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SUBCOMMITTEE ON DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE AND RELATED

AGENCIES APPROPRIATIONS

JAMIE L. WHITTEN, Mississippi, Charmer
WILLIAM H. NATCHER, Kentucky

WALT
JOSEPH P. ADDABBO, New York

ROBERT
Ross P. POPE, Staff Assistant to the Subcommittee

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PART 1

BUDGET FOR THE DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
GENERAL AGRICULTURAL OUTLOOK
SECRETARY OF AGRICULTURE

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COMMITTEE ON APPROPRIATIONS

CLARENCE CANNON, Missouri, Chairman GEORGE H. MAHON, Texas

BEN F. JENSEN, Iowa HARRY R. SHEPPARD, California

WALT HORAN, Washington ALBERT THOMAS, Texas

GERALD R. FORD, JR., Michigan MICILE KIRWAN, Ohio

HAROLD C. OSTERTAG, New York JAMIE L. WHITTEN, Mississippi

FRANK T. BOW, Ohio GEORGE W. ANDREWS, Alabama

CHARLES RAPER JONAS, North Carolina JOHN J. ROONEY, New York

MELVIN R, LAIRD, Wisconsin J. VAUGHAN GARY, Virginia

ELFORD A. CEDERBERG, Michigan JOHN E. FOGARTY, Rhode Island

GLENARD P. LIPSCOMB, California ROBERT L. F, SIKES, Florida

JOHN J. RHODES, Arizona OTTO E. PASSMAN, Louisiana

JOHN R, PILLION, New York JOE L. EVINS, Tennessee

WILLIAM E. MINSHALL, Ohio JOHN F. SHELLEY, California

ROBERT H. MICHEL, Mlinois EDWARD P. BOLAND, Massachusetts SILVIO O. CONTE, Massachusetts WILLIAM H. NATCHER, Kentucky

WILLIAM H. MILLIKEN, JR., Pennsylvania DANIEL J. FLOOD, Pennsylvania

EARL WILSON, Indiana WINFIELD K. DENTON, Indiana

ODIN LANGEN, Minnesota TOM STEED, Oklahoma

WILLIAM HENRY HARRISON, Wyoming JOSEPH M. MONTOYA, New Mexico

BEN REIFEL, South Dakota
GEORGE E. SHIPLEY, Illinois

LOUIS C. WYMAN, New Hampshire
JOHN M. SLACK, JR., West Virginia
JOHN LESINSKI, Michigan
JOHN J. FLYNT, Georgia
NEAL SMITH, Iowa
ROBERT N. GIAIMO, Connecticut
JULIA BUTLER HANSEN, Washington
EDWARD R. FINNEGAN, Ilinois
CHARLES S. JOELSON, New Jersey
JOSEPH P. ADDABBO, New York

KENNETH SPRANKLE, Clerk and Staff Director

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DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE APPROPRIATIONS

FOR 1964

MONDAY, FEBRUARY 18, 1963.

SECRETARY OF AGRICULTURE

WITNESSES

HON. OF ILLE L. FREEMAN, SECRETARY OF AGRICULTURE JOHN A. BAKER, ASSISTANT SECRETARY OF AGRICULTURE JOSEPH M. ROBERTSON, ADMINISTRATIVE ASSISTANT SECRETARY CHARLES L. GRANT, DIRECTOR OF FINANCE AND BUDGET OFFICER,

DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE

INTRODUCTORY REMARKS

Mr. WHITTEN. Gentlemen, the committee will come to order.

Mr. Secretary, we are glad to have you and your associates with us today in connection with the justifications for the Department of Agriculture 1964 appropriations.

I believe this is the 15th year that I have had the privilege of being either the ranking Democrat or the chairman of this subcommittee. Through the years we have had many, many problems. I think now, perhaps, we have some of the most difficult. The declining numbers engaged in agriculture causes many, many groups to pay little attention

to them, politically and otherwise. However, as the number engaged in agriculture has declined, the total investment has greatly increased and the total risk has greatly increased. Further, the fine job that the American farmers, the few that are still in the business, have done has been primarily responsible for the ability of this Nation to spend 60 to 65 percent of its total governmental income for defense. This small group of farmers, doing the fine job they have, has enabled us to do that without a decline in our standard of living. Or, expressed another way, the 8 to 10 percent that are on the farm have freed the other 92 percent to defend our Nation and to run our factories and our industrial plants.

The other thing that we have difficulty getting over to the American people is that agriculture is still the greatest single market for industry. And, with all due deference to the President and his argument about what reductions in taxes will do for the economy, I would point out here, and will point out to him in the event I have the opportunity, that a decline in farm purchasing power will do 10 times more damage than his tax reduction would provide any advantage.

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