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42 USC 13002.

SEC. 212. AUTHORITY OF THE DIRECTOR TO MAKE GRANTS.

(a) IN GENERAL.The Director of the Office of Victims of Crime (hereinafter in this subtitle referred to as the “Director”), in consultation with officials of the Department of Health and Human Services, shall make grants to develop and implement multidisciplinary child abuse investigation and prosecution programs.

(b) GRANT CRITERIA.—(1) The Director shall establish the criteria to be used in evaluating applications for grants under this section consistent with sections 262, 293, and 296 of subpart II of title II of the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act of 1974 (42 U.S.C. 5665 et seq.).

(2) In general, the grant criteria established pursuant to paragraph (1) may require that a program include any of the following elements:

(A) A written agreement between local law enforcement, social service, health, and other related agencies to coordinate child abuse investigation, prosecution, treatment, and counseling services.

(B) An appropriate site for referring, interviewing, treating, and counseling child victims of sexual and serious physical abuse and neglect (referred to as the "counseling center").

(C) Referral of all sexual and serious physical abuse and neglect cases to the counseling center not later than 24 hours after notification of an incident of abuse.

(D) Joint initial investigative interviews of child victims by personnel from law enforcement, health, and social service agencies.

(E) A requirement that, to the extent practicable, the same agency representative who conducts an initial interview conduct all subsequent interviews.

(F) A requirement that, to the extent practicable, all interviews and meetings with a child victim occur at the counseling center.

(G) Coordination of each step of the investigation process to minimize the number of interviews that a child victim must attend.

(H) Designation of a director for the multidisciplinary program.

(I) Assignment of a volunteer or staff advocate to each child in order to assist the child and, when appropriate, the child's family, throughout each step of judicial proceedings.

(J) Such other criteria as the Director shall establish by regulation. (c) DISTRIBUTION OF GRANTS.-In awarding grants under this section, the Director shall ensure that grants are distributed to both large and small States and to rural, suburban, and urban jurisdictions. SEC. 213. GRANTS FOR SPECIALIZED TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE AND

TRAINING PROGRAMS. (a) IN GENERAL.—The Director shall make grants to national organizations to provide technical assistance and training to attorneys and others instrumental to the criminal prosecution of child abuse cases in State or Federal courts, for the purpose of improving the quality of criminal prosecution of such cases.

(b) GRANTEE ORGANIZATIONS.-An organization to which a grant is made pursuant to subsection (a) shall be one that has, or is affiliated

42 USC 13003.

with one that has, broad membership among attorneys who prosecute criminal cases in State courts and has demonstrated experience in providing training and technical assistance for prosecutors. (c) GRANT CRITERIA.

(1) The Director shall establish the criteria to be used for evaluating applications for grants under this section, consistent with sections 262, 293, and 296 of subpart II of title II of the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Act of 1974 (42 U.S.C. 5665 et seq.).

(2) The grant criteria established pursuant to paragraph (1) shall require that a program provide training and technical assistance that includes information regarding improved child interview techniques, thorough investigative methods, interagency coordination and effective presentation of evidence in court, including the use of alternative courtroom procedures

described in this title.
SEC. 214. AUTHORIZATIONS OF APPROPRIATIONS.

(a) IN GENERAL.- There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out this chapter

(1) $20,000,000 in fiscal year 1991; and

(2) such sums as may be necessary to carry out this chapter in each of fiscal years 1992 and 1993. (b) USE OF FUNDS.-Of the amounts appropriated under subsection (a), not less than 90 percent shall be used for grants under section 212.

42 USC 13004.

Grant programs.

Subtitle B_Court-Appointed Special Advocate

Program

42 USC 13011.

42 USC 13012.

SEC. 215. FINDINGS.
The Congress finds that,

(1) the National Court-Appointed Special Advocate provides training and technical assistance to a network of 13,000 volunteers in 377 programs operating in 47 States; and

(2) in 1988, these volunteers represented 40,000 children, representing approximately 15 percent of the estimated 270,000

cases of child abuse and neglect in juvenile and family courts. SEC. 216. PURPOSE.

The purpose of this chapter is to ensure that by January 1, 1995, a court-appointed special advocate shall be available to every victim of child abuse or neglect in the United States that needs such an advocate. SEC. 217. STRENGTHENING OF THE COURT-APPOINTED SPECIAL ADVO

CATE PROGRAM. (a) IN GENERAL.—The Administrator of the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention shall make grants to expand the court-appointed special advocate program. (b) GRANTEE ORGANIZATIONS. —

(1) An organization to which a grant is made pursuant to subsection (a) shall be a national organization that has broad membership among court-appointed special advocates and has demonstrated experience in grant administration of court-appointed special advocate programs and in providing training

42 USC 13013.

and technical assistance to court-appointed special advocate program; or (2) may be a local public or not-for-profit agency that has demonstrated the willingness to initiate or expand a court-appointed special advocate program.

(2) An organization described in paragraph (1)(a) that receives a grant may be authorized to make subgrants and enter into contracts with public and not-for-profit agencies to initiate and to expand the court-appointed special advocate program. Should a grant be made to a national organization for this purpose, the Administrator shall specify an amount not exceeding 5 percent that can be used for administrative purposes by the national

organization. (c) GRANT CRITERIA.—(1) The Administrator shall establish criteria to be used in evaluating applications for grants under this section, consistent with sections 262, 293, and 296 of subpart II of title II of the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act of 1974 (42 U.S.C. 5665 et seq.).

(2) In general, the grant criteria established pursuant to paragraph (1) shall require that a court-appointed special advocate program provide screening, training, and supervision of court-appointed special advocates in accordance with standards developed by the National Court-Appointed Special Advocate Association. Such criteria may include the requirements that

(A) a court-appointed special advocate association program have a mission and purpose in keeping with the mission and purpose of the National Court-Appointed Special Advocate Association and that it abide by the National Court-Appointed Special Advocate Association Code of Ethics;

(B) a court-appointed special advocate association program operate with access to legal counsel;

(C) the management and operation of a court-appointed special advocate program assure adequate supervision of courtappointed special advocate volunteers; (D) a court-appointed special advocate program keep written

a records on the operation of the program in general and on each applicant, volunteer, and case;

(E) a court-appointed special advocate program have written management and personnel policies and procedures, screening requirements, and training curriculum;

(F) a court-appointed special advocate program not accept volunteers who have been convicted of, have charges pending for, or have in the past been charged with, a felony or misdemeanor involving a sex offense, violent act, child abuse or neglect, or related acts that would pose risks to children or to the court-appointed special advocate program's credibility;

(G) a court-appointed special advocate program have an established procedure to allow the immediate reporting to a court or appropriate agency of a situation in which a court-appointed special advocate volunteer has reason to believe that a child is in imminent danger;

(H) a court-appointed special advocate volunteer be an individual who has been screened and trained by a recognized court-appointed special advocate program and appointed by the court to advocate for children who come into the court system primarily as a result of abuse or neglect; and

(I) a court-appointed special advocate volunteer serve the function of reviewing records, facilitating prompt, thorough

42 USC 13014.

review of cases, and interviewing appropriate parties in order to make recommendations on what would be in the best interests

of the child. (3) In awarding grants under this section, the Administrator shall ensure that grants are distributed to localities that have no existing court-appointed special advocate program and to programs in need of expansion. SEC. 218. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

(a) AUTHORIZATION.—There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out this chapter

(1) $5,000,000 in fiscal year 1991; and

(2) such sums as may be necessary to carry out this subtitle in each of fiscal years 1992, 1993, and 1994. (b) LIMITATION.—No funds are authorized to be appropriated for a fiscal year to carry out this subtitle unless the aggregate amount appropriated to carry out title II of the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act of 1974 (42 U.S.C. 5611 et seq.) for such fiscal year is not less than the aggregate amount appropriated to carry out such title for the preceding fiscal year.

Grant programs.

Subtitle C—Child Abuse Training Programs

for Judicial Personnel and Practitioners

42 USC 13021.

SEC. 221. FINDINGS AND PURPOSE.
(a) FINDINGS.—The Congress finds that-

(1) a large number of juvenile and family courts are inundated with increasing numbers of cases due to increased reports of abuse and neglect, increasing drug-related maltreatment, and insufficient court resources;

(2) the amendments made to the Social Security Act by the Adoption Assistance and Child Welfare Act of 1980 make substantial demands on the courts handling abuse and neglect cases, but provide no assistance to the courts to meet those demands;

(3) the Adoption and Child Welfare Act of 1980 requires courts to

(A) determine whether the agency made reasonable efforts to prevent foster care placement;

(B) approve voluntary nonjudicial placement; and

(C) provide procedural safeguards for parents when their parent-child relationship is affected; (4) social welfare agencies press the courts to meet such requirements, yet scarce resources often dictate that courts comply pro forma without undertaking the meaningful judicial inquiry contemplated by Congress in the Adoption and Child Welfare Act of 1980;

(5) compliance with the Adoption and Child Welfare Act of 1980 and overall improvements in the judicial response to abuse and neglect cases can best come about through action by top level court administrators and judges with administrative functions who understand the unique aspects of decisions required in child abuse and neglect cases; and

42 USC 13022.

42 USC 13023.

(6) the Adoption and Child Welfare Act of 1980 provides financial incentives to train welfare agency staff to meet the

requirements, but provides no resources to train judges. (b) PURPOSE.— The purpose of this chapter is to provide expanded technical assistance and training to judicial personnel and attorneys, particularly personnel and practitioners in juvenile and family courts, to improve the judicial system's handling of child abuse and neglect cases with specific emphasis on the role of the courts in addressing reasonable efforts that can safely avoid unnecessary and unnecessarily prolonged foster care placement. SEC. 222. GRANTS FOR JUVENILE AND FAMILY COURT PERSONNEL.

In order to improve the judicial system's handling of child abuse and neglect cases, the Administrator of the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention shall make grants for the purpose of providing

(1) technical assistance and training to judicial personnel and attorneys, particularly personnel and practitioners in juvenile and family courts; and

(2) administrative reform in juvenile and family courts. SEC. 223. SPECIALIZED TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE AND TRAINING PRO

GRAMS. (a) GRANTS TO DEVELOP MODEL PROGRAMS.—(1) The Administrator shall make grants to national organizations to develop 1 or more model technical assistance and training programs to improve the judicial system's handling of child abuse and neglect cases.

(2) An organization to which a grant is made pursuant to paragraph (1) shall be one that has broad membership among juvenile and family court judges and has demonstrated experience in providing training and technical assistance for judges, attorneys, child welfare personnel, and lay child advocates.

(b) GRANTS TO JUVENILE AND FAMILY COURTS.—(1) In order to improve the judicial system's handling of child abuse and neglect cases, the Administrator shall make grants to State courts or judicial administrators for programs that provide or contract for, the implementation of

(A) training and technical assistance to judicial personnel and attorneys in juvenile and family courts; and

(B) administrative reform in juvenile and family courts. (2) The criteria established for the making of grants pursuant to paragraph (1) shall give priority to programs that improve

(A) procedures for determining whether child service agencies have made reasonable efforts to prevent placement of children in foster care;

(B) procedures for determining whether child service agencies have, after placement of children in foster care, made reasonable efforts to reunite the family; and

(C) procedures for coordinating information and services among health professionals, social workers, law enforcement professionals, prosecutors, defense attorneys, and juvenile and family court personnel, consistent with subtitle A. (c) GRANT CRITERIA.—The Administrator shall make grants under subsections (a) and (b) consistent with section 262, 293, and 296 of title II of the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act of 1974 (42 U.S.C. 5665 et seq.).

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