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(a) By mailing a copy of the paper to the person served by certified mail; the de date of the return receipt will be regarded as the date of service.
(b) By leaving a copy at the usual to place of business of the person served with someone in his employment;
(c) When the person served has no de usual place of business, by leaving a copy pe at his home with a member of his family over 14 years of age and of discretion;
(d) Whenever it shall be found by the Commissioner or Secretary that none of the above modes of serving the paper is practicable, service may be by notice published once in the Office Journal.
REVIEW OF DECISIONS BY COURT $ 180.500 Appeal to U.S. courts.
Any applicant dissatisfied with the decision of the Secretary on appeal may appeal to the U.S. Court of Customs and Patent Appeals or the U.S. Courts of Appeals, or institute a civil action in tho U.S. District Court as set forth in sections 71, 72, and 73 of the Act. In such cases, the appellant or plaintiff shall give notice to the Secretary, state the reasons for appeal or civil action and obtain a certified copy of the record. The
certified copy of the record shall be for3!
warded to the Court by the Plant Variety Protection Office on order of and at the expense of the appellant or plaintiff.
CEASE AND DESIST PROCEEDINGS § 180.600
Rules of practice. Any proceedings instituted under section 128 of the Act for false marking shall be conducted in accordance with $$ 202.10 through 202.29 of this chapter (rules of practice under the Federal Seed Act) (7 U.S.C. 1551 et seq.), except that all references in those rules and regulations to “Examiner" shall be construed to be an Administrative Law Judge, U.S. Department of Agriculture, and not an
"Examined" as defined in the regulations under the Plant Variety Protection Act.
PUBLIC USE DECLARATION & 180.700 Public interest in wide usage.
(&) If the Secretary has reason to believe that a protected variety should be declared open to use by the public in accordance with section 44 of the Act, the Secretary shall give the owner of the variety appropriate notice and an opportunity to present his views orally or in writing, with regard to the necessity for such action to be taken in the public interest.
(b) Upon the expiration of the period for the presentation of views by the owner, as provided in paragraph (a) of this section, the Secretary shall refer the matter to the Plant Variety Protection Board for its advice, including advice on any limitations or rate of remuneration.
(c) Upon receiving the advice of the Plant Variety Protection Board, the Secretary shall advise the owner of the variety, the members of the Plant Variety Protection Board, and the public, by issuance of a press release, of any decision based on the provisions of section 44 of the Act to declare a variety open to use by the public. Any decision not to declare a variety open to use by the public will be transmitted only to the owner of the variety and the members of the Plant Variety Protection Board.
PUBLICATION $ 180.800 Publication of public variety
descriptions. Voluntary submissions of varietal descriptions of “public varieties" on forms obtainable from the Office will be accepted for publication in the Office Journal. Such publication shall not constitute recognition that the variety is, in fact, novel.
PART 2014 FEDERAL SEED ACT
REGULATIONS RULES AND REGULATIONS OF THE SECRETARY OF
Sec. 201.1 201.2
Meaning of words. Terms defined.
RECORDS FOR AGRICULTURAL AND VEGETABLE SEEDS
LABELING AGRICULTURAL SEEDS
201.8 Contents of the label.
Sec. 201.11 Type. 201.1la Hybrid. 201.12 Name of kind and variety. 201.12a Fine-textured grasses; coarse kinds. 201.13 Lot number or other identification. 201.14 Origin. 201.15 Weed seeds. 201.16 Noxious weed reeds. 201.17 Noxious-weed seeds in the District
of Columbia. 201.18 Other agricultural seeds (crop
seeds). 201.19 Inert matter. 201.20 Germination. 201.21 Hard seed. 201.22 Date of test. 201.23 Name of shipper or consignee. 201.24 Code designation. 201.24& Inoculated seed.
PURITY ANALYSIS IN TH, ADMINISTRATION OY
THE ACT Sec. 201.45 Obtaining the working sample. 201.46 Weight of working sample. 201.47 Separation, 201.47a Seed unit. 201.47b Working samples. 201.48 Kind of variety considered pure
seed. 201.49 Other crop seed. 201.50 Weed seed. 201.51 Inert matter. 201.51& Special procedures for purity analy.
sis. 201.52 Noxiou8-weed seeds.
GERMINATION TESTS IN THE ADMINISTRATION OF
LABLLING VEGUTABL. SIMDB
201.25 Contents of the label. 201.26 Kind, variety and hybrid. 201.27 Name of shipper or consigneo. 201.28 Code designation. 201.29 Germination of vegetable seed in
containers of 1 pound or less. 201.29a Germination of vegetable need in
containers of more than 1 pound. 201.30 Hard seed. 201.30. Date of test. 201.30b Lot number or other lot identifica
tion of vegetable seed in contain
ers of more than 1 pound. 201.31 Germination standards for vege
table seeds in interstate commerce.
201.53 Source of seeds for germination. 201.54 Number of seeds for germination. 201.55 Retests. 201.55a Moisture and aeration of substra
tum. 201.56 Interpretation. 201.56-1 Goosetoot family (Chenopodia
aceae) and Carpetweod family
(Aizoaceae). 201.56-2 Sunflower family (Compositae). 201.56-3 Mustard family (Cruciferae). 201.564 Cucurbit family (Cucurbitaceae). 201.56-5 Grass family (Gramineae). 201.56-6 Legume or pea family (Legumi
nosae). 201.56–7 Llly family (Lillaceae). 201.56-8 Flax family (Linaceae). 201.56-9 Mallow family (Malvaceae). 201.56–10 Spurge family (Euphorblaceae). 201.56-11 Miscellaneous plant families. 201.57 Hard seeds. 201.57a Dormant seeds. 201.58 Substrata, temperature, duration
of test, and certain other specific directions for testing for germination and hard seed.
LABELINO IN GENERAL
201.31& Labeling treatod soed. 201.32 Screenings. 201.33 Seed in bulk or large quantities;
Beed for cleaning or processing. 201.34 Kind, variety, and type; treatmont
substances; designation as hybrid. 201.35
Blank spaces. 201.36 The words "free" and "zono."
EXAMINATIONS IN THE ADMINISTRATION OF THE
BAMPLING IN THE ADMINISTRATION OF THE ACT
grasses. Tests for determination of per
centages of kind, varloty, type,
hybrid, or offtype.
201.39 201.40 201.41 201.42 201.43 201.44
201.63 201.64 201.65
EXEMPTIONS, DECLARATIONS AND LABIALINO Bec. 201.221 Exemptions. 201.2212 Table 5. 201.222 Declaration of purpose and labeling
as to kind, variety, hybrid and treatment.
201.223 Screenings prohibited entry. 201.224 Screenings permitted entry.
SEND ADULTERATED OR UNTIT POR SEIDIN@
201.225 Cleaning or processing. 201.226 Destruction of refuse. 201.227 Report to collector of customs.
CERTIFIED SLED Bec. 201.67 Seed certifying agency standards
and procedures. 201.68 Eligibility requirements for certif
cation of varieties. 201.89 Classes of certified seed. 201.70 Limitations of generations for certi
fled seed. 201.71 Establishing the source of all classes
of certified seed. 201.72 Production of all classes of certified
seed. 201.73 Processors and processing of all
classes of certified seed. 201.74 Labeling of all classes of certified
seed. 201.75 Interagency certification. 201.76 Minimum land, isolation, field and
seed standards. ADDITIONAL REQUIREMENTS FOR THE CERTITI
CATION OF PLANT MATERIALS OF CERTAIN
CROPS 201.77 Length of stand requirements. 201.78 Pollen control for hybrids.
IMPORTED SEED 201.101 Exemptions. 201.102 Pure live seed. 201.103 Unadapted alfalfa and red clover. 201.104 Staining of imported seed. 201.105 Method of staining. 201.106 Supervision of staining. 201.107 Weed seeds. 201.108 Noxious weed seeds. 201.109 Mixtures not considered adultera
tions. JOINT RULES AND REGULATIONS OF THE SECRE
TARY OF THE TREASURY AND THE SECRETARY
201.228 Correction of labeling. 201.228a Declaration of labeling.
201.201 Agricultural seeds. 201.202 Vegetable seeds. 201.203 Screenings. 201.204 Agricultural Marketing Service. 201.205 Collector of customs. 201.206 Pure live seed. 201.207 Other definitions.
201.229 Prohibition against and exception,
REJECTED SEED OR SCREENINGS 201.230 Exportation or destruction.
AUTHORITY: The provisions of this part 201 issued under sec. 402, 53 Stat. 1285; 7 U.S.O. 1592.
NOTE: Nomenclature changes in Part 201 appear at 37 FR. 8059, Apr. 25, 1972. RULES AND REGULATIONS OF THE SECRE
TARY OF AGRICULTURE
DEFINITIONS $ 201.1 Meaning of words.
Words in the regulations in this part in the singular form shall be deemed to import the plural, and vice versa, as the case may demand. (5 F. R. 28, Jan. 4, 1940) $ 201.2 Terms defined.
When used in the regulations in this part the terms as defined in section 101 of the act, unless modified in this section as provided in the act, shall apply with equal force and effect. In addition, as used in SS 201.1-201.159:
(a) The act. The term “act" means the Federal Seed Act, approved August 9, 1939 (53 Stat. 1275; 7 U. S. C. 15511610 as amended);
(b) Person. The term “person" includes a partnership, corporation, company, society, association, receiver, or trustee;
(c) Secretary. The term "Secretary" means the Secretary of Agriculture of the United States, or any officer or employee of the Department to whom authority has heretofore been delegated,
SAMPLING 201.208 Beed. 201.209 Screenings. 201.210 Method of sampling. 201.211 Bulk. 201.212 Bags. 201.213 Size of sample. 201.214 Sealing and identifying samples. 201.215 Statement to accompany samples. 201.216 Forwarding samples. 201.217 Notice to consignee. 201.218 Delivery under bond. 201.219 Notice of removal.
EVIDENCE AS TO COUNTRY OR REGION WHERE SHED
201.220 Certificate or declaration of origin.
or to whom authority may hereafter be Buckwheat Fagopyrum esculentum delegated, to act in his stead.
Moench (F. vulgare Hill.). (d) Hearing Clerk. The term "Hear
Buffalograss-Buchloe dactyloides (Nutt.) ing Clerk" means the Hearing Clerk,
Buffelgrass-Pennisetum clllare (L.) Link. United States Department of Agriculture,
Bur-clover, California-Medicago hispida Washington, D. C.;
Gaertn. (e) Respondent. The term “respond- Bur-clover, spotted-Medicago arabica (L.) ent” means a person against whom & DC. complaint is issued;
Sanguisorba minor Scop. (f) Examiner. The term “examiner" Buttonclover-Medicago orbicularis (L.) All. means an employee of the Department
Canarygrass-Phalaris canariensis L.
Canarygrass, reed-Phalaris arundinacea L. of Agriculture, designated by the Secre
Carpetgrass-Axonopus afinis Chase. tary to conduct hearings under the act,
Castorbean-Ricinum communis (L.) and $8 201.1-201.159;
Chess, soft-Bromus mollis L. (g) FEDERAL REGISTER. The term "FED- Chickpea-Cicer arietinum L. ERAL REGISTER" means the publication Clover, alsike-Trifolium hybridum L. provided by the Act of July 26, 1935 (49
Clover, berseem-Trifolium alexandrinum L. Stat. 500), and acts supplementary
Clover, cluster-Trifolium glomeratum L.
Clover, crimson-Trifolium incarnatum L. thereto and amendatory thereof;
Clover, Kenya-Trifollum semipllosum Fresh. (h) Agricultural seeds. The term
Clover, ladino-Trifolium repens L. "agricultural seeds" means the following Clover, lappa-Trifolium lappaceum L. kinds of grass, forage, and field crop Clover, large bop-Trifollum procumbens L. seeds, which are used for seeding pur- Clover, Persian-Trifolium resupinatum L. poses in the United States:
Clover, red or
Red clover, mammoth-Trifolium pratense Alfalfa-Medicago sativa L.
L. Alfleria-Erodium cicutarium (L.) L'her. Red clover, medium-Trifolliim pratense L Alyceclover-Alysicarpus vaginalis (L.) DO. Clover, rose Trifolium hirtum All. Bahiagrass-Paspalum notatum Fluegge. Clover, small hop (suckling) — Trifolium Barrelclover-Medicago tribuloides Desr.
dubium Sibth. Barley-Hordeum vulgare L.
Clover, strawberry-Trifolium fragiferum L Bean, adzuki-Phaseolus angularis Willd. Clover, sub (subterranean)-Trifolium subBean, field-Phaseolus vulgaris L.
terraneum L. Bean, mung--Phaseolus aureus Roxb.
Clover, white-Trifolium repens L. (also see Bean-(see Velvetbean).
Clover, ladino). Beet, field-Beta vulgaris L.
Clover, (also see Alyceclover, Bur-clover, ButBeet, sugar--Beta vulgaris L.
tonclover, Sourclover, Sweetclover). Beggarweed--Desmodium tortuosum (Sev.)
Corn, field-Zea mays L. DC.
Corn, pop-Zea mays var. everta (Sturt.) Bentgrass, colonial-Agrostis tenuis Sibth.
Cowpea-Vigna sinensis (Torner) Savi.
Crambe Crambe abyssinica Eockst. ex R.L. Bermudagrass, glantCynodon sp. var.
Fries. aridus. Earlan et de Wit.
Crested dogtail-Cynosurus cristatus L. Bluegrass, bulbous-Poa bulbosa L.
Crotalaria, lance-Crotalaria lanceolate E. Bluegrass, Canada-Pos compressa L.
Mey. Bluegrass, glaucantha Pos glaucantha
Crotolaria, showy-Crotalarla spectabilis Gaud.
Roth. Bluegrass, Kentucky-Poa pratensis L.
Crotalaria. slenderleal-Crotolaria InterBluegrass, Nevada Poa nevadensis Vasey.
media Kotschy. Bluegrass, rough-Poa trivialis L.
Crotalaria, striped-Crotolaria, striata DC. Bluegrass, Texas-Poa arachnifera Torr.
(C. mucronata Desv.). Bluegrass, wood-Poa nemoralis L.
Crotalaria, Sunn-Crotalaria juncea L. Bluestem, big—Andropogon Turcatus Muhl
Crownvetch-Coronilla varla L. (A. gerardi Vitman).
Dallisgrass—Paspalum dilatatum Poir. Bluestem, little Andropogon scoparius Dichondra-Dichondra repens Forst. Michx.
Dropseed, sand-Sporobolus cryptandrus Bluestem, sand-Andropogon hallli Hack.
(Torr.) A. Gray. Bluestem, yellow-Andropogon ischaemum.
Emmer-Triticum dicoccum Schrank. Brome, field-Bromus arvensis L.
Fescue, Chewings-Festuca rubra var. com. Brome, mountain-Bromus marginatus Nees. mutata Gaud. Brome, smooth-Bromus inermis Leyss. Fescue, hair-Festuca capillata Lam. Broomcorn-Sorghum vulgare var. tech. Fescue, hard-Festuca ovina var. durluscula nicum (Koern.) Jav.
Fescue, meadow-Festuca elatior L.
Rape, winter-Brassica napus var biennis. Fescue, red-Festuca rubra L.
(Schubl. and Mart.) Reichb. Fescue, sheep-Festuca ovina L.
Redtop-Agrostis alba L. letten Fescue, tall-Festuca arundinacea Schreb.
Rescuegrass-Bromus catharticus Vahl. Flax—Linum usitatissimum L.
Rhodesgrass Chloris gayana Kunth. cla Grama, blue-Bouteloua gracilis (H. B. B.) Rice-Oryza sativa L. Lag.
Ricegrass, Indian-Oryzopsis hymenoides Grama, side-oats-Bouteloua curtipendula (Roem. and Schult.) Ricker. (Michx.) Torr.
Roughpea-Lathyrus hirsutus L. Guar-Cyamopsis tetragonoloba (L.) Taub. Rye-Secale cereale L. s pole Guineagrass-Panicum maximum Jacq. Ryegrass, Annual or Italian-Lollum mulblein Hardinggrass-Phalaris tuberosa var. stenop- tifiorum Lam. tera (Hack.) Hitchc.
Ryegrass, perennial-Lollum perenne L. 12 Hemp Cannabis sativa L.
Ryegrass, Wimmera-Lolium rigidum Gaud. Ik he Indiangrass, yellow-Sorgbastrum nutans Safflower-Carthamus tinctorius L. (L.) Nash.
Sainfoin-Onobrychis viciaefolia Scop. 1 Indigo, hairy-Indigofera hirsuta L.
Sesame Sesamum Indicum L. Japanese lawngrass-_Zoysia japonica Steud. Sesbania Sesbania exaltata (Raf.) Torr. brie Johnsongrass-Sorghum halepense (L.) Pers. Smilo-Oryzopsis mulacea (L.) Benth and Het Budzu-Pueraria thunbergiana (Sieb. and Hook. Zucc.) Benth.
Sorghum almum-Sorghum almum Parodi, Lentil-Lens culinaris Medic.
Sorghum-Sorghum vulgare Pers. pe Lespedeza, Korean-Lespedeza stipulacea Sorghum-sudangrass hybrid-S. vulgaro. Maxim.
X S. sudanense. Lespedeza, sericea Chinese Lespedeza Sorgrass-Rhizomatous derivatives of
cuneata (Dumont) D. Don. (L. sericea Johnsongrass X sorghum cross or a John(Thunb.) Miq.)
songrass X Sudangrass cross. Lespedeza, Siberian-Lespedeza hedysaroides Sourclover--Melilotus indica (L.) All. (Pallas) Ricker.
Soybean-Glycine max (L.) Merrill (Soja Lespedeza, striate-Lespedez a striata max (L.) Piper). (Thunb.) Hook. and Arn.
Spelt-Triticum spelta L. Lovegrass, sand-Eragrostis trichodes (Nutt.) Sudangrassm-Sorghum vulgare var sudanWood.
ense (Piper) Hitchc. Lovegrass, weeping--Eragrostis curvula Sunflower Helianthus annuus L. (Schrad.) Nees.
Sweetclover, white Melilotus alba Desr. Lupine, blue-Lupinus angustifolius L. Sweetclover, yellow-Melllotus omicinalis (L.) Lupine, white-Lupinus albus L.
Lam. Lupine, yellow-Lupinus luteus L.
Sweet vernalgrass-Anthoxanthum odoratum Manllagrass-Zoysia matrella (L.) Merr.
Timothy-Phleum pratense L.
Tobacco-Nicotiana tobacum L. Millet, foxtall-Setaria Italica (L.) Beauy. Trefoil, big-Lotus uliginosus Schkuhr. Millet, Japaneso Echinochloa crusgalli var. Trefoil, birdsfoot-Lotus corniculatus L. frumentacea (Roxb.) Wight.
Triticale-Triticosecale Wittmack. Millet, pearl-Pennisetum glaucum (L.) R. Vaseygrass-Paspalum urvillei Steud. Br.
Veldtgrass--Ehrharta calycina J. E. Smith, Millet, proso-Panicum miliaceum L.
Velvetbean-Stizolobium deeringianum Bort. Molassesgrass-Melinis minutiflora Beauv. Velvetgrass-Holcus lanatus L. Mustard, India-Brassica juncea (L) Coss. Vetch, common-Vicia sativa L. Mustard, black-Brassica nigra Koch.
Vetch, hairy-Vicia villosa Roth. Mustard, white--Brassica birta Moench. Vetch, Hungarian-Vicla pannonica Grantz. Napiergrass Pennisetum purpureum Schu- Vetch, monantha-Vicla articulata Hornem. mach.
(V. monantha Desf.) Oat-Avenua byzantina C. Koch., A. sativa Vetch, narrowleaf-Vicia angustifolia (L). L., A. nuda L.
Vetch, woollypod-Vicia dasycarpa Ten.
Wheat, common-Triticum aestivum L. (T. Panicgrass, blue-Panicum antidotale Retz. vulgare Vill.) Panicgrass, green-Panicum maximum var. Wheat, club-Triticum compactum Host. trichoglume Eyes.
Wheat, durum-Triticum durum Desf. Peanut-Arachis hypogaea L.
Wheat, Pollsh-Triticum polonicum L. Pea, field-Pisum sativum var, arvense (L.) Wheat, poulard-Triticum turgidum L. Poir.
Wheatgrass, beardless-Agropyron inerme Poa trivialis-(see Bluegrass, rough).
(Schribn. & Smith) Rydb. Rape, annual-Brassica napus var annus Wheatgrass, crested or fairway crestedKoch.
Agropyron cristatum (L.) Gaertn. Rape, bird-Brassica campestris L.
Wheatgrass, crested or standard crestedRape, turnip-Brassica campestris vars L. Agropyron desertorum (Fisch.) Schult.