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tions of the various agencies, was abolished on July 1, 1939, by the President's Reorganization Plan No. II, section 202 (4 F. R. 2732). Plan No. II further provided for the transfer of the functions of the Codification Board to The National Archives and their consolidation with the functions of the Division of the Federal Register, to be administered by the Division under the direction and supervision of the Archivist of the United States. The completion of the editing and publication of the volumes of the Code of Federal Regulations followed.

EXPLANATORY NOTES

Divisions of the Code; Tables of Contents The major divisions of the Code consist of 50 titles closely paralleling the titles of the United States Code. The titles are normally divided into chapters which have been assigned to the various agencies in accordance with the subject matter embraced within their regulations. However, in most of the major departments, the Office of the Secretary has been assigned Subtitle A without a chapter designation. In such titles, Subtitle B is divided into chapters in the usual manner. The principal divisions within chapters are designated as parts.

Each of the commonly used major divisions of the Code, that is, titles, chapters, and parts, carries a table of contents. A list of the agencies or principal departmental functions treated in any particular title appears in the table of contents for that title. Tables of contents for chapters list the part heads carried in the chapter and include subchapter heads where these occur. Tables of contents for parts ordinarily consist of the section heads within the parts, together with any subpart heads or undesignated center heads, and also contain paragraph heads when these are given special emphasis.

Numbering In general, the various divisions of the Code have been numbered as follows:

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The principal deviation from this system occurs in Title 14—Civil Aviation. In this title the internal structure of each part is shown by the absolute decimal system of numbering. Minor variations of the general numbering plan sometimes occur where it has been found expedient to key the codified material to source documents or to applicable statutes. In such cases the keying of section numbers is explained in a note following the first section in the keyed group. This explanatory note is referred to by a dagger (†) at the end of each section affected. (See “Citations of Source Material", page xxvi.)

It should be noted that, in general, Chapter I of each title has been assigned Parts 1–199; Chapter II, Parts 200-299; Chapter III, Parts 300-399; etc. Exceptions to this practice have been made where a chapter, by reason of its length or complexity, has required an unusually large number of parts.

Citations to the Code The following short form should be used in citing a section of the Code: 7 CFR 108.16, where reference is made to section 16 of Part 108 in Title 7. Examples of citations commonly used follow: Unit cited:

Example Title

7 CFR—Agriculture Subtitle

7 CFR Subtitle A Chapter

7 CFR Chapter I Part.

7 CFR Part 108 Section.

7 CFR 108.16 Paragraph.

7 CFR 108.16 (a) Subparagraph.

7 CFR 108.16 (a) (2) Multiple--

7 CFR 108.16, 108.22-108.46

Cross References All types of references from one title to another used within the Code employ the forms of citations exemplified above. References within a title use a shortened form of citation in which identification of the title is omitted; thus: Unit cited:

Example Subtitle.

Subtitle A Chapter

Chapter I Part_

Part 108 Section.

$ 108.16 Paragraph.

§ 108.16 (a) Subparagraph.

$ 108.16 (a) (2) Multiple--

$ $ 108.16, 108.22-108.46 Cross reference notes to subject matter related to a title, chapter, or part are carried immediately after the table of contents of the division to which they are pertinent. References from sections or lesser divisions immediately follow the section, paragraph, subparagraph, etc., to which they are pertinent.

In addition to the regular cross references, alphabetical references have been introduced at the end of each of the alphabetically arranged titles. These references are designed to suggest important subjects which would fall alphabetically between the initial words of the consecutive titles. For example, at the end of Title 7— Agriculture, there is a list of alphabetical references beginning with the subject “Aid of Civil Authorities and Public Relations" and ending with the subject “Alien Property Bureau,” thus filling the alphabetical gap between Title 7–Agriculture and Title & Aliens and Citizenship.

Citations of Statutory Authority In general, each section of the Code is followed by a citation of statutory authority under which the section was issued. Where the authority is common to a group of sections, a blanket citation for the entire group is inserted after the first section in the group. The blanket authority for a group of sections is identified by an asterisk (*). The authority for an individual section is designated by enclosure in parentheses at the end of the section. In citations of statutory authority “Sup.," unless qualified by the numerals, I, II, or III, refers to Supplement IV, United States Code, 1934 Edition.

Citations of Source Material

Source citations have been introduced on a plan similar to that employed for citations of statutory authority. Where the citation of a source document applies to a single section, it is carried in brackets at the end of the section. Where a source document is common to a group of sections a blanket citation identified by a dagger (†) is carried after the first section in the group. In such groups the section numbers are frequently keyed to numbers in the source or statutory material. Where such keying occurs the system is explained in the blanket source citation. Where a blanket citation of the original source is used and the section numbers in the

codification are not keyed to the corresponding numbers in the source document, references to the specific sections or portions of the source document are enclosed in brackets following the blanket citation symbol (†), the citation of statutory authority, or the citation of statute interpreted, as the case may be. The same rule applies to other identifying information such as the date on which was issued the document codified in the text of the section.

Supplemental Publications Publications which are of general interest as supplementing or relating to the application of the statutes or the codified regulations within a chapter are generally listed following the table of contents for the chapter to which they pertain. Where chapter cross references appear, the supplemental publications follow the cross references. In listing a serial publication, dashes are used to indicate continuity of publication. Thus the description, “Annual v. 14, 1922—," indicates that the volumes were published annually beginning with volume 1 in 1922, and that publication is current.

Abbreviations Abbreviations of document titles, agency names, and the technical terms used within a chapter are explained in a list following the first section in the chapter. These lists do not include standard forms of citation such as "Stat.” (United States Statutes at Large), "R. S.” (Revised Statutes), “U. S. C." (United States Code), “F. R.” (Federal Register), etc.

Index The general or subject index is contained in volume 15. References are to the title and section numbers (Example: 8 $ 3.1 is a reference to Title 8, Section 3.1). The emphasis in the indexing has been placed on the code titles with appropriate cross references. There are an abundant number of miscellaneous entries to guide the searcher.

Supplements The 1938 Supplement to the Code covers the period beginning June 2 and ending December 31, 1938. Each succeeding supplement will cover the period of one calendar year. Since the rules and regulations contained in the Code of Federal Regulations were codified as of June 1, 1938, it follows that this edition should be used in conjunction with the annual supplements, and in conjunction with the daily issues of the FEDERAL REGISTER.

Table of Titles and Chapter Headings

Title 1-General Provisions

Chap.

I Administrative Committee of the Federal Register

Appendix A—Guide to record retention requirements

Title 2-The Congress

Table of statutory authorities and statutes interpreted or applied

Title 3-The President

I Proclamations (tabulation)
II Executive orders (tabulation)
III Presidential documents other than Proclamations and Executive

orders (tabulation)

Title 4-Accounts

I General Accounting Office

Title 5-Administrative Personnel

I Civil Service Commission
III Foreign and Territorial Compensation
IV The President's Committee on Government Employment Policy
V International Organizations Employees Loyalty Board

Title 6-Agricultural Credit

I Farm Credit Administration
II Rural Electrification Administration, Department of Agriculture
III Farmers Home Administration, Department of Agriculture
IV Commodity Stabilization Service and Commodity Credit Corpora-

tion, Department of Agriculture
V Agricultural Marketing Service, Department of Agriculture

Title 7–Agriculture

SUBTITLE A–Office of the Secretary of Agriculture

SUBTITLE B-Regulations of the Department of Agriculture
I Agricultural Marketing Service (Standards, Inspections, Market-

ing Practices), Department of Agriculture

Title 7–Agriculture (Continued) Chap. II Agricultural Marketing Service (School Lunch Program), De

partment of Agriculture III Agricultural Research Service, Department of Agriculture IV Federal Crop Insurance Corporation VI Soil Conservation Service, Department of Agriculture VII Commodity Stabilization Service (Farm Marketing Quotas and

Acreage Allotments), Department of Agriculture VIII Commodity Stabilization Service (Sugar), Department of Agri

culture
IX Agricultural Marketing Service (Marketing Agreements and

Orders), Department of Agriculture
XI Agricultural Conservation Program Service, Department of Agri-

culture

Title 8 Aliens and Nationality

I Immigration and Naturalization Service, Department of Justice
II Office of Alien Property, Department of Justice

Title 9—Animals and Animal Products

I Agricultural Research Service, Department of Agriculture
II Agricultural Marketing Service, Department of Agriculture

Title 10 Atomic Energy

Atomic Energy Commission

Title 11-Bankruptcy

(No regulations assigned to this title)

Title 12-Banks and Banking

I Bureau of the Comptroller of the Currency, Department of the

Treasury
II Federal Reserve System
III Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation
IV Export-Import Bank of Washington

Title 13—Business Credit

II Small Business Administration

Title 14--Civil Aviation

I Civil Aeronautics Board
II Civil Aeronautics Administration, Department of Commerce

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