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(4) to express the sense of the United States Congress that, pending such international agreement or guidelines, no person should physically alter, disturb, or salvage the R.M.S. Titanic

in any research or exploratory activities which are conducted. SEC.3.3 DEFINITIONS. For the purposes of this Act, the term

(a) "Administrator" means the Administrator of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA);

(b) "person" means any individual (whether or not a citizen or national of the United State), any corporation, partnership, association, or other entity (whether or not organized, or existing under the law of any State), and any Federal, State, local, or foreign government or any entity of any such government;

(c) “R.M.Š. Titanic" means the shipwrecked vessel R.M.S. Titanic, her cargo or other contents, including those items which are scattered on the ocean floor in her vicinity; and

(d) “Secretary" means the Secretary of State. SEC. 4.4 COMMENDATION.

The Congress of the United States highly commends the members of the joint international expedition which discovered the R.M.S. Titanic. SEC. 5.5 INTERNATIONAL GUIDELINES.

(a) The Administrator is directed to enter into consultation with the United Kingdom, France, Canada, and other interested nations to develop international guidelines for fesearch on, exploration of, and if appropriate, salvage of the R.M.S. Titanic, which

(1) are consistent with its national and international scientific, cultural, and historical significance and the purposes of this Act; and

(2) promote the safety of individuals involved in such operations. (b) In carrying out subsection (a), the Administrator shall consult with the Secretary and shall promote full participation by other interested Federal agencies, academic and research institutions, and members of the public. SEC. 6.6 INTERNATIONAL AGREEMENT.

(a) The Secretary is directed to enter into negotiations with the United Kingdom, France, Canada, and other interested nations to develop an international agreement which provides for

(1) the designation of the R.M.S. Titanic as an international maritime memorial; and

(2) research on, exploration of, and if appropriate, salvage of the R.M.S. Titanic consistent with the international guidelines

developed pursuant to section 5 and the purposes of this Act. (b) In carrying out the requirements of subsection (a), the Secretary shall consult with the Administrator, who shall provide research and technical assistance to the Secretary.

316 U.S.C. 450rr-1. • 16 U.S.C. 450rr-2. 5 16 U.S.C. 450rr-3. 6 16 U.S.C. 450rr-4.

(c) The Secretary and the Administrator shall report semiannually to the Committee on Merchant Marine and Fisheries and the Committee on Foreign Affairs in the House of Representatives and to the Committee on Foreign Relations and the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation in the Senate on the progress of the negotiations and consultations.

(d) Upon adoption of an international agreement as described in subsection (a), the Secretary shall provide notification of the agreement and recommendations for legislation to implement the agreement to the Committee on Merchant Marine and Fisheries and the Committee on Foreign Affairs in the House of Representatives and to the Committee on Foreign Relations and the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation in the Senate. SEC. 7." SENSE OF CONGRESS REGARDING CONDUCT OF FUTURE ACTIVI.

TIES. It is the sense of Congress that research and limited exploration activities concerning the R.M.S. Titanic should continue for the purpose of enhancing public knowledge of its scientific, cultural, and historical significance: Provided, That, pending adoption of the international agreement described in section 6(a) or implementation of the international guidelines described in section 5, no person should conduct any such research or exploration activity which would physically alter, disturb, or salvage the R.M.S. Titanic. SEC. 8.8 DISCLAIMER OF EXTRATERRITORIAL SOVEREIGNTY.

By enactment of this Act, the United States does not assert sovereignty, or sovereign or exclusive rights or jurisdiction over,or the ownership of, any marine areas or the R.M.S. Titanic.

716 U.S.C. 450rr-5. * 16 U.S.C. 450rr-6.

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10. Pacific Salmon Treaty Act of 1985
Public Law 99-5 (H.R. 1093), 99 Stat. 7, approved March 15, 1985
AN ACT To give effect to the Treaty Between the Government of the United States
of America and the Government of Canada Concerning Pacific Salmon, signed at
Ottawa, January 28, 1985.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the
United States of America in Congress assembled, That this Act may
be cited as the Pacific Salmon Treaty Act of 1985".
SEC. 2.' DEFINITIONS.

As used in this title, unless the context otherwise requires, the term

(a) "Commission" means the Pacific Salmon Commission established by the Treaty;

(b) "enhancement" means manmade improvements to natural habitats, or the application of artificial fish culture technology, that will lead to the increase of salmon stocks;

(c) “Magnuson Act” means the Act entitled “the Magnuson Fishery Conservation and Management Act," as approved April 13, 1976, and as later amended (16 U.S.C. section 1801 et seq.);

(d) “Panel" means any of the Panels established by the Treaty;

(e) "person" means any individual (whether or not a citizen or national of the United States), any corporation, partnership, association, or other entity (whether or not organized or existing under the laws of any State);

(f) "salmon” means any anadromous species of the family Salmonidae and genus Oncorhynchus, commonly known as Pacific salmon, including but not limited to:

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Popular names
Chinook or King Salmon..
Coho or Silver Salmon ..
Pink or Humpback Salmon
Chum or Dog Salmon...
Sockeye or Red Salmon

Scientific name
Oncorhynchus tshawytscha
Oncorhynchus kisutch
Oncorhynchus gorbuscha
Oncorhynchus keta
Oncorhynchus nerka

and shall also include Steelhead (Salmo gairdneri);

(g) "Secretary” means the Secretary of Commerce;

(h) "Treaty" means the Treaty between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of Canada Concerning Pacific Salmon, signed at Ottawa, January 28, 1985;

116 U.S.C. 3631.

(i) “treaty Indian tribe” means any of the federally recognized Indian tribes of the Columbia River basin, Washington coast or Puget Sound areas having reserved fishing rights to salmon stocks subject to the Treaty under treaties with the United States Government; and

(i) "United States Section" means the four United States Commissioners appointed by the President pursuant to this

title. SEC. 3.2 UNITED STATES SECTION.

(a) COMMISSIONERS.—The United States shall be represented on the Commission by four United States Commissioners who are knowledgeable or experienced concerning Pacific salmon, to be appointed by and serve at the pleasure of the President. Of these, one shall be an official of the United States Government who shall be a nonvoting member of the United States Section; one shall be a resident of the State of Alaska and shall be appointed from a list of at least six qualified individuals nominated by the Governor of that State; one shall be a resident of the States of Oregon, or Washington and shall be appointed from a list of at least six qualified individuals nominated by the Governors of those States; and one shall be appointed from a list of at least six qualified individuals nominated by the treaty Indian tribes of the States of Idaho, Oregon or Washington. Two of the initial appointments shall be for two-year terms; all other appointments shall be for four-year terms. Each Commissioner is eligible for reappointment. Any individual appointed to fill a vacancy occurring prior to the expiration of any term of office shall be appointed for the remainder of that term. Unless otherwise agreed, the chairmanship of the United States Section shall rotate annually among all four members with the order of rotation determined by lot at the first meeting.

(b) ALTERNATE COMMISSIONERS.— The Secretary of State, in consultation with the Secretary and the Secretary of the Interior, shall designate an Alternate Commissioner for each Commissioner from the respective lists referred to in section 3(a), and may designate an Alternate Commissioner for the Federal Commissioner. In the absence of a Commissioner, the Alternate Commissioner may exercise all functions of such Commissioner at any meeting of the Commission or of the United States Section. Alternate Commissioners are eligible for reappointment and may attend all meetings of the United States Section.

(c) SOUTHERN PANEL. - The United States shall be represented on the southern Panel by six Panel members, of whom

(1) one shall be an official of the United States Government, with salmon fishery management responsibility and expertise;

(2) one shall be an official of the State of Oregon, with salmon fishery management responsibility and expertise;

(3) one shall be an official of the State of Washington, with salmon fishery management responsibility and expertise;

(4) two shall be appointed from a list submitted by the treaty Indian tribes of individuals with salmon fishery management responsibility and expertise; and

2 16 U.S.C. 3632.

(5) one shall be appointed from the commercial or recreational sector who is knowledgeable and experienced in the salmon

fisheries for which the southern Panel is responsible. (d) NORTHERN PANEL.—The United States shall be represented on the northern Panel by six Panel members, of whom

(1) one shall be an official of the United States Government, with salmon fishery management responsibility and expertise;

(2) one shall be an official of the State of Alaska, with salmon fishery management responsibility and expertise; and

(3) four shall be individuals knowledgeable and experienced in the salmon fisheries for which the northern Panel is respon

sible. (e) FRASER RIVER PANEL.—The United States shall be represented on the Fraser River Panel by four Panel members, of whom,

(1) one shall be an official of the United States Government, with salmon fishery management responsibility and expertise;

(2) one shall be an official of the State of Washington, with salmon fishery management responsibility and expertise;

(3) one shall be appointed from a list submitted by the treaty Indian tribes of individuals with salmon fishery management responsibility and expertise for the fisheries for which the Fraser River Panel is responsible; and

(4) one shall be appointed from the commercial sector of the salmon fishing industry concerned with fisheries for which the

Fraser River Panel is responsible. (f) PANEL APPOINTMENTS. - Panel members described in subsections (c)(2), (c)(3), (d)(2), and (e)(2) shall be appointed by the Governor of the applicable State. Panel members described in subsections (cX4) and (eX(3) shall be appointed by the Secretary of the Interior from lists of nominations provided by the appropriate treaty Indian tribes. All other Panel members shall be appointed by the Secretary: Provided, That at least one member of the northern Panel shall be a voting member of the North Pacific Fishery Management Council, at least one member of the southern Panel shall be a voting member of the Pacific Fishery Management Council; and the Panel members described in subsections (c)(5), (d)(3), and (e/4) shall be appointed from lists of nominations provided by the Governors of the applicable States. The appointing authorities listed above may also designate an alternate Panel member, meeting the same qualifications and having the same term of office, to serve in the absence of a Panel member appointed under this subsection. Panel members and alternate Panel members, other than the southern Panel member described in subsection (c)(5), shall serve four-year terms; except that the Secretary of State shall designate one-half of the initial appointments to each Panel as serving twoyear terms. The southern Panel member described in subsection (cX5) and the corresponding alternate shall each be appointed for one-year terms; the first such member shall be appointed from the commercial sector and an alternate shall be appointed from the recreational sector, with the alternate succeeding to the member position in the subsequent year; thereafter the member and alternate positions shall rotate between the commercial and recreational sectors on an annual basis. Any individual appointed to fill a vacancy occurring prior to the expiration of any term of office shall

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