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SUBCOMMITTEE ON DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE AND RELATED
JAMIE L. WHITTEN, Mississippi, Charmer
BUDGET FOR THE DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
COMMITTEE ON APPROPRIATIONS
CLARENCE CANNON, Missouri, Chairman GEORGE H. MAHON, Texas
BEN F. JENSEN, Iowa HARRY R. SHEPPARD, California
WALT HORAN, Washington ALBERT THOMAS, Texas
GERALD R. FORD, JR., Michigan MICILE KIRWAN, Ohio
HAROLD C. OSTERTAG, New York JAMIE L. WHITTEN, Mississippi
FRANK T. BOW, Ohio GEORGE W. ANDREWS, Alabama
CHARLES RAPER JONAS, North Carolina JOHN J. ROONEY, New York
MELVIN R, LAIRD, Wisconsin J. VAUGHAN GARY, Virginia
ELFORD A. CEDERBERG, Michigan JOHN E. FOGARTY, Rhode Island
GLENARD P. LIPSCOMB, California ROBERT L. F, SIKES, Florida
JOHN J. RHODES, Arizona OTTO E. PASSMAN, Louisiana
JOHN R, PILLION, New York JOE L. EVINS, Tennessee
WILLIAM E. MINSHALL, Ohio JOHN F. SHELLEY, California
ROBERT H. MICHEL, Mlinois EDWARD P. BOLAND, Massachusetts SILVIO O. CONTE, Massachusetts WILLIAM H. NATCHER, Kentucky
WILLIAM H. MILLIKEN, JR., Pennsylvania DANIEL J. FLOOD, Pennsylvania
EARL WILSON, Indiana WINFIELD K. DENTON, Indiana
ODIN LANGEN, Minnesota TOM STEED, Oklahoma
WILLIAM HENRY HARRISON, Wyoming JOSEPH M. MONTOYA, New Mexico
BEN REIFEL, South Dakota
LOUIS C. WYMAN, New Hampshire
KENNETH SPRANKLE, Clerk and Staff Director
DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE APPROPRIATIONS
MONDAY, FEBRUARY 18, 1963.
SECRETARY OF AGRICULTURE
HON. OF ILLE L. FREEMAN, SECRETARY OF AGRICULTURE JOHN A. BAKER, ASSISTANT SECRETARY OF AGRICULTURE JOSEPH M. ROBERTSON, ADMINISTRATIVE ASSISTANT SECRETARY CHARLES L. GRANT, DIRECTOR OF FINANCE AND BUDGET OFFICER,
DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
Mr. WHITTEN. Gentlemen, the committee will come to order.
Mr. Secretary, we are glad to have you and your associates with us today in connection with the justifications for the Department of Agriculture 1964 appropriations.
I believe this is the 15th year that I have had the privilege of being either the ranking Democrat or the chairman of this subcommittee. Through the years we have had many, many problems. I think now, perhaps, we have some of the most difficult. The declining numbers engaged in agriculture causes many, many groups to pay little attention
to them, politically and otherwise. However, as the number engaged in agriculture has declined, the total investment has greatly increased and the total risk has greatly increased. Further, the fine job that the American farmers, the few that are still in the business, have done has been primarily responsible for the ability of this Nation to spend 60 to 65 percent of its total governmental income for defense. This small group of farmers, doing the fine job they have, has enabled us to do that without a decline in our standard of living. Or, expressed another way, the 8 to 10 percent that are on the farm have freed the other 92 percent to defend our Nation and to run our factories and our industrial plants.
The other thing that we have difficulty getting over to the American people is that agriculture is still the greatest single market for industry. And, with all due deference to the President and his argument about what reductions in taxes will do for the economy, I would point out here, and will point out to him in the event I have the opportunity, that a decline in farm purchasing power will do 10 times more damage than his tax reduction would provide any advantage.