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pacts have been approved by Public law 99-239 of January 14, 1986, 99 Stat. 1770.

On January 10, 1986, the Government of the United States and the Government of the Republic of Palau concluded a Compact of

Free Association, establishing a similar relationship of Free Assoi ciation between the two Governments. On October 16, 1986, the

Congress of the United States approved the Compact of Free Association with the Republic of Palau. In the Republic of Palau, the Compact approval process has not yet been completed. Until the future political status of Palau is resolved, the United States will continue to discharge its responsibilities in Palau as Administering Authority under the Trusteeship Agreement.

On May 28, 1986, the Trusteeship Council of the United Nations concluded that the Government of the United States had satisfactorily discharged its obligations as the Administering Authority under the terms of the Trusteeship Agreement and that the people of the Northern Mariana Islands, the Federated States of Micronesia, and the Republic of the Marshall Islands had freely exercised their right to self-determination, and considered that it was appropriate for that Agreement to be terminated. The Council asked the United States to consult with the governments concerned to agree on a date for entry into force of their respective new status agreements.

On October 15, 1986, the Government of the United States and the Government of the Republic of the Marshall Islands agreed, pursuant to Section 411 of the Compact of Free Association, that as between the United States and the Republic of the Marshall Islands, the effective date of the Compact shall be October 21, 1986.

On October 24, 1986, the Government of the United States and the Government of the Federated States of Micronesia agreed, pursuant to Section 411 of the Compact of Free Association, that as between the United States and the Federated States of Micronesia,

the effective date of the Compact shall be November 3, 1986. 1

On October 24, 1986, the United States advised the Secretary General of the United Nations that, as a consequence of consultations held between the United States Government and the Government of the Marshall Islands, agreement had been reached that the Compact of Free Association with the Marshall Islands entered fully into force on October 21, 1986. The United States further advised the Secretary General that, as a result of consultations with their governments, agreement had been reached that the Compact of Free Association with the Federated States of Micronesia and the Covenant with the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands would enter into force on November 3, 1986.

As of this day, November 3, 1986, the United States has fulfilled its obligations under the Trusteeship Agreement with respect to the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, the Republic of the Marshall Islands, and the Federated States of Micronesia, and they are self-governing and no longer subject to the Trusteeship. In taking these actions, the United States is implementing the freely expressed wishes of the peoples of the Northern Mariana Islands, the Federated States of Micronesia, and the Marshall Islands.

NOW, THEREFORE, I, RONALD REAGAN, by the authority vested in me as President by the Constitution and laws of the United States of America, including Section 1002 of the Covenant to Establish a Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands in Political Union with the United States of America, and Sections 101 and 102 of the Joint Resolution to approve the "Compact of Free Association", and for other purposes approved on January 14, 1986 (Public Law 99-239), do hereby find, declare, and proclaim as follows:

Section 1. I determine that the Trusteeship Agreement for the Pacific Islands is no longer in effect as of October 21, 1986, with respect to the Republic of the Marshall Islands, as of November 3, 1986, with respect to the Federated States of Micronesia, and as of November 3, 1986, with respect to the Northern Mariana Islands. This constitutes the determination referred to in Section 1002 of the Covenant.

Sec. 2 (a) Sections 101, 104, 301, 302, 303, 506, 806, and 904 of the Covenant are effective as of 12:01 a.m., November 4, 1986, Northern Mariana Islands local time.

(b) The Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands in political union with and under the sovereignty of the United States of America is fully established on the date and at the time specified in Section 2(a) of this Proclamation.

(c) The domiciliaries of the Northern Mariana Islands are citizens of the United States to the extent provided for in Sections 301 through 303 of the Covenant on the date and at the time specified in this Proclamation.

(d) I welcome the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands into the American family and congratulate our new

fellow citizens. Sec. 3. (a) The Compact of Free Association with the Republic of the Marshall Islands is in full force and effect as of October 21, 1986, and the Compact of Free Association with the Federated States of Micronesia is in full force and effect as of November 3, 1986.

(b) I am gratified that the people of the Federated States of Micronesia and the Republic of the Marshall Islands, after nearly forty years of Trusteeship, have freely chosen to estab

lish a relationship of Free Association with the United States. IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this third day of November, in the year of our Lord nineteen hundred and eighty-six, and of the Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and eleventh.

5. Registration of Foreign Agents

a. The Foreign Agents Registration Act of 1938, as amended 1

PART 1-REGISTRATION OF FOREIGN PROPAGANDISTS

Public Law 75-583 (H.R. 1591), 52 Stat. 631, approved June 8, 1938; as amended by

Public Law 76-319 (H.R. 5988), 53 Stat. 1244, approved August 7, 1939; Public Law 77–532 (S. 2399), 56 Stat. 248, approved April 29, 1942; Public Law 81-642 (H.R. 4386), 64 Stat. 399, approved August 3, 1950; Public Law 82-414 (H.R. 5678), 66 Stat. 163 at 276, approved June 27, 1952; Public Law 87-366 (H.R. 470), 75 Stat. 784, approved October 4, 1961; Public Law 89-486 (S. 693), 80 Stat. 244, approved July 4, 1966; Public Law 91-375 (H.R. 17070), 84 Stat. 719 at 782, approved August 12, 1970; and by Public Law 98-620 (H.R. 6163), 98 Stat. 3335 at 3359, approved November 11, 1984 AN ACT To require the registration of certain persons employed by agencies to

disseminate propaganda in the United States and for other purposes. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That it is hereby declared to be the policy and purpose of this Act to protect the national defense, internal security, and foreign relations of the United States by requiring public disclosure

by persons engaging in propaganda activities and other activities for or on behalf of foreign governments, foreign political parties, and other foreign principals so that the government and the people of the United States may be informed of the identity of such persons and may appraise their statements and actions in light of their associations and activities. 2

Section 1.3 Definitions.-Used in and for the purposes of this Act

(a) The term “person” includes an individual, partnership, association, corporation, organization, or any other combination of individuals; (b) 5 The term “foreign principal” includes

(1) a government of a foreign country and a foreign political party;

(2) a person outside of the United States, unless it is established that such person is an individual and a citizen of and domiciled within the United States, or that such person is not an individual and is organized under or created by the laws of the United States or of any State or other place subject to the jurisdiction of the United States and has its principal place business within the United States; and

1 The Foreign Agents Registration Act of 1938, as amended, will be referred to as the FAR Act and "this Act" in footnotes.

2 Declaration of policy and purpose added by the Act of Apr. 29, 1942 (56 Stat. 248). 3 22 U.S.C. 611.

• The Act of Aug. 7, 1939 (53 Stat. 1244); the Act of Jan. 24, 1942 (56 Stat. 248), and the Act of July 4, 1966 (80 Stat. 244), generally redefined the terms of this Act. 5 This term was reduced in scope by Public Law 89-486 (80 Stat. 244).

(3) a partnership, association, corporation, organizations other combination of persons organized under the laws of :

having its principal place of business in a foreign country. (c) 6 Except as provided in subsection (d) hereof, the term "agt of a foreign principal" means

(1) any person who acts as an agent, representative, empic ee, or servant, or any person who acts in any other capacity : the order, request, or under the direction or control, of ac eign principal or of a person any of whose activities are direc ly or indirectly supervised, directed, controlled, financed. o subsidized in whole or in major part by a foreign principal, as: who directly or through any other person

(i) engages with the United States in political activitie for or in the interests of such foreign principal;

(ii) acts within the United States as a public relatioe counsel, publicity agent, information-service employee o political consultant for or in the interests of such forer principal;

(iii) within the United States solicits, collects, disburst or dispenses contributions, loans, money, or other things value for or in the interest of such foreign principal; or

(iv) within the United States represents the interests such foreign principal before any agency or official of the

Government of the United States; and (2) any person who agrees, consents, assumes or purports I. act as, or who is or holds himself out to be, whether or not pur suant to contractual relationship, an agent of a foreign princ:

pal as defined in clause (1) of this subsection. (d) ? The term "agent of a foreign principal” does not include an news or press service or association organized under the laws of the United States or of any State or other place subject to the jurisdic tion of the United States, or any newspaper, magazine, periodica or other publication for which there is on file with the United States Postal Service information in compliance with section 360 of title 39 published in the United States, solely by virtue of any bona fide news or journalistic activities, including the solicitatie or acceptance of advertisements, subscriptions, or other compensation therefore, so long as it is at least 80 per centum beneficial owned by, and its officers and directors, if any, are citizens of the United States, and such news or press service or association, news paper, magazine, periodical, or other publication, is not owned, directed, supervised, controlled, subsidized, or financed, and none of its policies are determined by any foreign principal defined in see tion 1(b) hereof, or by any agent of a foreign principal required to register under this Act;

6 As amended and restated by Public Law 89-486 (80 Stat. 244), with former secs (cm3) and (cX4) deleted. Former subsec. (c/5) inserted by the Act of Sept. 23, 1950 (64 Stat. 10054 was deine ed by the Act of Aug. 1, 1956 (70 Stat. 899), and is now covered by 50 U.S.C. 851-85 1964

7 Subsecs. (d) and (g) were added by the Act of Apr. 29, 1942 (56 Stat. 248), and amended by Public Law 89-486 (80 Stat. 244).

(e) 8 The term "government of a foreign country” includes any person or group of persons exercising sovereign de facto or de jure bolitical jurisdiction over any country, other than the United States, or over any part of such country, and includes any subdivizion of any such group and any group or agency to which such sovereign de facto or de jure authority or functions are directly or indirectly delegated. Such term shall include any faction or body of insurgents within a country assuming to exercise governmental authority whether such faction or body of insurgents has or has not been recognized by the United States;

(f) 8 The term “foreign political party” includes any organization or any other combination of individuals in a country other than the United States, or any unit or branch thereof, having for an aim or purpose, or which is engaged in any activity devoted in whole or in part to, the establishment, administration, control, or acquisition of administration or control, of a government of a foreign country or a subdivision thereof, or the furtherance or influencing of the political or public interests, policies, or relations of a government of a foreign country or a subdivision thereof;

(g)? The term “public-relations counsel” includes any person who engages directly or indirectly in informing, advising, or in any way representing a principal in any public relations matter pertaining to political or public interests, policies, or relations of such principal;

(h) 8 The term “publicity agent” includes any person who engages directly or indirectly in the publication or dissemination of oral, visual, graphic, written, or pictorial information or matter of any kind, including publication by means of advertising, books,

periodicals, newspapers, lectures, broadcasts, motion pictures, or is otherwise;

(i) 8 The term “information-service employee” includes any ( person who is engaged in furnishing, disseminating, or publishing y accounts, descriptions, information, or data with respect to the po

litical, industrial, employment, economic, social, cultural, or other benefits, advantages, facts, or conditions of any country other than the United States or of any government of a foreign country or of a foreign political party or of a partnership, association, corporation, organization, or other combination of individuals organized under the laws of, or having its principal place of business in, a foreign country;

6) 8 The term “political propaganda” includes any oral, visual, graphic, written, pictorial, or other communication or expression by any person (1) which is reasonably adapted to, or which the person disseminating the same believes will, or which he intends to, prevail upon, indoctrinate, covert, induce, or in any other way influence a recipient or any section of the public within the United States with reference to the political or public interests, policies, or relations of a government of a foreign country or a foreign political party or with reference to the foreign policies of the United States or promote in the United States racial, religious, or social dissensions, or (2) which advocates, advises, instigates, or promotes any

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8 Subsecs. (d) through (n) were added by the Act of Apr. 29, 1942 (56 Stat. 248).

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