Page images
PDF
EPUB

b. Act To Prevent Pollution From Ships

Public Law 96-478 (H.R. 6665), 94 Stat. 2297, approved October 21, 1980; as amend

ed by Public Law 100-220 (United States-Japan Fishery Agreement Approval Act of 1987; H.R. 3674), 101 Stat. 1458, approved December 29, 1987; Public Law 101225 (Coast Guard Authorization Act of 1989; H.R. 2459), 103 Stat. 1908, approved December 12, 1989; and by Public Law 101-380 (Oil Pollution Act of 1990; H.R. 1465), 104 Stat. 484, approved August 18, 1990

AN ACT To implement the Protocol of 1978 Relating to the International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships, 1973, and for other purposes.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That this Act may be cited as the "Act to Prevent Pollution from Ships".

SEC. 2.1 (a) 2 Unless the context indicates otherwise, as used in this Act

(1) "MARPOL Protocol" means the Protocol of 1978 relating to the International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships, 1973, and includes the Convention;

(2) “Convention” means the International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships, 1973, including Protocols I and II and Annexes I, II, and V thereto, including any modification or amendments to the Convention, Protocols, or Annexes which have entered into force for the United States; 3

(3) “discharge” and “garbage” 4 and “harmful substance” and “incident” shall have the meanings provided in the Convention;

(4) "owner" means any person holding title to, or in the absence of title, any other indicia of ownership of, a ship or terminal, but does not include a person who, without participating in the management or operation of a ship or terminal, holds indicia of ownership primarily to protect a security interest in the ship or terminal; (5) "operator" means

(a) in the case of a ship, a charterer by demise or any other person, except the owner, who is responsible for the operation, manning, victualing, and supplying of the vessel, or

133 U.S.C. 1901.

2 Sec. 2 was amended by ec. 2101 of Public Law 100-220 (101 Stat. 1460), which inserted an "(a)” after “Sec. 2”, and amended the text of subsec. (aX1) (as redesignated) which previously read as follows:

"(1) ‘MARPOL Protocol' means the Protocol of 1978 Relating to the International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships, 1973, done at London on February 17, 1978. This Protocol incorporates and modifies the International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships, 1973, done at London on November 2, 1973;".

3 The words to this point beginning with "Annexes 1 ...", were added by sec. 2101(3) of Public Law 100-220 (10i Stat. 1460).

4 The words "and 'garbage' were added by sec. 2101(4) of Public Law 100-220 (101 Stat. 1460).

19

Ibi in the case of a terminal, any person, except the owner, responsible for the operation of the terminal by

agreement with the owner, 161 person" means an individual, firm, public or private corporation, partnership, association, State, municipality, commission, political subdivision of a State, or any interstate body;

o Secretary" means the Secretary of the department in which the Coast Guard is operating,

(8) "ship" means a vessel of any type whatsoever, including hydrofoils, air-cushion vehicles, submersibles, floating craft whether self-propelled or not, and fixed or floating platforms; and

(9) "terminal" means an onshore facility or an offshore structure located in the navigable waters of the United States or subject to the jurisdiction of the United States and used, or intended to be used, as a port or facility for the transfer or

other handling of a harmful substance. (b) 5 For purposes of this Act, the requirements of Annex V shall apply to the navigable waters of the United States, as well as to all other waters and vessels over which the United States has jurisdiction. Sec. 3. (a) ? This Act shall apply

(1) to a ship of United States registry or nationality, or one operated under the authority of the United States, wherever located;

(2) with respect to Annexes I and II to the Convention, to a ship, other than a ship referred to in paragraph (1), while in the navigable waters of the United States;

(3) with respect to the requirements of Annex V to the Convention, to a ship, other than a ship referred to in paragraph (1), while in the navigable waters or the exclusive economic zone of the United States; and

(4) with respect to regulations prescribed under section 6 of this Act, any port or terminal in the United States (bX1) Except as provided in paragraph (2), this Act shall not apply to,

s Subsec. (b) was added by sec. 2101(5) of Public Law 100-220 (101 Stat. 1461). 6 33 U.S.C. 1902.

7 Secs. 3(a), 3(b), and 3(c) were amended and restated by secs. 2102(a), (b), and (c) of Public Law 100-220 (101 Stat. 1461). Previously, secs. 3(a) to 3(c) read as follows: “Sec. 3. (a) This Act applies to

"(1) a ship of United States registry or nationality, or one operated under the authority of the United States, wherever located;

“(2) a ship registered in or of the nationality of a country party to the MARPOL Protocol, or one operated under the authority of a country party to the MARPOL Protocol, while in the navigable waters of the United States; and

"(3) a ship registered in or of the nationality of a country not a party to the MARPOL Protocol, under subsection (c) of this section, while in the navigable waters of the United

States. "(b) This Act does not apply to

"(1) a warship, naval auxiliary, or other ship owned or operated by the United States when engaged in noncommercial service; or

“(2) any other ship specifically excluded by the MARPOL Protocol. "(c) The Secretary shall prescribe regulations applicable to the ships of a country not a party to the MARPOL Protocol to ensure that their treatment is not more favorable than that accorded ships of parties to the MARPOL Protocol.”.

(A) a warship, naval auxiliary, or other ship owned or operated by the United States when engaged in noncommercial service; or

(B) any other ship specifically excluded by the MARPOL Protocol. (2)(A) Notwithstanding any provision of the MARPOL Protocol, and subject to subparagraph (B) of this paragraph, the requirements of Annex V to the Convention shall apply after 5 years after the effective date of this paragraph to a ship referred to in paragraph (1)(A).

(B) This paragraph shall not apply during time of war or declared national emergency. (c) The Secretary shall prescribe regulations applicable to the ships of a country not a party to the MARPOL Protocol, including regulations conforming to and giving effect to the requirements of Annex V as they apply under subsection (a) of section 3, to ensure that their treatment is not more favorable than that accorded ships to parties to the MARPOL Protocol.

d) The heads of Federal departments and agencies shall prescribe standards applicable to ships excluded from this Act by subsection (b)(1) of this section and for which they are responsible. Standards prescribed under this subsection shall ensure, so far as is reasonable and practicable without impairing the operations or operational capabilities of such ships, that such ships act in a manner consistent with the MARPOL Protocol.

SEC. 4.8 (a) Unless otherwise specified in this Act, the Secretary shall administer and enforce the MARPOL Protocol and this Act. In the administration and enforcement of the MARPOL Protocol and this Act, Annexes I and II of the Convention apply only to seagoing ships.

(b)(1) 10 The Secretary shall prescribe any necessary or desired regulations to carry out the provisions of the MARPOL Protocol or this Act.

(2) 10 The Secretary of the department in which the Coast Guard is operating shall

(A) within 1 year after the effective date of this paragraph, prescribe regulations which

(i) require certain ships described in section 3(a)(1) to maintain refuse record books and shipboard management plans, and to display placards which notify the crew and passengers of the requirements of Annex V to the Convention; and

(ii) specify the ships described in section 3(a)(1) to which the regulations apply;

(B) seek an international agreement or international agreements which apply requirements equivalent to those described in subparagraph (A)(i) to all vessel subject to Annex V to the Convention; and

[ocr errors]

8 33 U.S.C. 1903.

9 Sec. 2107(a) of Public Law 100-220 (101 Stat. 1464), inserted in this Act" in lieu “herein", and inserted “Convention apply” in lieu of "MARPOL Protocol shall be applicable":

10 Sec. 4(b) was amended by sec. 2107 of Public Law 100-220 (101 Stat. 1464), which inserted "(1)" after "(b)", and added a new subpar. "(2)".

(C) within 2 years after the effective date of this paragraph, report to the Congress

(i) regarding activities of the Secretary under subparagraph (B); and

(ii) if the Secretary has not obtained agreements pursuant to subparagraph (B) regarding the desirability of applying the requirements described in subparagraph (Alli) to all vessels described in section 3(a) which call at United

States ports. (c) The Secretary may utilize by agreement, with or without reimbursement, personnel, facilities, or equipment of other Federal departments and agencies in administering the MARPOL Protocol, this Act, or the regulations thereunder.

SEC. 5.11 (a) The Secretary shall designate those persons authorized to issue on behalf of the United States the certificates required by the MARPOL Protocol. A certificate required by the MARPOL Protocol shall not be issued to a ship which is registered in or of the nationality of a country which is not a party to the MARPOL Protocol.

(b) A certificate issued by a country which is a party to the MARPOL Protocol has the same validity as a certificate issued by the Secretary under the authority of the MARPOL Protocol.

(c) A ship required by the MARPOL Protocol to have a certificate

(1) shall carry a valid certificate onboard in the manner prescribed by the authority issuing the certificate; and

(2) is subject to inspection while in a port or terminal under the jurisdiction of the United States. (d) An inspection conducted under subsection (c)2) of this section is limited to verifying whether or not a valid certificate is onboard, unless clear grounds exist which reasonably indicate that the condition of the ship or its equipment does not substantially agree with the particulars of its certificate. This section shall not limit the authority of any official or employee of the United States under any other treaty, law, or regulation to board and inspect a ship or its equipment.

(e) In addition to the penalties prescribed in section 9 of the Act, a ship required by the MARPOL Protocol to have a certificate

(1) which does not have a valid certificate onboard; or

(2) whose condition or whose equipment's condition does not substantially agree with the particulars of the certificate on

board; shall be detained by order of the Secretary at the port or terminal where the violation is discovered until, in the opinion of the Secretary, the ship can proceed to sea without presenting an unreasonable threat of harm to the marine environment. The detention order may authorize the ship to proceed to the nearest appropriate available shipyard rather than remaining at the place where the violation was discovered.

11 33 U.S.C. 1904.

(f) If a ship is under a detention order under this section, the Secretary of the Treasury, upon the request of the Secretary, may refuse or revoke

(1) the clearance required by section 4197 of the Revised Statutes of the United States, as amended (46 U.S.C. 91); or

(2) a permit to proceed under section 4367 of the Revised Statutes of the United States (46 U.S.C. 313) or section 442 of

the Tariff Act of 1930, as amended (19 U.S.C. 1443). (g) A person whose ship is subject to a detention order under this section may petition the Secretary, in the manner prescribed by regulation, to review the detention order. Upon receipt of a petition under this subsection, the Secretary shall affirm, modify, or withdraw the detention order within the time prescribed by regulation.

(h) A ship unreasonably detained or delayed by the Secretary acting under the authority of this Act is entitled to compensation for any loss or damage suffered thereby.

SEC. 6.12 (a)(1) The Secretary, after consultation with the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency, shall establish regulations setting criteria for determining the adequacy of a port's or terminal's reception facilities for mixtures containing oil or noxious liquid substances 13 and shall establish procedures whereby a person in charge of a port or terminal may request the Secretary to certify that the port's or terminal's facilities for receiving the residues and mixtures containing oil or noxious liquid substance from seagoing ships are adequate.

(2) 14 The Secretary, after consulting with appropriate Federal agencies, shall establish regulations setting criteria for determining the adequacy of reception facilities for garbage at a port or terminal, and stating such additional measures and requirements as are appropriate to ensure such adequacy. Persons in charge of ports and terminals shall provide reception facilities, or ensure that such facilities are available, for receiv

ing garbage in accordance with those regulations. (b) In determining the adequacy of reception facilities required by the MARPOL Protocol at a port or terminal, and in establishing regulations under subsection (a) of this section, 15 the Secretary may consider, among other things, the number and types of ships or 15 seagoing ships using the port or terminal, including their principal trades.

12 33 U.S.C. 1905

13 Sec. 6(a) was amended by sec. 2103 of Public Law 100-220 (101 Stat. 1461), which redesignated sec. “6(a)” as sec. "6(a)(1)", and amended the text of subsec. (aX1) by substituting the words to this point beginning with "a port's or ...” in lieu of "reception facilities of a port or terminal".

14 Par. 2 was added by sec. 2103(a) of Public Law 100-220 (101 Stat. 1461).

15 Sec. 6(b) was amended by sec. 2103(b) of Public Law 100-220 (101 Stat. 1462), which added the text "and in establishing regulations under subsection (a) of this section," after the word "terminal” the first time it appears, and also added "ships or” before "seagoing".

« PreviousContinue »