins University in 1969. From 1969 to 1983, she served successively on the faculties of Vassar College, Southern Methodist University, and the University of Maine at Orono. Her many invited lectures and publications include: “Expertise Against Politics: Technology as Ideology on Capitol Hill, 1966-1972" in Science, Technology, and Human Values (1983); "The Ideology of Science During the Nixon Years: 1970-76” in Social Studies of Science (1984); and “2001 to 1994: Political Environment and the Design of NASA's Space Station System” in Technology and Culture (1988), winner of the James Madison Prize of the Society for History in the Federal Government. Her booklength group profile of NASA's Apollo era engineers, NASA Engineers and the Age of Apollo (NASA SP-4104), was published in 1992. She co-edited, with Martin j. Collins, A Spacefaring Nation: Perspectives on American Space History and Policy (Smithsonian Institution Press, 1991) and Space: Discovery and Exploration (Hugh Lauter Levin Associates, Inc., for the Smithsonian Institution, 1993).

Roger D. Launius has been NASA's chief historian at Washington headquarters since 1990. Before that Dr. Launius worked for eight years as a civilian historian with the U.S. Air Force. Agraduate of Graceland College, Lamoni, Iowa, he received his Ph.D. from Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, in 1982. He is the author of articles on the history of aeronautics and space appearing in several journals. He has also published Joseph Smith III: Pragmatic Prophet (University of Illinois Press, 1988); MAC and the Legacy of the Berlin Airlift (U.S. Air Force, 1989); Anything, Anywhere, Anytime: An Illustrated History of the Military Airlift Command, 1941-1991 (U.S. Air Force, 1991); Differing Visions: Dissenters in Mormon History (University of Illinois Press, 1994); and NASA: A History of the U.S. Civil Space Program (Krieger Publishing Co., 1994). He has written or edited six other books. He is currently conducting research for a book-length study of the development of aviation in the American West, covering the period from 1903 to 1945.

John M. Logsdon is Director of both the Center for International Science and Technology Policy and the Space Policy Institute of George Washington University's Elliott School of International Affairs, where he is also Professor of Political Science and International Affairs. He holds a B.S. in physics from Xavier University and a Ph.D. in political science from New York University. He has been at George Washington University since 1970, and he previously taught at The Catholic University of America. Dr. Logsdon's research interests include space policy, the history of the U.S. space program, the structure and process of government decision-making for research and development programs, and international science and technology policy. He is author of The Decision to Go to the Moon: Project Apollo and the National Interest (MIT Press, 1970) and has written numerous articles and reports on space policy and science and technology policy. In January 1992 Dr. Logsdon was appointed to Vice President Dan Quayle's Space Policy Advisory Board and served through January 1993. He is a member of the International Academy of Astronautics, of the Board of Advisors of The Planetary Society, of the Board of Directors of the National Space Society, and of the Aeronautics and Space Engineering Board of the National Research Council. In past years he was a member of the National Academy of Sciences's National Academy of Engineering Committee on Space Policy and the National Research Council Committee on a Commercially Developed Space Facility, NASA's Space and Earth Science Advisory Committee and History Advisory Committee, and the Research Advisory Committee of the National Air and Space Museum. He also is a former chair of the Committee on Science and Public Policy of the American Association for the Advancement of Science and of the Education Committee of the International Astronautical Federation. He is a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science and the Explorers Club, as well as an associate fellow of the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics. In addition, he is North American editor for the journal Space Policy.


Army Ballistic Missile Agency ACDA..

Arms Control and Disarmament Agency ACJP

Air Corps Jet Propulsion AEC..

Atomic Energy Commission AF.

Air Force Ag.

Agriculture AID

Agency for International Development AIS

American Interplanetary Society AMPS

Atmospheric Magnetospheric and Plasmas in Space AMR.

Atlantic Missile Range AP

Associated Press APT

Automatic Picture Transmission ARC

Ames Research Center ARPA.

Advanced Research Projects Agency ARS

American Rocket Society AS.......

Ascent Stage (LEM) ASAT.

Antisatellite ASEB.

Aeronautics and Space Engineering Board ASP

LEM Ascent Stage and LEM Descent Stage Propulsion ASTP

Advance Space Technology Program AT&T.

American Telephone & Telegraph

Applications Technology Satellite
Autour de la Lune Around the Moon

. British Interplanetary Society BMC.

Ballistic Missile Command BOB

Bureau of the Budget CAB

Change Analysis Board CASPER.

Committee on Space Research СССВ.

Configuration Change Control Board CCD

Charge Coupled Device CIA.

Central Intelligence Agency CIT

California Institute of Technology CoF

Construction of Facilities Convair

Consolidated Vaunt Aircraft CORI

Coaxial Reference Interferometer CSAGI.

Special Committee for the International Geophysical Year CTS .....

Canadian Technology Satellite DCAS

Defense Contract Management Command

Director of Central Intelligence
De la Terre à la Lune From the Earth to the Moon
De Mirabilibus Mundi ...... On the Wonders of the World

Distant Early Warning

Dryden Flight Research Center
Die Rakete zu den

The Rocket in Planetary Space

Department of Commerce DOD

Department of Defense DOT.

Department of Transportation E si muove

Yet it does move EC,

European Community EEO

Equal Opportunity Office ELINT.

Electronic Intelligence ELV.

Expendable Launch Vehicle EOR

Earth Orbital Rendezvous



Energy Research and Development Agency
Earth Resources Observatory System
Earth Resources Technology Satellites
Environmental Science Service Administration
Extravehicular Activity
Federal Communications Commission

fiscal year


LaRC .....

Guggenheim Aeronautical Laboratory, California Institute of
Government Accounting Office
Goddard Institute of Space Studies
Guided Missile Intelligence Committee
Gross National Product
International Council of Scientific Unions Special Committee
for the Geophysical Year
Goddard Space Flight Center
High Energy Astronomy Observatory
Health Education and Welfare
High Resolution Infra Red
Hubble Space Telescope
Hypersonic Test Vehicle
Housing and Urban Development
International Business Machines
Intercontinental Ballistic Missile
International Council of Scientific Unions
Identification, Friend or Foe
Inspector General
International Geophysical Year
Inverse Null Corrector
Intermediate Range Ballistic Missile
International Union of Geodesy and Geophysics
Jet-Assisted Takeoff
-Joint Chiefs of Staff
.John Foster Dulles
Jupiter Orbiter Project
Jet Propulsion Laboratory
Johnson Space Center
Kennedy Space Center
Large Area Crop Inventory Experiment
Langley Research Center
Lunar Excursion Module
Lewis Research Center
Lunar Module
Launch Operations Center
Lunar Orbit Rendezvous
Long Playing Rocket
Long-Range Rocket Projectile
Life Support Subsystem
McDonnell Douglas Astronautics Company-Western Division
Mission From Planet Earth
Missile Detection Alarm
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Manned Lunar Landing
Minimum Orbital Unmanned Satellite of the Earth

MRB ..............

Material Review Board MSFC.

Marshall Space Flight Center MTPE.

Mission to Planet Earth NACA.....

National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics NAPA

National Academy of Public Administration NAS

National Academy of Sciences NASA

National Aeronautics and Space Administration NASC....

National Aeronautics and Space Council

North Atlantic Treaty Organization
Nauchnoye Obozreniye....... Science Review

National Defense Research Council

Naval Engineering Experiment Station NERVA.

Nuclear Engine for Rocket Vehicle Application NIH ...

National Institutes of Health NMSG

NASA Management Study Group NOA......

... New Obligational Authority NOAA

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration NOL.

Naval Ordnance Laboratory NOSS

National Oceanic Satellite System NRC ....

... National Research Council NRL

National Research Laboratory NRO.

National Reconnaissance Office NSC....

National Security Council NSDD...

National Security Decision Directive NSF

National Science Foundation NST.

Nuclear and Space Talks NSTL

National Space Technology Laboratory NTLA.

National Telecommunications and Information Administration ОАО

Orbiting Astronomical Observatories OAST

Office of Aeronautics and Space Technology ODM.

Office of Defense Mapping OEO

Office of Economic Opportunity OFT

Orbiter Flight Test OGO

Orbiting Geophysical Observatories OMSF.

Office of Manned Space Flight ONR..

Office of Naval Research OSO

Orbiting Solar Observatory OSSA

Office of Space Science and Applications OST

Office of Space Technology OSTP

Office of Science Technology Policy OTA

Optical Telescope Assembly OTP

Office of Technology Policy P-E.

Perkin-Elmer PAD

Program Approval Document PMR

Pacific Missile Range PSAC

President's Science Advisory Committee R&LO

Reliability and Launch Operations R&D

Research and Development R&PM

Research and Program Management R&T

Research and Technology RATO.

Rocket Assisted Take Off RCA

Radio Corporation of America RDT&E

Research, Development, Test, and Evaluation RIF

Reduction in Force RMI

Reaction Motors, Inc. RNC

Reflective Null Corrector

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