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SPECIAL FOREIGN CURRENCY
PROGRAMS Continued

General and special fund-Continued

TRANSLATION OF PUBLICATIONS AND SCIENTIFIC COOPERATION-
Continued

This program is being administered by the National Science Foundation under Salaries and expenses and by the Department of Agriculture under Salaries and expenses, Agricultural Research Service (special foreign currency program), as indicated by the above comparative transfers.

TRANSITIONAL GRANTS TO ALASKA

General and special fund:

[TRANSITIONAL GRANTS TO ALASKA]

[For grants to the State of Alaska to assist in accomplishing an orderly transition from territorial status to statehood and to facilitate the assumption of responsibilities hitherto performed in Alaska by the Federal Government, and for expenses of providing Federa' services or facilities in Alaska for an interim period, as authorized by law (73 Stat. 151), $3,000,000.] (Department of the Interior and Related Agencies Appropriation Act, 1964.)

Program and Financing (in thousands of dollars)

Program by activities:

1. Grants to Alaska..

2. Operation and maintenance of intermediate

airports...

Total obligations...----

Financing:

New obligational authority (appropriation)....

ALLOCATION ACCOUNTS

1963 actual

11 Personnel compensation:
Permanent positions...
Positions other than permanent..
Other personnel compensation....
Total personnel compensation.

12 Personnel benefits...

21 Travel and transportation of persons.

2,470

530

3,000

3,000

22 Transportation of things..

23 Rent, communications, and utilities.

25 Other services..

26 Supplies and materials..

41 Grants, subsidies, and contributions..

Subtotal...

1964 1965 estimate estimate

Section 44 of the Alaska Omnibus Act (73 Stat. 151) authorizes grants to the State of Alaska for a 5-year period ending June 30, 1964, to facilitate assumption by the State of responsibilities hitherto performed in Alaska by the Federal Government.

These funds are to enable the President (a) to make grants to the State to assist in financing functions transferred from the Federal Government, and (b) to finance continued Federal operations for an interim period when the State requests a delay in transfer of functions. In June 1959, the State requested that the Federal Government continue operation of 17 intermediate airports, and allocations were made to the Federal Aviation Agency for this purpose.

Object Classification (in thousands of dollars)

1963 actual

2,344

656

3.000

270

76

346

20

44

19

21

3,000

98

2,470

3,017

1964 1965 estimate estimate

247

42

77

366

19

39

38

17

69

133

2,344

3,026

Object

ALLOCATION Deduct quarters an Total obligat

Obligations are dist
Bureau of the Bu
Federal Aviation

ALLOCAT

Total number of pe
Full-time equivalen
Average number of
Employees in perma
Employees in other
Average salary of u

General and sp

(Permanent, ind

Pro

Financing:

Unobligated balar
Unobligated bala
New obligati

SEC. 601. No shall be used United States n

[SEC. 602. N for expenses of expiration of the General Accour any duly author foreign assistan delivered to the written request munication, aud

material in the Assistance, rela directed, or co furnished to the subcommittee, munication, au material so re personally, that such request ar

[SEC. 603. A making approp be reserved an ment procedure extent possible Budget, on acc acts after the be construed propriations.]

[SEC. 604. shall be used t cluding but no expenses, and or indirectly t similar domest Related Agencie

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Total, appropriations......

Authorizations to expend from debt receipts:

Foreign assistance loans, economic assistance.......

Foreign investment guarantee fund, economic assistance............
Revolving fund, Defense Production Act....
Investment in International Bank for Reconstruction and
Development....

Total, revolving and management funds.........

Total, Funds appropriated to the President.............

Revolving and management funds:
Economic assistance:

Alliance for Progress: Development loans..
Development loans-revolving fund..
Development Loan Fund (liquidation account).
Foreign investment guarantee fund...

Advance acquisition of property-revolving fund.
Office of Inspector General, foreign assistance, State..
Revolving fund, Defense Production Act...

Balance, start of 1963

Unobligated

27,065

10,235

100

1,498

75 4,030 2,098

42,443

1,277

30

462

200,000

942
90

Total

545 1,285 --88,795

50,218

407.732

1,207

1,500

79,009

451,942

223,438

135,445

384,000

10,859
87

494
200,000

18,087

2,982
225

536

Balance, start of 1964
Unobligated

545 199,072 124, 172

25,219

47,300

100

1,100

336

6.040

127,099

8,777

1,971 15 485 200,000 2,000,000

435,941

697
90

Total

44,415

387,654

197,781
588,466

115,294

2,880

1,500

3,715
1

134,340

362,998

336,252

130,403

335,000

Balance, start of 1965

Unobligated

5,175

9,207

785

567 200,000 2,000,000 29,077

785,650

2,319 225 55

225 55

225 34

290,345 1,967,761 2,855,170 4,763,327 2,205,465 4,207,717 2,434,285 4,131,159

200 200,000 2,000,000

1,485,356
748,609

69,521

4,138 93 19,380

Total

90

29,415

312.552

13,800

6,768

1,450

108.340

277.998

241,252

135,403

370,000

6,589

785

394 200,000 2,000,000 52,041

450,650

Balance, start of 1966

Unobligated

423,705 102,663 648,705

453,464
10,632

2,625

8,115

1,745,164
343,525

74,131
3,138

145
1,584

200 405,880 2,000,000

20,000

545 117,843 -85,783 5,715,000 5,715,000 5,715,000 5,715,000 5,715,000 5,715,000 5,715,000 5,715,000 Total, authorizations to expend from debt receipts..... 5,628,035 6,038,789 5,747.605 6,091,582 5,903,145 5,982,893 5,954,039 5,988,143

90

Total

26,415

312,552

23,250

4,768

3.450

545 199,072 122,453 199,072 129,953 199,072 176,965 65,692 68,821 109,086 74,071

100,263 400,229 8,096

1,975

893,705

2,120, 164

22,154

81,631

5,000

2,138

68,970 115,320 363,839 912,422 77,219 1,107,046 36,591 5,000 42 195 15,103 34,179 515,028 2,191,524 905,257 2,750,802 569,384 2,816,392 510,563 3,154,166 6,433,406 10,198,070 9,508,033 13,605,710 8,677,994 13,007,002 8,898,887 13,273,468

118,940

277,998

236,252

155,403

250,000

7,089

785

427 405,880 2,000,000

77.041

20,000 210,650

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SALARIES AND EXPENSES

For expenses necessary to perform agricultural research relating to production, utilization, nutrition and consumer use, to control and eradicate pests and plant and animal diseases, and to perform related inspection, quarantine and regulatory work, and meat inspection: Provided, That appropriations hereunder shall be available for field employment pursuant to the second sentence of section 706(a) of the Organic Act of 1944 (5 U.S.C. 574), and not to exceed $75,000 shall be available for employment under section 15 of the Act of August 2, 1946 (5 U.S.C. 55a): Provided further, That appropriations hereunder shall be available for the operation and maintenance of aircraft and the purchase of not to exceed two for replacement only: Provided further, That appropriations hereunder shall be available pursuant to title 5, United States Code, section 565a, for the construction, alteration, and repair of buildings and improvements, but unless otherwise provided, the cost of constructing any one building (except headhouses connecting greenhouses) shall not exceed $20,000, except for [three] five buildings to be constructed or improved at a cost not to exceed $45,000 each, and the cost of altering any one building during the fiscal year shall not exceed $7,500 or 7.5 per centum of the cost of the building, whichever is greater: Provided further, That the limitations on alterations contained in this Act shall not apply to a total of $100,000 for facilities at Beltsville, Maryland:

Research: For research and demonstrations on the production and utilization of agricultural products; home economics or nutrition and consumer use of agricultural and associated products; and related research and services; and for acquisition of land by donation, exchange, or purchase at a nominal cost not to exceed $100, [$91,496,700: Provided, That, in addition, not to exceed $15,000,000 may be transferred from the Commodity Credit Corporation to this appropriation, in accordance with the Act of June 29, 1948 (5 U.S.C. 714b), for utilization research and development, cost of production research, and other related research designed to reduce surplus commodities held or to be held by the Commodity Credit Corporation, including $10,000,000 for the planning, construction, alteration and equipping of research facilities, which amount shall remain available until expended: Provided further, That hereafter the Administrator of the Agricultural Research Service may enter into agreements with and receive funds from any State, other political subdivision, organization, or individual for the purpose of conducting cooperative research projects with such cooperators] $98,615,000, of which $2,394,300 shall remain available until expended for construction, alteration, and improvement of facilities, without regard to limitations contained in the above preamble: Provided [further], That the limitations contained herein shall not apply to replacement of buildings needed to carry out the Act of April 24, 1948 (21 U.S.C. 113(a)) [: Provided further, That the Secretary of Agriculture is authorized to acquire approximately two-tenths of an acre of land at Pasadena, California];

Plant and animal disease and pest control: For operations and measures, not otherwise provided for, to control and eradicate pests and plant and animal diseases and for carrying out assigned inspection, quarantine, and regulatory activities, as authorized by law, including expenses pursuant to the Act of February 28, 1947, as amended (21 U.S. C. 114b-c), [$64,449,000] $65,955,000, of which $1,500,000 shall be apportioned for use pursuant to section 3679 of the Revised Statutes, as amended, for the control of outbreaks of insects and plant diseases to the extent necessary to meet emergency conditions: Provided, That no funds shall be used to formulate or administer a brucellosis eradication program for the current fiscal year that does not require minimum matching by any State of at least 40 per centum: Provided further, That no funds shall be available for carrying out the screwworm eradication program that does not require minimum matching by State or local sources of at least 50 per centum of the expenses of production, irradiation, and release of the screwworm flies: Provided further, That, in addition, in emergencies which threaten the livestock or poultry industries of the country, the Secretary may transfer from other appropriations or funds available to the agencies or corporations of the Department such sums as he may deem necessary, to be available only in such emergencies for the arrest and eradication of foot-and-mouth disease, rinderpest, contagious pleuropneumonia, or other contagious or

infectious diseases of animals, or European fowl pest and simila diseases in poultry, and for expenses in accordance with the Ac of February 28, 1947, as amended, and any unexpended balance of funds transferred under this head in the next preceding fisca year shall be merged with such transferred amounts;

Meat inspection: For carrying out the provisions of laws relating to Federal inspection of meat, and meat-food products, and the applicable provisions of the laws relating to process or renovated butter, [$27,931,000 $30,837,000;

Special fund: To provide for additional labor to be employed under contracts and cooperative agreements to strengthen the work at research installations in the field, not more than $1,000,000 of the amount appropriated under this head for the previous fiscal year may be used by the Administrator of the Agricultural Research Service in departmental research programs in the current fiscal year the amount so used to be transferred to and merged with the appropriation otherwise available under "Salaries and expenses, Research" (5 U.S.C. 511-512, 524, 541c-541, 563-564, 565a, 576, 2131; 7 U.S.C. 135-135k, 145-148a, 148c-164a, 166-167, 281-283, 391, 394-396, 401-404, 421-422a, 424-425, 427, 427i, 428a, 429-431, 433-434, 436-437, 450, 851-855, 1292, 1651-1656, 1704, 1901-1906, 10 U.S.C. 2306; 15 U.Š.C. 69e; 16 U.S.C. 581-581a, 581ƒ, 590a-590b, 590f, 590k; 18 U.S.C. 287, 1114; 19 U.S.C. 1201, 1306; 20 U.S.C. 191-194; 21 U.S.C. 71-91, 94-96, 98, 101-105, 111-114c, 114e-131, 134-134h, 151-158, 342a, 346-346a; 26 U.S.C. 4817, 7235c; 31 U.S.C. 725a; 42 U.S.C. 1476b-1476d, 1483, 1891-1893; 45 U.S.C 71-74; 46 Ú.Š.C. 466a-466b; 48 U.S.C. 1409m-14090; 49 U.S.C. 1474(a), 1509; 46 Stat. 67; Department of Agriculture and Related Agencies Appropriation Act, 1964.)

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Stores

Unpaid undelivered orders...
Advances.

170,326

-50

-3

3.314

173,586
1,000

1964 1965 estimate estimate

183,877

-113

183,764
1,000

195,407

195,407

1 Includes capital outlay as follows: 1963, $7,883 thousand; 1964. $10,000 thousand: 1965, $12,000 thousand.

Selected resources as of June 30 are as follows:

1963 adjust

1962 ments 1963

1964

Total selected resources..

1965 387 581 581 581 8,134 -163 12,863 13,739 13, 237 883 735 735 735 9,404 -163 14,179 15,055 14,553 The Service conducts basic and applied research relating to the production and utilization of agricultural products, research on nutrition and consumer use, and carries out those control and regulatory programs of the Department which involve enforcement of plant and animal quarantines, meat inspection, the control of diseases and insect pests of animals and plants, and related work.

1. Research (a) Farm research.-Improved breeding, feeding, and management practices are developed for farm livestock, poultry, and domestic fur animals. Practical methods are sought for control of diseases and parasites affecting them.

Investigations are conducted to improve varieties of food, feed, fiber and other plants, and to develop new crops; to improve crop-production practices, including methods to control plant diseases and nematodes; and to improve chemical, biological, and other methods for control of harmful pests affecting farm production.

Research is conducted to improve fertilizers, soil management, irrigation, and conservation practices; to study hydrologic problems of agricultural watersheds; to determine the relation of soils to plants, animals, and human nutrition; and to apply engineering principles to improve efficiency and reduce costs of agricultural production.

Continuous review is maintained to emphasize work which will meet the problems of agricultural surpluses. The research is aimed at the profitable production of an adequate supply of food, feed, fiber, and other agricultural products of desired quality at minimum costs. Increased attention has been given to the production of agricultural products having industrial uses. The proportion of farm research funds going into basic research has steadily increased, and is currently estimated at 38% of the total funds for research. This basic research undergirds the other research efforts.

The 1965 estimates include increases for staffing new and expanded laboratories and watershed research centers;

research to avoid or m control of agricultural chemicals; and foot-and livestock. These are eral small field stations

(b) Utilization rese physical, and biologica increased industrial us improved foods, feeds, proved methods for pr

(c) Nutrition and co made of nutrition, cons clothing and housing. science is included in t

(d) Construction of fo was provided for cons locations which are ex The 1965 estimates incl beet, pasture and rang and for construction an ties, principally researc

(e) Contingencies.-E available to meet urg unexpectedly during the met by redirection of re

2. Plant and animal & disease and pest control port-of-entry inspection destructive insects, pla cause great damage to of the world; (2) to coop preventing spread of cr in this country; and ( incipient and emergency Ind where they occur. strengthening plant qu ports-of-entry because offset by a decrease i

program.

The volume of workl table (in thousands):

Inspections at ports of entry:
Airplanes.

Vessels.

Vehicles from Mexico.
Baggage, pieces of.

Interceptions of unauthorized
material..

(b) Animal disease d conducted to exclude c origin from this country; through interstate shipm of impure or impotent ve eradicate livestock disea marketing agreement wi adequate supplies of ho protection of swine. T increases for more adequa tine at ports to reduce foreign animal diseases; program and activities under the Virus Serum 1 scabies eradication and to prevent reinfestations

The volume of prote selected examples in the

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