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35. Refugee Day

Public Law 101-544 (S.J. Res. 375), 104 Stat. 2393, approved November

JOINT RESOLUTION To designate October 30, 1990, as “Refugee Da Whereas in the past decade the world refugee population here

than doubled from 7,300,000 to 15,000,000; Whereas the United States has always played a leading role:

ugee matters worldwide; Whereas the origins of the United States as a land of refa

those escaping persecution and the development of the States as a nation of immigrants gives the country a deep standing of and sympathy for the plight of the 15,000.00 gees in the world; Whereas refugees who have come to the United States have

significant contributions to the country; Whereas the United States consistently encourages other cous

to expand efforts to help the needy population of refugees: Whereas the current world refugee situation requires tha:

United States continue to be a leader in refugee affairs. therefore be it

Resolved by the Senate and House of Representatives of United States of America in Congress assembled, That

(1) October 30, 1990, is designated as “Refugee Day"; and

(2) the President is authorized and requested to issue a . lamation calling on the people of the United States to obe the day with appropriate ceremonies and activities.

Refugee De

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36. Lithuanian Independence Day 104 sa malic Law 101-579 (H.J. Res. 606), 104 Stat. 2862, approved November 15, 1990 ate Oeste::T RESOLUTION Designating February 16, 1991, as “Lithuanian Independence

Day”. E0 15,0 ereas February 16, 1991, is the 73d anniversary of the declara

on of independence of Lithuania;

ereas on February 16, 1918, the Council of Lithuania, the sole Eted Sara, apresentative of the Lithuanian people, in conformity with the od tihe der ecognized right to national self-determination, proclaimed the

estoration of an independent and democratic Lithuania and inded all ties that formally subordinated Lithuania to other naions;

aereas Lithuania was independent until 1940 when the Soviet ce to the CZ Union took over the country; country hereas the United States opposes tyranny and injustice in all tentis es forms and supports the cause of Lithuanian independence; and edy popu- hereas the oppressed people currently living in Lithuania keep gee situat: the flame of freedom forever burning in their hearts: Now, theree leader 12 fore be it

Resolved by the Senate and House of Representatives of the House of Re Inited States of America in Congress assembled, That February 16, ss assemblea -991, is designated as “Lithuanian Independence Day”, and the ated as President is authorized and requested to issue a proclamation calld and receng upon the people of the United States to celebrate such day with

of the Czappropriate ceremonies and activities. onies and az

37. National Week to Commemorate the Victims of the Famine in

the Ukraine, 1932-1933

Public Law 101-642 (S.J. Res. 329), 104 Stat. 4659, approved November 28, 1990

JOINT RESOLUTION To designate the week of November 3, 1990, to November 10,

1990, as "National Week to Commemorate the Victims of the Famine in the Ukraine, 1932–1933", and to commemorate the Ukrainian famine of 1932-1933

and the policies of Russification to suppress Ukrainian identity. Whereas more than 7 million Ukrainians in the Ukrainian Soviet

Socialist Republic, one of the member republics of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, died of starvation during the years

1932-1933; Whereas the famine of 1932-1933 was the consequence of deliber

ate policies of the Government of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics aiming to destroy the political, cultural, and human

rights of the Ukrainian people; Whereas the economic, social, and political consequences of the

famine of 1932-1933 are still manifest among the Ukrainian pop

ulation; Whereas the Government of the Union of Soviet Socialist Repub

lics, although aware of the famine in Ukraine and having complete control of the entire food supplies within the borders of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, nevertheless failed to take relief measures to check the famine of 1932–1933 or to alleviate

the catastrophic conditions resulting from it; Whereas the Government of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics

ignored the appeals of international organizations and other na

tions; Whereas the United States Commission on the Ukraine Famine,

legislated to study and expand world knowledge of the famine, has substantiated, through hearings, eyewitness testimony, and documentation, that the Ukrainian famine of 1932-1933 was the result of a deliberate policy by the Government of the Union of

Soviet Socialist Republics, and has published those findings; Whereas on February 7, 1990, the Central Committee of the Com

munist Party of Ukraine acknowledged that the Ukrainian famine of 1932-1933 was artificially created by the policies of

Stalin and his closest associates; Whereas the Government of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics

has a long history of suppression of Ukrainian aspirations for the exercise of legitimate human rights and the expression of the cultural and social heritage of Ukrainians; and Whereas the United States has made intercessions at various times

during the course of its history on behalf of citizens of other countries who are oppressed or persecuted by their governments, reflecting the traditional policy of the United States to take cognizance of such abuses of human rights and liberties: Now, therefore be it

Resolved by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That

(1) the week of November 3, 1990, through November 10, 1990, is designated as "National Week to Commemorate the Victims of the Famine in Ukraine, 1932-1933”; and

(2) the President is requested to issue a proclamation calling on the people of the United States, State and local government agencies, and interested organizations to observe the week

with appropriate ceremonies, activities, and programs. Sec. 2. Congress condemns the systematic disregard for human life, human rights, and liberties that characterized the policies of the Government of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics during the Ukrainian famine of 1932-1933 and expresses sympathy for the millions of victims of the famine.

Sec. 3. The President is requested to use public and diplomatic channels to call the attention of the world to the policies of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics that

(1) caused the slow death by famine of 7 million Ukrainians during 1932 and 1933; and

(2) for much of the modern history of Ukraine, have suppressed Ukrainian aspirations for the exercise of human rights and the expression of the cultural and social heritage of

Ukrainians. SEC. 4. Congress recognizes the reforms underway in Ukraine and strongly urges the Government of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics to)

(1) continue to move forward toward democratization and restructuring; and

(2) provide a framework for the realization of the legitimate rights and aspirations of the people of Ukraine.

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