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Board may recommend to the Attorney General of the United States that criminal proceedings be instituted under that section.

"(b) The Board may recommend that the Secretary of the Interior refer the matter to the Attorney General for civil action under section 6.”. SEC. 104. CRIMINAL PENALTY FOR MISREPRESENTATION OF INDIAN PRO

DUCED GOODS AND PRODUCTS. (a) IN GENERAL.-Section 1159 of title 18, United States Code, is amended to read as follows:

“8 1159. Misrepresentation of Indian produced goods and products

"(a) It is unlawful to offer or display for sale or sell any good, with or without a Government trademark, in a manner that falsely suggests it is Indian produced, an Indian product, or the product of a particular Indian or Indian tribe or Indian arts and crafts organization, resident within the United States. "(b) Whoever knowingly violates subsection (a) shall

“(1) in the case of a first violation, if an individual, be fined not more than $250,000 or imprisoned not more than five years, or both, and, if a person other than an individual, be fined not more than $1,000,000; and

""(2) in the case of subsequent violations, if an individual, be fined not more than $1,000,000 or imprisoned not more than fifteen years, or both, and, if a person other than an individual,

be fined not more than $5,000,000. "(c) As used in this section

“(1) the term 'Indian' means any individual who is a member of an Indian tribe, or for the purposes of this section is certified as an Indian artisan by an Indian tribe;

"(2) the terms 'Indian product' and 'product of a particular Indian tribe or Indian arts and crafts organization' has the meaning given such term in regulations which may be promulgated by the Secretary of the Interior; “(3) the term 'Indian tribe' means

"(A) any Indian tribe, band, nation, Alaska Native village, or other organized group or community which is recognized as eligible for the special programs and services provided by the United States to Indians because of their status as Indians; or

"(B) any Indian group that has been formally recognized as an Indian tribe by a State legislature or by a State commission or similar organization legislatively vested with

State tribal recognition authority; and "(4) the term 'Indian arts and crafts organization' means any legally established arts and crafts marketing organization com

posed of members of Indian tribes. "(d) In the event that any provision of this section is held invalid, it is the intent of Congress that the remaining provisions of this section shall continue in full force and effect.”.

(b) CONFORMING AMENDMENT.—The item relating to section 1159 in the table of sections for chapter 53 of title 18, United States Code, is amended to read as follows: "1159. Misrepresentation of Indian produced goods and products.”.

25 USC 305e.

SEC. 105. CAUSE OF ACTION FOR MISREPRESENTATION OF INDIAN PRO

DUCED GOODS AND PRODUCTS. The Act entitled “An Act to promote the development of Indian arts and crafts and to create a board to assist therein, and for other purposes" (25 U.S.C. 305 et seq.) (as amended by section 3) is further amended by adding at the end of the following:

"SEC. 6. (a) A person specified in subsection (c) may, in a civil action in a court of competent jurisdiction, bring an action against a person who offers or displays for sale or sells a good, with or without a Government trademark, in a manner that falsely suggests it is Indian produced, an Indian product, or the product of a particular Indian or Indian tribe or Indian arts and crafts organization, resident within the United States, to

"(1) obtain injunctive or other equitable relief; and
“(2) recover the greater of

(A) treble damages; or

"(B) in the case of each aggrieved individual Indian, Indian tribe, or Indian arts and crafts organization, not less than $1,000 for each day on which the offer or display for

sale or sale continues. "(b) In addition to the relief specified in subsection (a), the court may award punitive damages and the costs of suit and a reasonable attorney's fee. "(c)(1) A civil action under subsection (a) may be commenced

"(A) by the Attorney General of the United States upon request of the Secretary of the Interior on behalf of an Indian who is a member of an Indian tribe or on behalf of an Indian tribe or Indian arts and crafts organization; or

“(B) by an Indian tribe on behalf of itself, an Indian who is a member of the tribe, or on behalf of an Indian arts and crafts

organization. “(2) Any amount recovered pursuant to this section shall be paid to the individual Indian, Indian tribe, or Indian arts and crafts organization, except that

“(A) in the case of paragraph (1)(A), the Attorney General may deduct from the amount recovered the amount for the costs of suit and reasonable attorney's fees awarded pursuant to subsection (b) and deposit the amount of such costs and fees as a reimbursement credited to appropriations currently available to the Attorney General at the time of receipt of the amount recovered, and

"(B) in the case of paragraph (1)(B), the amount recovered for the costs of suit and reasonable attorney's fees pursuant to subsection (b) may be deducted from the total amount awarded under subsection (a)(2). "(d) As used in this section

“(1) the term 'Indian' means any individual who is a member of an Indian tribe; or for the purposes of this section is certified as an Indian artisan by an Indian tribe;

"(2) the terms 'Indian product' and 'product of a particular Indian tribe or Indian arts and crafts organization has the meaning given such term in regulations which may be promulgated by the Secretary of the Interior; “(3) the term 'Indian tribe' means

"(A) any Indian tribe, band, nation, Alaska Native village, or other organized group or community which is

recognized as eligible for the special programs and services
provided by the United States to Indians because of their
status as Indians; or

"(B) any Indian group that has been formally recognized
as an Indian tribe by a State legislature or by a State
commission or similar organization legislatively vested with

State tribal recognition authority; and "(4) the term 'Indian arts and crafts organization' means any legally established arts and crafts marketing organization com

posed of members of Indian tribes. "le) In the event that any provision of this section is held invalid, it is the intent of Congress that the remaining provisions of this section shall continue in full force and effect.”. SEC. 106. PENALTY FOR COUNTERFEITING INDIAN ARTS AND CRAFTS

BOARD TRADEMARK. Section 1158 of title 18, United States Code, is amended by striking “be fined not more than $500 or imprisoned not more than six months, or both; and” and inserting "(1) in the case of a first violation, if an individual, be fined not more than $250,000 or imprisoned not more than five years, or both, and, if a person other than an individual, be fined not more than $1,000,000; and (2) in the case of subsequent violations, if an individual, be fined not more than $1,000,000 or imprisoned not more than fifteen years, or both, and, if a person other than an individual, be fined not more than $5,000,000; and (3)”. SEC. 107. CERTIFICATION OF INDIAN ARTISANS.

For the purposes of section 1159 of title 18, United States Code, and section 6 of the Act entitled "An Act to promote the development of Indian arts and crafts and to create a board to assist therein, and for other purposes” (25 U.S.C. 305 et seq.) an Indian tribe may not impose a fee in certifying an individual as an Indian artisan. For the purposes of this section, the term "Indian tribe” has the same meaning given such term in section 1159(c)(3) of title 18, United States Code.

25 USC 305e note.

TITLE II-TECHNICAL AND CLARIFYING AMENDMENTS Indian Self

Determination SEC. 201. SHORT TITLE.

and Education

Assistance Act This title may be cited as the "Indian Self-Determination and Amendments of Education Assistance Act Amendments of 1990”.

1990.

25 USC 450 note. SEC. 202. AMENDMENTS TO INDIAN SELF-DETERMINATION AND EDU

CATION ASSISTANCE ACT. The Indian Self-Determination and Education Assistance Act is amended as follows:

(1) In section 4(h) of such Act (25 U.S.C. 450b(h)), delete "in existence on the date of enactment of the Indian Self-Determination and Education Assistance Act Amendments of 1988”.

(2) In section 4(j) of such Act (25 U.S.C. 450b(j)), delete “contract entered” each place it appears and insert in lieu thereof "contract (or grant or cooperative agreement utilized under section 9 of this Act) entered”.

(3) In section 5(d) of such Act (25 U.S.C. 450c(d)), delete the word “Any” and insert in lieu thereof “Except as provided in

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section 8 or 106(a)(3) of this Act," and before the period insert

the words "through the respective Secretary”.
SEC. 203. AMENDMENTS TO THE INDIAN SELF-DETERMINATION ACT.

(a) Section 106 of the Indian Self-Determination Act (25 U.S.C.
450j-1(e) is amended by deleting “1988” and inserting in lieu
thereof “1992”.

(b) In section 102(d) of such Act (25 U.S.C. 450f(d)), immediately after "investigations,”, insert "or for purposes of section 2679, title 28, United States Code, with respect to claims by any such person, on or after the date of the enactment of the Indian Self-Determination and Education Assistance Act Amendments of 1990, for personal injury, including death, resulting from the operation of an emergency motor vehicle,”.

(c) Section 105(c)(1)(B) of such Act (25 U.S.C. 450j(c)(1)(B) is amended to read as follows:

“(B) for a definite or an indefinite term, as requested by
the tribe (or, to the extent not limited by tribal resolution,
by the tribal organization), in the case of a mature

contract.”.
(d) Section 105(d) of such Act (25 U.S.C. 450j(d)) is amended to read
as follows:

“d)(1) Beginning in fiscal year 1990, upon the election of a tribal
organization, the Secretary shall use the calendar year as the basis
for

any contracts or agreements under this Act, unless the Secretary and the Indian tribe or tribal organization agree on a different period.

“(2) The Secretary shall, on or before April 1 of each year beginning in 1992, submit a report to the Congress on the amounts of any additional obligation authority needed to implement this subsection in the next following fiscal year.”.

(e) In paragraphs (2) and (3) of section 105(f) of such Act (25 U.S.C. 450j(f) (2) and (3)), insert "or real” immediately after "personal" each place it appears in such paragraphs.

(f) In section 107(c) of such Act (25 U.S.C. 450k(c)), immediately after “authorized”, insert the following: “, with the participation of Indian tribes and tribal organizations,”.

(g)(1) In section 301(a)(3) of the Indian Self-Determination Act (25 U.S.C. 450h(a)(3)), delete "reservation boundaries" and insert in lieu thereof "Indian country (as defined in chapter 53 of title 18, United States Code)”.

(2) The amendment made by paragraph (1) shall not alter or
otherwise modify or affect existing prohibitions or limitations on the
Secretary's authority to acquire lands in trust.

TITLE III—AMENDMENTS TO OTHER ACTS
SEC. 301. AMENDMENTS TO OTHER ACTS.

(a) AMENDMENT TO INDIAN LAND CONSOLIDATION ACT.-Section
207(a) of the Indian Land Consolidation Act (25 U.S.C. 2206) is
amended by deleting "No undivided interest in any tract of trust or
restricted land within a tribe's reservation or otherwise subject to a
tribe's jurisdiction shall descend by intestacy or devise but shall
escheat to that tribe" and inserting in lieu thereof the following:
“No undivided interest held by a member or nonmember Indian in
any tract of trust land or restricted land within a tribe's reservation
or outside of a reservation and subject to such tribe's jurisdiction

25 USC 450h note.

shall descend by intestacy or devise but shall escheat to the reservation's recognized tribal government, or if outside of a reservation, to the recognized tribal government possessing jurisdiction over the land”.

(b) AMENDMENT TO ACT OF NOVEMBER 8, 1988.-In section 1 of the Act entitled “An Act to declare that certain lands be held in trust for the Quinault Indian Nation, and for other purposes”, approved November 8, 1988 (102 Stat. 3327), insert “and attached narrative metes and bounds description" immediately after "map" each time it appears.

(c) AMENDMENT TO THE ACT OF MARCH 29, 1956.—The second sentence of subsection (a) of the Act entitled “An Act to authorize the execution of mortgages and deeds of trust on individual Indian trust or restricted land”, approved March 29, 1956 (25 U.S.C. 483a), is amended by inserting immediately before “State” the following: “tribe which has jurisdiction over such land or, in the case where no tribal foreclosure law exists, in accordance with the laws of the". SEC. 302. AMENDMENT TO THE ACT OF JUNE 24, 1938.

Section 1 of the Act of June 24, 1938 (25 U.S.C. 162a) is amended by designating the existing text thereof as subsection (a), and by adding at the end thereof the following new subsection:

"(b)(1) Notwithstanding subsection (a), the Secretary of the Interior, at the request of any Indian tribe, in the case of trust funds of such tribe, or any individual Indian, in the case of trust funds of such individual, is authorized to invest such funds, or any part thereof, in guaranteed or public debt obligations of the United States or in a mutual fund, otherwise known as an open-ended diversified investment management company if

“(A) the portfolio of such mutual fund consists entirely of public-debt obligations of the United States, or bonds, notes, or other obligations which are unconditionally guaranteed as to both interest and principal by the United States, or a combination thereof;

"(B) the trust funds to be invested exceed $50,000;

"(C) the mutual fund is registered by the Securities and Exchange Commission; and

"(D) the Secretary is satisfied with respect to the security and protection provided by the mutual fund against loss of the

principal of such trust funds. "(2) The Secretary, as a condition to complying with a request Government pursuant to paragraph (1) of this subsection, is authorized to require contracts. such tribe or individual Indian, as the case may be, to enter into an agreement with the Secretary for the purpose of relieving the United States of any liability in connection with the interest, or amount thereof, payable in connection with such trust funds so invested during the period of that investment.

“(3) Investments pursuant to paragraph (1) of this subsection shall be deemed to be the same as cash or a bank deposit for purposes of section 5 of the Act of September 21, 1959 (25 U.S.C. 955).”. SEC. 303. AMENDMENT TO INDIAN FINANCING ACT OF 1974.

(a) Section 101 of the Indian Financing Act of 1974 (25 U.S.C. 1461) is amended

(1) by deleting "money markets," and inserting in lieu thereof the following: “money markets, or to supplement funds from

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