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with menacing brow and horrid might have been supposed to attend threats, he draws towards this figure, it. At the conclusion he gives a (a feigned enemy) and gives it a fa. whoop, which is answered by the tal blow, lays it prostrate, then leaps, band of music; the rest in solemn brandishes his sword, and exerts ev. silence. He then begins to sing and ery nerve, as if in the severest con- dance with all the motions of a tritest. He then exultingly passes to umphant warrior. This continues the chief of the opposite party, waves about the space of a minute ; the his sword over his head and the music in the mean time proceeding, heads of the other chiefs, dancing be. until he again waves his instrument fore them, and singing of his warlike over their heads, at which they stop, exploits. As soon as this scene is and he proceeds, as before, to tell over, one of the chiefs gives him a some other feat, and so on, till all his bunch of the feathers, with which he achievements are recited. At the returns in extatic triumph, and gives close of the whole, he passes by the it to one of his men. A second chief man seated on the deerskin, and goes through the same ceremony, is throws him something, either money treated the same way, and returns or clothing. He then sits down, and with his prize, and so on, till all the another rises, goes through the same bunches of feathers are transferred ceremony, and retires ; and so they to the town party. Then the head proceed, until all the chiefs and warriman of the advancing party bears the ors are fully satisfied. At the close, the tal in triumph, and presents it to collection, thus made, is divided ; a the chief who first drew his sword; large dividend is given to the person, he receives it with dignity, and beat's who killed the eagle, and the remainit, with solemn and majestic step, to der distributed to the band of music. the place where the supposed slaugh. As soon as this is done the males all tereil enemy lies. He sticks it in partake of a meal in the townhouse, in the ground, and each one brings his which the females are not permitted bunch of feathers, and hangs it on to join. Supper being ended they the cut branches of the pole. The mingle promiscuously, and spend the companies then unite, and one, expert remainder of the night in their usual in the invstery of the dance, learls scenes of merriment. them through mysterious evolutions This ceremony is so much degento the townhouse. After many ma. erated, that very few of the younger neuvres thev enter and march round ones know how to lead it, and none, it, as if surveying a field of battle, un. even of the oldest, (as they then. til a signal is given, and the ceremo. selves say) understand it so well as ny ceases till after dark, when a new their father's ; nor indeed do they and interesting scene commences. A any of their dances or ceremonies. fire is kindled in the centre of the If we reflect on the usages of the townhouse, and a band of music, con. Egyptians and yet see their biero. sisting of drums, cane whistles, glyphics, as well as some other of the gourds, and shells, filled with pebbles eastern nations, we may conjecture or shot, with a monotonous vocal the origin of our Indians, and may sound, are placed on one side at a dis. probably infer the mode of their pas. tance from the fire, and at one end of sage to America. Many of their the band a man is seated on a deer. ceremonies are evidently Jewish. if skin spread on the ground. The they are not descended from that namusic proceeds ncarly half an hour tion, they must have descended from before any other exercises. At length those sufhciently near to have learn. a headman rises, holding some war ed their customs and mode of wor. like instrument, which he brandishes ship. over the heads of the musicians, who I shall remark more fully on this instantly cease, though the drum is point in a future letter. I am, dear still lightly beaten. He then pro. Sir, yours in the gospel of Jesus ceeds to tell some exploit or warlike Christ, action of his life, accompanying the

GIDEON BLACKBCRX narrative with all the gestures, which

attend church regularly, but not by all. FOREIGN.

A translation in the common dialect of the country is much to be desired.

But this would not only meet with RUSSIA.

many difficulties on the part of the On the state of civilization of the Rus.

translator, in relation to the language sian people, in relation to religion

itself, but still greater and more esand religious instruction. From let

sential on the part of the lower clasters written in March and April,

ses of the people. The necessary 1806, by a dell informed German,

revision of the many orthographical who has long resided in Russia.

errors, in the MSS. used in the 17th The multitude among the Rus.

century, which were so gross as comsians is, in regard to mental culture, pletely to pervert the meaning, alin the lowest degree of degradation; though their use had been appointed the labourer, the peasant, the me- by the patriarch Nicon, occasioned, chanic, the soldier, can neither read as is well known, a schism which isnor write. It would be too favoura. sued in the sect of Separatists, called ble if we calculated that one in a Raskolniki, (Schismatics) or, as they thousand of these classes could read. call themselves, Staroviertzy, (old beCatharine II. indeed, founded schools lievers) which to the present moment for the people in the several metropol- is troublesome to the church, and to itan cities, where reading and writing the state. To avoid such breaches in are taught gratis : but very few par future, a law has been passed, by ticipated in these advantages, and which no Bible or any part of a Bible, those only town-people. In Moscow, and especially no book used in the (Moskwa, in the Russian orthogra- church, is allowed to be printed, exphy) where the population is 400,000, cept under the immediaté inspection these schools had only 1000 scholars. of the highest spiritual tribunal, the The scholastic establishments which holy directing synod, and at their have been instituted in this reign are press; with ecclesiastical letters, in not properly calculated for the lower imitation of manuscript. classes ; and probably not only this No Greek Bibles are found in Rusgeneration, but several succeeding sia, because among a hundred clergygenerations will pass away ere the men not one understands Greek. The Russian peasant will be in such a sit* few Greek testaments which are used uation, that ability to read will be in some schools are procured from come necessary for his children. Leipzig. In the 16th century a Rus

The Greek church, however, has sian Bible was printed in Poland, provided that her members shall not which however has never been acremain wholly unacquainted with the knowledged as canonical in that counBible. In the daily church service, try. Copies of this work are now which lasts many hours, besides the great rarities. In the middle of the liturgies, which are read, lectures are i8th century, a superb edition of the delivered on various parts of the Old Bible appeared in folio ; of which a and New Testament, especially on the copy cost 51. Towards the close of psalms, the gospels, and epistles, so that century, two editions of it appear. that these three divisions of holy ed at Kiew (one in 3 octavo volumes, writ are read through more than price 21. another in 3 folio volumes.) once in a year, and therefore the con- These editions might amount to 501 stant attendants at church are suffi- 6,000 copies. Now, as it is supposed ciently, and often astonishingly well that Russia contains 40 millions of inacquainted with them. Nevertheless, habitants, it may hence appear how the number of these constant attend. scarce Bibles must be among them. ants at church is but small. The Tracts of 100 wersts and more are church translation which has been in- known where a copy is considered as a troduced, is in the Sclavonian tongue, rarity. In a peasant's family none is but not in the proper dialect of the found ; and very seldom in that of a country. On account of its so fre- nobleman or merchant. Even among quent use in the church service, this the clergy there is a great want of language is understood by most who this sacred book; and no desire is Vol. III. No. 13.

Z z

expressed to possess it. Those who ces is very high ; for example, an edi. cannot read, call themselves, and tion of the feast psalms of the Mora. often with lamentation, blind. Oth. vians published in Moskwa, of 5 to ers satisfy themselves with hearing 600 copies, cost in Sarepta, 18 to 20 the extracts from the Bible read dai roubles; each copy being 2 octavo ly, or on feast days. But in general leaves. Among the colonies on the little religious inclination is found in Wolga, there are many Protestant Russia, owing to the total want of re- families who have no Bible, but most ligious education. No one, from the have a New Testament. The great noble to the peasant, receives any distance at which the German coloother religious instruction, than the nists are from their country, greatly abovementioned hearing of the litur increases the difficulty of procuring gy and lectures in the churches. books of all kinds. The expenses of And it would be very difficult to re- carriage, packages, commissions, and move this inconvenience.

tolls, double the original cost at LeipTen years ago a very important re- zig on each book. For example: a ligious society undertook the distri. Bible printed in Halle, which costs in bution of religious writings, and as letter press 12 groschen, (18 pence) they could not interfere with the and as much for binding, costs, at the books used in the church, they at colonies on the Wolga, about 3 rou. tempted to circulate edifying tracts bles, (a rouble about 2s. 6d.) and from gratis. But the society was suppres. 3 to 20 copies according to the bind. sed, as suspected of political views. ing; which will only be of common Besides these editions of the Bible, leather, ccloured, black, or marbled, there are books of psalms, gospels, with red edges : but in black cordoand epistles, in different editions, of yan, with gold edges and lettered, all sizes, and at different and very the same Bible in large octavo costs 5 low prices ; intended chiefly for the roubles : and if bound in Sarepta, use of the church. But those who still more ; therefore, they are gendesire it may provide themselves with erally ordered bound. The MorariBibles, in Petersburg, Kiew, Moskwa, ans in Sarepta have made many at(although not at all times) at regular tempts to spread the Christian religfixed prices, from the book ware- ion among the neighbouring Cal. houses of the synod. It is easiest to mucks; but hitherto without much procure psalm books, they being the effect. A translation has likewise most current.

been made of several extracts from Since the year 1766, German colo- the Bible into the Calmuck language, nies have been established in the which has not been printed. government of Saratow on the Wolga. The empire of Russia is so extenThere are thirteen Protestant parish. sive that many things may be true of es, at which are stationed Lutheran some parts, which cannot properly be and Calvinistic ministers, who have applied to others. Near the great been sent from Germany and Switzer. towns, for instance, a love of reading land. From the present high price of may prevail by very much more than the necessaries of life, they have it did twenty years ago, yet letters much difficulty to maintain their fam. and books may not have reached the ilies. The Unitas Fratrum (Mora. county districts.-Can the Bible So. vians) provide Bibles printed at Halle, ciety assist?

Panorama. for their establishment in Sarepta. They receive from Germany, yearly,

ITALY. 100 Bibles, as many Testaments, about 50 Psalters, together with 250

CARDINAL Cassoni, Secretary of or 300 books of other kinds. They

State to his holiness the Pope, has have no printing press, and the ex.

es published the following note : pense of printing in Moskwa (which

ROME, FEB. 2, 1808. is the nearest printing place in the “His holiness, Pius VII. being country) or at Petersburgh, is unable to conform to all the demands greater than that of procuring the made on him by the French governbooks in Leipzig. The expense of ment, and to the extent required of paper and printing in the former pla- him, as it is contrary to his sacred

[graphic]

duties, and the dictates of his con.

The True Patriot. science ; and being thus compelled Andrew Dori, of Genoa, the to submit to the disastrous conse greatest sea captain of the age he quences which have been threatened, lived in, set his country free from the and to the military occupation of his yoke of France. Beloved by his fel. capital, in case he should not submit low citizens, and supported by the to such demands :

emperor Charles V. it was in his “Yielding, therefore, in all humili

power to assume sovereignty, with tv of heart, to the inscrutable deter out the least struggle. But he preminations of the Most High, he places ferred the virtuous satisfaction of his cause in the hands of the Almigh giving liberty to his countrymen. ty, and being unwilling to fail in the He declared in public assembly, that essential obligations of guaranteeing the happiness of seeing them once the rights of his sovereignty, he has more restored to liberty, was to him commanded us to protest, and for a full reward for all his services : mally protests in his own name, as well that he claimed no pre-eminence aas in that of his successors, against bove his equals, but remitted to them any occupation whatever of his do.

absolutely to settle a proper form of minions, being desirous that the

government. Dori's magnanimity rights of the holy chair should re.

put an end to factions that had long main, now and henceforward, unin vexed the state ; and a form of govjured and intouched. As the Vicar

ernment was established with great on earth of that God of Peace who unanimity. Dori lived to a great age, taught by his divine example humili. beloved and honoured by his country. ty and patience, he has no doubt but

men ; and without making a single his beloved subjects, who have given

step out of his rank, as a private citi. him so many repeated proofs of obe. zen, he retained, to his dying hour, dience and attachment, will make it great influence in the republic. their peculiar study to preserve Power founded on love and gratitude peace and tranquillity, private as well was to him more pleasant than what as public, which his holiness exhorts, was founded on sovereignty. His and expressly commands ; and that

meinory is reverenced by the Genfar from committing any excesses, oese ; and in their histories and pub. they will rather respect the individu

espect the individu lic monument, there is bestowed on als of a nation, from whom, during his him the most honourable of all titles, journey and stay in Paris, he receiv- Father of his country, and restorer ed so many flattering testimonies of of its liberty." devotion and regard."

Literary Jntelligence.

ASIA.

JERUSALEM. The Emperor Alexander has just A PLAN of the city of Jerusalem, founded a College at Teflis, in Geor- and its environs, as they were at the gia. An ecclesiastic of that country time of Christ, is recently published at is placed at the head of the establish. Madrid. It includes representations ment, who is a man of great literary of the edifices and places mentioned knowledge, and understands the Rus- in scripture ; the walls, gates, and sian language. Translations into the squares of that famous city ; particuGeorgian tongue of several useful larly the road along which the Saworks are already begun; and in re viour of the world was conducted from turn, translations into the Russian the Garden of Olives to Mount Cal. language of the work of the celebrat. vary. To the above is added, as a ed Georgian poet, Russawell, and of supplement, the recent excursion of a a renowned novel writer named Ser. Spaniard who gives an account of the gei Tmogwell, are expected.

present sanctuaries of Palestine.

We believe Spain is the only EU. TARTARY.- Discovery of a City, ropean country which of late years in the island of Taman, in the Black has maintained an intercourse with Sea, the foundations of an ancient ci, jerusalem : the Spanish sovereign, ty, which must have been very large, not many years ago, liberated the although not mentioned in history, monastery in this city from a heavy were lately discovered: it is said that arrear of debt due to the Turks, a similar discovery has been made in &c.

a district of Siberia.

List of New Publications.

A SERMON, delivered at the fune. city. New York. Hopkins & Setral of Dr. Joshua Lathrop, who died mour. 1808. Oct. 29th, 1807, aged 84. By Joseph A Discourse, delivered in the Strong, D. D. Pastor of the first church in Hollis Street, April 13, church in Norwich. Hartford, Lin. 1808, at the interment of the Rev. coln & Gleason.

Samuel West, D. D. late pastor of The signs of perilous times. A said church. By John Lathrop, D. D: Sermon, delivered at the public fast, pastor of the second church in Bos. in West Springfield, April 7, 1808. ton. With a Biographical Memoir By Joseph Lathrop, D. D. Pastor of of the Rev. Dr. West, written and the First Church in West Springfield, published at the request of a com. Springfield. H. Brewer.

mittee of the Society in Hollis Street, Propositions for amending the Con. Boston. By Rer. Thomas Thacher, stitution of the United States ; sub. A.M. A. A.S. of Dedham. Bosmitted by Mr. Hillhouse to the Senate, ton. Belcher & Armstrong. on the twelfth day of April, 1808, with Zion's Pilgrim. By Robert Hav. his explanatory remarks. New Ha- ker, D.D. Vicar of Charles, Plymouth. ven, Oliver Steele, & Co.

To which are added select pieces by The Clergyman and People's Re- different authors. pp. 204. Boston. membrancer, or an essay upon the Lincoln & Edmands, 1808. importance of the ministerial charac. In the press of Collins & Perkins, ter, as connected with a pure and No. 189, Pearl street, New York, a evangelical style of preaching; agree new work, entitled “ A Hebrew and able to the doctrines and articles of English Lexicon for the Psalms, with our Episcopal Church. By William points ; in which all the words that Percy, D. D. the third minister of are found in the Hebrew original are St. Philip's and St. Michael's. alphabetically arranged, and carefully Charleston, (S. C.) J. Hoff. 1808. "explained. Accompanied by a com.

Horæ Juridicæ Subserivæ : a con- pendious grammar of the Hebrew nected series of notes, respecting the language, together with remarks ex. geography, chronology, and literary planatory of the idiomatical expreshistory of the principal codes and sions which occur in the Hebrew original documents of the Grecian, psalms. By Clement C. Moore, A.M Roman, Feudal, and Canon law. By Farrand, Mallory and Co. have also Charles Butler, Esq. of Liricoln's Inn. in the press, Buonaparte's last cam. With additional notes and illustra- paigns in Prussia, Saxony, Poland, tions, by an eminent American civi!. &c, ornamented with engravings, er. ian. 8vo. pp. 136. Philadelphia, hibiting the likenesses of Buonaparte, published by Wm. P. Farrand," and king and queen of Prussia, and emCo. and Farrand, Mallory and Co. peror of Russia. A translation of Boston. 1808.

this work, by Samuel Mackay, A. M. A Sermon, preached March 13th, is now completed. . 1808, for the benefit of the Society Lincoln & Edmands will shortly put instituted in the city of New York, to press, Mason's Spiritual Treasury for the relief of poor widows with for the Children of God; being a Re. small children. By Samuel Miller, flection for each morning and evening D. D. one of the pastors of the United in the year, from select tests of scrip Presbyterian churches in the said ture, 2 vols. 12mo..

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