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“(4) to what extent, if any, such organization within three years has received from, or furnished to or for the use of, any such Communist organization, government, or movement any funds or other material assistance;

"(5) to what extent, if any, such organization is, or within three years has been, affiliated in any way with any such Communist organization, government, or movement;

“(6) to what extent, if any, the affiliation of such organization, or of any individual or individuals who are members thereof or who manage its affairs, with any such Communist organization, government, or movement is concealed from or is not disclosed to the membership of such organization; and

“(7) to what extent, if any, such organization or any of its members or managers are, or within three years have been, knowingly engaged

“(A) in any conduct punishable under section 4 or 15 of this Act or under chapter 37, 105, or 115 of title 18 of the 62 Stat. 736, United States Code; or

797, 807. "(B) with intent to impair the military strength of the United States or its industrial capacity to furnish logistical or other support required by its armed forces, in any activity

resulting in or contributing to any such impairment. “(f) After hearing upon any petition filed under this section, the Board shall (1) make a report in writing in which it shall state its findings as to the facts and its conclusions with respect to the issues presented by such petition, (2) enter its order granting or denying the determination sought by such petition, and (3) serve upon each party to the proceeding a copy of such order. Any order granting any determination on the question whether any organization is a Communist-infiltrated organization shall become final as provided in section 14 (b) of this Act.

“(g) When any order has been entered by the Board under this section with respect to any labor organization or employer (as these terms are defined by section 2 of the National Labor Relations Act, as 61 Stat. 138. amended, and which are organizations within the meaning of section 3 29 USC 152. of the Subversive Activities Control Act of 1950), the Board shall 50 USC 782. serve a true and correct copy of such order upon the National Labor Relations Board and shall publish in the Federal Register a statement of the substance of such order and its effective date.

"(h) When there is in effect a final order of the Board determining that any such labor organization is a Communist-action organization, * Communist-front organization, or a Communist-infiltrated organization, such labor organization shall be ineligible to

68 Stat. 779. "(1) act as representative of any employee within the meaning 68 Stat. 780. or for the purposes of section 7 of the National Labor Relations Act, as amended (29 U. S. C. 157);

“(2) serve as an exclusive representative of employees of any bargaining unit under section 9 of such Act, as amended (29 U.S. C. 159);

“(3) make, or obtain any hearing upon, any charge under section 10 of such Act (29 ('. S. C. 160); or

“(4) exercise any other right or privilege, or receive any other benefit, substantive or procedural, provided by such Act for labor organizations. “(i) When an order of the Board determining that any such labor organization is a Communist-infiltrated organization has become final, and such labor organization theretofore has been certified under the National Labor Relations Act, as amended, as a representative of 29 USC 167. employees in any bargaining unit

a

All 68 Stat. 780,

(1) a question of representation affecting commerce, within 29 USC 159.

the meaning of section 9 (c) of such Act, shall be deemed to exist with respect to such bargaining unit; and

“(2) the National Labor Relations Board, upon petition of not less than 20 per centum of the employees in such bargaining

unit or any person or persons acting in their behalf, shall under 29 USC 159.

section 9 of such Act (notwithstanding any limitation of time contained therein) direct elections in such bargaining unit or any subdivision thereof (A) for the selection of a representative thereof for collective bargaining purposes, and (B) to determine whether the employees thereof desire to rescind any authority previously granted to such labor organization to enter into any agreement with their employer pursuant to section 8 (a) (3) (ii)

of such Act. “(j) When there is in effect a final order of the Board determining that any such employer is a Communist-infiltrated organization, such employer shall be ineligible to

"]1) file any petition for an election under section 9 of the 29 USC 159.

National Labor Relations Act, as amended (29 U. S. C. 157), or participate in any proceeding under such section; or

“(2) make or obtain any hearing upon any charge under section 10 of such Act (29 U. S. C. 160); or

“(3) exercise any other right or privilege or receive any other benefit, substantive or procedural, provided by such Act for

employers." Sec. 11. Subsections (a) and (b) of section 14 of such Act (50 U.S. C. 793) are amended by inserting in each such subsection, immediately after the words "section 13”, a comma and the following: "or

subsection (f) of section 13A,". Separability. Sec. 12. If any provision of this title or the application thereof

to any person or circumstances is held invalid, the remainder of the
title, and the application of such provisions to other persons or cir-
cumstances, shall not be affected thereby.
Approved August 24, 1954, 9:40 a.m., M.S. T.

Public Law 777 - 83d Congress
Chapter 1261 - 2d Session

H. R. 9580

AN ACT

To revise and extend the laws relating to espionage and sabotage, and for

other purposes.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That this Act, Espionage and divided into titles and sections, may be cited as the “Espionage and Sabotage Aot of Sabotage Act of 1954”.

1954,

TITLE I-WAR AND DEFENSE MATERIALS, PREMISES

AND UTILITIES Sec. 101. Section 2151 of title 18, United States Code, is amended 62 Stat. 798. to read as follows: “$ 2151. Definitions.

"As used in this chapter:

“The words 'war material include arms, armament, ammunition, livestock, forage, forest products and standing timber, stores of clothing, air, water, food, foodstuffs, fuel, supplies, munitions, and all articles, parts or ingredients, intended for, adapted to, or suitable for the use of the United States or any associate nation, in connection with the conduct of war or defense activities.

“The words 'war premises' include all buildings, grounds, mines, or other places wherein such war material is being produced, manufactured, repaired, stored, mined, extracted, distributed, loaded, unloaded, or transported, together with all machinery and appliances therein contained; and all forts, arsenals, navy yards, camps, prisons, or other installations of the Armed Forces of the United States, or any associate nation.

"The words 'war utilities include all railroads, railways, electric lines, roads of whatever description, any railroad or railway fixture, canal, lock, dam, wharf, pier, dock, bridge, building, structure, engine, machine, mechanical contrivance, car, vehicle, boat, aircraft, airfields, air lanes, and fixtures or appurtenances thereof, or any other means of transportation whatsoever, whereon or whereby such war material or any troops of the United States, or of any associate nation, are being or may be transported either within the limits of the United States or upon the high seas or elsewhere; and all air-conditioning systems, dams, reservoirs, aqueducts, water and gas mains and pipes, structures and buildings, whereby or in connection with which air, water or gas is being furnished, or may be furnished, to any war premises or to the Armed Forces of the United States, or any associate nation, and all electric light and power, steam or pneumatic power, telephone and telegraph plants, poles, wires, and fixtures, and wireless stations, and the buildings connected with the maintenance and operation thereof used to supply air, water, light, heat, power, or facilities of communication to any war premises or to the Armed Forces of the United States, or any associate nation.

68 Stat. 1216, “The words 'associate nation' mean any nation at war with any

68 Stat. 1217. nation with which the United States is at war.

“The words ‘national-defense material include arms, armament, ammunition, livestock, forage, forest products and standing timber, stores of clothing, air, water, food, foodstuffs, fuel, supplies, munitions, and all other articles of whatever description and any part or ingredient thereof, intended for, adapted to, or suitable for the use of the United States in connection with the national defense or for use in or in connection with the producing, manufacturing, repairing, storing, mining, extracting, distributing. loading, unloading, or

transporting of any of the materials or other articles hereinbefore mentioned or any part or ingredient thereof.

"The words 'national-defense premises include all buildings, grounds, mines, or other places wherein such national-defense mate rial is being produced, manufactured, repaired, stored, mined, extracted, distributed, loaded, unloaded, or transported, together with all machinery and appliances therein contained; and all forts, arsenals, navy yards, camps, prisons, or other installations of the Armed Forces of the United States.

“The words 'national-defense utilities include all railroads, railways, electric lines, roads of whatever description, railroad or railway fixture, canal, lock, dam, wharf, pier, dock, bridge, building, structure, engine, machine, mechanical contrivance, car, vehicle, boat, aircraft, airfields, air lanes, and fixtures or appurtenances thereof, or any other means of transportation whatsoever, whereon or whereby such national-defense material, or any troops of the United States, are being or may be transported either within the limits of the United States or upon the high seas or elsewhere; and all air-conditioning systems, dams, reservoirs, aqueducts, water and gas mains and pipes, structures, and buildings, whereby or in connection with which air, water, or gas may be furnished to any national-defense premises or to the Armed Forces of the United States, and all electric light and power, steam or pneumatic power, telephone and telegraph plants, poles, wires, and fixtures and wireless stations, and the buildings connected with the maintenance and operation thereof used to supply air, water, light, heat, power, or facilities of communication to any national-defense premises or to the Armed Forces of the United

States." 62 Stat. 799. Sec. 102. Section 2153 of title 18, United States Code, is amended

to read as follows:
"S 2153. Destruction of war material, war premises, or war utilities.

“(a) Whoever, when the United States is at war, or in times of national emergency as declared by the President or by the Congress, with intent to injure, interfere with, or obstruct the United States or any associate nation in preparing for or carrying on the war or defense activities, or, with reason to believe that his act may injure, interfere with, or obstruct the United States or any associate nation in preparing for or carrying on the war or defense activities, willfully injures, destroys, contaminates or infects, or attempts to so injure, destroy, contaminate or infect any war material, war premises, or war utilities, shall be fined not more than $10,000 or imprisoned not

more than thirty years, or both. 68 Stat, 1217. "(b) If two or more persons conspire to violate this section, and one 68 Stat. 1218. or more of such persons do any act to effect the object of the con

spiracy, each of the parties to such conspiracy shall be punished as pro

vided in subsection (a) of this section.” 62 Stat, 799. Sec. 103. Section 2154 of title 18, United States Code, is amended

to read as follows:
“8 2154. Production of defective war material, war premises, or war

utilities.
“(a) Whoever, when the United States is at war, or in times of
national emergency as declared by the President or by the Congress,
with intent to injure, interfere with, or obstruct the United States
or any associate nation in preparing for or carrying on the war or
defense activities, or, with reason to believe that his act may injure,
interfere with, or obstruct the United States or any associate nation

in preparing for or carrying on the war or defense activities, willfully makes, constructs, or causes to be made or constructed in a defective manner, or attempts to make, construct, or cause to be made or constructed in andefective manner any war material, war premises or war utilities, or any tool, implement, machine, utensil, or receptacle used or employed in making, producing, manufacturing, or repairing any such war material, war premises or war utilities, shall be fined mot more than $10,000 or imprisoned not more than thirty years, or both.

“(b) If two or more persons conspire to violate this section, and one or more of such persons do any act to effect the object of the conspiracy, each of the parties to such conspiracy shall be punished as provided in subsection (a) of this section."

Sec. 104. Section 2155 of title 18, United States Code, is amended 62 Stat. 799. to read as follows: "82155. Destruction of national-defense materials, national-defense

premises or national-defense utilities. “(a) Whoever, with intent to injure, interfere with, or obstruct the national defense of the United States, willfully injures, destroys, contaminates or infects, or attempts to so injure, destroy, contaminate or infect any national-defense material, national-defense premises, or national-defense utilities, shall be fined not more than $10,000 or imprisoned not more than ten years, or both.

“(b) If two or more persons conspire to violate this section, and one or more of such persons do any act to effect the object of the conspiracy, each of the parties to such conspiracy shall be punished as provided in subsection (a) of this section."*

Sec. 105. Section 2156 of title 18, United States Code, is amended to 62 Stat. 800. read as follows: "8 2156. Production of defective national-defense material, national

defense premises or national-defense utilities. "(a) Whoever, with intent to injure, interfere with, or obstruct the national defense of the United States, willfully makes, constructs, or attempts to make or construct in a defective manner, any nationaldefense material, national-defense premises or national-defense utilities, or any tool, implement, machine, utensil, or receptacle used or employed in making, producing, manufacturing, or repairing any such national-defense material, national-defense premises or nationaldefense utilities, shall be fined not more than $10,000 or imprisoned not more than ten years, or both.

“(b) If two or more persons conspire to violate this section, and one or more of such persons do any act to effect the object of the conspiracy, each of the parties to such conspiracy shall be punished as provided in subsection (a) of this section.”

68 Stat. 1218. Sec. 106. The analysis immediately preceding section 2151 of title 68 Stat. 1219. 18, United States Code, is amended to read as follows: "Sec. 2151. Definitions. 2152. Fortifications, harbor defenses or defensive sea areas. 2153. Destruction of war material, war premises or war utilities. 2154. Production of defective war material, war premises or war utilities. 2155. Destruction of national-defense materials, national defense premises or

national-defense utilities. 2156. Production of defective national-defense material, national-defense

premises or national-defense utilities."

71-492 0-66-9

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