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ration of his belief of the Chris- on the peculiarities of the lantian religion.
guage and style of the New Tes3. Students in this seminary tament, resulting from this vershall be aided in their preparation sion and other causes ; on the for the ministry by able profess- history, character, use, and auors ; whose duty it shall be, by thority of the ancient versions public and private instruction, to and manuscripts of the Old and unlock the treasures of divine New Testaments; on the canons knowledge, to direct the pupils of biblical criticism; on the auin their inquiries after sacred thenticity of the several books of truth, to guard them agaiost re the sacred code ; on the apoch. ligious error, and to accelerate ryphal books of both Testaments;
their acquisition of heavenly on modern translations of the wisdom.
Bible, more particularly on the 4. The public instruction shall history and character of our Engs be given in lectures on natural lish version ; and also critical theology, sacred literature, eccle- lectures on the various readings siastical history,Christian theolo- and difficult passages in the sagy, and pulpit eloquence.
cred writings. 5. In the lectures on natural 7. Under the head of ecclesitheology, the existence, attributes, astical history shall be comprised and providence of God, shall be lectures on Jewish antiquities; demonstrated ; the soul's im- on the origin and extension of mortality and a future state, as the Christian church in the first deducible from the light of na- three centuries ; on the various ture, discussed; the obligations sects and heresies in the early of man to his Maker, resulting ages of Christianity ; on the from the divine perfections and characters and writings of the his own rational nature, enforc- fathers ; on the establishment of ed; the great duties of social Christianity by Constantine, and · life, flowing from the mutual its subsequent effects ; on the relations of man to man, incul- rise and progress of popery and cated ; and the several personal mahometanism ; on the corrupvirtues deduced and delineated; tions of the church of Rome; the whole being interspersed on the grounds, progress, and with remarks on the coincidence doctrines of the reformation ; on between the dictates of reason the different denominations aand the doctrines of revelation, mong Protestants ; on the vari. in these primary points; and, ous constitutions, discipline and notwithstanding such coinci- rites of worship, which have didence, the necessity and utility of vided, or may still divide the a divine revelation stated.
Christian church ; on the state 6. Under the head of sacred and prevalence of paganism in literature shall be included lec- our world ; and on the effect, tures on the formation, preserva- which idolatry, mahometanism, tion, and transmission of the sa- and Christianity have respectivecred volume ; on the languages, ly produced on individual and in which the Bible was originally national character, written ; on the septuagint ver- 8. Under the head of christian sion of the Old Testament, and theology shall be comprehended
lectures on divine revelation ; on principles and precepts of anthe inspiration and truth of the cient rhetoric to this modern Old and New Testaments, as species of oration ; on the qualiproved by miracles, internal evi- ties in the speaker, in his style, dence, fulfilment of prophecies, and in his delivery, necessary to and historic facts ; on the great a finished pulpit orator; on the doctrines and duties of our holy methods of strengthening the Christian religion, together with memory and of improving in sathe objections made to them by cred eloquence ; on the character unbelievers, and the resutation and style of the most eminent diof such objections; more par- vines and best models for imitaticularly on the revealed char- tion, their respective beauties acter of God, as Father, Son, and excellencies in thought and Holy Ghost; on the fall of and expression; and above all, man, and the depravity of hu- on the transcendent simplicity, man nature ; on the covenant of beauty, and sublimity of the 82grace ; on the character, of cred writings. fices, atonement, and mediation of 10. It shall be the duty of Jesus Christ; on the character the professors, by private inand offices of the Holy Spirit; on struction and advice, to aid the the scripture doctrines of regen students in the acquisition of a eration, justification, and sanctifi- radical and adequate knowledge cation ; on evangelical repent of the sacred scriptures in their' ance, faith, and obedience ; on original languages, and of the Old the nature and necessity of true Testament in the septuagint vervirtue or gospel holiness ; on the sion; to direct their method of future state, on the immortality studying the Bible and other of soul and body, and the eterni- writings; to superintend and anity of future rewards and punish- mate their pursuits by frequent ments, as revealed in the gospel ; inquiries and examinations, relaon the positive institutions of tive to their progress in books Christianity ; on the nature, in- and knowledge ; to assign propterpretation, and use of prophecy; er subjects for their first compoand on personal religion, as a qual- sitions, and to suggest a natural ification for the gospel ministry. method of treating them; fre
9. Under the head of pulpit quently and critically to examine eloquence shall be delivered a their early productions, and in a competent number of lectures on free, but friendly manner, to the importance of oratory ; on point out their defects and errors, the invention and disposition of in grammar, method, reasoning, topics ; on the several parts of a style, and sentiment; to improve regular discourse ; on elegance, them in the important art of composition, and dignity in style; reading, and to give them opporon pronunciation, or the proper tunities of speaking in public, management of the voice and favouring them with their candid correct gesture, and on the im. remark3 on their whole manner ; mense importance of a natural to explain intricate texts of scrip. manner ; on the rules to be ob ture, referred to them; to solve served in composing a sermon, cases of conscience; to watch and on the adaptation of the over their health and morals with
paternal solicitude, and by every or preferment, may operate to prudent and Christian method to quite contrary effects. New expromote the growth of true piety pedients must then be chosen, in their hearts ; to give them and new disappointments will friendly advice with relation to soon ensue. Or if the measures their necessary intercourse a chosen seem successful in the mong men in the various walks first essay, remoter consequences of life, and especially with re- may be adverse and disastrous, spect to the manner, in which it and doubtless will be so. I need becomes a minister of the meek not refer you to history, sacred and lowly Jesus to address both or profane ; your own recollec. God and man, whether in the as- tion will verify this remark. The sembly of his saints, or in the man, who, laying aside the plain chamber of sickness and of maxims of virtue and morality, death.
governs himself by the policy of the world, is never satisfied ;
never consistent with himself; LETTERS FROM A CLERGYMAN never uniform in his conduct. TO HIS son.
He is continually shuffling and
changing his means, always ansLETTER VI.
jous and embarrassed; wishing My Son,
to undo what he has done ; and In reading my preceding let doing what should not be done ; ters, I believe you have been still too proud to confess his erled to this reflection, that the ror, and too selfsufficient to ask work of the sincere and hum- advice. If danger threatens and ble Christian is much more plain, probable means of deliverance simple and easy, than the work fail, he takes some desperate of a man of the world. The for- measures, trusting to the conmer makes his duty the rule of tingence of events. If he falls his conduct, and indulges no into ruin, he draws many after painful anxiety about the conse- him, and endeavours to console quences. The latter is solicit himself by imputing the blame ous about the consequences, and to others. pays little attention to duty. The The pious and honest man esapostle says, “ We have our capes all this vexation and miseconversation in the world in sim- ry“He walks uprightly, and plicity and godly sincerity, not walks surely.” He has one plain by fleshly wisdom, but by the rule to guide him. This is the grace of God.”
word of God, and this, he knows, The man governed by the wis- will never mislead him. If ever dom of the world is always in he is in doubt, he recurs to this uncertainty and perplexity. Hu- rule, and his doubt is removed ; man wisdom is short sighted ; it for his way is marked before him. cannot look far into futurity; He feels no embarrassment ; for nor foresee what will be the re- he knows what is good, and what mote consequences of the policy, God requires of him. He walks which it adopts. The very right on in the way prescribed, means, which it applies to the committing his way to God, and procurement of wealth, honour, trusting that his thoughts will be established. If he meets with of the gospel open to his view some disappointments, still he glorious and endless prospects. maintains his resolution, and Faith appropriates an interest in pursues his course ; he will not the promised blessings, and hope turn aside to avoid the evils be- begins the enjoyment of them. fore him ; for he believes these, Amidst the changes of the if they meet him, may be the world he rests in the immutable means of improving his virtue, God. In times of danger he and ensuring eventual success ; dwells secure in the secret place that some rough passages will of the Most High, and abides teach him to tread more cautious- serene under the shadow of the ly, and will prepare him to en Almighty. In worldly embarrassjoy more pleasantly the smooth, ments he keeps his mind cheerer parts of his journey. As ful and unruffled by a humble long as he finds himself in the trust in divine wisdom. He is path of wisdom, he feels no solicitous only to understand and anxiety what may be before him ; pursue the path of virtue and for this, he knows, will lead him righteousness; thus, he knows, safely along, and bring him out he shall enjoy peace, and, what. happily at the end. And what ever may be his lot in life, no ever may happen by the way, he evil will ultimately befall him. believes it will aid his progress, He commits his soul to God in and facilitate his journey through well doing, as to a faithful Crelife. When anxious thoughts ator, casting all his cares upon arise and utter their complaints, him, he rebukes and silences them by When death approaches, he the recollection, that he has calls up the exercise of that faith, pursued the line of duty, and by which he has lived, and resigns committed his way to God. If himself anew to God in humble his worldly designs miscarry, he hope, that as he has been faithful will not murmur; for he has to the death, so now he shall rest committed them all to God's from his labours, and his works disposal. He knows there is a shall follow him. plain inconsistency in committing That you may enjoy the conhis works to God, and complain- scious pleasures of religion in ing of God's allotments. This is life, and experience its solid coms taking back what he once resign- forts in death, is the wish and ed, and reclaiming what he had prayer of your affectionate pas given away.
EUSEBIUS. How happy is the life of the good Christian, who lives by faith in God, and trusts with bim the A LETTER ON THE AUTHOR OF intereste of time and eternity? interests of time and eternity ?
THE EPISTLE TO THE HER A consciousness of the rectitude
BREWS, of his heart and the purity of bis Dear Sir, intentions give him peace and IT was with pleasure, I undera serenity. A persuasion of God's took the task of relieving your wisdom, goodness, faithfulness mind, with regard to the authenand power fills him with confi-. ticity of the Epistle to the He-, dence and hope. The promises brews. I shall bow try to eluci
date this subject further, and the priests, its prime minise give you a more correct opinion ters. of this book and its presumptive Learned commentators pretty author, in the words, as far as generally agree, that Paul is not it is possible, of the excellent its author. There are, however, Venema, who after Mill and mighty exceptions, Mill and Michaelis, has thrown further Michaelis. But if not Paul, who light upon this subject.
then? Luther and Beza have The letter was probably writ. given it to Apollos, and Venema ten to the Jewish Christians at has defended this opinion with Alexandria ; unquestionably, to his usual acuteness. Before copr. some of that denomination, unit- ing his arguments, it may ed in a church; as appears from spread more light upon this sub: chap. xiii. 18, 19. This suppo. ject, to say a few words about sition is strengthened from the Apollos. style, as well as from the use of Apollo, Apollos, or Apollodo: Philo's phraseology, who too was rus, was a companion of Timo an Alexandrian. Dr.MillandJ.D. thy and Titus. Titus iii. 13, Michaelis understood it from the Heb. xiii. 23. He was eloquent Hierosolymitans. But the style of and deeply initiated in the knowl. this epistle is an objection against edge of the divine mysteries and this conjecture. It was probably rites of the Mosaic law. This is written in Greek, as it bears evident, not only from the epistle more marks of an original com- to the Hebrews, which you might position, than of a translation. deem here a precarious assumpIt was unquestionably written tion, but from his title noyes elos before the destruction of Jerusa- quent, Acts xviii. 24. and i Cor. lem, of which more than one ev- iii. 6. Paul planted, Apollos wa. idence will appear to the atten- tered. He was born a Jew, at tive reader of the epistle. The Alexandria, Acts xvii. 24. deep. author's aim was to confirm the ly versed in the books of the Old Jewish Christians, still stagger- Testament, mighty in the scrip, ing and inclining to the Mosaic tures ; of a fervent spirii, who at rituals, in the Christian faith, and Ephesus, though only acquainted wean them from their attachment with the doctrine of John the to the institutions of the Mosaic Baptist, and knowing only the law. He executed his design first elements of the kingdom of with great skill and address, main- God, not even knowing the effue taining throughout the epistle, sion of the Holy Ghost, Acts xix. and illustrating the position, that, patronized, fearless in the cause under the gospel economy, un- of Christ against the Jews, limited obedience was due to Acts xviii. 25. (Venema reads Christ; deriving his arguments ú poßos pro úxqißws, as Philip i. 14) from the transcendent excellency while be atierwards was more of Christ above all angels who accurately instructed by Aquila, held a high place under the Si- axeißecegov ib. v. 26. Thus better nai covenant, (chap. i. & ii.) above learned, he went to Achaia, and Moses its institutor; above the tarried at Corinth, where he was prophets, who were aiding it, ef great use to the believers, (chap. iii. & iv.) and above all helping them much, who had